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Cross-cultural study strengthens link between media violence and aggressive behavior
New Iowa State research offers compelling evidence that media violence affects aggressive behavior. This first-of-its-kind study, conducted in seven different countries, confirms six decades of research showing the effect is the same, regardless of culture. (2017-04-11)

Avocados may help combat the metabolic syndrome
A new review investigates the effects of avocados on different components of metabolic syndrome, which is a clustering of risk factors including high blood sugar, cholesterol, blood pressure, and body mass index. These risk factors lead to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. (2017-04-10)

Grey hair linked with increased heart disease risk in men
Grey hair has been linked with an increased risk of heart disease in men, in research presented today at EuroPrevent 2017. (2017-04-08)

Many older adults will need help with managing their medicines and money
In a study of nearly 9,500 individuals aged 65 and older who did not need help in managing medications or finances, many needed assistance as time went on. (2017-04-07)

Researchers find high cardiovascular risk even in normal weight individuals
A new research study has found that approximately one-third of all individuals with a normal body mass index (BMI) had cardio-metabolic risk factors for heart disease, especially those of South Asian and Hispanic descent. (2017-04-04)

Psychiatric disorders do not increase risk of Alzheimer's disease
Psychiatric disorders do not increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease, according to a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland. However, the prevalence of psychiatric diagnoses increased before the Alzheimer's diagnosis, which might be due to prodromal symptoms of Alzheimer's disease. The results were published in European Psychiatry. (2017-04-04)

Is early pregnancy BMI associated with increased risk of childhood epilepsy?
Increased risk for childhood epilepsy was associated with maternal overweight or obesity in early pregnancy in a study of babies born in Sweden, according to a study published online by JAMA Neurology. (2017-04-03)

People with higher thyroid hormone levels may be at greater risk for atherosclerosis
Middle-aged and elderly people with higher free thyroxine levels may be more likely to develop atherosclerotic diseases, new research from the Netherlands reports. The results of the study will be presented Sunday, April 2, at ENDO 2017, the annual meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Orlando, Fla. (2017-04-01)

Internet crystal ball can predict risk of heart disease, diabetes, study finds
An online metabolic calculator predicts people's risk of developing heart disease and diabetes more accurately than traditional methods, a large new study has found. The tool's creator hopes it will prompt people to make lifestyle changes that would spare them the suffering and expense of avoidable illnesses. (2017-03-30)

Case comprehensive cancer center analyzes brain tumor data, doubles known risk factors for glioma
A massive new study involving blood samples from over 30,000 individuals has identified 13 new genetic risk factors for glioma, the most common type of malignant brain tumor in adults. (2017-03-29)

IUPUI researcher lays groundwork for new ways to prevent youth violence in Caribbean
A study by an Indiana University School of Social Work associate professor at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis has laid the groundwork for new strategies dealing with youth violence in five Caribbean countries (2017-03-29)

Emotion: An important link to HIV prevention in black adolescents with mental illnesses
Could unique psychological factors that hamper emotional regulation help explain differences in HIV/STI risk-related sexual behaviors among heterosexually active black youth with mental illnesses? (2017-03-27)

Major genetic study identifies 12 new genetic variants for ovarian cancer
A genetic trawl through the DNA of almost 100,000 people, including 17,000 patients with the most common type of ovarian cancer, has identified 12 new genetic variants that increase risk of developing the disease and confirmed the association of 18 of the previously published variants. (2017-03-27)

NUS Pharmacy team develops 'calculator' to predict risk of early hospital readmission
A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore has developed a novel web-based tool that predicts a patient's 15-day readmission risk. (2017-03-27)

Survivors of childhood brain tumors have increased body fat
These findings suggest that one of the most important risk factors for heart disease and type 2 diabetes, which is excess total and central fat in the body, is present relatively early in survivors of childhood brain tumors. This may program their future risk of these diseases and impact their outcomes. (2017-03-24)

Poor oral health and food scarcity major contributors to malnutrition in older adults
A new study by UNC School of Medicine researchers suggests that food scarcity and poor oral health are major risk factors for malnutrition that leads an older adult -- already at high risk of functional decline, decreased quality of life, and increased mortality -- to land in the emergency department. (2017-03-23)

California researchers awarded $100,000 Potamkin Prize for dementia research
The American Academy of Neurology is awarding two California researchers the 2017 Potamkin Prize for Research in Pick's, Alzheimer's and Related Diseases for their work in dementia research. Claudia Kawas, M.D., of the University of California, Irvine, and Kristine Yaffe, M.D., of the University of California, San Francisco, both members of the American Academy of Neurology, will be honored at the American Academy of Neurology's 69th Annual Meeting in Boston. (2017-03-23)

AAOS 2017: Why some ACL surgeries fail
Typically, orthopaedic surgeons can get athletes back to their sport with ACL reconstruction surgery. But what happens when the reconstruction surgery isn't successful? (2017-03-22)

Weekend surgery has no impact on death risk, study shows
Day of the week did not affect the survival chances of people undergoing emergency surgery, research in Scotland has found. The findings from the University of Edinburgh challenge the results of previous studies, which had suggested that those who undergo elective surgery at the end of the week are at a greater risk of dying. (2017-03-21)

Risk of liver disease and cancer starts from adolescence in overweight or obese men
Young men who are overweight or obese could run a higher risk of developing severe liver disease or liver cancer in later life, suggests research published online in the journal Gut. (2017-03-20)

Combining risk score tools improves stroke prediction for atrial fibrillation patients
Combining two independent, scientifically-proven risk measurements allows physicians to better predict an atrial fibrillation patient's risk of stroke or death. The tools also help determine the need for blood thinners in treatment, according to new research. (2017-03-18)

