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Plant diseases plague world trade
Long before mad cow and foot-and-mouth disease, countries battled invading plant diseases. In fact, so devastating have foreign diseases been to the world's forests and crop plants that over the years countries have developed strict trade policies regarding everything from plant seeds to potting soil. But some now argue it's time for a reevaluation. There is enough concern that the world's largest organization of plant health scientists plans to discuss these issues at their annual meeting in August. (2001-08-13)

Fear, anxiety affect pain
Human emotion can be a powerful force, acting as the fuel for everything from improbable sports championships to tragic acts of violence, and now there's evidence showing how powerful human emotional states can be when it comes to determining a person's ability to feel pain. (2001-06-11)

NYU neuroscientist examines how brain responds to fears that are imagined and anticipated, but never experienced
Previous research has indicated that a brain structure called the amygdala is critical to the expression of a conditioned fear response. Now NYU Neuroscientist Elizabeth A. Phelps has found that the amygdala is involved when you encounter a fear-invoking event that you've only heard about -- for example, when you encounter a dog that you've heard bit the neighbor. (2001-03-24)

Smallpox as a weapon of bioterrorism - Penn researchers receive NIH grant to lessen the threat
Smallpox may be largely forgotten, but it certainly isn't gone. University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine researchers have received a grant from the NIH to investigate how the U.S. could combat smallpox bioterrorism. Penn researchers will investigate new therapies to protect against the disease. (2001-01-14)

Scientists say volcanoes bigger threat than asteroids
While a giant asteroid may have wiped out the dinosaurs, modern Earth is at much greater risk from a threat closer to home, said volcanologists this weekend at the annual meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco. (2000-12-17)

Susan Okie receives microbiology communcations award
Susan Okie, medical reporter at The Washington Post, has been named the recipient of the 2000 American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Public Communications Award. Her winning entry is a two-part series that examines the advances made toward eliminating tuberculosis and the current worldwide resurgence of the disease. (2000-05-16)

Is your phone infected?
Computer scientists are warning that future viruses could spread via intelligent mobile phones or personal digital assistants. A virus could record conversations and forward them to other people or run up huge telephone bills. (2000-05-16)

Cancer's triple threat: three doctors at Cedars-Sinai team up against women's cancers
America's First Lady, three physicians at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, and numerous Hollywood celebrities are all joining forces on March 28 to raise funds for the fight against ovarian, breast, endometrial and other women's cancers. Hillary Rodham Clinton will receive the (2000-03-14)

Mass extinction of freshwater species in North America
The first estimate of extinction rates of North America's freshwater animals shows that they are the most endangered group on the continent. (1999-09-29)

Invading Beetle Threatens Canada's Pine Forests
A European beetle that arrived in North America in the ballasts of ships will likely spread throughout Canada and present a major threat to the lumber and Christmas tree industries, says a University of Toronto researcher. (1999-04-29)

Detecting Deadly Land Mines
Advanced computer technology developed by an ONR-sponsored researcher at Johns Hopkins University can find above-ground mines in an aerial picture in less than a minute. (1999-03-01)

United States Ill-Equipped To Face Bioterrorists, Hopkins Expert Warns
D.A. Henderson, M.D., one of the nation's leading authorities on threats to the public's health and the man credited with the success of the smallpox eradication project a quarter century ago, says the virus is once again a threat to the United States and the world -- this time as a weapon of bioterrorists. (1999-02-26)

National Symposium On Medical And Public Health Response To Bioterrorism
An epidemic catastrophe resulting from a terrorist's use of a biological weapon is a threat of increasing probability in light of events including the 1995 sarin nerve gas attack on the Tokyo subway, disclosures regarding the former Soviet Union's sophisticated bioweapons program, and recent discoveries of Iraq's large-scale efforts to produce and weaponize biological agents. (1999-02-03)

USC Scientists Find That Multi-Vitamin Use And Hormone Replacement Therapy MayLower Levels Of Homocysteine
University of Southern California scientists Howard N. Hodis, M.D., Wendy J. Mack, Ph.D., and their colleagues have found intriguing evidence that both regular multi-vitamin use or long-term hormone replacement therapy may reduce cardiovascular damage caused by homocysteine, a mysterious amino acid found in the blood that many believe will emerge as (1998-11-11)

Men And Women's Hearts React To Different Stresses
Different kinds of stressful events send men's and women's blood pressure and heart rates soaring, new research suggests. In an experiment with 60 married couples, husbands displayed greater cardiovascular reaction when they thought their skills were being challenged, while the wives had greater reactions when they disagreed with their husbands. (1998-11-10)

National Stereotypes Reflect International Conflicts
Stereotypes of different nationalities seem to be determined by the economic and competitive relations between nations. Well-educated young people consider nations which do not constitute a threat to be (1998-11-02)

Local Approaches To Combating Antibiotic Resistance Are Doomed To Failure
Richard Wise, professor of medical microbiology at Birmingham, and colleagues say that veterinary practice must change, that patients must be educated not to expect antibiotics for every infection, that clinical guidelines will be needed to control antibiotic prescribing and that more fundamental research will be required to understand the levers that control antibiotic resistance. (1998-09-04)

Health Promotion: Can Scare Tactics Work?
Health promotion campaigns based on scare tactics may produce the opposite of the intended effects if they don't also make people believe they can do something that really averts the health threat, warns a team of researchers who field tested one such campaign -- about genital warts -- among coeds at Michigan State University. (1998-09-01)

Killing Fields: A Bacterial Pesticide May Threaten Human Life
Companies in North America want to spray crops with a bacterium that might cause a deadly lung infection in people with cystic fibrosis. Experts on the bacterium, Burkholderia cepacia, are calling for a ban on its use in pest control until it is proved safe. (1998-05-20)

Diabetes: Kids Respond Better To 'Can Do' Than To Threats
Physicians tend to warn young diabetes patients about the consequences of not sticking with their prescribed treatments, but researchers now say young people might be more likely to respond to messages that build up their ability to stick with the treatments than to those that emphasize the negative consequences of not doing so. (1998-02-13)

Brain-Activity Data Clarify Contradictions In Earlier Anxiety Research
Psychologists need not worry about years of confusing research regarding anxiety. With emotional response broken into two aspects -- worry and panic -- a distinct pattern of activity arises in the brain, University of Illinois researchers say. (1997-10-03)

One Chimp Can Perceive States Of Awareness In Others
Researchers discovered that chimpanzees may determine whether their partners know they are in, suggesting that chimps decide how ignorant or informed their peers are about an unexpected situation. This suggests that have the ability to perceive the knowledge state of a peer, and perhaps the intention to protect that peer. (1997-08-29)

Laptops Take To The Skies: Portable Mapping System Helps Pilots Plan Flights
A laptop mapping system originally developed for flight planning in fighter planes is now useful with different types of aircraft, offers enhanced features previously available only on non-portable computers, and was a finalist in a recent international competition. (1997-08-29)

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