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Pair of massive baby stars swaddled in salty water vapor
Using ALMA, astronomers spotted a pair of massive baby stars growing in salty cosmic soup. Each star is shrouded by a gaseous disk which includes molecules of sodium chloride, commonly known as table salt, and heated water vapor. Analyzing the radio emissions from the salt and water, the team found that the disks are counter rotating. It is promising that salt is an excellent marker to explore the immediate surroundings of giant baby stars. (2020-09-25)

Chemists from RUDN University developed biodegradable antibacterial film for storing food
A team of chemists from RUDN University created an antibacterial coating for food products. The mixture consists of two components that are safe for human health and form a thin, non-toxic, and biodegradable film. The film has no color or flavor and can increase the shelf life of different products 2.5 to 8 times. (2020-09-25)

UAlberta researchers pinpoint how iron deposits form
University of Alberta scientists have uncovered the formation mechanism behind a class of mineral deposits that have been hotly contested until now. The findings shed new light on how iron deposits, among others, form--and this new understanding can aid geologists in the hunt for more ore. (2020-09-23)

Painless paper patch test for glucose levels uses microneedles
Researchers at The University of Tokyo have developed a microneedle patch for monitoring glucose levels using a paper sensor. The device painlessly monitors fluid in the skin within seconds. Anyone can use the disposable patch without training, making it highly practical. Additionally, fabrication is easy, low cost, and the glucose sensor can be swapped for other paper-based sensors that monitor other important biomarkers. (2020-09-14)

Land development in New Jersey continues to slow
Land development in New Jersey has slowed dramatically since the 2008 Great Recession, but it's unclear how the COVID-19 pandemic and efforts to fight societal and housing inequality will affect future trends, according to a Rutgers co-authored report. (2020-09-09)

An improved wearable, stretchable gas sensor using nanocomposites
A stretchable, wearable gas sensor for environmental sensing has been developed and tested by researchers at Penn State, Northeastern University and five universities in China. (2020-08-27)

High blood pressure and salt, anti-aging factor Klotho key
The mechanism behind salt-intake and hypertension has been elucidated for the first time, through vascular non-canonical Wnt5a/RhoA under Klotho deficiency. (2020-08-19)

Desert greenhouses offer growth opportunities
Efficient greenhouse complexes that will grow crops using the resources available on desert coasts could improve food security for millions. (2020-08-17)

More than half of world's oceans already being affected by climate change
Study looked at the deeper ocean, where impacts of climate change are harder to spot, to calculate when the effects of climate change on temperature and salt levels will be detected above natural variability. Found effects already detectable in half the world's oceans. (2020-08-17)

MSG promotes significant sodium reduction and enjoyment of better-for-you foods, according to new study
A new study published in the Journal of Food Science suggests monosodium glutamate (MSG) can be used to significantly reduce sodium while also promoting the enjoyment of better-for-you foods like grains and vegetables. (2020-08-11)

Organocatalyst that controls radical reactions for complex and bulky compound synthesis
In catalytic reactions with organocatalysts, it is difficult to control radical reactions. We designed a thiazolium-type N-heterocyclic carbene catalyst having an N-neopentyl group. This catalyst was found to actively control radical reactions and enabled production of more than 35 species of bulky dialkyl ketones from an aliphatic aldehyde and an aliphatic carboxylic acid derivative through a radical relay mechanism. This catalyst is expected to open the way for acceleration of drug discovery research. (2020-08-11)

Study finds parents can help kids eat healthier by knowing their own sense of self-control
Young children naturally like sugar and salt in food and develop food preferences based on what their parents serve them, but new research suggests that how parents view self-regulation also is a contributing factor. The research explored the underlying dynamics of parental food preferences and how they are passed along to children by example at family mealtime. (2020-08-07)

How Salt Lake's buildings affect its climate future
With climate change, we'll need less natural gas for heat and more electricity for cooling -- but what's the balance ? University of Utah researchers used hyper-localized climate models and building projections to find out. The answer is that buildings' energy use in the future varies wildly, depending on the climate scenario, and that local building policy now could have a big impact on energy use in the future. (2020-07-28)

