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Researchers develop new method for creating tissue engineering scaffolds
Researchers at Northwestern University have developed a new method for creating scaffolds for tissue engineering applications, providing an alternative that is more flexible and less time-intensive than current technology. (2012-02-10)

Creating the perfect partial salt replacement
In the quest to lower sodium consumption in the North American diet, a team of University of Alberta researchers recently received $340,000 to conduct sensory and taste trials of the salt flavor enhancement product it created with a new, cleaner and more efficient technology. (2012-02-01)

Living on the edge: An innovative model of mangrove-hammock boundaries in Florida
University of Miami Ecologist Donald L. DeAngelis, who is also a researcher for the US Geological Survey, has worked with collaborators to develop a novel computer model describing how future hurricanes and sea level rise may trigger changes to South Florida's native coastal forests. (2012-01-26)

Life beyond Earth? Underwater caves in Bahamas could give clues, says Texas A&M marine expert
Discoveries made in some underwater caves by Texas &M University at Galveston researchers in the Bahamas could provide clues about how ocean life formed on Earth millions of years ago, and perhaps give hints of what types of marine life could be found on distant planets and moons. (2012-01-26)

Science to help rice growers affected by Japan's tsunami
Under a year since a huge tsunami inundated paddy fields in Japan with salty sludge, scientists are near to developing locally-adapted, salt-tolerant rice. Following a Japan-UK research collaboration, a new method for marker assisted breeding is being used to slash the time it takes to isolate new traits such as salt tolerance. (2012-01-22)

Sweeping genetic analysis of rare disease yields common mechanism of hypertension
Analyzing all the genes of dozens of people suffering from a rare form of hypertension, Yale University researchers have discovered a new mechanism that regulates the blood pressure of all humans. (2012-01-22)

Birds of a feather don't always stick together
Pigeons display spectacular variations in their feathers, feet, beaks and other physical traits, but a new University of Utah study shows that visible traits don't always coincide with genetics: A bird from one breed may have huge foot feathers, while a closely related breed does not; Yet two unrelated pigeon breeds both may have large foot feathers. (2012-01-19)

Weighing up the causes of obesity
Stress can make you fat - and being obese can create stress. A new hypothesis seeks to explain how. Diet and lack of exercise are not sufficient to explain the worldwide rise in obesity. Stress is one of many other factors which could contribute, according to human biologist Brynjar Foss from the University of Stavanger. (2012-01-18)

Boston University School of Medicine researchers clarify link between salt and hypertension
A review article by researchers at Boston University School of Medicine debunks the widely believed concept that hypertension, or high blood pressure, is the result of excess salt causing an increased blood volume, exerting extra pressure on the arteries. (2012-01-11)

Salt water alone unlikely to halt Burmese python invasion
Invasive Burmese python hatchlings from the Florida Everglades can withstand exposure to salt water long enough to potentially expand their range through ocean and estuarine environments. (2012-01-04)

Salt policy makers eat too much salt at work
Salt policy makers in the Netherlands are consuming more than the average daily recommended salt intake of six grams in one hot meal at their work canteens, finds a study in the Christmas issue published on bmj.com today. (2011-12-20)

Early dietary experience shapes salt preference of infants and preschoolers
Researchers from the Monell Center report that 6-month-old infants who have been introduced to starchy table foods, which often contain added salt, have a heightened preference for salty taste. They also were more likely to consume plain salt at preschool age. The findings highlight the potentially significant role of early dietary experience in shaping salty taste preferences of infants and young children. (2011-12-20)

A new kind of metal in the deep Earth
The intense pressures and temperatures in Earth's deep interior squeeze atoms and electrons so close they interact differently. New experiments and supercomputer computations discovered that iron oxide undergoes a new kind of transition under deep Earth conditions. It is a component of the second most abundant mineral at Earth's lower mantle, ferropericlase. The finding could alter our understanding of deep Earth dynamics and the behavior of the protective magnetic field, which shields our planet. (2011-12-19)

