Current Racial Bias News and Events | Page 25

Current Racial Bias News and Events, Racial Bias News Articles.
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On polygamous females and single-parent males
On polygamous females and single-parent males Behavioral researchers at Bielefeld University are studying plovers Male plovers survive more successfully in the wild than females. Behavioral researchers at Bielefeld University have studied how sex biases develop across the life span of the plover. They report on the consequences of the surplus of males for rearing chicks in the research journal 'Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences'. (2017-06-22)

White people show race bias when judging deception
When making judgments about who is lying and who is telling the truth, new research shows that White people are more likely to label a Black person as a truth-teller compared with a White person, even though their spontaneous behavior indicates the reverse bias. The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. (2017-06-22)

Study examines gun policy preferences across racial groups
Support for all forms of gun control is stronger among Latinos and blacks than whites, according to researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago. (2017-06-22)

Students of all races & ethnicities benefit from ethnically diverse middle schools
More than half of school-age youth in the United States are members of ethnic minority groups, yet the nation's public schools are becoming less ethnically diverse. Recognizing these conflicting trends and the lack of research on the effects of ethnic diversity, a new study sought to determine how the diversity of middle school students and classrooms shapes students' self-reported well-being and their views on race. (2017-06-20)

No evidence of gender bias in philosophy
Despite being a male-dominated field, a recent study found no evidence for gender bias against women in philosophy, in terms of securing tenure-track positions as college professors. So why are there less women in philosophy overall? Some studies show that less women are choosing to major in philosophy at the undergraduate level, and so other factors may be turning them off the discipline at an early stage. (2017-06-20)

Students of all races feel safer in ethnically diverse middle schools, UCLA study says
Middle school students -- African Americans, Latinos, Asian Americans and Caucasians -- felt safer and less bullied, reported more tolerance and less prejudice toward students of other ethnicities and believed teachers treated all students more fairly and equally in more diverse schools, UCLA researchers report today in the journal Child Development. (2017-06-20)

Medications underutilized when treating young people with opioid use disorder
Only one in four young adults and teens with opioid use disorder (OUD) are receiving potentially life-saving medications for addiction treatment, according to a new Boston Medical Center (BMC) study published online in JAMA Pediatrics. (2017-06-19)

Simple tasks don't test brain's true complexity
New research strategies are needed to find out how information flows through the brain's neural networks, according to neuroscientists at Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine. In a new article in Neuron, the researchers suggest using complex experiments to test the most important properties of these networks. (2017-06-08)

Report looks at liver cancer, fastest-growing cause of cancer deaths in US
A new report provides an overview of incidence, mortality, and survival rates and trends for liver cancer, a cancer for which death rates have doubled in the United States since the mid-1980s (2017-06-08)

Does your name match your face?
People tend to associate round names such as 'Bob' and 'Lou' with round-faced individuals, and they have an inherent preference for names and faces that go well together. This is according to David Barton and Jamin Halberstadt of the University of Otago in New Zealand. In the journal Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, published by Springer, they investigated the so-called 'bouba/kiki effect.' (2017-06-08)

Study examines adolescents' responses to racism in school
When adolescents read a hypothetical scenario about verbal racism in school, age, ethnicity, cross-group friendships, and ethnic socialization predicted their bystander responses. (2017-06-08)

Monkey see, monkey do, depending on age, experience and efficiency
Wild capuchin monkeys readily learn skills from each other -- but that social learning is driven home by the payoff of learning a useful new skill. (2017-06-07)

Recent presidential election could have negative impact on health
Stress, increased risk for disease, babies born too early, and premature death are among the negative health impacts that could occur in the wake of the 2016 US presidential election, according to a new article from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health and Massachusetts General Hospital/McLean Hospital. (2017-06-07)

