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Combating counterfeit Rx from China
Agencies worldwide are cracking down on counterfeit pharmaceuticals, and much of the focus has been on China, where an official was recently executed for approving fake medicines. While most of these drugs reach consumers through online or illegal suppliers, there's a growing threat to outlets considered more safe, like the neighborhood pharmacy, said pharmacoeconomist, Albert Wertheimer, Ph.D., who will address the problem at a US Patent and Trademark Office seminar on July 23 and 24 in Philadelphia. (2007-07-16)

How fish punish 'queue jumpers'
Fish use the threat of punishment to keep would-be jumpers in the mating queue firmly in line and the social order stable, a new study led by Australian marine scientists has found. Their discovery, which has implications for the whole animal kingdom including humans, has been hailed by some of the world's leading biologists as a (2007-06-26)

A legislative Security Council?
After Sept. 11, the United States used the UN and its Security Council to attain speedy results in creating legitimacy surrounding the objectives of that country's own security policy. In a dissertation from Lund University in Sweden, political scientist Anette Ahrnens shows that the Security Council can be a shortcut for great powers wishing to manipulate other countries into granting their consent. (2007-06-14)

Duetting birds with rhythm present a greater threat
Birds that sing duets with incredible rhythmic precision present a greater threat to other members of their species than those that whistle a sloppier tune, according to a study of Australian magpie-larks reported in the June 5th issue of Current Biology, published by Cell Press. (2007-06-04)

Poorer countries could struggle to implement new International Health Regulations
Poorer countries could struggle to implement the new International Health Regulations (IHR) about to be brought into force, says an Editorial in this week's edition of The Lancet. (2007-05-24)

Young meerkats learn the emotion before the message in threat calls
Human speech provides simultaneous information about a person's emotions and objects in the environment. Past research has shown that animal vocalizations can do the same, but little is known about the development of the features that encode such information. Observing wild, but habituated, meerkats (Suricata suricatta) in the Kalahari Desert, researchers from the University of Z├╝rich have shown that a youngster's understanding about the urgency of a threatening situation develops earlier than their understanding about the type of threat faced. (2007-05-22)

Reproductive speed protects large animals from being hunted to extinction
The slower their reproductive cycle, the higher the risk of extinction for large grazing animals such as deer and antelope that are hunted by humans, a new study has found. This understanding of the importance of reproductive rates could help conservation managers zero in on which species are in the greatest peril. (2007-05-15)

Menzies School of Health Research receives $5.3 million in Federal Budget
Australia's leader in Indigenous health research, the Darwin based Menzies School of Health Research, has received $5.3 million of infrastructure funding in the Federal Government budget, including $5 million for an extension to their current building. (2007-05-09)

U of M researcher addresses reality of pandemic flu and how the country should prepare
Michael T. Osterholm, Ph.D., M.P.H., director of the University of Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy will discuss the risk of pandemic flu attacking the United States and how the country should prepare for the worst-case scenario. (2007-04-11)

Researchers question validity of many research meta-analyses
New research by Drs. John Ioannidis and Thomas Trikalinos indicates that statistical conditions are often not met for employing asymmetry tests. (2007-04-09)

Supermarket surgeries 'a wake-up call for the profession'
Last week, the government announced plans to let supermarkets and retail pharmacies provide GP services, particularly in under doctored areas. Boots the Chemist welcomed this as (2007-03-29)

Security that nets malicious Web sites
Have you ever wondered how fraudulent or malicious Web sites can rank highly on search engines like Google or Yahoo? Queensland University of Technology IT researcher Professor Audun Josang said a Web site's ranking was determined by the number of people who visited the site -- the more hits the higher the ranking. (2007-03-23)

20 of world's 162 grouper species threatened with extinction
The first comprehensive assessment of the world's 162 species of grouper, a culinary favorite and important commercial fish, found that 20 are threatened with extinction unless proper management or conservation measures are introduced. (2007-03-21)