Salt-tolerant crops show higher capacity for carbon fixation
Scientists compared carbon fixation by five plant species under conditions of salinity. Salt tolerance and its relationship with plant CO2 fixation were analyzed. The net photosynthetic rate, gS, and transpiration rate were measured at atmospheric CO2 during the daytime and related to the total chlorophyll, carbon, and mineral contents of the crops. Tomato and watermelon proved to be more efficient in CO2 fixation than the other crops tested. (2011-12-12)

Research reveals shocking new way to create nanoporous materials
Scientists have developed a new method of creating nanoporous materials with potential applications in everything from water purification to chemical sensors. (2011-11-27)

Genetic defect disturbs salt handling and pushes up blood pressure levels
Scientists from Max Planck identify the gene responsible for hypertension. (2011-11-25)

McMaster study calls sodium intake guidelines into question
For years doctors have warned that too much salt is bad for your heart. Now a new McMaster University study suggests that both high and low levels of salt intake may put people with heart disease or diabetes at increased risk of cardiovascular complications. (2011-11-22)

CO2 bonds in sea ice: Small living creatures with major impact
Due to the presence of salts, the freezing point of sea water is below zero. During freezing, channels in which the salt accumulates, so-called (2011-11-11)

Storm chasers of Utah
A truck-mounted radar dish often used to chase Midwest tornadoes is getting a workout in Utah this month as University of Utah meteorologists use it to get an unprecedented look inside snow and rain storms over the Salt Lake Valley and the surrounding Wasatch and Oquirrh mountains. (2011-11-10)

Thousands of lives could be saved if rest of UK adopted average diet in England
Around 4,000 deaths could be prevented every year if the UK population adopted the average diet eaten in England, concludes research published in BMJ Open. (2011-11-02)

Scientists discover new drug candidates for cystic fibrosis and other diseases
A report in the FASEB Journal describes how a new discovery may lead to pharmaceutical breakthroughs for illnesses involving the hydration of cells lining the inner surfaces of our body's organs and tissues. Researchers tell how high-throughput screening identifies small-molecule drug candidates, helping cells bypass defective channels that move salt and water through cell membranes. By activating an alternative chloride channel (2011-11-01)

OpenSim open-source software from Stanford accurately models human motion
In a new exhibit at The Leonardo, a science and technology museum in Salt Lake City, a team of Stanford engineers is demonstrating an open source software package called OpenSim that accurately models human movement. OpenSim is free and in use across the world helping scientists understand the complex forces of movement to improve diagnosis of physical disabilities and prevent harmful wear and tear. (2011-10-27)

Bath salts emerging as new recreational drugs
The use of bath salts as recreational drugs has greatly escalated in recent years. Although currently federally unregulated, 26 states have made these substances illegal. (2011-10-24)

Building better catalysts
University of Utah chemists developed a method to design and test new catalysts, which are substances that speed chemical reactions and are crucial for producing energy, chemicals and industrial products. By using the new method, the chemists also made a discovery that will make it easier to design future catalysts. (2011-09-29)

Saltwater boosts microbial electrolysis cells to cleanly produce hydrogen
A grain of salt or two may be all that microbial electrolysis cells need to produce hydrogen from wastewater or organic byproducts, without adding carbon dioxide to the atmosphere or using grid electricity, according to Penn State engineers. (2011-09-19)

Abnormal activation of a protein may explain deadly link between high salt intake and obesity
Research suggests that high dietary salt intake and obesity work together to trigger an abnormal activation of a cellular protein called Rac1. Findings to be discussed at conference sponsored by the American Physiological Society. (2011-09-19)

Good news for rural stroke patients: Virtual stroke care appears cost-effective
In a first of its kind study, researchers have found that using two way audio-video telemedicine to deliver stroke care, also known as telestroke, appears to be cost-effective for rural hospitals that don't have an around-the-clock neurologist, or stroke expert, on staff. The research is published in the Sep. 14, 2011, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2011-09-16)

Autism, intellectual disabilities related to parental age, education and ethnicity, not income
New research from the University of Utah in collaboration with the Utah Department of Health shows that the presence or absence of intellectual disability (ID) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) varies with risk factors such as gender, parental age, maternal ethnicity, and maternal level of education. The study, published Sept. 15, 2011, in Autism Research, also shows that household income level has no association with either ID or ASD, in contrast to what other studies have suggested. (2011-09-16)

