Current Preventive Medicine News and Events | Page 3

Current Preventive Medicine News and Events, Preventive Medicine News Articles.
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Advanced prostate cancer rates continued to rise after guideline change
A new study finds rates of advanced prostate cancer continued to increase in men aged 50 and over in the United States, five years after the United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended against prostate-specific antigen-based screening for all men. (2020-05-20)

Replacing time spent sitting with sleep or light activity may improve your mood
New research, published by the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, found that substituting prolonged sedentary time with sleep was associated with lower stress, better mood and lower body mass index (BMI), and substituting light physical activity was associated with improved mood and lower BMI across the next year. (2020-05-20)

Low-income adults less likely to receive preventive heart disease care
Compared with higher-income adults, Americans living at or below the federal poverty level are significantly less likely to be screened for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors or receive preventive counseling, regardless of existing CVD status. Results suggest nationwide intervention may be required to adequately address disparities in health care for low-income individuals who have no existing CVD and/or CVD risk factors. (2020-05-15)

Lung cancer screening in primary care
The benefits of routine lung cancer screenings have been hotly debated in the medical community. A new lung cancer screening cohort study conducted at a large integrated health system suggests that lung cancer screening in primary care is feasible. The study demonstrated low adverse event rates, and 70% of diagnosed lung cancer cases were detected at early stages in their development. (2020-05-12)

Women's heart attack symptoms are not all that different
The top three heart attack symptoms in both women and men are chest pain, sweating, and shortness of breath, reports a study presented today on EAPC Essentials 4 You, a scientific platform of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), and published in the Journal of the American Heart Association. (2020-05-04)

Characterizing two sisters, examples of exceptional longevity
A new study provides a detailed characterization of two sisters -- one a supercentenarian and one a semi-supercentenarian -- aimed at providing new insights into what allowed them to live such long lives. (2020-05-01)

Childhood obesity and high blood pressure warn of future heart disease
A large study in adolescents and children, some as young as 3 years of age, shows a link between obesity, high blood pressure, and later damage to blood vessels. The research is presented today on EAPC Essentials 4 You, a scientific platform of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). (2020-04-28)

Your football team loses a match. You may suffer a heart attack.
Lost football games may trigger heart attacks in male fans, according to research presented today on EAPC Essentials 4 You, a scientific platform of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). 'Our study shows that poor results from the local professional football team coincided with more heart attacks in male residents,' said study author Dr. Lukasz Kuzma of the Medical University of Bialystok, Poland. 'The findings suggest that the mental and emotional stress of defeat can provoke cardiac events.' (2020-04-23)

How to make the healthiest coffee during COVID-19 lockdown
We may all be drinking more coffee to help us survive the COVID-19 lockdown. Today scientists announce the healthiest way to make a brew. The first study to examine links between coffee brewing methods and risks of heart attacks and death has concluded that filtered brew is safest. The research is published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). (2020-04-22)

Childhood exposure to parental smoking linked to poorer cognitive function in midlife
A Finnish study coordinated by the Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine at the University of Turku, Finland, shows that exposure to parental smoking in childhood and adolescence is associated with poorer learning ability and memory in midlife. (2020-04-15)

USPSTF recommendation on screening for bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against screening for bacterial vaginosis in someone without symptoms and who is pregnant but not at increased risk for preterm delivery. (2020-04-07)

Analysis predicts purified fish oil could prevent thousands of cardiovascular events
Researchers from the University of California, Irvine have conducted a statistical analysis that predicts more than 70,000 heart attacks, strokes and other adverse cardiovascular events could be prevented each year in the U.S. through the use of a highly purified fish oil therapy. (2020-03-25)

Acupuncture can reduce migraine headaches
Acupuncture can reduce migraine headaches compared to both sham (placebo) acupuncture and usual care, finds a new trial from China published by The BMJ today. (2020-03-25)

Study reveals an inherited origin of prostate cancer in families
Vanderbilt researchers have identified haplotypes, ancestral fragments of DNA, that are associated with hereditary prostate cancer (HPC) in a first-of-its-kind genomic study made possible by the study of prostate cancer patients with family histories of the disease. (2020-03-23)

