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Current Resuscitation News and Events, Resuscitation News Articles.
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News briefs from the journal Chest, January 2005
New briefs from the journal Chest highlight medical studies regarding chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and depression and sleep-disorders and their link to cardiovasular diease. (2005-01-10)

Medication errors in sick children may be higher than previously thought
The level of medication errors in sick children might be substantially higher than previously estimated, according to a study in this week's BMJ. (2004-12-02)

Patients who are intubated prior to hospital arrival fare worse find Pitt researchers
Emergency medicine researchers at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine have found that patients with similar traumatic brain injuries who are intubated outside the hospital fare worse than those intubated after arrival to the hospital. The researchers also found that the patients' neurologic and functional outcome was nearly twice as worse. These findings are the lead article in the November issue of Annals of Emergency Medicine. (2004-11-17)

Loyola warns lower temps mean greater risk of fire from space heaters
The Burn Center at Loyola University Medical Center is warning the public about the dangers of space heaters and other electrical appliances used to keep warm during winter cold snaps. (2004-11-04)

Getting the fluid balance right in malaria
Some investigators have suggested that children with malaria need a lot of fluids. But this paper casts doubt on this assumption, and assesses a novel way to assess fluid balance. (2004-10-18)

Air rather than oxygen for babies requiring ventilation after delivery
Provision of air rather than 100% oxygen for babies requiring ventilation after delivery could reduce infant mortality, suggests a study in this week's issue of The Lancet. The finding is counter to the long-held belief that 100% oxygen is better than air for babies requiring ventilation in the first few minutes of life. (2004-10-07)

Oregon program to improve care for seriously-ill patients is widely used, successful, studies show
Two new studies published this week demonstrate that a unique Oregon program designed to provide seriously-ill patients greater control over life-sustaining interventions is widely used. The first study examined use of the POLST program in nursing homes and the second explored emergency medical technicians experiences with the program in the field. (2004-09-03)

Fluid derived from aloe plant prolongs life after hemorrhagic shock in animal study
A novel resuscitation fluid derived from aloe vera that was developed by researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine has the potential to save the lives of patients with massive blood loss, according to results of an animal study published in the August edition of the medical journal Shock. The findings could have a significant impact on the treatment of hemorrhagic shock caused by both civilian and military trauma. (2004-07-26)

Effectiveness of chest compression devise to be tested by University of Pittsburgh
As part of an international study, researchers in the department of emergency medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine will test the effectiveness of a mechanical chest compression device, known as AutoPulse,รค developed by Revivant Corporation of Sunnyvale, Calif., to see if it does a better job than manual chest compressions for the treatment of out-of-hospital sudden cardiac arrest. (2004-06-09)

Expert calls for standard epinephrine doses when treating children in cardiac arrest
Medical personnel attempting to resuscitate a child in cardiac arrest should abide by epinephrine dosing levels outlined in the Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS) guidelines rather than giving larger amounts of the drug, says a nationally recognized pediatrician from UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. (2004-04-22)

Number of breaths given during CPR may be linked to survival
Researchers have identified a factor that may improve cardiac arrest survival rates according to a first-of-its-kind study of paramedic responses reported in today's rapid access issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. (2004-04-05)

Medically supervised injecting centres should be piloted in the UK
A programme of medically supervised injecting centres should be piloted in the UK, as part of an integrated public health strategy, say the authors of an article in this week's BMJ. (2004-01-08)

Study finds factors impeding bystander CPR
A study in this issue of Annals identifies specific factors that may impede dispatcher-assisted bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and could potentially be corrected through dispatcher training, variation in CPR technique, or community education. (2003-11-26)

Hospital work shifts influence survival from cardiac arrest
The odds of surviving cardiac arrest in the hospital are lower during the night shift, according to one of the largest studies of its kind, reported today at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2003. (2003-11-11)

Automatic CPR device dramatically improves cardiac arrest survival in Stanford animal study
A small, portable device greatly increases the chance of surviving sudden cardiac death by restoring blood pressure better than conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation, according to a Stanford University School of Medicine animal study. Following restoration of heart function, most of the animals in the Stanford study also showed no neurological damage, which commonly results from even a momentary blood flow interruption to the brain. (2003-11-10)

News tips for Sunday, Nov. 9, 2003
To complement our news releases, here are additional news tips reported by the American Heart Association's News Media Relations from more than 3,700 abstracts. (2003-11-09)

Public access defibrillator use increasing
Use of portable defibrillators by non-emergency responders on victims of cardiac arrest doubled during a four-year period in Seattle and King County, Washington. Survival rates were similar to or better than those of people treated by emergency medical service workers, researchers reported at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2003. (2003-11-09)

Vital sign device improves resuscitation monitoring
A small device can give doctors the (2003-11-08)

Canada, US launch collaborative research programs for circulatory and respiratory health
The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have formed a partnership to advance research of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Three research programs are being launched collaboratively. The programs will address novel strategies to resuscitate heart attack and trauma patients; cellular and molecular imaging of heart, lung, and blood systems; and management of thrombotic disorders such as heart attack, stroke, deep vein thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism. (2003-08-28)

American Heart Association says AEDs safe to use on children ages 1 to 8
Automated external defibrillators (AEDs) - devices that shock the heart to restore a normal heartbeat after a life-threatening irregular rhythm - are safe for children as young as age 1, according to an American Heart Association scientific statement published today in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. (2003-06-30)

