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Current Raw Materials News and Events, Raw Materials News Articles.
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New synthethic protocol to form 3-D porous organic network
A team of Korean researchers, affiliated with South Korea's Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology (UNIST) has presented a new synthetic protocol to produce three-dimensional porous organic materials in the blink of an eye, like firing bullets. (2017-11-29)

Robust Bain distortion in the premartensite phase of a platinum-substituted Ni2MnGa
The premartensite phase of shape memory and magnetic shape memory alloys is believed to be a precursor state of the martensite phase with preserved austenite phase symmetry. The thermodynamic stability of the premartensite phase and its relation to the martensitic phase is still an unresolved issue, even though it is critical to the understanding of the functional properties of magnetic shape memory alloys. (2017-11-29)

Nature's blueprint
Based on the nanostructure of the sea urchin spines, the research team Physical Chemistry at the University of Konstanz develops cement that is significantly more fracture-resistant. (2017-11-29)

New method benchmarks organic mixed conductors
Researchers used new materials in organic electrochemical transistors to test and compare their performances for different applications. (2017-11-27)

Reusing waste energy with 2-D electron gas
Novel approach utilizes high mobility two-dimensional electron gas, boosting thermoelectric conversion efficiency. (2017-11-20)

'Ion billiards' cue novel material synthesis method
A team of Hokkaido University researchers has developed a novel material synthesis method called proton-driven ion introduction (PDII) which utilizes a phenomenon similar to 'ion billiards.' The new method could pave the way for creating numerous new materials, thus drastically advancing materials sciences. (2017-11-16)

Russian chemists developed a way to synthesize drugs from renewable precursors
The scientists of RUDN University together with their Russian colleagues have developed a new approach to the synthesis of benzofurans from cheap raw materials. Original furans can be produced from wastes of agriculture and wooworking industry, such as sawdust, cobs and other by-products of crop production. The results of the work were described in the article published in Tetrahedron. (2017-11-14)

Researchers take next step toward fusion energy
Fusion is the process that powers the sun, harnessing it on Earth would provide unlimited clean energy. Researchers say that constructing a fusion power plant has proven to be a daunting task because there have been no materials that could survive the grueling conditions found in the core of a fusion reactor. Now, researchers at Texas A&M University have discovered a way to make materials that may be suitable for use in future fusion reactors. (2017-11-14)

Research highlights ethical sourcing of materials for modern technology
Researchers from the Camborne School of Mines have identified methods to predict the environmental and social cost of resourcing new deposits of rare earth minerals used in the production of mobile phones, wind turbines and electric vehicles. (2017-11-10)

RUDN chemists: A new compound will be used against tumors and Alzheimer's disease
Researchers from RUDN University conducted an effective three-component reaction, obtaining unusual organic compounds. The latter are structurally similar to a number of biologically active compounds -- which makes it possible to use them in pharmaceutics (for example, as anti-tumor drugs and agents for Alzheimer's disease). The results of the work are presented in the journal Mendeleev Communications. (2017-11-09)

Some Chinese coal ash too radioactive for reuse
Many manufacturers use coal ash from power plants as a low-cost binding agent in concrete and other building materials. But a new study finds that coal ash from high-uranium deposits in China is too radioactive for this use. Some coal ash analyzed in the study contained radiation 43 times higher than the maximum safe limit set for residential building materials by the U.N. Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. (2017-11-09)

Simple green synthesis is a breath of fresh air
A method for creating nanoparticles without using solvents could lead to environment-friendly electronics. (2017-11-06)

Breaking the chain: Catalyzing a green future for chemistry
Osaka University researchers create catalyst for refining chemicals in plant waste, allowing a green way to produce valuable raw materials. (2017-11-06)

Computer system finds 'recipes' for producing materials
System could pore through millions of research papers to extract 'recipes' for producing materials. (2017-11-06)

