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Current Sugar Molecules News and Events, Sugar Molecules News Articles.
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Cancer's most deadly assassin exists in every cell
A kill code is embedded in every cell in the body whose function may be to cause the self-destruction of cells that become cancerous, reports a new study. As soon as the cell's inner bodyguards sense it is mutating into cancer, they punch in the kill code to extinguish the mutating cell. Cancer can't become resistant to it, the study shows, making it a potentially bulletproof treatment. The next step is to turn synthetically duplicate the code and turn it into therapy. (2018-10-29)

AI and NMR spectroscopy determine atoms configuration in record time
EPFL scientists have developed a machine-learning approach that can be combined with experiments to determine, in record time, the location of atoms in powdered solids. Their method can be applied to complex molecules containing thousands of atoms and could be of particular interest to the pharmaceutical industry. (2018-10-29)

Deconstructing the superfood that determines honeybee hierarchy
All bee larvae eat royal jelly when they're new, but only future queens continue to eat it. To figure out why, researchers in Austria are taking a close look at the molecular ingredients of the fancy fare. (2018-10-29)

Highly efficient wet-processed solar cells with molecules in the same orientation
Researchers at Kanazawa University report in the journal Organic Electronics documents a new method for controlling the orientation of conducting molecules in organic solar cells that results in the enhanced light adsorption and performance of the cells. (2018-10-26)

Repeated interferon stimulation creates innate immune memory
The innate immune system may be able to be trained to react to viral infections more efficiently by repeated exposure to anti-viral signaling molecules. (2018-10-25)

CCNY study breaks Förster resonant energy transfer (FRET) distance limit
Using engineered nanocomposite structures called metamaterials, a City College of New York-led research team reports the ability to measure a significant increase in the energy transfer between molecules. Reported in the journal ACS Photonics, this breakthrough breaks the Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) distance limit of ~10-20 nanometers, and leads to the possibility of measuring larger molecular assemblies. (2018-10-25)

New tools for creating mirrored forms of molecules
Chemists have developed an easier way to make libraries of candidate drugs with a specific 'handedness.' (2018-10-25)

Not enough fruits, vegetables grown to feed the planet, U of G study reveals
Study results show that the global agriculture system currently overproduces grains, fats and sugars, while production of fruits and vegetables and, to a smaller degree, protein is not sufficient to meet the nutritional needs of the current population. The researchers also found that shifting production to match nutritional dietary guidelines would require 50 million fewer hectares of arable land, because fruits and vegetables take less land to grow than grain, sugar and fat. (2018-10-25)

Insulin discovery a game-changer for improving diabetes treatments
An international collaboration co-led by researchers at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute has made a discovery that could make therapeutic insulins more effective by better mimicking the way insulin works in the body. The findings could improve treatments for diabetes, a disease that impacts the lives of millions of people worldwide. (2018-10-24)

Polymers offer a better view
A window opens for analyzing the distribution of small molecules in biological and medical tissue samples (2018-10-24)

A molecular sensor for in-situ analysis of complex biological fluids
A KAIST research group presented a molecular sensor with a microbead format for the rapid in-situ detection of harmful molecules in biological fluids or foods. As the sensor is designed to selectively concentrate charged small molecules and amplify the Raman signal, no time-consuming pretreatment of samples is required. (2018-10-23)

Cells that change jobs to fight diabetes
Diabetes is characterized by persistent high blood sugar levels that occur when certain cells in the pancreas -- the insulin-producing cells -- are destroyed or are no longer able to secrete insulin. Researchers at the University of Geneva, Switzerland, have succeeded in showing how part of the pancreatic cells, which usually produce other hormones, can take over from the damaged cells by starting to produce insulin. These results lead to envision entirely new therapeutic strategies. (2018-10-22)

New way to prevent heart disease in type 1 diabetes
Research shows metformin, a commonly prescribed drug for type 2 diabetes prevents heart disease in patients with type 1 diabetes. (2018-10-19)

Mice need a clutch to smell
Researchers at the Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST) identify shootin 1b as a clutch molecule that couples force and adhesion for the migration of neurons to the mouse olfactory bulb. The study provides new insights on how internal forces are converted into external movement and on how mechanical interactions regulate neurodevelopment. (2018-10-18)

