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Current Probiotics News and Events, Probiotics News Articles.
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Wasps' gut microbes help them -- and their offspring -- survive pesticides
Exposure to the widely used pesticide atrazine leads to heritable changes in the gut microbiome of wasps, finds a study publishing Feb. 4 in the journal Cell Host & Microbe. Additionally, the altered microbiome confers atrazine resistance, which is inherited across successive generations not exposed to the pesticide. (2020-02-04)

Bad to the bone: Specific gut bacterium impairs normal skeletal growth and maturation
Bone mass accrual is regulated by the gut microbiome as well as by diet and exercise. In a new report, researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina showed that a specific gut bacterium, segmented filamentous bacteria, influences particular immune responses in the gut and liver. These immune response changes lead to increased bone resorbing osteoclast and suppressed bone forming osteoblast activity, which impaired bone mass accrual during post-pubertal skeletal development. (2020-01-28)

Be wary of online probiotic health-benefit claims
A new study cautions that while Google is adept at sorting the most reliable websites to the top of the list, most websites providing information on probiotics are from unreliable commercial sources. The public should be wary of searching for probiotic information online as the majority of webpages originate from unreliable sources and health-benefit claims are often not supported by robust scientific evidence. (2020-01-15)

Gut bacteria could guard against Parkinson's, study finds
A common bacteria that boosts digestive health can slow -- and even reverse -- build-up of a protein associated with Parkinson's, new research suggests. (2020-01-14)

In mice, a high-fat, high-sugar diet remodels the microbiome and endocannabinoid system
Weight gain and diet have long been known to shuffle the population of gut microbes. More recently, studies have also connected weight gain and diet to changes in the intestinal endocannabinoid system (eCB), a complex network of metabolites and receptors that help regulate appetite and metabolism, among other chores. A new study in mSystems, an open-access journal of the American Society for Microbiology, investigates the relationship between microbiota and the eCB system. (2019-12-17)

Dead probiotic strain shown to reduce harmful, aging-related inflammation
Scientists at Wake Forest School of Medicine have identified a dead probiotic that reduces age-related leaky gut in older mice. The study is published in the journal GeroScience. (2019-12-09)

Probiotics and prebiotics work differently in girls and boys according to piglet study
Baby boy's and girl's immune systems respond differently to prebiotics and probiotics, according to new research. The paper published in Frontiers in Immunology today [9 December] suggests that differences in male and female immunity begin much earlier than previously thought. (2019-12-08)

How do you cultivate a healthy plant microbiome?
Crops today never see their parents' microbiome, so how do they develop a leaf microbial community that's healthy and resistant to invasion by pathogens? UC Berkeley biologists sequenced the microbiomes of tomatoes through four generations and saw three-quarters of the bacteria disappear, leaving a core community that proved resistant to random invaders. The findings show it's possible to cultivate a robust plant microbiome, and suggests that probiotic additions could survive on crops, providing lasting benefits. (2019-12-06)

Probiotic may help treat colic in infants
Probiotics -- or 'good bacteria' -- have been used to treat infant colic with varying success. In a new trial published in the journal Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, investigators have shown that drops containing a particular probiotic strain (Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis BB-12) reduced the duration of daily crying by more than 50% in 80% of the 40 infants who received the probiotic once daily for 28 days, with beneficial effects on sleep duration and on stool frequency and consistency. (2019-12-04)

Concerns over regulation of oral powders or gels sold as medical devices in Europe
Oral powders or gels, sold as medical devices in the European Union (EU), aren't regulated to the same safety standards as those applied to medicines, reveals research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. (2019-12-03)

Model probes possible treatments for neonatal infection, a common cause of infant death
Extremely premature infants are at risk for life-threatening infections called late-onset sepsis, or LOS, that spread into their bodies from the intestine. Researchers now report a new model for LOS, and they show that disrupting the normal maturation of gut microbes can make newborn mouse pups highly susceptible to LOS. Furthermore, they found they could prevent the deadly infection by giving the pups specific protective bacteria before a challenge with invasive Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria. (2019-12-02)

Gut microbes alter characteristics of norovirus infection
The highly contagious norovirus causes diarrhea and vomiting and is notorious for spreading rapidly through densely populated spaces, such as cruise ships, nursing homes, schools and day care centers. There are no treatments for this intestinal virus. A new study led by scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis has shown that gut microbes can tamp down or boost the severity of norovirus infection based on where along the intestine the virus takes hold. (2019-11-25)