Where did those electrons go? X-ray measurements solve decades-old mystery
There's been an unsolved mystery associated with mixed valence compounds: When the valence state of an element in these compounds changes with increased temperature, the number of electrons associated with that element decreases, as well. But just where do those electrons go? Using a combination of state-of-the-art tools, including X-ray measurements at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS), Cornell researchers have come up with the answer. (2017-11-06)

Gold nanoantennas help in creation of more powerful nanoelectronics
In the tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy study physicists from Tomsk Polytechnic University first showed the built-in strain that arises when 2-D materials interact with other nanostructures and might improve properties of advanced nanoelectronics. (2017-11-01)

NREL, University of Washington scientists elevate quantum dot solar cell world record
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory established a new world efficiency record for quantum dot solar cells, at 13.4 percent. (2017-10-31)

Building a sustainable future: Urgent action needed
We need to act urgently to increase the energy efficiency of our buildings as the world's emerging middle classes put increasing demands on our planet's energy resources. These are the findings of a new report, published in MRS Energy & Sustainability by authors Matthias M. Koebel, Jannis Wernery and Wim J. Malfait. (2017-10-30)

Rousing masses to fight cancer with open source machine learning
Sharing is caring in the fight against cancer with this new open source software project to predict cancer drug effectiveness. Georgia Tech researchers have kicked off the project with a program they tested to be about 85% effective in making predictions in individual patient treatments in their new study. It's free for the downloading, and the study details the research behind it. (2017-10-30)

Technique offers advance in testing micro-scale compressive strength of cement
Researchers have, for the first time, used a 'micropillar compression' technique to characterize the micro-scale strength of cement, allowing for the development of cement with desirable strength properties for civil engineering applications. (2017-10-25)

Construction material-based methodology for contingency base selection
In an era of global responsiveness, there is a continuing need for agencies and organizations to set up temporary contingency bases (CB) of operations in foreign nations. Examples of such CBs include epidemic hospitals, refugee camps, natural disaster response headquarters, and temporary military installations. (2017-10-24)

Ames Laboratory, UConn discover superconductor with bounce
The US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has discovered extreme 'bounce,' or super-elastic shape-memory properties in a material that could be applied for use as an actuator in the harshest of conditions, such as outer space, and might be the first in a whole new class of shape memory materials. (2017-10-23)

Liquid metal discovery ushers in new wave of chemistry and electronics
Researchers use liquid metal to create atom-thick 2-D never before seen in nature. The research could transform how we do chemistry and could also be applied to enhance data storage and make faster electronics. (2017-10-19)

Two-dimensional materials gets a new theory for control of properties
Desirable properties including increased electrical conductivity, improved mechanical properties, or magnetism for memory storage or information processing may be possible because of a theoretical method to control grain boundaries in two-dimensional materials, according to Penn State materials scientists. (2017-10-19)

Stiff fibers spun from slime
Nanoparticles from the secretion of velvet worms form recyclable polymer fibers. (2017-10-18)

Missing link between new topological phases of matter discovered
HZB-Physicists at BESSY II have investigated a class of materials that exhibit characteristics of topological insulators. During these studies they discovered a transition between two different topological phases, one of which is ferroelectric, meaning a phase in the material that exhibits spontaneous electric polarisation and can be reversed by an external electric field. (2017-10-17)

Microbes leave 'fingerprints' on Martian rocks
Scientists around Tetyana Milojevic from the Faculty of Chemistry at the University of Vienna are in search of unique biosignatures, which are left on synthetic extraterrestrial minerals by microbial activity. The biochemist and astrobiologist investigates these signatures at her own miniaturized 'Mars farm' where she can observe interactions between the archaeon Metallosphaera sedula and Mars-like rocks. These microbes are capable of oxidizing and integrating metals into their metabolism. (2017-10-17)

Liquid metal brings soft robotics a step closer
Scientists have invented a way to morph liquid metal into physical shapes. (2017-10-16)

