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Current Substance Abuse News and Events, Substance Abuse News Articles.
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Study finds higher rates of sexual violence among bisexual women
In a new study, Lehigh University Assistant Professor Nicole Johnson proposes multiple factors that contribute to why bi women experience higher rates of sexual violence when compared to lesbian and straight women, as well as why bi women may have worse mental health outcomes following sexual violence. (2017-11-15)

RUDN scientists synthesized analogues of substances actively used in pharmaceutics
RUDN University chemists synthesized new isoquinoline derivatives. Due to their biological activity, these compounds may be applicable in new drugs, from antispasmodics to bactericidal agents. In addition, in the future they may show effectiveness in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. The scientists presented the results of their experiments in Mendeleev Communications. (2017-11-14)

Legal implications of neuroscience research - Harvard Review of Psychiatry presents update
New research on the biological basis of psychiatric disorders has important implications for legal proceedings as well as mental health treatment, according to a special issue on 'Psychiatry, Neuroscience, and the Law,' presented in the Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. (2017-11-14)

Remove toxic derivatives of phenol from water? Now that's really easy!
Researchers from RUDN University (Russia) have come up with a new method to convert titanium nanoparticles into an efficient substance capable of removing toxic phenol from water, even in visible light. The results of the study are reported in the Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. (2017-11-13)

Engineering non-immune cells to kill cancer cells
ETH researchers have reprogrammed normal human cells to create designer immune cells capable of detecting and destroying cancer cells. (2017-11-13)

Research advances understanding of opioid addiction in face of public health crisis
As the United States grapples with the devastating effects of an opioid epidemic, researchers are making progress in advancing our understanding of opioid addiction-related health issues, according to studies presented today at Neuroscience 2017, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health. (2017-11-13)

The path length of light in opaque media
A transparent substance will allow the light to travel through on a straight line, in a turbid substance the light will be scattered numerous times, travelling on more complicated zig-zag trajectories. But astonishingly, the average total distance covered by the light inside the substance is always the same. (2017-11-10)

Efforts are needed to study elder abuse among veterans
Experts are calling on the Veterans Administration (VA) to promote research, clinical care, and education in the area of elder abuse, furthering the VA's mission of serving those who have served. (2017-11-09)

RUDN chemists: A new compound will be used against tumors and Alzheimer's disease
Researchers from RUDN University conducted an effective three-component reaction, obtaining unusual organic compounds. The latter are structurally similar to a number of biologically active compounds -- which makes it possible to use them in pharmaceutics (for example, as anti-tumor drugs and agents for Alzheimer's disease). The results of the work are presented in the journal Mendeleev Communications. (2017-11-09)

New model may provide insights on neurocognitive disorders caused by HIV
HIV infects certain cells in the brain called microglia, and infected microglia release toxic and inflammatory molecules that can impair or kill surrounding neurons. (2017-11-08)

New care model closes significant gap in addiction treatment
A new program at Boston Medical Center's Grayken Center for Addiction is showing that connecting patients to addiction treatment when they are hospitalized for other conditions can be a powerful tool in closing a gap in addiction treatment. (2017-11-08)

First large-scale doxing study reveals motivations and targets for cyber bullying
The first large-scale study of a low-tech, high-harm form of online harassment known as doxing, which involves collecting and publishing sensitive personal information to exact revenge, seek justice, or intimidate victims, revealed the primary motivations are revenge and justice. Researchers created a custom text classifier to sort through 1.7 million files. They found new abuse filters on Facebook and Instagram appear to be effective in making victims feel safer. (2017-11-07)

Increasing rates of chronic conditions putting more moms, babies at risk
Pregnant women today are more likely to have chronic conditions that could cause life-threatening complications than at any other time in the past decade -- particularly poor women and those living in rural communities. (2017-11-07)

Higher estrogen levels linked to increased alcohol sensitivity in brain's 'reward center'
The reward center of the brain is much more attuned to the pleasurable effects of alcohol when estrogen levels are elevated, an effect that may underlie the development of addiction in women, according to a study on mice at the University of Illinois at Chicago. (2017-11-06)

