Current Pulmonary Complications News and Events | Page 25

Current Pulmonary Complications News and Events, Pulmonary Complications News Articles.
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Inhaled steroids may increase risk of nontuberculous mycobacteria lung disease
Patients with obstructive lung disease who take inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) may be at greater risk for nontuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease (NTM PD), according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-18)

Queen's researcher leads study on using selenium to aid recovery from cardiac surgery
SodiUm SeleniTe Administration IN Cardiac Surgery (SUSTAIN) study will test the effect of high-dose selenium on patient recovery, occurrence of post-surgical complications. (2016-05-18)

External stenting can relieve chronic airway obstruction in children
Surgeons in Japan have developed a technique to relieve airway obstruction in children. The technique, known as external stenting (ES), expands and stabilizes the airway by suspending its wall to a rigid prosthesis placed around the bronchus or trachea. ES avoids the problem of granulation formation resulting from endolumenal corrective approaches, such as endoscopic stent placement. The researchers describe the ES technique in detail as well as report on indications, complications, and long-term outcomes. (2016-05-17)

Is an insulin pump the best therapy for everyone with type 1 diabetes?
Insulin pump therapy contributes to better blood glucose control in type 1 diabetes and, as pump technology continues to improve and become part of sensor-controlled feedback and artificial pancreas systems, essentially all patients would benefit from their capabilities according to a Commentary published in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics. (2016-05-17)

First clinical use of bioabsorbable vascular grafts in children shows promise
Bioabsorbable heart valves or blood vessels are designed to harness the body's innate healing process, enabling the natural restoration of complex body parts as the synthetic graft is absorbed. At the 96th AATS Annual Meeting, surgeons from the Bakoulev Center for Cardiovascular Surgery, Moscow report the results of implantation of bioabsorbable vascular grafts placed into five children born with serious cardiovascular anomalies. According to the investigators, this is the first-ever clinical trial of a bioabsorbable cardiovascular device. (2016-05-17)

Being fit may slow lung function decline as we age
Being fit may reduce the decline in lung function that occurs as we grow older, according to research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-16)

MSK surgeons present strategies for increasing survival in soft tissue sarcoma patients
In a presentation at the 96th AATS Annual meeting, Neel P. Chudgar, M.D., from the Department of Surgery at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center presents survival data and prognostic factors based on a large, single-institution database of STS patients who have undergone pulmonary metastasectomy. (2016-05-16)

Older patients with atrial fibrillation at greater risk for post-op tricuspid regurgitation after mitral valve repair
Tricuspid regurgitation occurs when the heart's tricuspid valve leaks, allowing blood to flow back from the right ventricle to the right atrium. TR can be secondary to disorders of left-sided heart valves (mitral or aortic). Investigators present the results of a long-term study of patients who underwent mitral valve (MV) repair. They found that although newly developed TR after MV repair was rare, the risk could increase in older patients with atrial fibrillation and impaired heart function. (2016-05-16)

Neurological complications of Zika virus
A review article published online by JAMA Neurology details what is currently known about Zika virus (ZIKV), its neurological complications and its impact on global human health. (2016-05-16)

Risk factors identified for readmission to hospital following esophagectomy
Researchers at Mayo Clinic have identified risk factors for unplanned readmissions following esophageal resection. The results of their new study provide complete follow-up data for all patients undergoing esophagectomy at a high volume center over a one-year period in order to identify risk factors associated with unplanned readmissions. Karen J. Dickinson, M.D., presents the results of this research at the 96th AATS Annual Meeting on behalf of the Thoracic Surgery Research Team at Mayo Clinic. (2016-05-16)

Motivational interviewing may reduce COPD readmissions
Motivational interviewing, a goal-oriented, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change used in health coaching, is a feasible intervention that may reduce short-term readmissions for COPD patients. The study, which was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference, is the first available randomized study to demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the intervention. (2016-05-15)