K-State National Agricultural Biosecurity Center director speaker at AAAS Biosecurity Symposium
David R. Franz, director of Kansas State University's National Agricultural Biosecurity Center, gave a presentation on some of the vulnerabilities and threats to the nation's livestock industry at a symposium on agricultural biosecurity, a part of the annual meeting of the American Academy for the Advancement of Science, Feb. 15-19, in San Francisco. (2007-02-18)

Doctors should measure the carbon footprint of their conference activities
Doctors must lead by example on climate change by reducing the carbon footprint of medical conferences, says an editorial in this week's BMJ. (2007-02-15)

Risk of extinction accelerated due to interacting human threats
Using experimental microcosm populations of rotifers, a type of zooplankton, the study found that individually each of these threats caused significant population declines. The study also found that the rate of declines was much accelerated when populations were exposed to more than one threat. These results indicate that multiple interacting threats are capable of causing rapid population extinction, and that all threats should be simultaneously reduced, if their synergies are to be avoided and if the current rate of species loss is to be reversed. (2007-02-07)

ASM Biodefense and Emerging Diseases Research Meeting
The American Society for Microbiology will host its 2007 Biodefense and Emerging Diseases Research Meeting from February 27-March 2, 2007 at the Renaissance Hotel in downtown Washington, DC. (2007-01-23)

Referral management schemes damage patients' interests
Referral management schemes pose a serious threat to patients' interests, argues Peter Lapsley, Chief Executive of the Skin Care Campaign, in this week's BMJ. Referral management schemes are springing up across the NHS as a means of reducing primary care trusts' spending on secondary care services. (2007-01-19)

High-quality marriages help to calm nerves
A University of Virginia neuroscientist has found that women under stress who hold their husbands' hands show signs of immediate relief, which can clearly be seen on their brain scans. (2006-12-18)

Book by Binghamton University psychology professor focuses on terrorism
Terrorism has plagued the United States throughout its history, though some seem to believe it began with the Oklahoma City bombing and the September 11 attacks. A new book by a Binghamton University faculty member argues that studying the history of terrorism in this country can lead to an understanding of the changing nature of the problem, methods for coping with the threat and the psychological, political and legal principles involved. (2006-12-05)

Scientists find safer ways to detect uranium minerals
The threat of (2006-11-20)

Europe should lead in promoting family planning in poor countries
Europe, rather than the US, should take the lead in revitalising global commitment to family planning, according to the third paper in the Online/Series published today. (2006-10-31)

U of MN Center for Drug Design awarded $2.5 million grant
The University of Minnesota Center for Drug Design has been awarded a $2.5 million, five-year grant by the National Institute of Health (NIH) to research antidotes for cyanide poisoning. (2006-10-26)

Body's virus fight wins Ph.D. researcher a Victoria Fellowship
Research into how the human body fights viral infections has led to Monash Ph.D. researcher Ms. Fleur Tynan being tonight announced as one of six winners of the 2006 Victoria Fellowships. (2006-10-18)

After North Korea test, what can be done to reduce the growing nuclear threat?
In the wake of the announcement of a nuclear test by North Korea, new questions have been raised about proliferation and the threat of nuclear terrorism. Is nuclear terrorism preventable? What steps has the United States already taken to avoid a nuclear catastrophe and what steps should be taken in the future? Scholars, scientists, and policymakers, including Graham Allison, Sam Nunn and William Perry, address these crucial questions in the Annals September issue. (2006-10-12)

Effective booster shot a bit of good news against bird flu
An initial priming shot given in advance of a booster shot may be an effective way to protect people against bird flu, researchers say in a presentation at the annual meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. (2006-10-12)

Software tool helps protect Nation's drinking water: Now available in all 50 states
A new software tool that can be used by incident commanders, water utility managers and others to protect community drinking water sources from contamination during emergencies is now available in all 50 states. (2006-10-10)