Osaka university researchers make the slipperiest surfaces adhesive
Osaka University-led research team develops new way of processing the non-stick fluoropolymers, PTFE. A heating element is added to a plasma chamber for treatment of PTFE. The combined effects of the heat and plasma enable the non-stick surface of PTFE to strongly bind to a rubber surface. (2017-10-16)

AASM releases position statement on home sleep apnea testing
A new position statement published by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) describes the appropriate clinical use of a home sleep apnea test (HSAT). (2017-10-13)

The secret to improving liquid crystal's mechanical performance
In a paper published in EPJ E, Patrick Oswald from the École Normale Supérieure of Lyon, France, and Lubor Lejček from the Czech Academy of Sciences have theoretically calculated the static and dynamical properties of the Cottrell clouds, which form around edge dislocations in liquid crystals of the smectic A variety. This work could help, for example, to improve the lubricating performance of such liquid crystals. (2017-10-11)

Analysis: Metal supplies unlikely to seriously hamper battery use
MIT researchers have found that supplies of raw materials are unlikely to limit increased production of lithium-ion batteries, although they could pose temporary bottlenecks. (2017-10-11)

Missing atoms in a forgotten crystal bring luminescence
A perovskite crystal's powerful light-emitting capabilities could be due to missing atoms in its structure. (2017-10-10)

Morphologies of porous MoS2 show good performance in hydrogenation of phenol
Two morphologies of porous MoS2 obtained by using thiourea and L-cysteine as sulfur sources and modified SiO2 nanoparticles as hard templates,The method offers the advantages of simple steps, convenient operation, controllable pore size, and a specific surface area. MoS2 nano-materials with the respective morphologies were used to catalyze the hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) reaction, showing a good performance in hydrogenation of phenol. (2017-10-10)

Bacteria self-organize to build working sensors
By programming bacteria with a synthetic gene circuit that can recruit gold nanoparticles to the surface of their colony, Duke researchers can build functional devices. A proof-of-concept study appearing in Nature Biotechnology uses this technique to build dome-shaped pressure sensors with the help of living bacteria. (2017-10-09)

UW researchers discover an evolutionary stepping stone to beet-red beets
Writing this week (Oct. 9, 2017) in the journal New Phytologist, University of Wisconsin-Madison Professor of Botany Hiroshi Maeda and his colleagues describe an ancient loosening up of a key biochemical pathway that set the stage for the ancestors of beets to develop their characteristic red pigment. (2017-10-09)

New methods tackle a perplexing engineering concept
Researchers at the University of Illinois are working to turn a complex materials design problem into an intuitive concept, understandable to engineers from novice to advanced experience levels. The group developed guidelines to help understand materials engineered to become thicker when stretched. This highly useful property, which is not commonly found in nature, has applications for protective sports equipment, body armor and biomedical devices. (2017-10-09)

Ornamented artifact may indicate long-distance exchange between Mesolithic communities
An ornamented bâton percé found in Central Poland may provide evidence of exchange between Mesolithic communities, according to a study published Oct. 4, 2017 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Grzegorz Osipowicz from Nicolaus Copernicus University, Poland, and colleagues. (2017-10-04)

Glowing news for organic materials
Researchers at Kyushu University's Center for Organic Photonics and Electronics Research (OPERA) have developed the world's first glow-in-the-dark materials based on organic molecules. The materials eliminate the expensive metals and high-temperature processing needed by current inorganic glow-in-the-dark materials. In addition to reducing cost, organic materials are likely to enable improved flexibility, transparency, and bio-compatibility, opening the door for a variety of new applications. (2017-10-02)

Large, crystalline lipid scaffolds bring new possibilities to protein, drug research
Proteins and drugs are often attached to lipids to promote crystallization or ensure delivery to targeted tissues within the body, but only the smallest proteins and molecules fit within these fat structures. A new study reveals a lipid structure that can support much larger proteins and molecules than before, potentially increasing the variety of drugs that can be attached to these fat molecules. (2017-10-02)

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