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Current Threat News and Events, Threat News Articles.
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A 2002 disease threat offers lessons for avian flu preparedness
As public health experts discuss how best to prevent an avian flu epidemic in the United States, La Follette School of Public Affairs assistant professor Donald P. Moynihan has a few suggestions. (2005-12-06)

Tropical dry forests receive international recognition
When most people think of tropical forests, rainforests immediately come to mind. But they are not the only kind under threat -- the tropical dry forest is in as much danger as its popular cousin yet its grave situation continues to be ignored. Dr. Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa is hoping to change that with TROPI-DRY, a newly formed research network hosted by the University of Alberta. (2005-11-28)

Problem of emerging infectious diseases likely to worsen
Emerging infectious diseases pose a global threat to human and animal health, and the problem is likely to worsen, warns an expert in this week's BMJ. The recent emergence of diseases, such as AIDS, SARS and avian flu, have catapulted emerging infectious diseases to the top of the medical and political agendas, and have highlighted the importance of wildlife as reservoirs or vectors for disease, writes Dr Andrew Cunningham. (2005-11-24)

Advances in Forest Threat Assessment: Applications to Forest and Rangeland Management
North America's forests and rangelands face many environmental threats that often act in concert and with no regard for land ownership and administrative boundaries. As such, they are difficult to identify and anticipate, much less manage or control. The conference will explore the latest information on environmental threat assessment and management through scientific and case study sessions, oral and poster presentations, and panel discussions. (2005-11-16)

Comic books shadow how we react to threats
The hero's actions and storylines often reflect the feelings of their readers. (2005-11-15)

What's in a name? A lot, says new research about the effect of one's own name on consumer behavior
New research from the forthcoming issue of the Journal of Consumer Research reveals that we pick certain brand names for an entirely narcissistic reason - because they contain letters of the alphabet that are in our own name. The theory is an extension of the 'name letter effect,' which has demonstrated that people indeed like the letters in their name more so than others letters. (2005-11-14)

Five questions that need to be addressed at international flu meeting
Next week Geneva will host a major meeting about planning for and containing avian and human influenza. An editorial in this week's issue of The Lancet highlights the five vital issues facing the summit. (2005-11-03)

National Academies advisory: Fighting infectious disease
Treating infectious diseases in a microbial world: Report of two workshops on novel antimicrobial therapeutics, a new report from the National Academies' National Research Council, examines innovative approaches to the development of antimicrobial drugs and vaccines. (2005-10-28)

Population growth could be bigger threat to reducing poverty in Africa than AIDS
High fertility rates and rapid population growth could prove to be more serious obstacles to poverty reduction than AIDS in most African countries, states a viewpoint published online today (Thursday October 27, 2005) by The Lancet. (2005-10-26)

Claude Steele to address issues of stereotypes and academic achievement
Claude M. Steele, director of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences in Palo Alto, California, and Lucie Stern Professor in the Social Sciences at Stanford University, will present the Second Annual Brown Lecture in Education Research, on October 20, 2005, in Washington, DC. (2005-10-20)

Sports utility vehicles should carry health warnings, say experts
Sports utility vehicles (SUVs) should carry health warnings to raise awareness of the increased risk to pedestrians compared with ordinary cars, argue researchers in this week's BMJ. (2005-10-06)

Experts develop global action plan to save amphibians facing extinction
A summit of leading scientists have agreed to an action plan intended to save hundreds of frogs, salamanders and other amphibians facing extinction from familiar threats such as pollution and habitat destruction, as well as a little-known fungus wiping out their populations. (2005-09-20)

Physically abused children highly distracted by anger
Research has shown that physically abused children are attuned to noticing signs of anger and threat. This study examined how both abused and non-abused 4-year olds were able to focus and control their attention when exposed to hostile conversation between adults. Physiological measures revealed that abused children became more emotionally aroused as the confrontation moved towards anger. The results may explain why abused children are especially distracted in classroom and social situations. (2005-09-14)

NMSU Physical Science Laboratory helps put the ICE on explosives in Iraq
Signal-jamming equipment developed by New Mexico State University's Physical Science Laboratory in collaboration with the US Army Research Laboratory is proving effective against improvised explosive devices (IEDs). (2005-09-14)

Hurricane aftermath: Infectious disease threats from common, not exotic, diseases
In the wake of Katrina, the public health threats from infectious diseases in hurricane-devastated areas are more likely to come from milder, more common infections rather than exotic diseases. These common infections can often be prevented using simple hygiene measures and a little common sense. (2005-09-13)

Scientists develop fungus-fighting vaccine
A group of scientists in Italy have developed a vaccine with the potential to protect against fungal pathogens that commonly infect humans, according to a study by Torosantucci and colleagues in the September 5 issue of The Journal of Experimental Medicine. Although these fungi pose little threat to people with healthy immune systems, they can cause fatal infections in those whose immune systems have been weakened by cancer treatments or post-transplant immunosuppressive therapies. (2005-09-05)

New vaccine protects more effectively against tuberculosis
The team of Prof. Stefan H.E. Kaufmann at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin has designed a novel tuberculosis vaccine with high vaccine efficacy. (2005-08-26)

Mental health of war survivors
In a survey of people who had experienced war-related events and traumas in the former Yugoslavia, researchers found that most survivors (79 percent) reported a sense of injustice in relation to perceived lack of redress for their trauma. (2005-08-02)

New software can help people make better decisions in time-stressed situations
Human teams aided by a software system can make decisions more accurately and quickly in time-stressed situations than teams of just people, according to the Penn State researchers who developed the new software. (2005-07-29)

Nuclear weapons continue to pose a serious health risk in Europe
Nuclear weapons in various European countries, particularly Russia, pose a serious threat to health, argues a letter in this week's BMJ. (2005-07-21)