Benefits of fish in moderation while pregnant outweigh risks for child
To eat or not to eat fish is a question that has long concerned pregnant women. Now, a new USC study shows that children whose mothers ate moderate amounts of fish during pregnancy were more likely to have a better metabolic profile -- despite the risk of exposure to mercury -- than children whose mothers ate fish rarely. (2020-03-16)

Modern women with heart disease need flexible lifestyle programs
Women with heart disease today need flexible options for lifestyle programs that fit their busy schedules. That's the finding of a study published today, International Women's Day, in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). (2020-03-07)

USPSTF recommendation expands screening for hepatitis C
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) now recommends that adults ages 18 to 79 be screened for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The USPSTF routinely makes recommendations about the effectiveness of preventive care services and this statement updates its previous guidance that adults born between 1945 and 1965 be screened. More deaths are associated with HCV than the top 60 other reportable infectious diseases combined, including HIV. (2020-03-02)

OHSU-led evidence review shows new therapy for Hepatitis C is highly effective
New direct-acting antiviral therapies are highly effective at eliminating the Hepatitis C virus infection, according to a systematic evidence review by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University. The review, published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association, informed a new recommendation by the U.S. Preventive Health Task Force for universal screening of Hepatitis C (2020-03-02)

USPSTF statement on screening for cognitive impairment in older adults
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that current evidence is insufficient to make a recommendation about screening for cognitive impairment in adults 65 or older. (2020-02-25)

Cancer screening among women prescribed opioids
US women who take prescription opioids are no less likely to receive key cancer screenings when compared to women who are not prescribed opioids. (2020-02-18)

Benefits and barriers of prescription drug lists for asthma medications
A new study led by the Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute examines the benefits and barriers of Prescription Drug List coverage for preventive asthma medications. The study, 'Preventive Drug Lists as Tools for Managing Asthma Medication Costs', appears in the February edition of The American Journal of Managed Care. (2020-02-13)

Pharmacological migraine prophylaxis shows almost no effect in children
Migraines affect not only adults but frequently also children and adolescents. Researchers from the University of Basel have concluded that in this age group, the preventive pharmacological treatment of migraine is no more effective than placebo in the long term. The results of the review, carried out as part of an international collaboration, have been published in the scientific journal JAMA Pediatrics. (2020-02-10)

Retina-inspired carbon nitride-based photonic synapses for selective detection of UV light
Researchers at Seoul National University and Inha University in South Korea developed photo-sensitive artificial nerves that emulated functions of a retina by using 2-dimensional carbon nitride (C3N4) nanodot materials. Further, through the photo-sensitive artificial nerves which selectively detected ultraviolet (UV) light and processed the information, smart window platform was demonstrated for in-situ modulation of exposure to UV rays depending on the degree of UV exposure and risk. (2020-02-04)

Neurological disorders are linked to elevated suicide rates
A newly published study in JAMA shows that people with neurological disorders have a 75% higher suicide rate than people with no neurological disorders. Still, suicide deaths are rare events. While the suicide rate for the general population is around 20 per 100,000, the rate for people with neurological disorders is around 40 per 100,000 person-years. The study is based on the data covering the entire population of Denmark and followed over 37 years. (2020-02-04)

Meat isn't good for you
A large study links red and processed meat with higher risk of heart disease and death. Eating two servings of red meat, processed meat or poultry -- but not fish -- per week was linked to a 3 to 7% higher risk of cardiovascular disease. Eating two servings of red meat or processed meat -- but not poultry or fish -- per week was associated with a 3% higher risk of all causes of death. (2020-02-03)

Lung cancer screening decision aid delivered through tobacco quitlines improves informed decision-making
Researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have shown that a decision aid delivered through tobacco quitlines effectively reaches a screening-eligible population and results in informed decisions about lung cancer screening. (2020-01-31)

Why eating yogurt may help lessen the risk of breast cancer
One of the causes of breast cancer may be inflammation triggered by harmful bacteria suggest researchers. Scientists advise consuming natural yogurt, which contains beneficial bacteria which dampens inflammation and which is similar to the bacteria found in breastfeeding mothers. Their suggestion is that this bacteria is protective because breast feeding reduces the risk of breast cancer. The consumption of yogurt is also associated with a reduction in the risk of breast cancer. (2020-01-24)

