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Current Titanium News and Events, Titanium News Articles.
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For solar boom, scrap silicon for this promising mineral
Cornell University engineers have found that photovoltaic wafers in solar panels with all-perovskite structures outperform photovoltaic cells made from state-of-the-art crystalline silicon, as well as perovskite-silicon tandem cells, which are stacked pancake-style cells that absorb light better. (2020-08-03)

Adjustable lordotic expandable vs static lateral lumbar interbody fusion devices
The objective of this study is to compare the clinical and radiographic outcomes between patients treated with static and expandable interbody spacers with adjustable lordosis for MIS LLIF. (2020-07-31)

Stopping listeria reproduction 'in its tracks'
Listeria contaminations can send food processing facilities into full crisis mode with mass product recalls, federal warnings and even hospitalization or death for people who consume the contaminated products. UH researchers have discovered a chemical compound that stops listeria reproduction in both light and dark conditions which could lead to bacterial control in food products. (2020-07-27)

A new MXene material shows extraordinary electromagnetic interference shielding ability
Researchers from Drexel University and the Korea Institute of Science and Technology have discovered a MXene material that presents exceptional electromagnetic interference shielding abilities. (2020-07-23)

Solar-driven membrane distillation technology that can double drinking water production
A joint research team from the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), led by Dr. Kyung-guen Song from the KIST Water Cycle Research Center and Dr. Won-jun Choi from the KIST Center for Opto-Electronic Materials and Devices, announced that it had used solar heat, a source of renewable energy, to develop a highly efficient membrane distillation technology that can produce drinking water from seawater or wastewater. (2020-07-22)

'Blinking" crystals may convert CO2 into fuels
Imagine tiny crystals that ''blink'' like fireflies and can convert carbon dioxide, a key cause of climate change, into fuels. A Rutgers-led team has created ultra-small titanium dioxide crystals that exhibit unusual ''blinking'' behavior and may help to produce methane and other fuels, according to a study in the journal Angewandte Chemie. The crystals, also known as nanoparticles, stay charged for a long time and could benefit efforts to develop quantum computers. (2020-07-16)

Avoiding food contamination with a durable coating for hard surfaces
A new study from a team of University of Missouri engineers and food scientists demonstrates that a durable coating, made from titanium dioxide, is capable of eliminating foodborne germs, such as salmonella and E. coli, and provides a preventative layer of protection against future cross-contamination on stainless steel food-contact surfaces. (2020-07-16)

New NMR method enables monitoring of chemical reactions in metal containers
Scientists have developed a new method of observing chemical reactions in metal containers. For this purpose they use NMR spectroscopy, but with an unusual twist: There is no magnetic field. (2020-07-15)

UCLA-led team develops ways to keep buildings cool with improved super white paints
A research team led by UCLA materials scientists has demonstrated ways to make super white paint that reflects as much as 98% of incoming heat from the sun. The advance shows practical pathways for designing paints that, if used on rooftops and other parts of a building, could significantly reduce cooling costs, beyond what standard white 'cool-roof' paints can achieve. (2020-07-08)

For cleaner air, water, and soil
The air around us is still getting more and more polluted. No wonder many scientists strive to find a way to purify it. Thanks to the work of an international team led by prof. Juan Carlos Colmenares from the Institute of Physical Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, we are a big step closer to achieve this goal. They found a way to make an efficient reactive adsorbent able to purify the air from various toxic compounds, cheaply, and effectively. (2020-07-07)

The lightest shielding material in the world
Empa researchers have succeeded in applying aerogels to microelectronics: Aerogels based on cellulose nanofibers can effectively shield electromagnetic radiation over a wide frequency range - and they are unrivalled in terms of weight. (2020-07-02)

Radar points to moon being more metallic than researchers thought
The Moon's subsurface might be richer in metals, like iron and titanium, than researchers thought. (2020-07-01)

Science study: Chemists achieve breakthrough in the synthesis of graphene nanoribbons
Graphene Nanoribbons might soon be much easier to produce. An international research team led by Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU), the University of Tennessee and Oak Ridge National Laboratory in the U.S. has succeeded in producing this versatile material for the first time directly on the surface of semiconductors. Until now, this was only possible on metal surfaces. The research team reports on its results in the upcoming issue of ''Science''. (2020-06-25)

Catalyzing a green future
Highly modular metal-organic framework-based materials show great potential for photocatalytic hydrogen production. (2020-06-22)

Titanium oxide-based hybrid materials promising for detoxifying dyes
Photoactive materials have become extremely popular in a large variety of applications in the fields of photocatalytic degradation of pollutants, water splitting, organic synthesis, photoreduction of carbon dioxide, and others. Elza Sultanova, co-author of the paper, is engaged in researching catalytic properties of photoactive materials based on macrocycles. (2020-06-08)

How to gently caress atoms
It is extremely difficult to study oxygen molecules on the metal oxide surface without altering them. At TU Wien, this has now been achieved with a special trick: a single oxygen atom is attached to the tip of an atomic force microscope and then it is gently guided across the surface. The force between the surface and the oxygen atom is measured, and an image is taken with extremely high resolution. (2020-06-08)

