Current Pulmonary Complications News and Events | Page 24

Current Pulmonary Complications News and Events, Pulmonary Complications News Articles.
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Simple measures reduce risk of death in cancer patients in ICU
Daily meetings between physicians, implementation of care protocols and the presence of pharmacists are associated with increase in survival rates in ICUs. (2016-07-18)

Automated communication system actively engages surgical patients in preventing SSIs
In its first test among orthopedic surgery patients as a feasible tool for enhancing care and reducing surgical site infections (SSIs), an automated text and voice messaging system improved communication about the preventive steps patients should take a week prior to their operations and the early signs of infection they need to report in the two weeks afterward. (2016-07-17)

Early echocardiography to study pulmonary hypertension in mouse model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine who focus on bronchopulmonary dysplasia and pulmonary hypertension, a common lung disease in premature infants, have shown that echocardiography can be used to detect the pulmonary hypertension in neonatal mice at an earlier time point than previously thought. Their report appears today in the International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. (2016-07-15)

New opioid use in older adults with COPD associated with increased risk of death
Older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who start using opioids have a more than two-fold higher risk of dying from a respiratory-related complication compared to non-opioid users, St. Michael's Hospital researchers have found. (2016-07-14)

Is the Zika epidemic in Latin America at its peak?
In this Policy Forum, Neil Ferguson et al. use results from a model of virus transmission to analyze the current Zika epidemic in Latin America, suggesting that it may have already peaked. (2016-07-14)

Loss of independence after surgery for older patients associated with increased risk of hospital readmission
In a study published online by JAMA Surgery, Julia R. Berian, M.D., of the American College of Surgeons, Chicago, and colleagues examined loss of independence (LOI; defined as a decline in function or mobility, increased care needs at home, or discharge to a nonhome destination) among older patients after surgical procedures and the association of LOI with readmission and death after discharge. Currently, quality metrics prioritized by hospitals and medical professionals focus on discrete outcomes, such as readmission or mortality. (2016-07-13)

Role of vitamin D in complications, access outcome in patients with chronic kidney disease
In recent years, a growing interest has prompted research to find new links between vitamin D and the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), cell proliferation, and anti-apoptotic cell paths in the vascular system. (2016-07-13)

Blood glucose health is decreasing in obese adults; increasing risks for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular complications
Blood glucose health is deteriorating in obese adults, despite overall progress in lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels; raising risks for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular complications. Researchers said their findings suggest that controlling weight in obese adults to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes should be a public health priority. (2016-07-13)

Palliative care offers no additional benefit to caretakers of chronically critically ill
Shannon Carson, M.D., professor of medicine and division chief of Pulmonary Diseases and Critical Care Medicine at the UNC School of Medicine, along with co-principal investigator Judith Nelson, M.D., J.D., at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Christopher Cox, M.D., of Duke University, led a four-year, first-of-its kind clinical study on the effects of palliative care for medical decision-makers. (2016-07-12)

Revolutionary surgery for lung cancer
The University of Montreal Hospital Research Centre is launching a major international clinical trial to test a minimally invasive and safer surgical approach for patients with lung cancer: video-assisted thoracoscopic (VATS) lobectomy with ultrasonic pulmonary artery sealing. (2016-07-11)

Effect of cholesterol medicine on inflammatory diseases mapped
The cholesterol medicine simvastatin, which is one of the most commonly used pharmaceuticals in the world, also has a beneficial effect on the immune defence system with regard to diseases such as type 1 diabetes, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Danish researchers have now explored why this is so, and their findings may result in improved treatment. (2016-07-07)

New targeted gene therapy could lead to improved treatment for emphysema
Researchers have developed a new strategy using lung-targeted gene therapy that may lead to improved treatments for inherited diseases including emphysema. (2016-07-05)

Protein target may block deadly arterial remodeling in pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension is a highly lethal disease that transforms the thin, flexible vasculature of the lungs into thick, dysfunctional blood vessels that can kill. (2016-07-05)

Study investigates whether it is safe for GPs to prescribe fewer antibiotics
A new study has found that reducing antibiotic prescribing for respiratory tract infections -- such as coughs, colds, sore throats and ear infections -- is not linked to an increase in the most serious bacterial complications, such as bacterial meningitis. The study, published in the BMJ, investigated whether reducing antibiotic prescribing for people attending their GP with respiratory tract infections could have an effect on safety. (2016-07-04)

