Current Resuscitation News and Events | Page 14

Current Resuscitation News and Events, Resuscitation News Articles.
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Study raises questions about relationship between sudden infant death syndrome and events detected by home monitors
The use of home monitors to detect prolonged cessation of breathing or a slower than normal heart rate in infants are not an effective means of preventing sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), a study by a Yale researcher has found. (2001-05-01)

Take away opiate antidote saves lives
Distributing naloxone (the antidote for opiate overdose) to opiate addicts saves lives, according to the first ever results of two pilot schemes published in this week's BMJ (2001-04-12)

Two thirds of sports doctors have inadequate first aid skills
Two thirds of sports doctors are incapable of demonstrating proficiency in first aid skills under examination, research has found. (2001-03-26)

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2001
HEALTH-Better CPR a heartbeat away? TRANSPORTATION-Safer Skies. ENVIRONMENT-Ocean's biology under spotlight. VEHICLE SAFETY-Driving dangerously. (2001-01-23)

Defibrillators offer safe landing for cardiac arrest
Strategically placing automated external defibrillators (AEDs) one minute apart, and making them easy to spot, has helped prevent sudden cardiac deaths at Chicago's heavily trafficked O'Hare and Midway Airports, according to a study presented today at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2000 (2000-11-14)

Clearing the air: discussing resuscitation orders in hospitals
Although most people want their physicians to discuss resuscitation or (2000-11-13)

Study launched to test public access defibrillation
Can community volunteers be as effectively trained as emergency medical personnel in the use of automatic external defibrillators, devices that shock a stopped heart back into beating? The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute in collaboration with the American Heart Association has funded a large multi-center study to answer this question. (2000-08-21)

Pulse check no longer recommended for layperson CPR
The American Heart Association today unveiled a major revision of recommendations for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and the treatment of cardiovascular emergencies. These new emergency cardiovascular care (ECC) guidelines cover a variety of topics such as CPR, automated external defibrillators (AEDs) and recommendations for emergency medical personnel. (2000-08-14)

Elderly people would welcome living wills
Over 70% of elderly people in the UK are interested in making a living will and most have clear views on the issues raised by them, reveals a study in this week's BMJ. (2000-06-15)

Novel resuscitative fluid developed at University of Pittsburgh shows promise in animal studies
Results of animal studies indicate a novel resuscitative fluid, HemoMax, developed by University of Pittsburgh researchers has potential to treat severe hemorrhage. The findings were presented July 1 at the 46th Annual Conference and Exposition of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs in New York City. (2000-06-04)

Parents want more communication when infants are being treated in hospital intensive care nursery
Parents of infants undergoing treatment in hospital intensive care nurseries feel their role in the therapy decision-making process could be improved through more communication and use of simpler terminology, according to a new international study. (2000-05-13)

'Do not resuscitate' decisions discriminatory and prejudicial
Evidence suggests that doctors may be using (2000-04-27)

Program to increase use of advance directives reduces use of health care services
Implementation of a systematic program in which nursing home residents or their families decide in advance about the type of care the resident wishes to receive in difficult medical circumstances reduces the number of hospitalizations and use of healthcare resources without affecting satisfaction or mortality. (2000-03-13)

Neighborhoods matter: who gets CPR?
A University of Chicago study of more than 4,000 people who suffered a cardiac arrest found that the likelihood of having bystanders perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with two neighborhood characteristics: the frequency of cardiac arrests and the racial mix of the neighborhood. (1999-10-04)

Drug offers new hope for victims of cardiac arrest
A clinical trial performed by University of Washington researchers, reported in the Sept. 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine, shows that an intravenous anti- arrhythmia medication, amiodarone, can save the lives of many patients who do not respond to defibrillation. (1999-09-16)

Better Emergency Medical Assistance Should Be Provided At Marathons
Legally binding medical rules should be introduced for marathons run in the UK, say the parents of Anna Loyley, who collapsed and died as she crossed the finishing line of a half marathon. They say that race organisers should be compelled to provide advanced life support at such events and they call upon the UK sports ministers to take action. (1999-05-07)

Weird Creatures Have Some Lessons For Organ Transplants
Japanese researchers have taken a tip from tiny animals called tardigrades, that can live for more than a century, to invent a new technique for storing human organs for transplant. The team has successfully revived a rat's heart after 10 days in storage by using the tardigrade's method of preservation and resuscitation. (1998-11-04)