Alaskans feel the heat of global warming
A new study finds that most Alaskans believe global warming is happening and is a serious threat to the state. The statewide survey, with funding from the National Science Foundation and the Center for Research on Environmental Decisions at Columbia University, was commissioned by Dr. Anthony Leiserowitz of Decision Research and conducted this summer by the Craciun Research Group. (2006-10-04)

Is it possible to reduce the threat of nuclear terrorism?
Nuclear terrorism is the gravest international security challenge today. Is the United States prepared to cope with this very real threat? Is nuclear terrorism preventable? What steps has the U.S. already taken to avoid this catastrophe and what steps should be taken in the future? Esteemed scholars, scientists, and policymakers address these crucial questions in the September volume of SAGE Publications' The Annals of The American Academy of Political and Social Science. (2006-08-30)

Study shows long-term health effects from West Nile illnesses
More than a year after being diagnosed with a West Nile virus infection, half of the patients have ongoing health complaints including fatigue, memory problems, headaches, depression and tremors, according to an article in the Sept. 15 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases. (2006-08-16)

Researchers appeal for new regulations to save coral reefs from live fish trade
Researchers are calling for tighter controls on the live reef fish trade, a growing threat to coral reefs, in letters to the international journal, Science. (2006-08-04)

Climate change may threaten species of amphibians and reptiles in southwestern Europe
Projected climate change could trigger massive range contractions among amphibian and reptile species in the southwest of Europe, according to a new study published in the Journal of Biogeography. (2006-06-19)

Do angry men get noticed?
By comparing how quickly human facial expressions of different types are detected in a crowd of neutral faces, researchers have demonstrated that male angry faces are a priority for visual processing - particularly for male observers. The findings are reported by Mark Williams of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Jason Mattingley of the University of Melbourne, Australia, and appear in the June 6th issue of Current Biology. (2006-06-05)

AIDS, TB, malaria and bird flu spread unchecked in Burma
Government policies in Burma that restrict public health and humanitarian aid have created an environment where AIDS, drug-resistant tuberculosis, malaria and bird flu (H5N1) are spreading unchecked, according to a report by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. In that report, the authors document the spread of these infectious diseases, which if left unchecked, could pose a serious health threat to other Southeast Asia nations and the world. (2006-03-27)

Tomorrow's endangered species: Act now to protect species not yet under threat
Conservationists should be acting now to protect mammals such as North American reindeer which risk extinction in the future as the human population grows, according to research published today. The research, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveals areas with the potential to lose species that are not presently in danger. Species in these 'hotspots' have a latent risk of extinction. (2006-03-06)

Study reveals mass migration of mormon crickets driven by hunger, fear
An international research team reports hunger for protein and salt, and a fear of cannibalism, drives the mass migration of Mormon crickets in western North America. The team's findings could lead to more environmentally friendly tactics for controlling large swarms of insects. (2006-03-02)

Gene patterns in white blood cells quickly diagnose disease
Researchers at Walter Reed Army Institute of Research are developing a method to determine in a matter of hours if someone has been exposed to a bioterrorism agent just by looking at the pattern of active genes in that person's white blood cells. They report their findings today at the ASM Biodefense Research Meeting. (2006-02-16)

New sensor to provide early warning of oxygen loss to unborn children
Researchers have devised a new sensor to dramatically improve the amount of early warning doctors and midwives get of fetal hypoxia during childbirth. (2006-02-14)

Bird flu poses threat to international security, Illinois scholar says
In the past, when government leaders, policymakers and scholars have turned their attention to peace and security issues, the talk invariably has focused on war, arms control or anti-terrorism strategies. But Julian Palmore believes it's time to expand the scope of the conversation to include the threat of bird flu. (2006-01-24)

New software tool helps protect nation's drinking water
In the United States, hundreds of thousands of bodies of surface water -- like lakes, rivers, and reservoirs -- help supply the American public with its drinking water. If a chemical or biological contaminant were accidentally or intentionally introduced into a drinking water source, knowing what threat it posed to the public would be essential to the incident commanders charged with mounting an emergency response. (2006-01-20)

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