'Reverse CPR' performed on back could better restore blood flow
A pilot study of the first proposed major change in decades to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) suggests that performing the maneuver while patients are on their stomachs offers far better restoration of blood flow and blood pressure than the standard practice of keeping patients on their backs. The feasibility study of so-called reverse CPR, conducted by researchers at Johns Hopkins and Columbia universities, appears in the June issue of the journal Resuscitation. (2003-06-23)

QuikClot (TM) will be made available to public
If the Office of Naval Research has it's way, horrific scenes like those in Columbia Pictures' Black Hawk Down, where an Army Ranger in Somalia's Mogadishu bleeds to death after his buddies desperately try to clamp his gushing femoral artery wound, won't happen again. The remarkable mineral hemostatic compound called QuikClot TM, used in Iraq, is due on the commercial market this summer. (2003-06-12)

Hypothermia helps brain heal after cardiac arrest, finds University of Pittsburgh study
Cooling body temperature to levels consistent with hypothermia improves survival when induced after cardiac arrest and also promotes growth factors important for the brain's recovery, suggests a study performed by researchers in the department of emergency medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. Preliminary results of their study were reported today at the 2003 Annual Meeting of the Society of Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM) in Boston. (2003-05-30)

Taking the sting out of ant stings
Australian authors of a study in this week's issue of The Lancet highlight how immunisation to desensitise people to the venom of the jack jumper ant shows great promise for preventing severe systemic reactions in people allergic to this venom. (2003-03-19)

Highlights from AHA's guide for community-wide cardiovascular health
A new statement from the American Heart Association provides a framework for community leaders, concerned healthcare providers, association volunteers, policy makers and anyone interested in reducing the burden of heart disease and stroke in the nations communities. (2003-02-03)

Shocking the heart after prolonged cardiac arrest may be harmful, say Pitt researchers
Delaying by 10 minutes before defibrillating a patient's heart in cardiac arrest - the typical amount of time it takes most emergency medical professionals to respond to a call - probably won't help and may even be detrimental, suggests a study performed by researchers in the department of emergency medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. (2002-10-08)

University of Pittsburgh study finds marker for blood clots in cardiac arrest patients
Researchers in the department of emergency medicine at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine tried to determine the extent to which increased blood clotting occurs in patients who suffer cardiac arrest outside the hospital. Using blood samples collected from 28 patients, the researchers found that all but one patient showed evidence of clot formation within the veins and that clotting increased the longer the patient was in cardiac arrest. (2002-10-08)

NIH supports ice slurry at Argonne
A promising new approach to saving cardiac arrest victims - injecting them with ice slurry - is being expanded under a new five-year, $4 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago's Emergency Resuscitation Center. (2002-09-13)

Benefit of public defibrillators is marginal
Making defibrillators widely available in public places such as airports and shopping centres is not justified by the marginal improvement in survival, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2002-09-05)

Armed with AEDs, police save lives by cutting response time
In communities where police are equipped with automated external defibrillators (AEDs), people who have a sudden cardiac arrest have a better chance at survival. (2002-08-12)

Experts recommend increased funding, focus on resuscitation science
Increased research, education and funding will improve the treatment of people who experience cardiac arrest, according to a report by resuscitation experts published in the May 28 issue of Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. (2002-05-27)

Swift switch from CPR to AED may save lives
A speedier (2002-04-22)

Eliminating battlefield transfusions
The need for blood transfusions on the battlefield presents a multitude of logistical problems. For cities removed from the fighting, the treatment of mass casualties where blood might not be immediately available presents similar logistical concerns. In both instances the difference between life and death may rest upon the physician's ability to transfer a patient to a geographic region where blood transfusion delivery is less problematic. (2002-04-22)

Blood lactate measurement could lead to earlier identification of patients for liver transplant
Arterial blood lactate measurement could rapidly and accurately identify patients who might die from paracetamol-induced acute liver failure, conclude authors of a study in this week's issue of THE LANCET. Its use is likely to improve the speed and accuracy of selection of appropriate patients for transplantation. (2002-02-14)

Near-death experience remains a mystery
Authors of a Dutch study in this week's issue of THE LANCET conclude that medical explanations cannot account for the phenomonen known as near-death experience (NDE). Only a relatively small proportion of patients who became clinically dead (resulting in oxygen deprivation to the brain) reported NDEs after successful cardiac resuscitation. (2001-12-14)

Canadian study highlights need for clearer directives for resuscitation
A study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights how few critically ill patients in intensive-care units (ICUs) have explicit directives guiding physicians whether or not to resuscitate. (2001-12-06)

Widespread knowledge of CPR, defibrillation vital for saving lives
Death from sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) can be significantly reduced if cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and defibrillation are administered before emergency medical services (EMS) arrive, according to an editorial in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. A related study, also in today's issue, indicates that cardiac arrest victims who received early CPR from dispatcher-assisted bystanders before EMS arrived had higher survival rates than those who did not. (2001-11-19)

Common chest blows can cause sudden death in children
Seemingly innocent chest blows - even from attempts to remedy hiccups or a blow from a toy plastic bat - can result in rare cases of sudden death in children. (2001-11-12)

Resuscitation training not compulsory in some UK medical schools
Researchers in this week's BMJ find that some UK medical schools do not provide compulsory resuscitation training and that the extent of training in other schools is variable, even though newly qualified doctors are expected to take part in resuscitation from their first day. (2001-07-06)

Most doctors do not position resuscitation paddles correctly
Most doctors do not position defibrillation paddles in accordance with European Resuscitation Council guidelines when attempting to resuscitate patients in cardiac arrest, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2001-06-07)

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