New way to predict COPD progression; new treatment may be on the horizon
New research has found that a process initiated in white blood cells known as neutrophils may lead to worse outcomes for some patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The discovery may help identify patients at higher risk for COPD progression, who might also show little benefit from standard treatments. The study was presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-15)

Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation as effective as hospital-based
Home-based pulmonary rehabilitation may be equally effective in improving fitness and quality of life as a traditional center-based program for COPD patients, according to new research presented at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-15)

Tiny coils improve quality of life for patients with severe emphysema
Results from a large international trial were presented by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine at the American Thoracic Society International Meeting in San Francisco. Minimally invasive implantation of tiny coils into the lungs improves exercise ability, lung function and quality of life. (2016-05-15)

Risk of mortality linked to interstitial lung abnormalities
New research uncovering a link between Interstitial Lung Abnormalities and an increased risk of in-hospital mortality was shared at the ATS 2016 International Conference. (2016-05-15)

Arterial switch to 12 o'clock associated with reduced coronary reserve in adolescence
Arterial switch to the 12 o'clock position is associated with abnormal coronary perfusion in adolescence, reveals research presented today at EuroCMR 2016.1 Babies born with transposition of the great arteries undergo the arterial switch operation in the first days of life. (2016-05-13)

Is a written asthma action plan for children necessary?
Parents of children with asthma need ongoing education and guidance on this chronic condition and how to prevent and manage symptoms, but does a written asthma action plan improve outcomes more than ongoing asthma education? Dr. John Kelso explores this question in a recent review published in Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology. (2016-05-13)

Study reveals effectiveness of text message-based remote monitoring for postpartum hypertension
Text messaging could hold the key to identifying postpartum women at-risk for developing potentially life-threatening complications resulting from preeclampsia, according to a new study from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. The results are presented on Monday, May 16 at the American College of Obstetrics & Gynecology's (ACOG) Annual Clinical and Scientific Meeting in Washington, DC (poster #30-O). (2016-05-13)

The Lancet Respiratory Medicine: US patients face significant barriers in accessing adequate care for chronic lung disease
Despite being the third leading cause of death in the USA, people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (lung disease) face significant challenges in accessing care, with treatment costs remaining out of reach for many, and hospitals failing to provide recommended standards of care, according to a new report commissioned by The Lancet Respiratory Medicine journal, presented at the American Thoracic Society conference in San Francisco. (2016-05-13)

CHEST: On the front lines of pulmonary and critical care in China
The American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST) has been working on the ground for nearly five years in China to prepare physicians in the first-ever government-recognized medical subspecialty in China in the area of pulmonary and critical care medicine. (2016-05-13)

Rare human disease found in dogs
A rare, severe form of pulmonary hypertension, which up until now, has only been classified as a human lung disease, has also been discovered in dogs according to a Michigan State University study. (2016-05-12)

Kidney disease may increase hospitalized patients' risk of complications
In a study of hospitalized patients, those with chronic kidney disease were 19 percent more likely to experience hospital acquired complications than patients with normal kidney function. There was a graded relation between the risk of complications and kidney disease severity. (2016-05-12)

Ana Sofia Silva receives Best Ph.D. Thesis Award from ISASF
Ana Sofia Silva's thesis proposes a new therapeutic approach to lung cancer, the most common and leading cause of cancer death in both men and women worldwide. Results 'reveal the extraordinary advantages of combining nanotechnology, molecular biology, polymer science, chemical engineering and supercritical fluid technologies, to develop robust and reliable pulmonary delivery systems for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer.' (2016-05-12)

National Jewish Health faculty earn 3 awards from the American Thoracic Society
At the American Thoracic Society International Meeting in San Francisco, Charles Daley will receive the World Lung Health Award for his efforts to diagnose and treat tuberculosis around the world. Irina Petrache will receive the Elizabeth A. Rich Award, recognizing a leading woman in pulmonary medicine and science. James Crapo will receive a lifetime achievement award for his efforts to treat and prevent chronic obstructive pulmonary medicine. (2016-05-11)

