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Current Sugar News and Events, Sugar News Articles.
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Citrus scion/rootstock combinations show tolerance to huanglongbing
Scientists studied tolerance to huanglongbing under field conditions in trees of commercial citrus scion/rootstock combinations. All trees showed symptoms of HLB and tested positive for the Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus bacterium by 20 months after planting. However, all trees continued to grow and showed increasing fruit production. 'Sugar Belle/Sour Orange', 'Tango/Kuharske' and 'Temple/ Cleopatra' exhibited the greatest growth rates and canopy volumes. (2016-03-28)

Brain induces preference for caloric food for energy storage
Given the choice between eating something caloric with an unpleasant taste and more palatable food with no calories, some vertebrates may choose the former, prioritizing energy to assure their survival. This finding comes from a study performed by researchers at Yale University in the United States, in collaboration with colleagues at the University of São Paulo's Biomedical Science Institute and the Federal University of the ABC's Center for Mathematics, Computation & Cognition in Brazil. (2016-03-24)

How much sugar is in your child's fruit drink?
Researchers from the University of Liverpool and colleagues from Action on Sugar have assessed the sugar content of over 200 fruit drinks marketed at children and have found them to be 'unacceptably high'. (2016-03-23)

Time to eat
Weizmann Institute scientists find that our cells' power plants run on timers. (2016-03-16)

Include 'added sugars' in overhaul of Canada's food labels
Canada's overhaul of food labels should include a separate 'added sugar' column to help Canadians manage their sugar intake and be in line with US standards, states a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2016-03-14)

Sweet 'quantum dots' light the way for new HIV and Ebola treatment
A research team led by the University of Leeds has observed for the first time how HIV and Ebola viruses attach to cells to spread infection. The findings, published today in the journal Angewandte Chemie, offer a new way of treating such viruses: instead of destroying the pathogens, introduce a block on how they interact with cells. (2016-03-14)

Scientists create painless patch of insulin-producing beta cells to control diabetes
For decades, researchers have tried to duplicate the function of beta cells, which don't work properly in patients with diabetes. Now, researchers have devised another option: a synthetic patch filled with natural beta cells that can secrete doses of insulin to control blood sugar levels on demand. (2016-03-14)

Brown fat keeps blood sugar in check
Australian scientists have shown that brown fat -- a special type of fat that burns energy to keep us warm -- may also help to keep blood sugar steady in adults. Their findings suggest new avenues for diabetes therapies that target brown fat. (2016-03-10)

'Ultra-processed' foods make up more than half of all calories in US diet
'Ultra-processed' foods make up more than half of all calories consumed in the US diet, and contribute nearly 90 percent of all added sugar intake, finds research published in the online journal BMJ Open. (2016-03-09)

Improving modern vaccines -- sugar polymer tails wag the protein dog
Scientists at The University of Nottingham's National Centre for Macromolecular Hydrodynamics have just published the third in a series of papers in the journal Scientific Reports looking at the hydrodynamic properties of vaccine preparations. The hope is this work will help lead to the development of improved and more stable vaccines. (2016-03-07)

Urinary tract infection: How bacteria nestle in
Eighty percent of bladder infections are caused by the intestinal bacterium E. coli. It travels along the urethra to the bladder where it triggers painful infections. In Nature Communications researchers from the University of Basel and the ETH Zurich explain how this bacterium attaches to the surface of the urinary tract via a protein with a sophisticated locking technique, which prevents it from being flushed out by the urine flow. (2016-03-07)

University of Utah biochemist wins JDRF grant to develop 'smart' insulin
A University of Utah biochemist is one of four researchers worldwide to receive a grant from the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) and the pharmaceutical company Sanofi US Services Inc. to develop glucose-responsive insulin. (2016-03-04)

Study shows broccoli may offer protection against liver cancer
Research has shown that eating broccoli three to five times per week can lower the risk of many types of cancers. Consuming a high-fat, high-sugar diet and having excess body fat is linked with the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which can lead to diseases such as cirrhosis and liver cancer. A new study from the University of Illinois shows that including broccoli in the diet may protect against liver cancer, as well as aid in countering the development of NAFLD. (2016-03-03)