Inexplicable spasms can now be explained with hormones
Too low a level of a hormone in the blood which protects against stress may be the cause of epilepsy-like seizures which doctors had otherwise believed had solely psychological causes. New research results from Aarhus University may help to improve the diagnosis and treatment of an otherwise mystifying disorder. (2017-11-03)

Chemists develop method to quickly screen, accurately identify fentanyl
Researchers at McMaster University have developed a new drug screening technique that could lead to the rapid and accurate identification of fentanyl, as well as a vast number of other drugs of abuse, which up until now have been difficult to detect by traditional urine tests. (2017-11-03)

This drug could block harmful impact of teen binge drinking
Alcohol-fueled parties might be seen as a rite of passage for many high school students, but they have an unexpected impact: binge-drinking behavior as teenagers can lead to problems with alcohol and other drug dependence later on in life. (2017-11-02)

What effect has substance abuse on outcome of schizophrenia treated with antipsychotics?
Review in the journal Current Drug Abuse Reviews: Long-term administration of antipsychotics and the influence of drug abuse on the disease outcome (2017-11-02)

Childhood spankings can lead to adult mental health problems
Getting spanked as a child can lead to a host of mental health problems in adulthood, say University of Michigan researchers. (2017-11-02)

Unemployment triggers increase in child neglect, according to new research
The number of reported cases of child neglect in the United States of America increased as a result of the spike in unemployment following the financial crisis of 2007-08, according to new Oxford University research. The first study of its kind, suggests that unemployment can cause an increase in child neglect because parents have more limited access to the resources required to provide for a child's basic needs, such as clothing, food and medical care. (2017-11-02)

Transgender women take triple the number of HIV tests as trans men
A new University at Buffalo study has shown that HIV testing among transgender adults was higher in those who identified as female, were African-American or Hispanic, or had a history of incarceration. (2017-11-01)

BU finds marijuana use associated with cognitive dysfunction in people with HIV
Marijuana use is associated with cognitive dysfunction in people with HIV infection who have an alcohol or other drug use disorder, according to a new study from researchers at Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH), Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM), and Boston Medical Center (BMC). (2017-11-01)

Immigrants living in the country without authorization at risk for anxiety and depression
Nearly a quarter of Mexican immigrants who live near the California-Mexico border without legal authorization have a mental disorder, particularly depression or anxiety. (2017-10-30)

Large declines seen in teen substance abuse, delinquency
Survey data indicate that in recent years, teens have become far less likely to abuse alcohol, nicotine and illicit drugs, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Teens also are less likely to engage in behaviors like fighting and stealing, and the researchers believe the declines in substance use and delinquency are connected. (2017-10-25)

Now we know why babies shouldn't sleep face down
A developmental abnormality in babies -- especially in premature babies and in boys -- has for the first time been directly linked to cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). (2017-10-25)

Machine learning detects marketing and sale of Opioids on Twitter
Using advanced machine learning, a cross disciplinary team of University of California San Diego researchers developed technology that mined Twitter to identify entities illegally selling prescription opioids online. (2017-10-25)

Adolescents underreport amphetamine use, likely unaware that adderall is amphetamine
High school seniors appear to be underreporting their nonmedical use of amphetamine, despite reporting using Adderall without a doctor's orders, finds a study by the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU Meyers College of Nursing. (2017-10-23)

Resident physicians feel unprepared to counsel patients on medical cannabis
A recent study from Saint Peter's University Hospital in New Brunswick, New Jersey, highlights the need for further education among resident physicians in the use of medical cannabis. It found 38% of resident physicians thought medical marijuana was a prescribed substance, while 78% did not know into what category medical cannabis fell within the Controlled Substance Act. Researchers also found internal medicine residents reported a lack of preparedness for counseling patients regarding medical cannabis. (2017-10-23)