Fecal transplantation to treat patients with Parkinson's disease: Hope or hype?
Amsterdam, NL, November 15, 2019 - Constipation is a common complaint in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Fecal microbiome transplantation (FMT) and pre- and probiotics are potential options for treating constipation and restoring the microbiome of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), but scientists warn that clinical data are scarce, and more research is needed before supporting their use. They present their findings in a review article in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease. (2019-11-15)

Microparticles could help fight malnutrition
MIT researchers have now developed a new way to fortify staple foods with these micronutrients by encapsulating them in a biocompatible polymer that prevents the nutrients from being degraded during storage or cooking. In a small clinical trial, they showed that women who ate bread fortified with encapsulated iron were able to absorb iron from the food. (2019-11-13)

Beware probiotics in ICU patients
A collaborative study published in Nature Medicine sounds a note of caution in using probiotics in the ICU. In a small percentage of cases, the live bacteria in the probiotic formulations can cause bloodstream infections. An investigation began when the Infection Prevention and Control group at Boston Children's Hospital began noticing cases of bacteremia in the ICU caused by Lactobacillus, a genus of bacteria commonly found in probiotics. (2019-11-12)

Complementary and alternative therapies to treat colic
A review of the evidence on the use of complementary and alternative (CAM) therapies to treat babies with colic has shown some that some treatments -- including probiotics, fennel extract and spinal manipulation -- do appear to help, but that overall the evidence on the use of these therapies is limited so should be treated with caution. (2019-11-12)

Giving billions of live bacteria to boost the gut health of premature babies
Boosting the milk of premature babies with healthy bacteria may have helped half the number of serious gut problems and infections, according to new research. Researchers reviewed the outcomes of almost 1,000 very premature babies who were admitted to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) over a 10-year period. (2019-11-07)

Gut microbiome of premature babies is associated with stunted growth
Researchers studied the gut microbiomes of dozens of NICU babies and followed them until they turned age four. They found the children became not only too short for their age, but too heavy for their height. (2019-11-04)

Using probiotics to protect honey bees against fatal disease
A group of researchers at Western and Lawson combined their expertise in probiotics and bee biology to supplement honey bee food with probiotics, in the form a BioPatty, in their experimental apiaries. The aim was to see what effect probiotics would have on honey bee health. (2019-10-30)

To survive in the human gut, bacteria need genetic 'passcode'
Bacteria need an assortment of specialized genes to live in people's intestines -- and the composition of these genes varies from person to person. So efforts to improve microbiome health -- including next-generation probiotics -- may need to be individualized. (2019-10-30)

Scientists discover new antibiotic in tropical forest
Scientists from Rutgers University and around the world have discovered an antibiotic produced by a soil bacterium from a Mexican tropical forest that may help lead to a 'plant probiotic,' more robust plants and other antibiotics. Probiotics, which provide friendlier bacteria and health benefits for humans, can also be beneficial to plants, keeping them healthy and more robust. The new antibiotic, known as phazolicin, prevents harmful bacteria from getting into the root systems of bean plants. (2019-10-08)

New research reveals soil microbes play a key role in plant disease resistance
Scientists have discovered that soil microbes can make plants more resistant to an aggressive disease -- opening new possibilities for sustainable food production. (2019-09-25)

Microbes are a key marker of vaginal health during menopause
Certain species of bacteria are actually necessary to maintain vaginal health. The menopause transition, however, often upsets the natural balance of bacteria by decreasing the proportion of healthy bacteria and increasing vaginal pH. This can result in urogenital infections and other vaginal health problems. The importance of vaginal bacterial colonization patterns during menopause will be discussed at The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) Annual Meeting in Chicago, Sept. 25-28, 2019. (2019-09-24)

Probiotic use can lead to major economic and health savings related to flu-like illnesses
General probiotic use in the US could save the health care payer and the economy around $1.4 billion in medical bills and lost productivity due to acute respiratory tract infections (RTIs), a new study found. The researchers developed an economic model to estimate the cost savings by simulating a population representative of the national demographics. The savings included the averted cost of antibiotic prescriptions, less RTI episodes and less sick days causing productivity loss. (2019-08-28)

Poo transplants to help save koalas
Poo transplants are helping expand koala microbiomes, allowing the marsupials to eat a wider range of eucalypts and possibly survive habitat loss. A study featuring University of Queensland researchers has analysed and altered microbes in koalas' guts, finding that a faecal transplant may influence what species of eucalypt koalas can feed on. (2019-08-20)

Mouse genetics influences the microbiome more than environment
Genetics has a greater impact on the microbiome than maternal birth environment, at least in mice, according to a study published this week in Applied and Environmental Microbiology. Vaginal birth, known to transfer microbiota to a newborn, failed to make a lasting microbial imprint on offspring. (2019-07-26)