Telomere length is indicator of blood count recovery in treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia
The chemotherapy treatments necessary to treat Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) in children can be grueling on the body, and can cause health-related complications during therapy, as well as long down the road after remission. Children receiving chemotherapy for AML receive 4 to 5 intensive chemotherapy courses, and while some children recover quickly from each course, others may take several months or more, which increases their risk for life-threatening infections. (2016-06-30)

Simple screening tool helps determine COPD risk
A simple seven-item screening tool can help clinicians identify patients at risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), even if they are not experiencing any symptoms. (2016-06-29)

Inserting stents through the wrist reduces bleeding, death rates in heart disease patients
Access through the wrist, or radial access, when inserting stents to restore blood flow in heart disease patients has fewer complications and should be the default approach over access through the groin, or femoral access, according to researchers involved in a study today in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. (2016-06-29)

Study shows women lack confidence in maternity care providers
Every woman who has ever had a baby shower has had to sit through the gruesome war stories about labor and childbirth. (2016-06-27)

Faster detection of pathogens in the lungs
What used to take several weeks is now possible in two days: thanks to new molecular-based methods, mycobacterial pathogens that cause pulmonary infections or tuberculosis can now be detected much more quickly. Time-consuming bacteria cultures no longer need to be taken from the patient samples, meaning that a suitable therapy can be started quickly. (2016-06-24)

Zika warnings lead to 'significant' increase in demand for abortion in Latin America
Health warnings about complications related to Zika virus significantly increased demand for abortions in Latin American countries, according to a new study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine. However, in many of these countries, abortion is either illegal or highly restricted, leaving pregnant women with few options and potentially driving women to use unsafe methods, access abortion drugs without medical supervision or visit underground providers. (2016-06-22)

New model predicts complication risks in surgery for spinal cord compression
A simple model consisting of four risk factors can help surgeons to predict the risk of complications after surgery for cervical spondylotic myelopathy -- a common condition causing compression of the spinal cord in the neck, reports a study in the July issue of Neurosurgery, official journal of the Congress of Neurological Surgeons, published by Wolters Kluwer. (2016-06-21)

New link found between diabetes and Alzheimer's disease
Drugs used to treat diabetes could also be used to treat Alzheimer's disease, and vice versa, according to new research from the University of Aberdeen, published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes). This is also the first study of its kind to show that Alzheimer's disease can lead to diabetes, as opposed to diabetes occurring first as was previously thought. (2016-06-21)

Blood test shows promise in gauging severity of pulmonary arterial hypertension
Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report that rising blood levels of a protein called hematoma derived growth factor are linked to the increasing severity of pulmonary arterial hypertension, a form of damaging high blood pressure in the lungs. (2016-06-20)

BU researcher receives grant to study role immune cells play in type 2 diabetes
Barbara Nikolajczyk, Ph.D., associate professor of microbiology at Boston University School of Medicine, has received a five-year, $2.95 million grant from the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research. (2016-06-20)

Study shows that plasma protein supplementation helps prevent cell death in diabetes
Diabetes continues to be a global health problem, with the number of cases projected to rise from 285 million in 2010 to nearly 400 million by the year 2030. Long-term, the disease can cause complications affecting the eyes, heart, kidneys, and nerves. Collaborators at the University of Illinois and Mie University School of Medicine (Japan) have found that a protein made by the human body may be key in preventing cell death in diabetes. (2016-06-14)

Being born small or stress during pregnancy can lead to greater disease risk in mothers
Low birth weight or stress during pregnancy can lead to long-term health problems in women, according to a study published today in The Journal of Physiology. (2016-06-12)

Rethink rehabilitation to reverse frailty
One in four patients with COPD referred for exercise rehabilitation are frail, but nevertheless can respond favourably to rehabilitation and their frailty can be reversed, finds a new study led by King's College London and Royal Brompton & Harefield NHS Foundation Trust. The findings have wider implications for treating frailty, which affects one in ten over-65s, where adapting other rehabilitation programmes could potentially benefit more patients. (2016-06-12)