British TV Medical Dramas Are More Realistic Than Their American Counterparts
Dr. Patrick Gordon and colleagues from South Cleveland Hospital, Middlesbrough report that the overall survival rate of patients after CPR in British television medical dramas seems to be more realistic than in American programmes, such as ER, Chicago Hope and Baywatch which tend to portray over- optimistic survival rates (over three-quarters of patients pull through). (1998-09-18)

University Of North Carolina-Chapel Hill (UNC-CH) Study: Parents' Wishes, Uncertainty Determine Resuscitation Of Premature Infants
Doctors usually resuscitate extremely premature babies at birth when they are uncertain about how the infants will fare or when they don't know parents' wishes, according to a new study. When parents say in advance what they want done following delivery, doctors tend to follow those wishes. (1998-09-08)

Heart Failure Patients Need To "Take Control" Over End-Of-Life Decisions
A new study finds that about one in four doctors of patients with advanced congestive heart failure misjudge their patients' wishes about being resuscitated should they go into cardiac arrest. (1998-08-17)

One-quarter of patients with severe congestive heart failure do not want to be resusitated, Yale study finds
Although resuscitation is often used with patients suffering from severe congestive heart failure, nearly one in four of those patients who were hospitalized said they did not wish to be resuscitated if their hearts stopped beating, according to a study in the Aug. l8 issue of Circulation. (1998-08-17)

Fatality Outside Hospital From Acute Coronary Events In Three British Health Districts 1994-5
Nearly three quarters of all fatal cases of heart attacks happen before it is possible to transfer patients to hospital. This could be improved by improved ambulance response; citizen training in cardiopulmonary resuscitation; the public should be educated to call the emergency services and secondary prevention in the form of medication. (1998-04-03)

MGH/Shriners Team Develops Survival Estimates For Burn Patients
Researchers from the Massachusetts General Hospital and Shriners Burns Hospital have developed a system for objectively estimating the probability of death in patients with severe burn injuries. The formula, based on three risk factors, can help physicians, patients and family members make decisions about the care of critically burned people. (1998-02-05)

Drug Shows Promise In Keeping Cardiac Arrest Patients Alive Until They Reach The Hospital
A person who suffers cardiac arrest outside the hospital is in imminent danger of dying, especially if defibrillation fails to rapidly shock the heart into resuming normal beating. A clinical trial performed by University of Washington researchers shows that administering an anti- arrhythmia medication, amiodarone, offers considerable promise in helping to resuscitate cardiac arrest victims. (1997-11-12)

Casinos And Airplanes Better Equipped Than Most Doctor's Offices To Handle Cardiac Arrest
Compact devices that shock the heart into a correct rhythm to treat cardiac arrest are found on many firetrucks, police cars and even in casinos. But are the devices, called automated external defibrillators (AEDs), in your doctor's office? (1997-11-12)

Blunt Blows From Baseballs, Hockey Pucks Cause Sudden Death In Young Athletes
Young athletes who drop dead without warning of unsuspected heart defects are widely publicized. But another type of sudden death on the playing field also kills many young sports participants each year -- and its victims have perfectly normal hearts. (1997-11-12)

Airlines Put Defibrillators On Board
Putting portable defibrillators in commercial airliners and at airports would save both lives and money for the airlines, according to a study published in today's Circulation, an American Heart Association journal. (1997-11-03)

Mouth-To-Mouth Ventilation's Role In CPR Questioned
An expert panel suggests that in adult cardiac arrest, mouth- to-mouth ventilation as a part of CPR rarely helps and may even harm the patient. It can interfere with chest compressions, cause significant adverse effects, make CPR more difficult to teach, learn and perform, and dissuades bystanders from initiating therapy. (1997-09-16)

Magnesium In CPR Benefits Brains, Not Hearts
Researchers have discovered that the use of magnesium during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) appears to benefit the brains of patients, not their hearts.Physicians at Duke University Medical Center found that an injection of magnesium during CPR does not help restart the heart, as was commonly believed, but seemed to protect neurological functioning in those who recovered. (1997-03-18)

Study Finds TV Portrayals Of CPR Are Misleading
A study of three popular television programs, reported in the June 13 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, has found that TV portrayals of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) are two to five times more successful than real-life situations, according to researchers at the Durham VA Medical Center, Duke University Medical Center and the University of Chicago (1996-06-13)

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