Bacteria enhance coral resilience to climate change effects
An international group of researchers led by Professor Christian Voolstra, biologist at the University of Konstanz, investigated the interplay between corals and bacteria under changing environmental conditions. Their research results were published in the current issue of the journal Nature Communications. (2019-07-25)

Link found between gut bacteria, successful joint replacement
Having healthy gut flora -- the trillions of bacteria housed in our intestines -- could lower the risk of infection following knee and hip replacement surgeries, while an unhealthy intestinal flora may increase the risk of infection. (2019-07-18)

Environmentally friendly control of common disease infecting fish and amphibians
Aquatic organisms in marine systems and freshwaters are threatened by fungal and fungal-like diseases globally. These pathogens are especially dreaded in aquaculture. But they also pose a threat to biodiversity of amphibians. There are few approved chemical means for combating these pathogens, and many have unwanted side-effects. Scientists at the Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB) now propose alternative biological concepts to control fungal disease in a more environmentally friendly way. (2019-07-01)

Researchers find that probiotic bacteria reduces the impact of white-nose syndrome in bats
Researchers from Virginia Tech and UC Santa Cruz did a field trial on the effect of probiotic bacteria on white-nose syndrome in bat populations. They found that it reduces the impact of the disease about five-fold. These findings were published recently in Scientific Reports. (2019-06-26)

Antibiotic resistance in spore-forming probiotic bacteria
New research has found that six probiotic Bacillus strains are resistant to several antibiotics. Genetic analysis of other Bacillus strains has shown genes that contribute to antibiotic resistance towards various types of drugs and methods in which they can still grow in their presence. (2019-06-21)

Could boosting the gut microbiome be the secret to healthier older age?
Fecal transplants from young to aged mice can stimulate the gut microbiome and revive the gut immune system, a study by immunologists at the Babraham Institute, Cambridge, UK, has shown. The study, published in Nature Communications, suggest that the gut microbiome could be a target for the treatment of a range of age-associated symptoms to facilitate healthy ageing. (2019-06-04)

Labels of US probiotic products lacking, researchers find
When it comes to buying probiotics, most product labels do not give consumers enough information to make an informed decision, according to a Georgetown University Medical Center research team. (2019-06-04)

Anxiety might be alleviated by regulating gut bacteria
People who experience anxiety symptoms might be helped by taking steps to regulate the microorganisms in their gut using probiotic and non-probiotic food and supplements, suggests a review of studies published today in the journal General Psychiatry. (2019-05-20)

Expert panel calls for increased transparency so consumers can identify quality probiotics
Probiotics are increasingly being researched and marketed as functional ingredients to enhance health. With the aim of bringing consumers certainty about what's in their probiotic product, an expert opinion paper was recently published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology that provides recommendations to the probiotics industry on standards and ways to communicate quality to end-users. (2019-05-10)

Right combination of diet and bacteria limits cancer progression
Researchers from the University of Luxembourg have discovered a combination of dietary factors and gut bacteria that inhibits the progression of colorectal cancer. Their findings, which were published in the prestigious, open-access journal Cell Reports, could help exploit dietary regimens for therapeutic purposes to improve chemotherapy efficacy and reduce toxicity. (2019-04-30)

Patent-pending probiotic could disrupt Crohn's disease biofilms
Probiotics typically aim to rebalance bacteria populations in the gut, but new research suggests they may also help break apart stubborn biofilms. Biofilms are living microbial communities -- they provide a haven for microbes and are often resistant to antibiotics. A new study describes a specific probiotic mix that could help patients with gastrointestinal diseases avoid harmful biofilms that can worsen their symptoms. (2019-04-03)

Probiotic bacteria evolve inside mice's GI tracts
Probiotics -- which are living bacteria taken to promote digestive health -- evolve once inside the body and have the potential to become less effective and sometimes even harmful, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The findings suggest that developers of probiotic-based therapeutics must consider how the probiotics might change after administration. (2019-03-26)

Scientists revealed how probiotics influence human gut bacteria
A group of researchers from ITMO University and Knomics company studied how gut microbiota of 150 volunteers changed after a month of regular consumption of yogurt fortified with probiotics. The study showed that such diet increases the proportion of beneficial gut bacteria, which, in turn, can positively affect state of the whole organism. The work was supported by the company PepsiCo R&D Inc, the results are published in Nutrients journal. (2019-03-19)

Healthier dairy products with bacterial films and nanofiber membranes
Bacterial biofilms are typically the target of heavy-duty cleaning regimens, but these films aren't always bad news. In fact, growing them on thin sheets of nanofibers is a great way to produce a fermented milk product that can deliver hardy probiotics to the digestive tract, according to research just published in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. (2019-03-06)

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