Current Prognosis News and Events | Page 24

Current Prognosis News and Events, Prognosis News Articles.
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Prognosis improves dramatically for HIV patients in the ICU
A study co-authored by Mayo Clinic and the University of Florida Health Science Center shows that the prognosis for HIV patients who are admitted to intensive care units is much better than it was in the mid-1980s. The study reports that the ICU mortality rate for HIV-infected patients has fallen to 29.6 percent. (2000-10-17)

Study reveals barriers to effective doctor-patient communication
Patients with chronic heart failure often feel unable to ask their doctors questions about their illness and believe that doctors are reluctant to provide them with too much knowledge, finds new research in this week's BMJ. (2000-09-07)

Study reveals barriers to effective doctor-patient communication
Patients with chronic heart failure often feel unable to ask their doctors questions about their illness and believe that doctors are reluctant to provide them with too much knowledge, finds new research. The study suggests that more effective communication between doctors and heart failure patients is urgently needed. (2000-09-06)

Patterns of disease recurrence after radiation therapy treatment for prostate cancer suggest cure
Few studies have been conducted examining the long-term (8-10 years) efficacy of external beam radiation treatment for prostate cancer until now. Researchers at Fox Chase Cancer Center have published a study in the May issue of the journal Urology which suggests patients treated with radiation therapy, who are disease-free at four years, remain disease- free. (2000-04-24)

Earlier detection for breast cancer in sight
Scientists in the Materials Science department at Cranfield University have been looking at ways to improve the diagnosis of breast cancer. They believe that a different type of X-ray can lead to earlier detection of the condition and therefore earlier treatment. (2000-03-14)

All young women with breast cancer should receive chemotherapy
All young women under the age of 35 years with breast cancer should be regarded as high risk patients and be offered chemotherapy after surgery (adjuvant cytotoxic treatment), say researchers from Denmark in this week's BMJ. (2000-02-17)

Doctors overestimate survival times for terminal patients
Doctors who refer patients to hospice care are systematically overoptimistic. They predicted that their dying patients would live 5.3 times longer than they actually did. In only 20 percent of cases were the doctors' predictions accurate. Such prognostic inaccuracy may result in unsatisfactory end- of-life care. (2000-02-17)

HRT has no effect on prognosis of breast cancer
Some studies have suggested that women using hormone replacement therapies, who get breast cancer, develop tumours with (2000-02-03)

Black breast cancer patients given appropriate treatment do as well as whites, finds University of Pittsburgh researcher
Blacks and whites with same-stage breast cancer see similar outcomes when their treatment is appropriate for their conditions, suggesting that physiological responses to treatments are not responsible for poorer outcomes among blacks. Thus says a University of Pittsburgh researcher in a paper published this week by the American Cancer Society. (2000-01-13)

Chronic fatigue syndrome not fully understood
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a (1999-11-08)

UCSF researchers discover new piece of puzzle in cancer development
UC San Francisco researchers have identified a new variable in the process that causes cells to become cancerous, and the finding, described as (1999-09-30)

The end of paternalism in the NHS
Angela Coulter of the King's Fund, guest editor of this week's BMJ, believes that it is time patients were treated like (1999-09-17)

Postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy linked to increased risk for certain types of rarely occurring breast cancer
Using hormone replacement therapy during menopause increases a woman's risk for developing some types of breast cancer that occur rarely, but not the more commonly occurring ductal carcinoma that remains confined to the site of origin or invasive ductal or lobular cancer, Northwestern University and Mayo Clinic researchers report. (1999-06-08)

Jefferson Scientists Show Tumor Characteristics May Help Explain Tumor Biology And Prognosis
Researchers at Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia are finding that certain characteristics of hereditary colorectal cancer tumors may help forecast a patient's prognosis and, in turn, help doctors better understand tumor biology. (1999-05-15)

Vaccine Against Melanoma Proves Successful For Patients With Disease Spread To Two Lymph Node Areas
A custom-made vaccine, created by researchers at Thomas Jefferson University in Philadelphia from a patient's own cancer tumor cells, appears effective in prolonging the survival of patients with malignant melanoma, the deadliest form of the skin cancer, spread to two lymph node areas. (1999-04-13)

Depression After Heart Attack Raises Risk For Both Women, Men
Women are twice as likely as men to be depressed in the hospital after having an acute heart attack, but this does not translate into a higher death rate for women, new research shows. This was true even though depression after a heart attack is a key risk factor for death from cardiac causes within a year after discharge for both women and men. (1999-01-29)

Paediatricians Sometimes Fail To Diagnose Child Abuse
In this week's BMJ, researchers express concern that paediatricians are failing to recognise some injuries resulting from child abuse, and propose that clinical investigations should be more fully investigated. (1998-12-05)

Social Support, Hope May Help Relieve Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
Strong social relationships with family and friends may play a powerful role in helping patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) improve, researchers have found. Just as important, they say, is having a doctor who recognizes and validates that they are ill, giving them hope for the future. (1998-09-29)

University Of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) Study: Parents' Wishes, Uncertainty Determine Resuscitation Of Premature Infants
Doctors usually resuscitate extremely premature babies at birth when they are uncertain about how the infants will fare or when they don't know parents' wishes, according to a new study. When parents say in advance what they want done following delivery, doctors tend to follow those wishes. (1998-09-08)

Doctors Should Be More Willing To Break Bad News
Most patients with serious illness want more information than their physicians offer, which frequently leads to unnecessary distress and feelings of hopelessness, an Australian research team reports. In one cancer program, for example, 75 percent of elderly patients said their doctors created undue worry by not giving them enough information. (1998-07-28)

Successful Specialist Care For Cystic Fibrosis Patients From Childhood To Adulthood
It is the clinical responsibility of all physicians to ensure that specialist care of patients with cystic fibrosis begins in childhood and is continued throughout adult life, says Dr Ravi Mahadeva et al from Papworth Hospital in Cambridge. (1998-06-12)

New Findings In Debate Over Timing Of Breast Cancer Surgery In Relation To Phase of Menstrual Cycle
Doctors from the Imperial Cancer Research Fund's Clinical Oncology Group at Guy's Hospital, London have come up with new findings which show that pre-menopausal women who have their breast cancer operation in the second half of their menstrual cycle are more likely to survive at least 10 years. (1998-05-13)

Chromosomal Abnormalities Key For Prediting Leukemia Outcome
One of the longest running studies to follow leukemia patients has confirmed that chromosomal abnormalities seen in many of these patients can help determine treatment and predict the likelihood of cure. The study is a 15-year follow-up of 628 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). (1998-03-26)

MGH/Shriners Team Develops Survival Estimates For Burn Patients
Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital and Shriners Burns Hospital have developed a system for objectively estimating the probability of death in patients with severe burn injuries. The formula, based on three risk factors, can help physicians, patients and family members make decisions about the care of critically burned people. (1998-02-05)

New Gene Alteration Find Points To Aggressive Leukemia Treatment
Researchers found that a genetic defect serves as an early warning signal, calling for a speed-up in patients¹ treatment. Patients with this alteration fall out of remission three times faster than those who don¹t and their survival is slightly more than half that of patients who don¹t have the defect (1998-01-28)

Duke Study Indicates Patients With Heart Failure Live Longer With Surgery Than Drug Treatment
While patients with serious coronary artery disease and congestive heart failure generally have a poor prognosis, those treated with invasive therapies like bypass surgery and angioplasty may have a better chance of long-term survival than those treated only with medications, according to researchers at Duke University Medical Center (1996-04-29)

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