Temporary salt crystals may provide a permanent solution to Alzheimer's
Researchers at Osaka University have demonstrated that precipitation of a salt crystal occurs even at concentrations much lower than its solubility due to local density fluctuation and this repeated precipitation-dissolution of salt crystals significantly accelerates the production of neurotoxic aggregates of amyloid-╬▓ peptides. These results help elucidate the protein aggregation mechanism and the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease. (2020-07-27)

New material can generate hydrogen from salt and polluted water
Developed a new 2D material to produce hydrogen, which is the basis of alternative energy. The material efficiently generates hydrogen molecules from fresh, salt, and polluted water by exposure to sunlight (2020-07-21)

Burrowing crabs reshaping salt marshes, with climate change to blame
Given higher sea levels and softer soil in the wake of a shifting climate, Sesarma crabs, which have already decimated salt marshes in the Northeast, are now rising to prominence in southeastern marshes, a new study finds. (2020-07-13)

Sodium found to regulate the biological clock of mice
A new study from McGill University shows that increases in the concentrations of blood sodium can have an influence on the biological clock of mice, opening new research avenues for potentially treating the negative effects associated with long distance travel or shift work. (2020-07-09)

New method measures temperature within 3D objects
University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have made it possible to remotely determine the temperature beneath the surface of certain materials using a new technique they call depth thermography. The method may be useful in applications where traditional temperature probes won't work, like monitoring semiconductor performance or next-generation nuclear reactors. (2020-07-02)

Food taxes and subsidies would bring major health gains, study shows
A consumer tax on the saturated fat, salt and sugar content of food, accompanied by a 20 per cent subsidy on fruit and vegetables, would bring major benefits for the health sector, researchers from Otago, Auckland and Melbourne Universities say. (2020-06-30)

Historic floods reveal how salt marshes can save lives in the future
By digging into major historic records of flood disasters, a research team led by scientists from the Royal Netherland Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ), Delft University of Technology, Deltares and Antwerp University, reveal in a publication this week in Nature Sustainability that the value of nature for flood defense has actually been evident for hundreds of years. (2020-06-29)

Simulations reveal how saltwater behaves in Earth's mantle
Giulia Galli's complex computer simulations reveal how saltwater behaves in the Earth's mantle, affecting everything from magma production to the carbon cycle. (2020-06-24)

Females use anti-inflammatory T cells to keep their blood pressure down
In the face of a multipronged front to drive blood pressure up, including a high-salt diet, females are better able to keep their pressure down by increasing levels of a T cell that selectively dials back inflammation, scientists say. (2020-06-23)

A new synthesis of poly heterocyclic compounds: Expected anti-cancer reagents
In this article, we have described a new practical cyclocondensation synthesis for a series of [1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-c]pyrido[3,2-e] pyrimidine and pyrido[2',3':4,5] pyrimido[6,1-c][1,2,4] triazine from 2-amino-3-cyano-4.6-diarylpyridines. (2020-06-22)

Researchers identify key steps in development of kidneys
The discovery of how certain key structures in the kidneys are formed could have important implications for treating renal fibrosis (or scarring), a feature of chronic kidney disease (CKD). (2020-06-18)

A salt solution toward better bioelectronics
A water-stable dopant enhances and stabilizes the performance of electron-transporting organic electrochemical transistors. (2020-06-14)

Printed perovskite LEDs
A team of researchers from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) and Humboldt-Universit├Ąt zu Berlin has succeeded for the first time in producing light-emitting diodes (LEDs) from a hybrid perovskite semiconductor material using inkjet printing.This opens the door to broad application of these materials in manufacturing many different kinds of electronic components.The scientists achieved the breakthrough with the help of a trick: ''inoculating'' (or seeding) the surface with specific crystals. (2020-06-12)

