Current Thyroid Cancer News and Events | Page 3

Current Thyroid Cancer News and Events, Thyroid Cancer News Articles.
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Regulation of cancer stemness by the best combination of nanotech and genetic engineering
Photo-active nanocomplexes are successfully developed. The nanocomplexes allow spatiotemporal controlling genetically-engineered cells that are overexpressing temperature-sensitive membrane proteins. The technology demonstrates effective cancer elimination and dramatic suppression of cancer stemness in cells and mice. (2020-08-17)

Targeted therapy combination effective for patients with advanced cholangiocarcinoma and BRAF mutations
In a Phase II trial led by MD Anderson researchers, a combination targeted therapy acheived a 51% overall response rate in patients with cholangiocarcinoma and BRAF V600E mutations. This is the first prospective study for this group of patients. (2020-08-17)

Study finds cancer mapping may solve puzzle of regional disease links
New statistical analysis finds cancer mapping may help question regional disease links. (2020-08-13)

Smoking strongly linked to women's lower take up of cancer screening services
Smoking is strongly linked to lower use of cancer screening services by women, and more advanced disease once cancer is diagnosed, reveals research published in the online journal BMJ Open. (2020-08-13)

Some physicians are ordering thyroid tests for unsupported reasons
Up to one-third of physicians reported sending patients for a thyroid ultrasound for reasons not supported by clinical care guidelines, a new study led by University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center researchers finds. Routine use of ultrasounds to detect cancerous thyroid nodules have led to a significant increase in thyroid cancer cases in recent years, although many are low-risk and unlikely to cause serious harm. (2020-08-12)

Increased breast cancer risk in obesity linked to fat cell chemicals
Obesity increases the release of tumour-promoting molecules from fat tissue and is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, according to a study published in Endocrine-Related Cancer. The study found that fat tissue from people with obesity released increased amounts of extracellular vesicles (EV's) enriched in harmful and inflammatory molecules into the blood stream, which can alter breast cancer cells to become more aggressive and invasive. (2020-08-11)

HPV strains may impact cervical cancer prognosis
An analysis of cervical cancers in Ugandan women has uncovered significant genomic differences between tumours caused by different strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), signifying HPV type may impact cervical cancer characteristics and prognosis. (2020-08-10)

Study gauges specific site stomach cancer risks among ethnic groups
Non-white Americans, especially Asian Americans, are at disproportionately higher risk for gastric cancer compared to non-Hispanic white Americans. A new study breaks down this risk according to specific ethnicities and locations within the stomach. (2020-08-06)

New method to help spot gastric cancer cells
Researchers from the Shenyang Institute of Automation (SIA) of the Chinese Academy of Science (CAS) and City University of Hong Kong (CityU), in cooperation with doctors from the First Hospital of China Medical University, jointly proposed an optically induced electrokinetics (OEK) microfluidic method for label-free separation and characterization of gastric cancer cells. (2020-08-05)

HDAC6 can control tumor growth and halt metastasis in triple-negative breast cancer
Genetic modifier HDAC6 was found to control tumor growth and halt metastasis in triple-negative breast cancer in vivo, according to a new study published in the journal Cancer Research by investigators at the GW Cancer Center. (2020-08-05)

Study provides new insight on colorectal cancer growth
A new study by researchers at the University of Kentucky identifies a novel function of the enzyme spermine synthase to facilitate colorectal cancer growth. (2020-07-29)

Phosphoprotein biomarkers to guide cancer therapy are identified
Researchers led by James Bibb, Ph.D., professor of surgery at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, suggest using a broader lens of post-translational modification analysis to identify new biomarkers of cancer drivers that may allow a much more precise prediction of patient responses to treatments. In a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, they demonstrate this diagnostic alternative for neuroendocrine neoplasms driven by an aberrantly activated protein kinase called Cdk5. (2020-07-28)

A new way to target cancers using 'synthetic lethality'
Researchers at Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that inhibiting a key enzyme caused human cancer cells associated with two major types of breast and ovarian cancer to die and in mouse studies reduced tumor growth. (2020-07-27)

Higher end of normal blood platelet count could indicate cancer
Blood platelet counts at the higher end of normal suggest a high risk of cancer in men aged 60 or over, and should be investigated, according to new University of Exeter research. (2020-07-27)

New platform enables long-term tracking of stem cell-derived tissues after transplantation
A new platform reported on in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine (SCTM) will enable long-term tracking of cardiomyocytes produced from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) after implantation into the heart. (2020-07-23)

Comparing hyperthyroidism treatments with risk of cancer death
Researchers compared long-term risk of death from a solid cancer in patients treated with radioactive iodine, anti-thyroid drugs or surgery for hyperthyroidism. (2020-07-23)

Mix and match: New 3D cell culture model replicates fibrotic elements of pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer is a deadly cancer characterized by prominent fibrosis, which plays a crucial role in disease progression and therapeutic resistance. Despite various efforts, experimental models to date have generally failed to fully recapitulate the extent of fibrosis in human tissue. Now, scientists at Okayama University, Japan, have reported a new method that uses a 3D cell culture technique to generate pancreatic cancer tissues in the laboratory with any given amount of fibrosis. (2020-07-22)

Levothyroxine doesn't improve cardiac function for heart attack patients
Tens of thousands of patients with underactive thyroid are being prescribed Levothyroxine after a heart attack - but the results a of a double-blind randomised clinical trial has shown that it offers no benefits to their heart function. The researchers, led by Dr Salman Razvi at Newcastle University, UK, are now working to change the international guidelines on treatment. (2020-07-21)

