Current Room Temperature News and Events | Page 25

Current Room Temperature News and Events, Room Temperature News Articles.
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Soft drinks + hard work + hot weather = possible kidney disease risk
New research suggests that drinking sugary, caffeinated soft drinks while exercising in hot weather may increase the risk of kidney disease. The study is published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology--Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology. (2019-01-17)

New quantum structures in super-chilled helium may mirror early days of universe
Experimental proof of a decades-old prediction opens a pathway to recreate possible conditions of the early universe here on earth. (2019-01-16)

The pace at which the world's permafrost soils are warming
Global warming is leaving more and more apparent scars in the world's permafrost regions. As the new global comparative study conducted by the international permafrost network GTN-P shows, in all regions with permafrost soils the temperature of the frozen ground at a depth of more than 10 meters rose by an average of 0.3 degrees Celsius between 2007 and 2016 -- in the Arctic and Antarctic, as well as the high mountain ranges of Europe and Central Asia. (2019-01-16)

Researchers discover new evidence of superconductivity at near room temperature
Researchers at the George Washington University have taken a major step toward reaching one of the most sought-after goals in physics: room temperature superconductivity. (2019-01-14)

Responses of benthic foraminifera to changes of temperature and salinity
Benthic foraminifera is numerous single-celled protozoan species that showed high sensitivity to environmental changes. A new research reported the responses of intertidal benthic foraminiferal community to temperature and salinity through a laboratory culture experiment. (2019-01-11)

Making ammonia 'greener'
A pair of researchers at Case Western Reserve University have come up with a new way to create ammonia from nitrogen and water at low temperature and low pressure. They've done it successfully so far in a laboratory without using hydrogen or the solid metal catalyst necessary in traditional processes. (2019-01-11)

Scientists identify how plants sense temperature
A UC Riverside researcher is leading a team exploring how plants respond to temperature. (2019-01-11)

More stable light comes from intentionally 'squashed' quantum dots
Intentionally 'squashing' colloidal quantum dots during chemical synthesis creates dots capable of stable, 'blink-free' light emission that is fully comparable with the light produced by dots made with more complex processes. (2019-01-10)

UMass Amherst geoscientists reconstruct 'eye-opening' 900-year Northeast climate record
Deploying a new technique for the first time in the region, geoscientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have reconstructed the longest and highest-resolution climate record for the Northeastern United States, which reveals previously undetected past temperature cycles and extends the record 900 years into the past, well beyond the previous early date of 1850. (2019-01-09)

Excitons pave the way to more efficient electronics
After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. (2019-01-04)

Cold reminders of Earth's last great cold snap revealed in the deep Pacific
Chilly reminders of a centuries-long cold snap can be found deep within the Pacific, a new study finds. (2019-01-03)

Some tensions are good for life
In a recent study, Joseph Jose Thottacherry, along with his collaborators from other Indian and Spanish institutes, has tried to understand how cells maintain their shapes in spite of expelling material from their membrane. The study found that the answer to what makes the cell stay stable lies in a force called membrane tension. (2018-12-31)

These nine measures reveal how forests are controlled by climate
One of the first studies to examine how climate is influencing functional traits in forest communities on a global scale found evidence of major changes. (2018-12-27)

Hotter days will boost Chinese residential electric use
A new study from Duke University and Fudan University in China is the first to estimate how much Chinese residential electricity consumption would increase due to climate change. It's a lot. By the end of the 21st century, each degree Celsius increase in global mean surface temperature (GMST) would raise average Chinese residential electricity use by about 9 percent. Peak electricity use will rise 36 percent for every increased degree Celsius. (2018-12-24)

Enzyme's unfrozen adventure: In crystallo protein thermodynamics
Osaka University researchers and collaborators have reported the first in crystallo thermodynamic analysis of copper amine oxidase catalysis using a non-cryocooled technique. The method, which analyzes protein crystals coated with a water-soluble polymer, rather than cryogenically cooled crystals, can be temperature-controlled, allowing for conformational changes to be monitored over a range of temperatures. Additionally, the conditions show parallels with the cytosol, meaning that the approach could provide a useful model for protein behavior in cells. (2018-12-20)