New diode features optically controlled capacitance
Researchers have developed a capacitor with a metal-insulator-semiconductor diode structure that is tunable by illumination. The capacitor, which features embedded metal nanoparticles, is similar to a metal-insulator-metal diode, except the capacitance of the new device depends on illumination and exhibits a strong frequency dispersion, allowing for a high degree of tunability. This capacitor may enhance wireless capability for information processing, sensing and telecommunications. The researchers report their findings in this week's Journal of Applied Physics. (2017-06-06)

New allocation system reduces racial/ethnic disparities in kidney transplant
A new kidney allocation system implemented in 2014 by the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) led to a narrowing of the disparities in national kidney transplant rates among whites, blacks and Hispanics on the transplant waitlist, according to a new analysis. (2017-06-05)

Police officers speak less respectfully to black residents than to white residents
Professors Jennifer Eberhardt and Dan Jurafsky along with other Stanford researchers detected racial disparities in police officers' speech after analyzing hundreds of hours of body camera footage from Oakland Police. (2017-06-05)

Black, white men view impacts of prostate cancer treatment differently, study finds
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers uncovered differences in the way black and white men rated prostate cancer treatment-related factors like recovery time or cost. (2017-06-05)

Random numbers: Hard times ahead for hackers
Researchers from UNIGE have developed a new random numbers generator based on the principles of quantum physics. This physical theory shows that certain physical events occur perfectly at random, making them impossible to predict. Unlike previous methods, the new system allows the user to verify the reliability of the random numbers it generates in real time. This work will greatly complicate the tasks of hackers who can no longer exploit bias resulting from human fallibility. (2017-05-31)

School choice policies may impact segregation and diversity of public schools
Despite decades of educational reform and legal efforts, many U.S. schools are experiencing increasing segregation, with 16 percent of public schools serving both minority and high poverty students. (2017-05-23)

Despite partisanship surrounding voter ID, most voters don't believe it suppresses turnout
Most Americans -- even average Democrats -- do not accept the argument that voter identification laws can suppress voter turnout, according to a new study that includes a University of Kansas professor. (2017-05-23)

Teacher racial bias matters more for students of color
English and math teachers underestimate the academic abilities of students of color, which in turn has an impact on students' grades and academic expectations, finds a new study by NYU's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. (2017-05-18)

FSU study reports encouraging trend in infant mortality
Eighteen states are on track to eliminate racial disparities in infant mortality by the year 2050 if current trends hold, according to a newly published paper from researchers at Florida State University's College of Medicine. The study projects more than 4,000 babies a year could be saved by eliminating black-white disparities in those states. (2017-05-18)

Blacks, Hispanics less likely to see neurologist as outpatient
Black and Hispanic people are less likely to see a neurologist in the office or as an outpatient than white people in the United States, according to a study published in the May 17, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. Black people with neurologic conditions such as Parkinson's disease and stroke were more likely to be cared for in the hospital emergency department and had more hospital stays than whites. (2017-05-17)

New report details Chicago's racial, ethnic disparities
Racial and ethnic inequality in Chicago is so 'pervasive, persistent, and consequential' that the investigators describe life for white, black and Latino residents in Chicago today as a 'tale of three cities.' (2017-05-15)

Leaving segregated neighborhoods reduces blood pressure for blacks
When African Americans moved to less segregated neighborhoods, their systolic blood pressure readings dropped between one to five points, reports a new national study. This is the first study to look at the longitudinal effects of living in less segregated areas on blood pressure and to compare the effect within the same individuals. The drop in blood pressure, likely related to less violence and stress, means fewer heart attacks and strokes. (2017-05-15)

Study examines racial residential segregation and blood pressure in black adults
If exposure to neighborhood-level racial residential segregation changes is that associated with changes in blood pressure in a group of black adults? A new article published by JAMA Internal Medicine reports on a study by Kiarri N. Kershaw, Ph.D., of the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, and coauthors that used data from a geographically diverse group of 2,280 black adults whose addresses were tracked over 25 years of follow-up. (2017-05-15)