Immunotherapy safe for patients with COVID-19, cancer
Preliminary data from researchers at the University of Cincinnati Cancer Center show that immunotherapy doesn't necessarily worsen complications for patients with both COVID-19 and cancer. (2020-07-20)

Gum disease may raise risk of some cancers
People who have periodontal (gum) disease may have a higher risk of developing some forms of cancer, suggests a letter published in the journal Gut detailing a prospective study. (2020-07-20)

Widely used blood test could advance heart failure treatment
Researchers at New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine (NYITCOM) and FuWai Heart Hospital (Beijing, China) have developed a new use for a common blood test, which could provide a potentially life-saving treatment for heart failure. (2020-07-16)

How breast cancer cells sneak past local immune defenses
Breast cancer cells grow locally, then metastasize throughout the body. They succeed in establishing tumors by sabotaging local immune cells embedded in tissues, thus evading detection and destruction by the body's roving immune defenses. (2020-07-15)

New method estimates risks of hormone-disrupting substances in drinking water
Researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden have developed a new method that can make it easier for public authorities to assess the health risks of hormone-disrupting chemicals in the environment. The study, which is published in Environmental Health Perspectives, shows that women are particularly at risk of decreased levels of thyroid hormones related to PFAS-contaminated drinking water. (2020-07-08)

Iodine exposure in the NICU may lead to decrease in thyroid function, NIH study suggests
Exposure to iodine used for medical procedures in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) may increase an infant's risk for congenital hypothyroidism (loss of thyroid function), suggests a study by researchers at the National Institutes of Health and other institutions. (2020-07-07)

Blocking cholesterol storage could stop growth of pancreatic tumors
Scientists at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory found they can stop the growth of pancreatic cancer cells by interfering with the way the cells store cholesterol. Their findings in mice and lab-grown pancreas models point toward a new strategy for treating deadly pancreatic cancer. (2020-07-07)

Discovery of key protein behind cancer relapse and progression can lead to new therapies
Reports show that cancer is the second-highest leading cause of death globally. A recent study by scientists from Duke-NUS Medical School provides new evidence supporting the presence of a key mechanism behind progression and relapse in cancer. The study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), discusses the role of MBNL1 protein as a biomarker for cancer prognosis, which can lead to the development of new treatment strategies for cancer. (2020-06-30)

Trends in the global burden of thyroid cancer
This study examined the worldwide trends of thyroid cancer from 1990 to 2017 according to geographic location, sex, age and socioeconomic factors. (2020-06-26)

University of Cincinnati research uncovers clues in use of immunotherapy for breast cancer
UC researchers have found a potential new combination therapy for breast cancer that would integrate use of the body's immune system with targeted treatment for a particular protein that advances cancer. (2020-06-24)

Study shows better option for treatment of inoperable anal cancer
People with inoperable anal cancer treated with carboplatin-paclitaxel had fewer complications and lived longer than those who received another chemotherapy that has been more often administered. (2020-06-24)

Study examines how the COVID-19 pandemic impacts quality of life in patients with cancer
Quality of life of cancer patients during coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. (2020-06-18)

Mild thyroid dysfunction affects one in five women with a history of miscarriage or subfertility
Mild thyroid abnormalities affect up to one in five women with a history of miscarriage or subfertility which is a prolonged time span of trying to become pregnant, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2020-06-17)

Susceptibility to carcinogens varies due to genetics
A new study led by Michele Carbone of the University of Hawai'i Cancer Center looks into how and why certain individuals develop cancer and others do not. (2020-06-15)

Breast cancer treatment costs highest among young women with metastic cancer
In a fight for their lives, young women, age 18-44, spend double the amount of older women to survive metastatic breast cancer, according to a large statewide study by the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. (2020-06-10)

Something in the water: Environmental pollutant may be more hazardous than previously thought
Sometimes toxins, such as hazardous wastes and industrial byproducts, seep into groundwater, the source of our drinking water. One such pollutant is perchlorate, a chemical compound used in rocket fuels, fireworks, fertilizers and other materials. The compound is thought to contribute to health issues in humans such as hypothyroidism, the decreased production of hormones from the thyroid gland, which can impact development. (2020-06-05)

Something in the water: Pollutant may be more hazardous than previously thought
Perchlorate, a chemical compound used in rocket fuels and other materials, may be a more hazardous pollutant than previously thought, says a new study from Johns Hopkins Medicine. (2020-06-05)

Identifying survivors at high risk of secondary cancers
St. Jude researchers look at the combined effect of cancer treatments and inherited mutations in DNA-repair genes. (2020-06-04)

Association between outdoor light at night & breast cancer risk among postmenopausal women
Outdoor light at night was linked to a higher risk of breast cancer in a study published in the International Journal of Cancer. (2020-06-03)

Study puts price tag on lost earnings from racial disparities in cancer mortality
A new American Cancer Society study puts a price tag on racial disparities in cancer mortality, finding that $3.2 billion in lost earnings would have been avoided in 2015 if non-Hispanic (NH) blacks had equal years of life lost from cancer deaths and earning rates as NH whites. (2020-06-03)

Thyroid dysfunction in pregnancy being overdiagnosed, overtreated
The current practice of testing most pregnant women for thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) may be leading to overdiagnosis and overtreatment, according to new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). http://www.cmaj.ca/lookup/doi/10.1503/cmaj.191664 (2020-06-01)

Cancer cells cause inflammation to protect themselves from viruses
Researchers at the Francis Crick Institute have uncovered how cancer cells protect themselves from viruses that are harmful to tumors but not to healthy cells. These findings could lead to improved viral treatments for the disease. (2020-06-01)

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