Sugar-power -- scientists harness the reducing potential of renewable sugars
Dr. Camp, who is Senior Lecturer in the Department of Chemical Sciences at the University's School of Applied Sciences, has been exploring sugar-powered catalysis for the last six years. He heads a group of scientists at Huddersfield and the University of Nottingham -- where he was previously based -- who are carrying out the research. Their findings are being relayed in presentations and articles, with the latest appearing in the new edition of RSC Advances, published by RSC (2016-03-02)

Drinking more water associated with numerous dietary benefits, study finds
University of Illinois professor Ruopeng An led a study that examined the dietary habits of more than 18,300 US adults, and found the majority of people who increased their consumption of plain water by 1 percent reduced their total daily calorie intake as well as their consumption of saturated fat, sugar, sodium and cholesterol. (2016-03-01)

Sugar rush shrinks brain cell powerhouse
The spike in blood sugar levels that can come after a meal is controlled by the brain's neuronal mitochondria, which are considered the 'powerhouse of cells,' Yale School of Medicine researchers found in a new study. Published in the Feb. 25 issue of the journal Cell, the findings could provide a better understanding of how type 2 diabetes develops. (2016-02-25)

Genetically modified E. coli pump out morphine precursor
Japanese bioengineers have tweaked Escherichia coli genes so that they pump out thebaine, a morphine precursor that can be modified to make painkillers. The genetically modified E. coli produces 300 times more thebaine with minimal risk of unregulated use compared to a recently developed method involving yeast. (2016-02-25)

U-M researchers find noninvasive way to view insulin in pancreas
A new study in the journal Diabetes by Arvan and his fellow U-M researchers finally allowed them to see exactly how much insulin was present in the pancreas of a living animal. (2016-02-24)

How sweet can you get?
Japanese researchers have made a sweeter version of thaumatin, a natural sweetener commonly used in 'diet' beverages, gummy, and jelly candies. (2016-02-23)

Natural sugar may treat fatty liver disease
New research shows that a natural sugar called trehalose prevents fatty liver disease in mice. The study found that trehalose prevents the sugar fructose -- thought to be a major contributor to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease -- from entering the liver and triggers a cellular housekeeping process that cleans up excess fat buildup inside liver cells. (2016-02-23)

New way to reduce plant lignin could lead to cheaper biofuels
Berkeley Lab scientists have shown for the first time that an enzyme can be tweaked to reduce lignin in plants. Their technique could help lower the cost of converting biomass into carbon-neutral fuels to power your car and other sustainably developed bio-products. (2016-02-23)

Using sugar to detect malignant tumors
Ordinary sugar could become a contrast agent of the future for use in magnetic resonance tomography examinations of tumors. Malignant tumors show higher sugar consumption than surrounding tissue. (2016-02-22)

Taste sensors in fly legs control feeding
Scientists at Tohoku University have uncovered the role of taste sensors in fly legs to control feeding. This insight into insect choice behavior and feeding could lead to the development of more effective pest control. (2016-02-21)

Chemistry trick paves way for safer diabetes medication
New research from the University of Copenhagen points to an entirely new approach for designing insulin-based pharmaceuticals. The approach could open the door for more personalized medications with fewer side effects for Type 1 Diabetes patients. (2016-02-18)

Diabetes expert warns paleo diet is dangerous and increases weight gain
A new study has revealed following a low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet for just eight weeks can lead to rapid weight gain and health complications. (2016-02-18)

Stressed mouse dads give their offspring high blood sugar
Mouse fathers under psychological stress were more likely to have offspring with high blood sugar compared to their unstressed counterparts. In a study appearing Feb. 18 in Cell Metabolism, researchers link this difference to an epigenetic change in the stressed dad's sperm -- a change that they could prevent by blocking the father's stress hormones. The study adds to growing evidence that a male's life experience can be passed down through more than his genetic code alone. (2016-02-18)

'Beiging' white fat cells to fight diabetes
Researchers are getting closer to learning how to turn white fat cells into brown fat cells, in a process called 'beiging,' to bring down blood sugar levels and fight diabetes. The work suggests that activation of the mTOR pathway plays a critical role in this process. Induction of beige fat cells is considered a promising strategy to combat obesity because of this cell type's ability to metabolize glucose and lipids, dissipating the resulting energy as heat. (2016-02-16)