UTMB study shows pulmonary rehabilitation underutilized by physicians and COPD patients
A new study from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston investigating trends on the use of pulmonary rehabilitation therapy among older adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease found that this therapy was underutilized, despite its health benefits and cost effectiveness. The UTMB study is the first to describe use of PR among COPD patients in a large, nationally representative sample of U.S. patients. The findings are currently available in the Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention. (2016-06-09)

Study concludes that ultralow-dose CT may substitute for standard-dose CT in some COPD patients
A Japanese retrospective study that reviewed the CT data of 50 emphysema patients found that ultralow-dose CT (ULDCT) can substitute for standard-dose CT (SDCT) in disease quantification if both iterative reconstruction (IR) and filtered back projection are used. (2016-06-06)

Pregnant women may need more information about medicine use
Pregnant women overestimate the risks of taking over the counter and prescribed medication. New findings reveal that women choose not to medicate common pregnancy symptoms such as nausea, heartburn and aches and pains. Most worryingly, mums-to-be are choosing not to take medication for UTIs -- which can cause significant complications and harm the fetus if left untreated. (2016-06-02)

Pulmonary artery stiffening is an early driver of pulmonary hypertension
In this issue of JCI Insight, a team led by Laura Fredenburgh of Brigham and Women's Hospital shows that alterations in pulmonary arterial stiffness occur early during disease and promote vascular remodeling by altering signaling mediated by prostaglandins, a class of hormones that regulate inflammation, smooth muscle contraction, and vasoconstrictoin. (2016-06-02)

20,000 people helping discover new tests and treatments for diabetic kidney disease
Researchers at Queen's University Belfast are to examine DNA samples from 20,000 people with diabetes to help identify the genetic factors in diabetic kidney disease, the leading cause of kidney failure worldwide. (2016-06-02)

Study finds minimal risk for serious infection with 'in bone' prosthesis
A new study in today's issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery found minimal risk for severe infection with osseointegrated implants -- a newer prosthetic system, press-fitted directly into the femur bone -- that enables bone growth over a metal, robotic prosthetic limb in patients with above knee amputations. (2016-06-01)

New study uncovers mechanisms underlying how diabetes damages the heart
Cardiac complications are the number one cause of death among diabetics. Now a team of scientists has uncovered a molecular mechanism involved in a common form of heart damage found in people with diabetes. (2016-05-26)

PETA science group publishes a review on pulmonary effects of nanomaterials
A scientist from the PETA International Science Consortium Ltd. is the lead author of a review on pulmonary fibrosis that results from inhaling nanomaterials, which has been published in Archives of Toxicology. The coauthors are scientists from Health Canada, West Virginia University, and the University of Fribourg in Switzerland. (2016-05-26)

Lung function may affect vocal health for women
Vocal fatigue is a common complaint among teachers and one of the most debilitating conditions that can lead to vocal damage. The typical symptoms include hoarseness, vocal tiredness, muscle pains and lost or cracked notes. However, the actual physiological mechanism of vocal fatigue is still being explored. Now, a group of researchers have found a potential link between pulmonary function and the symptoms of voice fatigue unique to women, the predominate population of teaching workforce. (2016-05-25)

Cochrane Review: Fixed-dose combinations vs. single-drug for treating pulmonary TB
A research team from Spain has prepared a Cochrane systematic review that explores the efficacy, safety, and adherence to fixed-dose combinations of drugs versus single-drug formulations to treat people who are newly diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB). (2016-05-20)

Taking control of key protein stifles cancer spread in mice
In a new study in mice, researchers overcame a process by which cancer co-opts a fundamental protein into protecting it against the body's defenses. (2016-05-20)

Penn Vet research suggests a way to identify animals at risk of blood clots
With new findings from a retrospective study, a team at the University of Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine has found that a common diagnostic tool often used to identify patients at risk of bleeding may also be used to identify those predisposed to clot excessively. (2016-05-19)

Hydroxyurea improves lung function in children with sickle cell disease
For the first time, researchers were able to demonstrate that children diagnosed with sickle cell disease showed improvement in lung function after treatment with hydroxyurea, a treatment that is underused despite its demonstrated benefits. The study was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-18)

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