Current Sids News and Events

Current Sids News and Events, Sids News Articles.
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Toddler sleep patterns matter
Lauren Covington, an assistant professor in the University of Delaware School of Nursing, found that children with inconsistent sleep schedules have higher body mass index (BMI) percentiles. Her research also found that children from households with greater poverty had more overall inconsistent sleep onset times. But for families living in poverty, consistent bedtime scheduling may not be easily done, especially if a caregiver is the only parent, juggling multiple jobs, parenting multiple children or dealing with a tenuous housing situation. (2021-02-22)

Baby's first breath triggers life-saving changes in the brain
A new discovery reveals how something amazing happens when a baby takes a first breath. The finding could shed light on sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). (2020-12-04)

Videos most effective in communicating with parents about secondhand smoke risks
The best way to communicate with parent smokers about the risks of secondhand smoke to their children is to use videos depicting the risks, as well as solutions to reduce those risks. (2020-09-30)

Alcohol, nicotine mix during pregnancy increases health risk in newborns
In the first study of its kind, University of Houston researchers are reporting that during early pregnancy, the mix of alcohol and nicotine significantly alters the gene regulatory pathways of the developing fetus, which can lead to major deficiencies in brain development. (2020-09-23)

Combined prenatal smoking and drinking greatly increases SIDS risk
Children born to mothers who both drank and smoked beyond the first trimester of pregnancy have a 12-fold increased risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) compared to those unexposed or only exposed in the first trimester of pregnancy, according to a new study supported by the National Institutes of Health. (2020-01-20)

New genetic link found for some forms of SIDS
Some forms of sudden infant death syndrome stem from a genetic mutation that keeps infants from processing lipids in milk, a new study has discovered. The build-up of unprocessed fatty material disrupts heart functions. While no treatments are yet available, the finding could help in genetic screening. Drugs are also being tested to see if they can help. (2019-10-11)

New research reviews the state of vaccine safety science
A new systematic review provides a succinct summary of the scientific evidence for and/or against causal associations for 47 adverse events following immunization (AEFI). Findings from the study will be presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) 2019 Meeting. (2019-04-27)

Novel study links fetal exposure to nicotine and sudden infant death syndrome
Fetal exposure to tobacco smoke in utero is associated with sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and cardiac arrhythmias in newborns. In a novel study in rabbits, investigators provide the first evidence linking fetal exposure to nicotine to long-term alterations of the cardiac sodium current. These changes may impair adaptation of the cardiac sodium current to sympathetic tone and prevent awakening from sleep apnea, leading to arrhythmias that could potentially be involved in SIDS. They report their findings in HeartRhythm (2019-03-28)

Researchers point to a common cause in sudden death syndromes
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP) are syndromes that share many medical similarities but whose physiological causes are poorly understood. An opinion article publishing March 21 in the journal Trends in Neurosciences suggests that the inability for an individual to wake up when their CO2 blood levels rise, likely due to a faulty neural reflex, may be a shared cause for incidences of death in both disorders. (2019-03-21)

Smoking during pregnancy doubles the risk of sudden unexpected infant death, study warns
The first findings to result from a collaboration between Seattle Children's Research Institute and Microsoft data scientists provides expecting mothers new information about how smoking before and during pregnancy contributes to the risk of an infant dying suddenly and unexpectedly before their first birthday. (2019-03-11)

Long periods of undisturbed sleep during pregnancy may be associated with stillbirth
Sleeping more than nine hours per night during pregnancy may be associated with late stillbirth, a new Michigan Medicine-led international study suggests. (2019-01-18)

Hospitalizations for homeless individuals are on the rise
Data from a new retrospective cohort study suggest a rise in acute hospital use among homeless individuals for mental illness and substance use disorder. (2018-12-14)

Serotonin neurons contribute to fail-safe mechanism that ensures recovery from interrupted breathing
Research in mice adds to evidence that dips in the activity of serotonin neurons may increase SIDS risk. The study reveals the activity of serotonin-producing neurons in the infant mouse brain contributes to a fail-safe switch that allows recovery from interrupted breathing. If replicated in human studies, findings could pave the way to screening for SIDS risk, new therapies. (2018-10-24)