Case Western Reserve researchers cure drug-resistant infections without antibiotics
Biochemists, microbiologists, drug discovery experts and infectious disease doctors have teamed up in a new study that shows antibiotics are not always necessary to cure sepsis in mice. Instead of killing causative bacteria with antibiotics, researchers treated infected mice with molecules that block toxin formation in bacteria. Every treated mouse survived. The breakthrough study, published in Scientific Reports, suggests infections in humans might be cured the same way. (2018-10-17)

Exposure to malaria before birth may boost childhood immunity
Pamela Odorizzi and colleagues have discovered that human fetal immune cells can proliferate in response to malaria infection in pregnant women, a finding that helps to demystify fetal immunity and potentially has implications for malaria control programs. (2018-10-17)

Attacking RNA with small-molecule drugs
Yale researchers have developed a way to target RNA with small-molecule drugs, creating a new method for tapping into a vast number of biological mechanisms critical to metabolism and gene expression. (2018-10-15)

Artificial intelligence aids automatic monitoring of single molecules in cells
Japanese researchers developed a system that can automatically image single molecules within living cells. This system employs learning via neural networks to focus appropriately on samples, search automatically for cells, image fluorescently labeled single molecules, and track their movements. With this system, the team achieved the automated determination of pharmacological parameters and quantitative characterization of the effects of ligands and inhibitors on a target, which has potentially profound implications for biological and medical sciences. (2018-10-14)

Cancer stem cells use normal genes in abnormal ways
University of Colorado Cancer Center study shows that CDK1 directly interacts with Sox2 to keep cancer cells 'stemmy.' (2018-10-12)

Low copper levels linked to fatter fat cells
In studies of mouse cells, Johns Hopkins researchers have found that low levels of cellular copper appear to make fat cells fatter by altering how cells process their main metabolic fuels, such as fat and sugar. (2018-10-11)

New study examines Brexit's effect on 'Sugar Tax' and coronary heart disease
A new study published in Public Health Nutrition examines the potential effects of Brexit on the 'Sugar Tax' and coronary heart disease (CHD) in England. (2018-10-11)

Cells in 'little brain' have distinctive metabolic needs
'Knocking out' an enzyme that regulates the flow of fuel into mitochondria specifically blocks the development of the mouse cerebellum more than the rest of the brain. (2018-10-10)

Metal leads to the desired configuration
Scientists at the University of Basel have found a way to change the spatial arrangement of bipyridine molecules on a surface. These potential components of dye-sensitized solar cells form complexes with metals and thereby alter their chemical conformation. The results of this interdisciplinary collaboration between chemists and physicists from Basel were recently published in the scientific journal ACS Omega. (2018-10-09)

University of Toronto chemists advance ability to control chemical reactions
University of Toronto chemists led by Nobel Prize-winning researcher John Polanyi have found a way to select the outcome of chemical reaction by employing an elusive and long-sought factor known as the 'impact parameter' -- the miss-distance by which a reagent molecule misses a target molecule, thereby altering the products of chemical reaction. Termed the 'forbidden fruit of reaction dynamics', the impact parameter has previously defied direct control. (2018-10-05)

Appetite-suppressant lorcaserin decreases risk of developing diabetes and induces remission of high blood sugar in obese and overweight patients
New research presented at this year's annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Berlin, Germany, and published in The Lancet, shows that the appetite-suppressant drug lorcaserin decreases risk of developing diabetes and increases the rates of remission of high blood sugar. (2018-10-04)

Tarragon supplements may make healthy women gain weight
Russian tarragon and bitter melon supplements may be less helpful for women than men when it comes to combating metabolic syndrome, whose symptoms include high blood sugar, high blood pressure and excess fat around the waist. A study published in the journal Biology of Sex Differences found that female mice on a high-fat diet given supplements of Russian tarragon gained more weight and body fat than the mice that just ate a high-fat diet. (2018-10-04)

Closed-loop 'artificial pancreas' insulin delivery system offers better glucose control and reduced risk of hypoglycaemia
New research presented at this year's annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Berlin, Germany, and published in The Lancet, shows that use of a hybrid day-night closed-loop insulin delivery system is better than sensor-augmented pump therapy for blood sugar control in poorly controlled type 1 diabetes. (2018-10-03)