Researchers discover first safe way to deliver drugs to the placenta
For the first time, researchers have devised a method to selectively deliver drugs to a pregnant woman's placenta without harming the foetus, in a development which could help prevent some premature births and treat conditions such as pre-eclampsia. (2016-05-10)

Women undergoing TAVR have a different risk profile and greater survival rate than men
Data from one of the largest national registries of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) patients shows that although women are more likely to experience vascular complications in the hospital, their one-year survival rate is more favorable than men. (2016-05-06)

Peptide payload
Erkki Ruoslahti and colleagues provide proof of principle for safe, targeted delivery of drugs to the placenta during pregnancy. (2016-05-06)

Anticoagulation medications show no gender-based variations in outcomes for TAVR patients
A study on the impact of using different anticoagulation medications on men and women who have undergone a transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) found no difference in early vascular complications or mortality. (2016-05-06)

Medical conditions are more common in women who are sexually abused
Researchers have found that a variety of conditions are more common in women before and after sexual assault. (2016-05-04)

Robotic surgery just got more autonomous
Putting surgery one step closer into the realm of self-driving cars and intelligent machines, researchers show for the first time that a supervised autonomous robot can successfully perform soft tissue surgery. (2016-05-04)

Detailed digital human models could hold key to future clinical research
Computer simulations of disease processes and detailed digital models of our organs could provide more accurate monitoring and outcome measurements for clinical trials, according to research being presented in Sheffield today. (2016-05-04)

First recommendations published on imaging assessment of prosthetic heart valves
The first recommendations on multimodality imaging assessment of prosthetic heart valves are published today in European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging. (2016-05-03)

One in four patients with COPD suffer from depression
Two studies published in the April issue of the journal CHEST found one in four patients with COPD suffer from depressive symptoms, and if not treated, those symptoms can have a negative effect on their overall health and treatment effectiveness. (2016-05-03)

First implantable hemodynamic monitoring device in single ventricle Fontan anatomy
While the Fontan procedure has improved the short- and mid-term outcomes for patients born with single ventricle anatomy, long-term complications of Fontan circulation include heart failure. These complications are thought to be secondary to elevated central venous pressure, chronic venous congestion and low cardiac output. (2016-04-28)

Gene therapy halts pulmonary hypertension progression in large animal pre-clinical study
Scientists have used a novel gene therapy to halt the progression of pulmonary hypertension, a form of high blood pressure in the lung blood vessels that is linked to heart failure. (2016-04-28)

Study reveals COPD linked to increased bacterial invasion
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common smoking-related lung illness and the third leading cause of death in the United States. Scientists have long believed that inhaling toxic gases and particles from tobacco smoke causes inflammation of the small airways in the lungs, leading to the development of COPD. However, the theory doesn't explain why airway inflammation and disease progression continue even after the patient stops smoking. (2016-04-27)

Type 2 diabetes people 'let down' over delayed treatment
A University of Leicester study suggests 'clinical inertia' is preventing tight control of blood sugar levels. (2016-04-26)

Common steroid shows promise in healing damaged newborn lungs
Research from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago conducted in mice shows the drug hydrocortisone -- a steroid commonly used to treat a variety of inflammatory and allergic conditions -- can also prevent lung damage that often develops in premature babies treated with oxygen. (2016-04-25)

Study links hypoxemia from obstructive sleep apnea with renal complications in type 2 diabetes
Examining the poorly understood link between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes complications, researchers identified specific measures of low blood oxygenation that are associated with impaired kidney function and diabetic nephropathy. The study by Linong Ji, M.D., and colleagues, Peking University People's Hospital and Peking University Health Science Center, is published in Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics. (2016-04-22)

Mobility assessment tool may help predict early postoperative outcomes for older adults
A quick, reliable and cost-effective mobility assessment tool may help to identify elderly patients at risk for adverse post-surgery outcomes, according to Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center researchers. (2016-04-22)

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