Experts raise safety concerns about cardboard baby boxes
Cardboard baby boxes are being promoted for infant sleep as a safe alternative to more traditional cots, bassinets, or Moses baskets, without any evidence in place, warn experts in The BMJ today. (2018-10-17)

Dummies not to blame for common speech disorder in kids
New University of Sydney research shows bottles, dummies, and thumb sucking in the early years of life do not cause or worsen phonological impairment, the most common type of speech disorder in children. (2018-10-07)

Chicago sudden infant death cases never make the news
While news media reporting traffic crashes and fire-related deaths of infants and children is routine and often leads to preventative measures to reduce these deaths, there is little or no news coverage of sleep-related or sudden infants deaths, which contributes to the lack of efforts to prevent these deaths, according to a Rush physician. (2018-09-12)

How to 'jumpstart' rhythmic breathing at birth
Researchers reveal neuronal pathways that 'jumpstart' breathing at birth and may explain breathing abnormalities seen in premature babies. (2018-09-06)

First ever study of serious case reviews of sudden unexpected infant deaths conducted
For the first time in England a study has been conducted of official investigations of unexpected infant deaths. The research was conducted by academics at the University of Warwick who aimed to develop a detailed understanding of the circumstances of sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) cases subject to serious case review. (2018-07-26)

New link between sleep arousals and body temperature may also be connected to SIDS
What is the origin of these arousals? Scientists from Bar-Ilan University in Israel, together with colleagues from Boston University, have discovered that brief arousals are probably triggered by the intrinsic electrical noise from wake-promoting neurons (WPN) in the brain. Their research reveals a previously unrecognized neurophysiological mechanism that links sleep arousals with temperature regulation, and may also provide an important new link between temperature and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). (2018-04-25)

Infant death study reveals dangerous sleep practices among babysitters, relatives, others
Babies who died during their sleep while being watched by someone other than parents often had been placed in unsafe sleep positions, such as on their stomachs, or in unsafe locations, such as a couch, a new study has found. (2018-04-02)

State-by-state causes of infant mortality in the US
Sudden unexpected death of infants (SUDI) was the most common cause of infant mortality among children born full term in the US according to estimates from a state-by-state study published this week in PLOS Medicine. (2018-03-20)

Genetic heart diseases cause fewer SIDS deaths than previously thought, study finds
Genetic mutations linked to heart disease have been considered a leading cause of sudden infant death syndrome, but a new study by Mayo Clinic, British and Danish researchers finds they are to blame for far fewer SIDS deaths than previously thought. The findings are opening new lines of inquiry into possible causes of the syndrome and may help prevent unnecessary genetic testing of surviving family members. The study results appear in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. (2018-03-12)

Moms who co-sleep beyond six months may feel more depressed, judged
Moms who continue to co-sleep -- by sharing either a room or bed -- with their infants past six months were more likely to feel depressed, worried about their babies' sleep and think their decisions were being criticized, according to Penn State researchers. (2018-02-28)

Safe-sleep recommendations for infants have not reduced sudden deaths in newborns
An analysis by investigators from MassGeneral Hospital for Children and Newton-Wellesley Hospital of trends in sudden unexpected infant death finds that the drop in such deaths that took place following release of the 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics 'back to sleep' recommendations, did not occur in infants in the first month of life. (2018-02-14)

US childhood mortality rates have lagged behind other wealthy nations for the past 50 years
In a new study of childhood mortality rates between 1961 and 2010 in the United States and 19 economically similar countries, researchers report that while there's been overall improvement among all the countries, the U.S. has been slowest to improve. (2018-01-08)

Breastfeeding for two months halves risk of SIDS, study finds
Breastfeeding for at least two months cuts a baby's risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome almost in half, a sweeping new international study has found. (2017-10-30)

Now we know why babies shouldn't sleep face down
A developmental abnormality in babies -- especially in premature babies and in boys -- has for the first time been directly linked to cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). (2017-10-25)