All sugars are not alike: Isomaltulose better than table sugar for type 2 diabetes patients
Like sucrose (table sugar), the natural disaccharide isomaltulose (PalatinoseTM) consists of glucose and fructose, but it is apparently more suitable for people with type 2 diabetes with regard to regulating blood glucose levels. The favorable metabolic effect of isomaltulose is due to the almost opposing release profiles of the gut hormones GLP-1 and GIP. This has now been shown in a study by the German Center for Diabetes Research. (2016-02-15)

Sweet discovery in leafy greens holds key to gut health
A critical discovery about how bacteria feed on an unusual sugar molecule found in leafy green vegetables could hold the key to explaining how 'good' bacteria protect our gut and promote health. The finding suggests that leafy greens are essential for feeding good gut bacteria, limiting the ability of bad bacteria to colonize the gut by shutting them out of the prime 'real estate.' (2016-02-15)

Chewing sugar free gum could save the NHS £8.2 million a year
The NHS could save £8.2 million a year on dental treatments -- the equivalent to 364,000 dental check-ups -- if all 12-year-olds across the UK chewed sugar free gum after eating or drinking, thanks to the role it plays in helping to prevent tooth decay. (2016-02-15)

Type 2 diabetes drug can exhaust insulin-producing cells
Long-term use of liraglutide, a substance that helps to lower blood sugar levels in patients with type 2 diabetes, can have a deteriorating effect on insulin-producing beta cells, leading to an increase in blood sugar levels. An international team of researchers flag the possible consequences of this popular form of therapy in the journal 'Cell Metabolism.' (2016-02-11)

Studying climate change impact on maple syrup quality
As maple sugaring season approaches, plant ecologist Kristina Stinson at the University of Massachusetts Amherst recently received a two-year, $149,800 grant to study the impact of climate change on the quantity and quality of sugar maple sap, including its chemical composition, and of sap from red maples, a species less sensitive to climate change. (2016-02-10)

Researchers discover a genetic mutation that prevents diabetes complications
A number of complications are associated with diabetes, but they are more prevalent in some patients than in others. A Finnish study has now revealed two genetic mutations which seem to lower the risk of contracting a diabetic retinal or kidney disease. (2016-02-10)

Watch: Barley can help improve blood sugar levels and reduce appetite
A recent study by Lund University in Sweden shows that barley can rapidly improve people's health by reducing blood sugar levels and risk for diabetes. The secret lies in the special mixture of dietary fibers found in barley, which can also help reduce people's appetite and risk for cardiovascular disease. (2016-02-09)

To burn sugar or not to burn sugar: How eggs store fuel for embryo development
Reproduction is highly dependent on diet and the ability to use nutrients to grow and generate energy. New work dissects the links between metabolism and the development of eggs and may provide a new understanding of human infertility as well as IVF treatment failures. (2016-01-28)

Earthworms could be a threat to biodiversity
The humble earthworm may be a threat to plant diversity in natural ecosystems, says a study just published by researchers from Université Laval and Université de Sherbrooke. Their work found an association between the presence of these European-introduced invertebrates and reductions in the abundance of certain tree and other plant species in the understory of sugar maple forests in southern Québec (Canada). (2016-01-27)

No more insulin injections?
Researchers from MIT, Boston Children's Hospital, and several other institutions, have designed a material that can be used to encapsulate human islet cells before transplanting them, which could cure diabetes for up to six months without provoking an immune response. (2016-01-25)

Yale team deciphers sugar's siren song
Sugar's sweetness and calorie content combine to give it lethal power to destroy diets, many scientists have assumed. However, new study by Yale University researchers says the brain responds to taste and calorie counts in fundamentally different ways. And only one of these responses explains why most New Years' resolutions have already disappeared under a deluge of Boston Crème Pies. (2016-01-25)

Health warning labels may deter parents from purchasing sugar-sweetened beverages for kids
Health warning labels similar to those found on tobacco products may have a powerful effect on whether parents purchase sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) for their children, according to a new study. Results show that regardless of a parent's level of education, they may be less likely to purchase an SSB when a label warning that consuming beverages with added sugar may contribute to obesity, diabetes and tooth decay is present. (2016-01-14)

The evidence for saturated fat and sugar related to coronary heart disease
Atherosclerotic Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is responsible for one in every six deaths in the United States as well as being the leading cause of death throughout the developed world. Healthcare professionals have for many years sought to limit and control CHD by focusing on prevention and, from a dietary perspective, on limiting saturated fats. (2016-01-13)

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