NUS study: In response to heat, the more affluent use air-conditioners; low-income households use water
An NUS study has revealed that Singapore households from different socioeconomic groups vary significantly in their use of water and electricity for the relief of heat. The findings suggest that water provides heat relief for lower-income households while demand for electricity increases among the more affluent, likely through the use of air-conditioning, when temperatures rise. Results from the study could provide insights on how other urban populations in tropical Asian cities will respond as incomes rise and the climate warms. (2018-12-20)

Mighty morphing materials take complex shapes
Rice University scientists have created a liquid crystal elastomer that can be molded into shapes that shift from one to another when heated. The material is intended for biomedical and robotics applications. (2018-12-20)

Climate change affects breeding birds
The breeding seasons of wild house finches are shifting due to climate change, a Washington State University researcher has found. (2018-12-19)

New composite advances lignin as a renewable 3D printing material
Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a recipe for a renewable 3D printing feedstock that could spur a profitable new use for an intractable biorefinery byproduct: lignin. (2018-12-19)

Dicationic ionic liquid & its application in the synthesis of xanthenediones
An efficient solvent-free method for the synthesis of xanthenediones has been developed in the presence of [(EtNH2)2SO][HSO4]2 as a powerful catalyst with high to excellent yields, and short reaction times. Additionally, recycling studies have demonstrated that the dicationic ionic liquid can be readily recovered and reused at least four times without significant loss of its catalytic activity. (2018-12-18)

TiO2 NP & catalyst for the synthesis of benzopyrano benzopyranone and xanthenol in water
In this research, TiO2-CNTs were used as an efficient recyclable catalyst for the synthesis of [1]benzopyrano[b][1]benzopyran-6-ones and xanthenols by the pseudo three-component reaction of salicylaldehydes with active methylene compounds including 4-hydroxycoumarin (4- hydroxy-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one) or 3,4-methylenedioxyphenol. The introduced method is mild, environmentally benign and effective to give the products in high yields and in short reaction times. (2018-12-18)

Flexible thermoelectric generator module: A silver bullet to fix waste energy issues
Researchers developed an inexpensive large-scale flexible thermoelectric generator (FlexTEG) module with high mechanical reliability for highly efficient power generation. Through a change in direction of the top electrodes at the two sides of the module and the use of high density packaging of semiconductor chips, the FlexTEG module has more flexibility in any uniaxial direction. (2018-12-18)

Lifespan extension at low temperatures is genetically controlled, study suggests
A new study from the Marine Biological Laboratory indicates that lifespan extension at lower temperatures is not just a matter of turning down the thermostat. Rather, the extent to which temperature affects lifespan depends on an individual's genes. (2018-12-17)

New study finds that surgeons under stress make more mistakes in the operating room
A new study reveals that during stressful moments in the operating room, surgeons make up to 66 percent more mistakes on patients. Using a technology that captured the electrical activity of a surgeon's heart, researchers found that during intervals of short-term stress, which can be triggered by a negative thought or a loud noise in the operating room, surgeons are much more prone to make mistakes that can cause bleeding, torn tissue, or burns. (2018-12-17)

Birth of a hybrid
Scientists from NUST MISIS and the Merzhanov Institute of Structural Macrokinetics & Materials Science have developed a new method for producing bulk MAX-phases -- layered materials which simultaneously possess the properties of metals and ceramics. By combining the methods of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis and high-temperature shear deformation, it was possible to obtain sufficiently large samples of mixed titanium and aluminum carbide, which in the future can be used as high-temperature heating elements. (2018-12-14)

More 'heatwave' summers will affect animals
Heatwaves similar to those experienced in Europe in 2018 can have a very negative impact on animals. A new study from Lund University in Sweden shows that overheated birds have smaller offspring, and that those that are born may have lower chances of survival. (2018-12-12)