Chickadees' alarm calls carry information about size, threat of predators
The alarm calls of the black-capped chickadee carries a surprising amount of information about a predator's size and the threat it poses. (2005-06-23)

'Biosensor' screens Air Force personnel and equipment
Air Force personnel will soon know within minutes if they or their equipment are contaminated with a biological agent, thanks to a new technology developed by the Air Force and a national laboratory. Personnel will use the biosensor system to collect and isolate samples, detect and identify agents, and assess the seriousness of the threat. (2005-06-16)

Highlights in the June 2005 issue of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment
Several review ppaers in the June issue of Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment cover a wide variety of issues, including: Chesapeake Bay restoration, community recovery of agricultural landscapes, an ecological nutrition link to infections, and an examination of the threats facing marine species. (2005-06-13)

When in danger humans are similar to a deer in the headlights
People, like other animals, freeze and their heart rate slows upon seeing threatening cues. (2005-06-09)

'Just in time' avian influenza program offered June 16
To help disseminate factual information about avian influenza as both a threat to agricultural productivity and human health and well-being, the Center for Public and Corporate Veterinary Medicine on the Maryland Campus of the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine will present an avian influenza informational symposium from 1 to 5 p.m. Tuesday, June 14, at the Avrum Gudelsky Veterinary Center on the University of Maryland campus. (2005-06-03)

Everyone is entitled to a good doctor, says former GMC president
Everyone is entitled to a good doctor and the public will no longer tolerate substandard practice, says Donald Irvine, former president of the General Medical Council in this week's BMJ. (2005-05-26)

Feelings of threat lead to restricted civil liberties
An increased perception of terrorist threat, strengthens peoples' support of measures that limit civil liberties. (2005-05-26)

Prejudices evolved, says ASU study
Contrary to what most people believe, the tendency to be prejudiced is a form of common sense, hard-wired into the human brain through evolution as an adaptive response to protect our prehistoric ancestors from danger. (2005-05-25)

Post-9/11 foreign policy: traditional and dangerous
Bush Foreign Policy is using traditional means with dangerous implications to mobilize public support. (2005-05-25)

Detecting biological threats top goal of UH project
Researchers at University of Houston have been awarded a homeland security grant to develop a method for identifying bacteria and viruses that could be used in bioterrorism. The Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency awarded the grant to a group of bioinformatics researchers at UH to study DNA probes for detecting emerging or engineered pathogens. The project - (2005-05-20)

Children's peer group influences ethnic/racial prejudice
Children's tendency to show ethnic/racial prejudice is greater when their friends exclude individuals on the basis of race and when their peer groups feel threatened by outsiders. This research, which explored the attitudes, beliefs and behaviors that young children show towards those of other groups, showed that children spontaneously compared the perceived status of different groups. Also, when changing groups, children were more willing to move to the group with members of the same race. (2005-05-17)

Politicians bury their heads in the sand while global flu threat mounts
Governments around the world must stop burying their heads in the sand over the growing threat of a global epidemic of avian flu, argues a GP in this week's BMJ. (2005-05-05)

Survey of Iraqi teens: The more unsafe they feel, the higher their self-esteem
University of Cincinnati Associate Professor Steve Carlton-Ford is reporting an interesting preliminary finding in a rare survey that focuses on the attitudes of adolescents affected by war on their home soil. The survey of 1,000 Iraqi adolescents in 10 neighborhoods around Baghdad suggests that the more the teenagers felt that their country and city were unsafe, the more frequently they reported strong self-esteem. (2005-03-16)

Double volcanic eruption in Eastern Russia
Acquired from orbit 800 kilometres away, this Envisat image shows two volcanoes erupting simultaneously on Russia's snowy Kamchatka Peninsula this week. (2005-03-10)

Openness is key to winning the war over MMR
Openness and communication between experts and the public is key to winning the war over MMR, says an expert in this week's BMJ. (2005-03-10)

Symbiotic bacteria protect hunting wasps from fungal infestation
Researchers have discovered a fascinating symbiotic relationship between a wasp species and a newly discovered bacterial species - a relationship that potentially sheds light on how bacteria can be successfully utilized by higher organisms in defensive mechanisms against other microbes. In the new work, researchers show that a solitary ground-nesting wasp, the European beewolf, harbors Streptomyces bacteria in unique structures within its antennae and that females utilize these bacterial symbionts to protect the wasp larvae against pathogenic fungi. (2005-03-07)

Stopping smallpox in its tracks: A new anti-viral approach
Natural or deliberate exposure to smallpox poses a great health threat. In the February 1 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, researchers from Harvard Medical School propose a new antiviral therapy - a low molecular weight inhibitor of signaling mediated by the smallpox growth factor. These inhibitors, already in use for anti-tumor therapy, may have widespread applications in viral infections and protection from smallpox. This is critical when the threat of smallpox as a biological weapon is high. (2005-02-01)

Veterinarians discover first known case of canine distemper in a wild tiger
Veterinarians from the New York-based Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) have confirmed the first-known case of canine distemper in a wild Siberian tiger in the Russian Far East, further threatening populations of this highly endangered big cat. (2004-09-01)

New research to explore impacts of stereotyping
A researcher at the University of Arizona in Tucson has received a four-year, $400,000 grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to explore how awareness of negative stereotypes affects the cognitive functions of women and Latinos. (2004-07-02)

MUHC researchers look at the national impact of osteoporosis
Even a minor accident or fall could result in a potentially disabling fracture for as many as 60 percent of Canadian women over age 50. That's just one of the disturbing findings of the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CAMOS), a major, ongoing study of osteoporosis involving more than 9,000 people across Canada. (2004-06-24)

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