A Zika vaccine could save suffering and costs
A new study led by researchers at the CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy (CUNY SPH) and the National School of Tropical Medicine at Baylor College of Medicine found that routinely giving the Zika vaccine to women of childbearing age could save money if the risk of Zika is around that of other mosquito-borne diseases like dengue and chikungunya. (2020-01-23)

Visits to pediatricians on the decline
Commercially insured children in the US are seeing pediatricians less often than they did a decade ago, according to a new analysis led by a pediatrician-scientist at the University of Pittsburgh and UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh. But whether that's good or bad is unclear, the researchers say in the study, published today in JAMA Pediatrics. (2020-01-21)

Engagement and education key to changing attitudes towards virginity testing
Virginity testing is a complex, culturally mediated practice that is poorly understood by Western clinicians. Although there is published literature on the ethics of 'virginity' testing and on the lack of reliability of a hymen examination to determine 'virginity,' little practical guidance has been published for clinicians who may encounter requests for virginity testing in the clinical setting. (2020-01-21)

Recent health reforms in Oregon reduce infant deaths, improve access for women's health
Oregon's unique health care delivery system for low-income patients is resulting in fewer infant deaths, according to a recent study. The study found that Oregon's implementation of Coordinated Care Organizations (CCOs) in 2012 was associated with infant mortality rates falling significantly among Medicaid patients relative to non-Medicaid patients, who are not managed by the new delivery system. (2020-01-21)

Belly fat linked with repeat heart attacks
Heart attack survivors who carry excess fat around their waist are at increased risk of another heart attack, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). (2020-01-20)

OHSU research informs NIH panel on achieving equity in preventive health services
In a review of 120 previously published articles, researchers at the Pacific Northwest Evidence-based Practice Center at Oregon Health & Science University assessed the effects of barriers that create health disparities in 10 select preventive services, such as cancer screening, smoking cessation or obesity management, and the effectiveness of interventions to reduce barriers. Their findings indicate that enhanced services such as patient navigation, telephone calls and prompts, and reminders increased cancer screening rates across different patient populations. (2020-01-14)

Burnout linked with irregular heartbeat
Feeling excessively tired, devoid of energy, demoralized, and irritable? You may have burnout, a syndrome associated with a potentially deadly heart rhythm disturbance. That's the conclusion of a large study published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). (2020-01-13)

Tea drinkers live longer
Drinking tea at least three times a week is linked with a longer and healthier life, according to a study published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). (2020-01-09)

Affordable Care Act led to fewer disruptions in care
Among low-income adults enrolled in Medicaid, disruptions in coverage, or churning, decreased following the Affordable Care Act (ACA). (2020-01-07)

Possible dementia vaccine closer after mice studies
A vaccine to ward off dementia may proceed to clinical trials after successful animal testing. The US-led research is looking to develop effective immunotherapy via a dual vaccine to remove 'brain plaque' and tau protein aggregates linked to Alzheimer's disease. It is showing success in begenic mice models, supports progression to human trials in years to come. (2019-12-31)

One-off genetic score can detect stroke risk from birth
Researchers have shown that genetic data obtained from a single blood draw or saliva sample can be used to identify individuals at a 3-fold increased risk of developing ischaemic stroke. The scientists developed a genetic risk score that is similarly or more predictive than commonly known risk factors for stroke. Their work suggests that individuals with high genetic risk may require more intensive preventive measures to mitigate stroke risk than is recommended by current guidelines. (2019-12-20)

Genes as early warning systems: Stroke research
Estimates based on genomic data predict stroke risk with an accuracy similar to, or greater than those based on clinical risk factors. This result implies that persons at high risk might benefit from more rigorous preventive measures. (2019-12-20)

Top ESC stories in the news in 2019
Environmental and lifestyle issues were popular this year, with pick up from both ESC journals and congresses. Here is a list of the top ten ESC stories that generated the most media coverage worldwide. (2019-12-19)

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