Boron nitride and silver nanoparticles to help get rid of carbon monoxide emissions
Chemists from NUST MISIS have developed a new hybrid catalyst for carbon monoxide oxidation consisting of hexagonal boron nitride and silver nanoparticles. This material makes it possible to get a full conversion of carbon monoxide at only 194 degrees Celsius. This temperature is nowhere near the process's record temperatures, but in the future, chemists can reduce the temperature of catalysis more by increasing the concentration of silver in the hybrid material. (2018-12-11)

Topological material switched off and on for the first time
Australian study just out in Nature represents a significant advance in topological transistors and beyond-CMOS electronics. First time that the topological state in a topological insulator has been switched on and off using an electric field. Researchers proved this is possible at room temperature, which is necessary for any viable replacement to CMOS technology in everyday applications. (2018-12-10)

Lifespan extension at low temperatures is genetically controlled, MBL study suggests
A new study from Kristin Gribble of Marine Biological Laboratory, indicates that lifespan extension at lower temperatures is not just a matter of turning down the thermostat: it's under active genetic control. (2018-12-10)

New algorithm provides a more detailed look at urban heat islands
Urban areas are warmer than the adjacent undeveloped land, a phenomenon known as the urban heat island effect. A new interactive map developed by Yale researchers gives us the most detailed look yet at these 'urban heat islands' across the world. (2018-12-07)

Scientists discover possible mantle mineral
Whhat mineral hosts Fe3+ had remained a secret. Now scientists have a possible answer: Maohokite, a newly discovered high-pressure mineral. It may be what composes the Earth's lower mantle along with Bridgmanite MgSiO3 and magnesiow├╝stite MgO. (2018-12-06)

New approach helps mitigating the effect of climate change on sea turtles
New research has reported effective conservation strategies that can mitigate the impacts of climate warming on sea turtle nesting success. (2018-12-06)

A major feat: room temperature electrochemical cycling of a fluoride-ion battery
Researchers have made notable progress in the ongoing effort to develop high energy-density batteries by demonstrating the room-temperature operation of fluoride-ion based (FIB) energy cells, a new study reports. (2018-12-06)

High-temperature electronics? That's hot
A new organic polymer blend allows plastic electronics to function in high temperatures without sacrificing performance. (2018-12-06)

Focusing on the negative is good when it comes to batteries
Fluoride-based batteries have the potential to last up to eight times longer than those in use today. (2018-12-06)

Yin and yang: Opposites in nature, fluoride and lithium, compete for higher energy batteries
The same fluoride in your toothpaste might soon compete with lithium for longer-lasting batteries. (2018-12-06)

Science: High pressure orders electrons
High-temperature superconductors can transport electrical energy without resistance. Researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) have carried out high-resolution inelastic x-ray scattering and have found that high uniaxial pressure induces a long-range charge order competing with superconductivity. Their study opens up new insights into the behavior of correlated electrons. The researchers report on it in the Science journal (DOI: 10.1126/science.aat4708). (2018-12-05)

First observation of a square lattice of merons and antimerons
Scientists have, for the first time, observed a square lattice of merons and antimerons -- tiny magnetic vortices and antivortices that form in a thin plate of the helical magnet Co8Zn9Mn3. The ability to manipulate nanometer-scale spin textures such as merons and skyrmions is a key to the development of spintronics -- next-generation electronic devices that are very low in power consumption. (2018-12-05)

New catalyst achieves unprecedented activities
Researchers have developed a new efficient catalyst to synthesise aromatic amines, which are central building blocks in many drugs and pesticides. The system is more active than conventional catalysts, so less energy is required during the reaction, and also difficult compounds can be synthesized. (2018-12-04)

Spinal injury throws body clocks off schedule
In the hours and days after a traumatic injury, the gears of circadian clocks fall profoundly out of sync, disrupting body temperature, hormonal rhythms, and immune response, new research shows. (2018-12-04)

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