SIDS research confirms changes in babies' brain chemistry
University of Adelaide researchers have confirmed that abnormalities in a common brain chemical are linked to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). (2017-09-14)

Texting while parenting: Mobile program improves safety of sleeping infants
Mother's latest little helper is already in her pocket: A new educational intervention delivered in the form of texts and emails has been found to increase adherence to safe sleep practices for infants, concluded researchers at the Yale, University of Virginia, and Boston University schools of medicine in a joint study published July 25 in the Journal of the American Medical Association. (2017-08-07)

Mobile health intervention improves adherence to safe sleep practices for infants
Among mothers of newborns, participation in a mobile health intervention that included receiving frequent educational emails or texts resulted in improved adherence to infant safe sleep practices such as the appropriate sleep position and no soft-bedding use, according to a study published by JAMA. (2017-07-25)

How texting can protect babies from sudden death
Educational videos delivered by text or email successfully encouraged new mothers to use safe sleep practices for their babies, reducing the risk of sudden unexpected infant death, a new study has found. (2017-07-25)

Blood of SIDS infants contains high levels of serotonin
Blood samples from infants who died of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) had high levels of serotonin, a chemical that carries signals along and between nerves, according to a study funded in part by the National Institutes of Health. The finding raises the possibility that a test could be developed to distinguish SIDS cases from other causes of sleep-related, unexpected infant death. (2017-07-03)

Premature infants at greater risk of SIDS
Premature infants still have a greater risk compared to full-term babies of dying of SIDS and other sleep-related infant deaths despite recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics that hospital NICU's provide more safe infant sleep education to parents before they go home. (2017-06-26)

Baby sleeping in same room associated with less sleep, unsafe sleep habits
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends parents keep babies in the same room with them to sleep for the first year to prevent sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). But room sharing between babies and mothers beyond the first four months is associated with less sleep for babies and unsafe sleeping practices that the AAP is hoping to prevent, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. (2017-06-05)

Flat head syndrome linked to motor, language and cognitive delays
Babies with flat head syndrome may be at heightened risk of developmental delays, a new study has found. The research from The George Institute for Global Health and the University of Sydney highlights the need for early and prompt assessment and intervention. The study by Associate Professor Alexandra Martiniuk, from The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Sydney, is the first, rigorous systematic review examining the link between developmental delay and flat head, which affects one in every five babies. (2017-01-24)

Consumer-use baby monitors have little proven benefit for healthy infants
It sounds simple and harmless -- an electronic sensor attached to a baby's sock that monitors vital signs and alerts parents on their smart phones if, for instance, an infant's oxygen saturation level drops. But pediatric experts argue that such devices may cause undue alarm to parents, with no evidence of medical benefits, especially to healthy babies. (2017-01-24)

New US law poised to improve marine conservation worldwide
New restrictions on US seafood imports, which will require seafood to be harvested in accordance with the US Marine Mammal Protection Act, will likely offer significant marine conservation benefits on a global scale. In this Policy Forum, Rob Williams et al. highlight the impacts and challenges involved in this endeavor. (2016-12-15)

AAP announces new safe sleep recommendations to protect against SIDS
Infants should sleep in the same bedroom as their parents - but on a separate surface, such as a crib or bassinet, and never on a couch, armchair or soft surface -- to decrease the risks of sleep-related deaths, according to a new policy statement released by the American Academy of Pediatrics. (2016-10-24)

TSRI and STSI scientists use 'molecular autopsies' to find clues to sudden death
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute and the Scripps Translational Science Institute suggests that 'molecular autopsies' may be valuable in detecting gene mutations responsible for a sudden death. The research, while preliminary, could help doctors alert living family members to hidden health conditions. (2016-10-11)

Bereaved parents should be given full details about how to reduce sudden infant death syndrome risk
A new study indicates that health professionals should tell bereaved parents about what they could have done to reduce the risk of the sudden death of their baby. The University of Warwick research, funded by the National Institute of Health Research, is thought to be the first of its kind in the UK and contradicts the current practice of many pediatricians who don't discuss risk factors for fear of causing grieving mothers and fathers additional upset. (2016-05-19)

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