Paper-based device provides low-power, long-term method for analyzing sweat
Researchers at North Carolina State University have constructed a paper-based device as a model of wearables that can collect, transport and analyze sweat in next-generation wearable technology. Using a process known as capillary action, akin to water transport in plants, the device uses evaporation to wick fluid that mimics the features of human sweat to a sensor for up to 10 days or longer. They discuss their work in the journal Biomicrofluidics. (2020-06-09)

High-salt diet impacts health of gut microbiome
Particularly in females with untreated hypertension, reducing salt intake to what's considered a healthier level appears to be good for both their gut microbiome and their blood pressure, scientists report. (2020-06-09)

Smart molecules could be key to computers with 100-times bigger memories
Researchers have discovered a single molecule 'switch' that can act like a transistor and offers the potential to store binary information -- such as the 1s and 0s used in classical computing. (2020-06-02)

Argonne researchers create active material out of microscopic spinning particles
Argonne researchers have created a new kind of self-healing active material out of 'microspinners,' which self-assemble under a magnetic field to form a lattice. (2020-05-28)

Enhancement of bitter taste sensor reduces salt intake and improves cardiovascular dysfunction
Researchers from China for the first time found long-term high salt intake blunted the TRPM5-mediated aversive behavior to high salt concentrations, consequently promoting high salt intake and hypertension. Moreover, they also found that activation of TRPM5 by bitter melon extract ameliorates high salt-induced cardiovascular dysfunction. (2020-05-15)

Persistent inequitable exposure to air pollution in Salt Lake County schools
Salt Lake County, Utah's air pollution varies over the year, and at times it is the worst in the United States. The geography traps winter inversions and summertime smog throughout the Salt Lake Valley, but underserved neighborhoods -- and their schools -- experience the highest concentrations. A new study utilized a community-university partnership of nearly 200 PM 2.5 sensors through the Air Quality and U network and revealed persistent social inequalities in Salt Lake County schools. (2020-05-15)

You cannot avoid microplastics
No human being on this earth comes through life without breathing, drinking water and consuming salt. For the vast majority of us, this also means involuntary ingestion of microplastics. (2020-05-13)

SwRI scientist modeled Mars climate to understand habitability
A Southwest Research Institute scientist modeled the atmosphere of Mars to help determine that salty pockets of water present on the Red Planet are likely not habitable by life as we know it on Earth. A team that also included scientists from Universities Space Research Association (USRA) and the University of Arkansas helped allay planetary protection concerns about contaminating potential Martian ecosystems. These results were published this month in Nature Astronomy. (2020-05-11)

Solve invasive seaweed problem by turning it into biofuels and fertilisers
UK researchers have developed a cheap and simple way of creating biofuel and fertiliser from seaweed, whilst removing plastic from the oceans and cleaning up tourist beaches in the Caribbean and Central America. (2020-05-11)

New rules for the physical basis of cellular organelle composition
New findings about critical cellular structures have upended common assumptions about their formation and composition and provided new insight how molecular machines are built in living cells. (2020-05-06)

Multifunctional porous carbon fibers show significant promise in capacitive desalination
Researchers have developed a material that is up to 40 times faster in desalinating small batches of water than other materials available today. (2020-05-05)

Story tips: Tracking populations, UPS' special delivery and a long-awaited benchmark
ORNL Story Tips: Tracking populations, UPS' special delivery and a long-awaited benchmark. (2020-05-05)

Amphibian study shows stress increases vulnerability to virus
Researchers found that wood frogs, known for their ability to survive being frozen through, are more susceptible to lethal ranavirus infections if they have been raised in ponds high in salinity from road deicer. The findings lend more weight to the stress-induced susceptibility hypothesis, which could help explain dramatic wildlife population declines in recent years. (2020-05-05)

KIST ensures stability of desalination process with magnesium
A Korean research team found a method to inhibit the fouling of membranes, which are used in the desalination process that removes salt and dissolved substances from seawater to obtain drinking, domestic, and industrial water. (2020-05-04)

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