Good news for rural stroke patients: Virtual stroke care appears cost-effective
In a first of its kind study, researchers have found that using two way audio-video telemedicine to deliver stroke care, also known as telestroke, appears to be cost-effective for rural hospitals that don't have an around-the-clock neurologist, or stroke expert, on staff. The research is published in the Sept. 14, 2011, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2011-09-14)

Hormone predicts which kidney patients might die early
The blood levels of a particular hormone can help predict which kidney disease patients will develop heart problems, need dialysis, and die prematurely, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology. (2011-09-09)

Gastric bypass reduces blood pressure
The kidneys play an important role in the regulation of blood pressure by adjusting the production of urine after eating or drinking. This process begins already in the upper digestive tract, which could explain why gastric bypass surgery for obesity also markedly reduce blood pressure, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg. (2011-09-06)

Highlights of upcoming conference on aldosterone & the ENaC/Degenerin family of ion channels
The American Physiological Society is sponsoring the 7th International Symposium on Aldosterone and the ENaC/Degenerin Family of Ion Channels, being held Sept. 18-22 at the Asilomar Conference Grounds in Pacific Grove, Calif. (2011-09-06)

Why does Japan have the highest life expectancy?
Japan has had the highest average life expectancy in the world since 1986, and babies born in the last few years will live on average to 86 years. The first paper in The Lancet Japan Series looks at the reasons behind this phenomenal success, and, paradoxically, the problems it could cause due to the pressures arising from a rapidly ageing population. This first paper is by Professor Kenji Shibuya, Department of Global Health Policy, University of Tokyo, Japan, and colleagues. (2011-08-30)

New salts for chemical soups
Organozinc reagents are an important class of organometallic compounds with a wide range of applications. LMU chemists have developed a novel route for the synthesis of so-called organozinc pivalates in a stable powdered form. They promise to be extremely useful in many industrial contexts. (2011-08-29)

Older adults with too much salt in diet and too little exercise at greater risk of cognitive decline
Older adults who lead sedentary lifestyles and consume a lot of sodium in their diet may be putting themselves at risk for more than just heart disease. (2011-08-22)

Why spiders don't drop off of their threads
It has five times the tensile strength of steel and is stronger then even the best currently available synthetic fibers: Spider thread. Scientists of the Technische Universitaet Muenchen and the Universitaet Bayreuth have now succeeded in unveiling a further secret of silk proteins and the mechanism that imparts spider silk with its strength. They have published the results of their work in the professional journal Angewandte Chemie. (2011-08-17)

Better desalination technology key to solving world's water shortage
Over one-third of the world's population already lives in areas struggling to keep up with the demand for fresh water. By 2025, that number will nearly double. A new Yale University study argues that seawater desalination should play an important role in helping combat worldwide fresh water shortages -- once conservation, reuse and other methods have been exhausted -- and provides insight into how desalination technology can be made more affordable and energy efficient. (2011-08-04)

70 percent of 8-month-olds consume too much salt
Seventy per cent of eight-month-old babies have a salt intake higher than the recommended UK maximum level, due to being fed salty and processed foods like yeast extract, gravy, baked beans and tinned spaghetti. High levels of salt can damage developing kidneys, give children a taste for salty foods and establish poor eating practices that continue into adulthood and can result in health problems later in life. (2011-07-31)

Soybean genetic treasure trove found in Swedish village
The first screening by US Department of Agriculture scientists of the American ancestors of soybeans for tolerance to ozone and other stresses had an eye-opening result: The world superstars of stress resistance hailed from a little village in far northern Sweden, called Fiskeby. (2011-07-29)

Laws that encourage healthier lifestyles protect lives and save the NHS money
The introduction of legislation that restricts unhealthy food, for example by reducing salt content and eliminating industrial trans fats, would prevent thousands of cases of heart disease in England and Wales and save the NHS millions of pounds, finds research published on bmj.com today. (2011-07-28)

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