New study finds antithrombotic therapy has no benefit for low-risk atrial fibrillation patients
Findings from a large, community-based study show that antithrombotic therapy doesn't decrease low-risk atrial fibrillation patients' risk of suffering a stroke within five years. (2017-03-17)

3+ hours daily screen time linked to diabetes risk factors for kids
Daily screen time of three or more hours is linked to several risk factors associated with the development of diabetes in children, finds research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. (2017-03-13)

Marijuana use associated with increased risk of stroke, heart failure
Using marijuana raises the risk of stroke and heart failure even after accounting for demographic factors, other health conditions and lifestyle risk factors such as smoking and alcohol use, according to research scheduled for presentation at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session. (2017-03-09)

Hormonal contraceptives and hair dyes increase breast cancer risk
Age is the most important risk factor of breast cancer but current study suggests that the use of hormonal intrauterine device increases the breast cancer risk significantly. (2017-03-09)

Pelvic fractures may increase older adults' risk of dying early
Adults older than 60 years face an increased risk of dying in the first eight months following a pelvic fracture, new research indicates. (2017-03-09)

High folic acid level in pregnancy may decrease high blood pressure in children
A new article published in the American Journal of Hypertension finds that babies born to mothers with cardiometabolic risk factors were less likely to develop high blood pressure if their mothers had higher levels of folate during pregnancy. (2017-03-08)

Lifestyle choices condition colon and rectal cancer risk more than genetics
Researchers from IDIBELL have issued the first predictive risk model of colon and rectal cancer based on Spanish data that combines genetic and lifestyle information. Their work highlights the importance of improving lifestyle to reduce the risk of colon cancer and suggests to fine tune the current screening method by combining lifestyle and genetic information. (2017-03-07)

New study reveals the association between type 2 diabetes and the risk of death from cancer in East and South Asians
A new study published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) reveals that type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with a 26 percent increase in the risk of death from cancer in Asians, as well as increases in the risk of death from site-specific cancers that can be even greater. (2017-03-07)

Early periods associated with risk of gestational diabetes
Girls who have their first period before age 11 are 50 percent more likely to develop gestational diabetes according to research from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health. It is an increasingly common pregnancy complication with long-lasting health consequences for mothers and their children. The global trend towards starting puberty at a younger age is concerning, and health professionals could start to include age of first period as a marker for potential adverse health outcomes. (2017-03-05)

Women less likely to have their heart health checked
A new report has highlighted a gender divide in the screening of patients for cardiovascular disease -- Australia's number one killer. Research from The George Institute for Global Health and The University of Sydney found men were significantly more likely to have their heart disease risk factors measured by their GP. (2017-03-01)

Autoimmune disease may be linked to heightened dementia risk
Autoimmune disease may be linked to a heightened risk of dementia, indicates a large long term study, published in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. (2017-03-01)

What effect does prenatal and postpartum maternal depression have on children?
The results of a large study do not support the notion that prenatal and postpartum maternal depression is particularly detrimental to children's psychological development. Instead, the most robust effects were found for maternal depression occurring during children's preschool years. (2017-02-24)

Israeli, Palestinian researchers cooperate to find risks for B cell non-hodgkin lymphoma
Most epidemiological studies of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL) have been carried out in North American and European populations, with very few focusing on B-cell NHL in Middle Eastern populations. Now, Israeli and Palestinian researchers have conducted a large scale epidemiological study examining risk factors for B-NHL and its sub-types in the Israeli and Palestinian populations, finding some risk factors common to both groups, and some that are unique to only one population. (2017-02-21)

Cat ownership not linked to mental health problems
New UCL research has found no link between cat ownership and psychotic symptoms, casting doubt on previous suggestions that people who grew up with cats are at higher risk of mental illness. This disproves recent research which has suggested that cat ownership might contribute to some mental disorders, because cats are the primary host of the common parasite Toxoplasma Gondii (T. Gondii), itself linked to mental health problems such as schizophrenia. (2017-02-21)

Gene variants associated with body shape increase risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes
A study from Massachusetts General Hospital researchers has found that a pattern of gene variants associated with a body type, in which weight is deposited around the abdomen, rather than in the hips and thighs, increases the risk for type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease, as well as the incidence of several cardiovascular risk factors. (2017-02-14)

Presence of coronary artery calcium among younger adults associated with increased risk of fatal heart
The presence of any coronary artery calcium among adults ages 32 to 46 years was associated with a 5-fold increase in fatal and nonfatal coronary heart disease events during 12.5 years of follow-up, according to a study published online by JAMA Cardiology. (2017-02-08)

Calcified plaque raises heart disease risk for young adults
A major report led by Vanderbilt investigators found that the mere presence of even a small amount of calcified coronary plaque, more commonly referred to as coronary artery calcium (CAC), in people under age 50 -- even small amounts -- was strongly associated with increased risk of developing clinical coronary heart disease over the ensuing decade. (2017-02-08)

To make Medicare better for all, take social risk factors into account, experts recommend
It's time for the Medicare system to take non-medical, 'social' risk factors into account when it decides how to pay or grade hospitals and other health care providers, two experts say based on a new National Academies report. Doing so could incentivize better care for all patients. (2017-02-08)

Teen vaping 'one way bridge' to future smoking among non-smokers, say researchers
Teen vaping acts as a 'one way bridge' to future smoking among those who have never smoked before, and may not stop those who have smoked before from returning to it, concludes a small US study, published online in the journal Tobacco Control. (2017-02-07)

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