Bariatric surgical patients at risk for newly persistent opioid use
Nearly 9 percent of bariatric surgical patients -- or about one in 12 -- who did not take opioid pain medications until their weight-loss operation, or the month before it, report that they are still using prescription opioids one year postoperatively, according to new research findings. (2017-10-23)

After skyrocketing, opioid abuse plateaus but remains too high, national analysis shows
While the breakneck upswing in opioid abuse has leveled off, it remains disturbingly high and does not appear to continue its decline, according to an analysis of national data presented at the ANESTHESIOLOGY® 2017 annual meeting. (2017-10-22)

Parents' alcohol use can set the stage for teenage dating violence, study finds
Having a parent with an alcohol use disorder increases the risk for dating violence among teenagers, according to a study from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions. (2017-10-20)

West Virginians say Opioid epidemic most important health issue in the state
The opioid epidemic is the most important health issue in West Virginia, above obesity, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and dental disease, according to a state-based public opinion survey commissioned by Research!America. A strong majority of West Virginians (84%) say prescription pain medication abuse and addiction is a major problem in their community, and more than two-thirds (71%) say they know someone who experienced pain so severe they sought prescription medicines to treat it. (2017-10-16)

Study reveals risk factors for substance use problems, as well as resilience
A new study explores factors increasing the risk for substance use problems among African-American/Black and Latino adults residing in a high-risk urban community, as well as patterns of resilience. It reveals that serious risk factors are highly prevalent and strongly associated with substance misuse; however, a substantial proportion could be characterized as resilient, and evidenced substance use problems at rates comparable to the general U.S. population. (2017-10-16)

Doctors urged to make a public commitment to talk to their patients about guns
In the wake of the Las Vegas mass shooting, Garen Wintemute, MD, MPH, from the Violence Prevention Program at UC Davis, says that if Congress and the White House won't do anything to stop gun violence, then doctors must take action. In a pointed editorial published in Annals of Internal Medicine, Dr. Wintemute urges physicians to make a public commitment (go.annals.org/commit-now) to talk to their patients about firearms. (2017-10-16)

Study reveals new threat to the ozone layer
'Ozone depletion is a well-known phenomenon and, thanks to the success of the Montreal Protocol, is widely perceived as a problem solved,' says University of East Anglia's David Oram. But an international team of researchers, led by Oram, has now found an unexpected, growing danger to the ozone layer from substances not regulated by the treaty. The study is published today in Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, a journal of the European Geosciences Union. (2017-10-12)

Experts express concerns over infant mental health assessment
Forty world experts on child development and mental health have released a joint statement calling for caution when applying an influential classification for assessing infant mental health and potential cases of abuse. (2017-10-11)

Criminal offenders with genetic mental disorders judged more negatively
Popular literature and crime dramas imply that defense attorneys who portray their clients as victims may have better outcomes. The belief is that jurors assign less blame to defendants they feel have been wronged. New research from the University of Missouri has shown that offenders with genetic mental disorders that predispose them to criminal behavior are judged more negatively than mentally disordered offenders whose criminal behavior may have been caused by environmental factors.  (2017-10-11)

Study: Risk factors on rise among people with stroke
Despite prevention efforts, researchers have found a significant increase over a 10-year period in the percentage of people with stroke who have high blood pressure, diabetes, smoking and other risk factors for stroke. The study is published in the Oct. 11, 2017, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2017-10-11)

Cannabidiol benefits and mechanisms shown in mouse study of Dravet syndrome
Cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating derivative from cannabis, has been shown to reduce seizures and autism-like behaviors in a mouse model of a genetic disorder, Dravet syndrome. Children with this devastating condition have difficult-to-treat epilepsy, cognitive impairments, and problems with social interactions. The researchers also studied how therapeutic effects of cannabidiol relate to changes in signaling between certain brain neurons. (2017-10-09)

Noncompliance thwarts comprehensive background check policy for private-party sales, study finds
Only one state with expanded background check policies for all gun transfers is compliant. (2017-10-09)

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