What could be the importance of marine and coastal cultural ecosystem services
Cultural ecosystem services reflect physical and cognitive interactions between humans and nature, and are increasingly recognised for providing experiences, capabilities and many other benefits to human societies. While oceans, seas, and coasts sustain a great proportion of the human population, cultural ecosystem services provided by these areas still remain largely unexplored. A new study published in the open access journal One Ecosystem analyses and maps case studies worldwide and pinpoints priorities to move research forward. (2017-05-15)

Men and women show equal ability at recognizing faces
Despite conventional wisdom that suggests women are better than men at facial recognition, Penn State psychologists found no difference between men and women in their ability to recognize faces and categorize facial expressions. (2017-05-09)

A suspicious mind leads to a suspicious face
In a series of studies, social psychology researchers show that Black participants who hold suspicious views of Whites visualize White faces, even smiling ones, as less trustworthy, less authentic and sometimes more hostile. The authors suggest there are some potential advantages to these biases, as well as drawbacks. The results are published in Social Psychological and Personality Science. (2017-05-09)

Study: Black and white kids faring equally in subsidized housing
Once-formidable disparities between black and white families living in subsidized housing have largely vanished, and black and white children who grew up in such housing fared similarly in school, jobs and earnings. (2017-05-08)

Group rituals can make us biased against outsiders
From our greetings to our celebrations to how we take our coffee, everyday life is full of shared rituals. The effort and commitment involved in these rituals can help us bond with others -- but new research suggests that they may also push us away from those who don't share the same practices. Findings from a series of experiments suggest that people trust others who did not engage in the same ritual less than those who did. (2017-05-05)

Study finds exposure to racism harms children's health
New research to be presented at the 2017 Pediatric Academic Societies 2017 Meeting illustrates the unhealthy effects racism can have on children, with reported exposure to discrimination tied to higher rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety and depression, as well as decreased general health. (2017-05-04)

New tool reflects black men's experiences of police-based discrimination
Researchers have developed a new tool to catalog police and law enforcement interactions with black men, the Police and Law Enforcement (PLE) Scale, with the hope of documenting people's experiences and perceptions of police-based discrimination. (2017-05-03)

Research shows prejudice, not principle, often underpins 'free-speech defense' of racist language
A new study in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology reveals a positive correlation (Pearson r = .43) between having racial prejudice and defending racist speech using the 'free speech argument' -- a stronger correlation than the researchers expected. (2017-05-03)

Gluten-free diet not recommended for people without celiac disease
Long term dietary intake of gluten among people without celiac disease is not associated with risk of coronary heart disease -- and restricting gluten may result in a low intake of whole grains, which are associated with cardiovascular benefits, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2017-05-02)

Study finds gender bias in open-source programming
A study comparing acceptance rates of contributions from men and women in an open-source software community finds that, overall, women's contributions tend to be accepted more often than men's -- but when a woman's gender is identifiable, they are rejected more often. (2017-05-01)

Two papers challenge exclusion of acupuncture in government guidelines
Even as news in the United States recently highlighted the growing inclusion of acupuncture and other complementary and integrative medicine therapies in guidelines for multiple pain conditions, the exclusion of acupuncture in two British governmental guidelines is challenged in a paper and a commentary. (2017-04-28)

Animal testing essential to medical progress but protocols could be improved
The use of animals in biomedical research has long been the focus of campaigns by animal rights activists. Two leading scientists writing in the European Journal of Internal Medicine give their expert view of the importance of animal testing to medical progress and present ways it could be further improved to yield more useful clinical results. (2017-04-26)

Media portrayal of public shooters can perpetuate stereotypes
Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Journalism have found that media portrayals of public shooters vary based on the race of the shooter, regardless of the circumstances of the shooting. (2017-04-26)

New study shows youth violence on decline
Contrary to popular perception, a new study by Boston University professor Christopher Salas- Wright finds that youth violence is declining -- and at noteworthy rates. Between 2002 and 2014, Salas-Wright and his colleagues found a 29 percent decrease in the relative proportion of young people involved in violence in the United States. The study also reveals a persistent pattern of racial and ethnic disparities in youth violence. (2017-04-25)

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