Stepping toward a smaller carbon footprint
Burning fossil fuels such as coal and natural gas releases carbon into the atmosphere as CO2 while the production of methanol and other valuable fuels and chemicals requires a supply of carbon. There is currently no economically or energy efficient way to collect CO2 from the atmosphere and use it to produce carbon-based chemicals, but researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Swanson School of Engineering have just taken an important step in that direction. (2018-10-03)

Potential mechanism by which BCG vaccine lowers blood sugar levels to near normal in type 1 diabetes discovered
New research being presented at this year's European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) Annual Meeting in Berlin, Germany (Oct. 1-5) reveals the mechanism through which the BCG vaccine for tuberculosis can make durable, beneficial changes to the immune system and lower blood sugars. (2018-10-03)

High-fat, high-sugar diet may impair future fertility in females
The differences in the way males and females respond to a high-fat, high-sugar diet may include impairment of female fertility, new research suggests. The findings will be presented today at the American Physiological Society's (APS) Cardiovascular, Renal and Metabolic Diseases: Sex-Specific Implications for Physiology conference in Knoxville, Tenn. (2018-10-02)

Yo-yoing weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar readings may raise heart attack and stroke risk
People with fluctuating weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and/or blood sugar levels are at higher risk of heart attack and stroke than those with more stable readings. Having more measures that fluctuate adds to the risk. (2018-10-01)

More bad news for artificial sweetener users according to Ben-Gurion University researchers
The collaborative study indicated relative toxicity of six artificial sweeteners (aspartame, sucralose, saccharine, neotame, advantame, and acesulfame potassium-k) and 10 sport supplements containing these artificial sweeteners. The bacteria found in the digestive system became toxic when exposed to concentrations of only one mg./ml. of the artificial sweeteners. (2018-10-01)

Machine learning helps improving photonic applications
Photonic nanostructures can be used for many applications, not just in solar cells, but also in optical sensors for cancer markers or other biomolecules, for example. A team at HZB using computer simulations and machine learning has now shown how the design of such nanostructures can be selectively optimised. The results are published in Communications Physics. (2018-09-28)

WSU researchers develop sugar-powered sensor to detect, prevent disease
Researchers at Washington State University have developed an implantable, biofuel-powered sensor that runs on sugar and can monitor a body's biological signals to detect, prevent and diagnose diseases. (2018-09-27)

Researchers discover molecule involved in the repair of liver wounds
A new study from researchers of CEDOC-NOVA Medical School|Faculdade de Ciências Médicas and Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, led by Maria Paula Macedo and Carlos Penha-Gonçalves, respectively, published in Hepatology Communications, showed that a molecule called CD26/DPP-4 is involved in the regeneration of acute liver wounds and is a promising biomarker for hepatic disease. (2018-09-26)

New allergy vaccine for hay fever shows promising results
Using sugar molecules researchers from the University of Copenhagen have developed a new vaccine for hay fever that may reduce treatment times and increase the effect of treatments. The vaccine, which is still at the earliest research stage, has been tested on mice. The method can potentially also be used to develop different forms of vaccines, for example vaccines for autoimmune disorders. (2018-09-26)

Cocoa: a tasty source of vitamin D?
Many people do not get enough vitamin D. Brittle bones and an increased risk of respiratory diseases can be the result of a vitamin D deficiency. A German research group has now identified a previously unknown source of vitamin D2: cocoa and foods containing cocoa have significant amounts of this important nutrient. According to the researchers, cocoa butter and dark chocolate have the highest amount of vitamin D2. (2018-09-25)

DMP 'type 1 diabetes': Institute recommends revision
New guidelines change the results of the final report versus the preliminary report: Stronger focus, among other things, on the avoidance of hypoglycaemia by means of modern Technologies. (2018-09-24)

How a molecular signal helps plant cells decide when to make oil
Scientists identify new details of how a sugar-signaling molecule helps regulate oil production in plant cells. The work could point to new ways to engineer plants to produce substantial amounts of oil for use as biofuels or in the production of other oil-based products. (2018-09-24)

Simulations enable 'choose-your-own-adventure' stereochemistry
''We used our data-driven tools to derive significant insight into how the process works that allows us to design the correct additives to get the desired outcomes,'' Sigman said. The results allow chemists to control which stereochemical product comes out of the reaction, simply by selecting the right ligand. It's more than just a laboratory convenience, though. The study also reveals much more about how this important chemical process works. (2018-09-20)

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