Lighting the way to porous electronics and sensors
Researchers from Osaka University have created porous titanium dioxide ceramic thin films, at high temperatures and room temperature. The thin ceramic films strongly adhere to glass and plastic surfaces. Gas sensing performance is dramatically improved compared with nonporous titanium-based sensors. The adherent porous films will be useful in many useful applications, such as viral detection and as whitening agents. (2020-06-03)

Title: Two-dimensional MXene as a novel electrode material for next-generation display
Researchers in the US and Korea reported the first efficient flexible light-emitting diodes with a two-dimensional titanium carbide MXene as a flexible and transparent electrode. This MXene-based light-emitting diodes (MX-LED) with high efficiency and flexibility have been achieved via precise interface engineering from the synthesis of the material to the application (Advanced Materials,2020, 2000919). (2020-05-25)

Scientists have created new nanocomposite from gold and titanium oxide
ITMO University researchers together with their colleagues from France and the USA have demonstrated how a femtosecond laser can be used to tune the structure and nanocomposite properties for titanium dioxide films filled with gold nanoparticles. (2020-05-08)

Age of NGC 6652 globular cluster specified
Senior Research Associate Margarita Sharina (Special Astrophysical Observatory) and Associate Professor Vladislav Shimansky (Kazan Federal University) studied the globular cluster NGC 6652.4.05957 and found out that its age is close to 13.6 billion years, which makes it one of the oldest objects in the Milky Way. (2020-05-05)

Screw cancer: Microneedle sticks it to cancer tissue
A drug-loaded microrobotic needle effectively targets and remains attached to cancerous tissue in lab experiments without needing continuous application of a magnetic field, allowing more precise drug delivery. The details were published by researchers at DGIST's Microrobot Research Center in Korea and colleagues in the journal Advanced Healthcare Materials. (2020-05-05)

User research at BESSY II: How new materials increase the efficiency of direct ethanol fuel cells
A group from Brazil and an HZB team have investigated a novel composite membrane for ethanol fuel cells. It consists of the polymer Nafion, in which nanoparticles of a titanium compound are embedded by the rarely explored melt extrusion process. At BESSY II they were able to observe in detail, how the nanoparticles in the Nafion matrix are distributed and how they contribute to increase proton conductivity. (2020-05-04)

Catalyst enables reactions with the help of green light
For the first time, chemists at the University of Bonn and Lehigh University in Bethlehem (USA) have developed a titanium catalyst that makes light usable for selective chemical reactions. It provides a cost-effective and non-toxic alternative to the ruthenium and iridium catalysts used so far, which are based on very expensive and toxic metals. It can be used to produce highly selective chemical products that can provide the basis for antiviral drugs or luminescent dyes. (2020-04-20)

New electrode material developed to increase charge capacity of lithium batteries
Lithium batteries hold a lot of promise for the future of many applications, including electric vehicles, but tend to be prohibitively expensive, according to a team led by Naoaki Yabuuchi, professor at Yokohama National University in Japan. The team has developed a new electrode material to make lithium batteries not only cheaper, but longer lasting with higher energy density. The results were made available online, ahead of print publication, on March 25 in Materials Today. (2020-04-16)

Skoltech scientists developed a new cathode material for metal-ion batteries
Researchers from the Skoltech Center for Energy Science and Technology (CEST) created a new cathode material based on titanium fluoride phosphate, which enabled achieving superior energy performance and stable operation at high discharge currents. (2020-03-23)

Microscopic STAR particles offer new potential treatment for skin diseases
A skin cream infused with microscopic particles, named STAR particles, could potentially facilitate better treatment of skin diseases including psoriasis, warts, and certain types of skin cancer. (2020-03-09)

Dimming Betelgeuse likely isn't cold, just dusty, new study shows
In a paper published on the preprint site arXiv, scientists at the University of Washington and Lowell Observatory report that the average surface temperature of Betelgeuse, calculated using observations taken Feb. 14, 2020, is significantly warmer than expected if its recent dimming had been triggered by a cooling of the star's surface. Their calculations lend support to the theory that Betelgeuse has instead likely sloughed off some material from its outer layers. (2020-03-06)

Fast and furious: New class of 2D materials stores electrical energy
Like a battery,MXenes can store large amounts of electrical energy through electrochemical reactions- but unlike batteries,can be charged and discharged in a matter of seconds. In collaboration with Drexel University, a team at HZB showed that the intercalation of urea molecules between the MXene layers can increase the capacity of such 'pseudo-capacitors' by more than 50 percent. At BESSY II they have analysed how changes of the MXene surface chemistry after urea intercalation are responsible for this. (2020-03-03)

Novel photocatalytic method converts biopolyols and sugars into methanol and syngas
A research group led by Professor WANG Feng from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences recently developed a photocatalytic method for the conversion of biopolyols and sugars to methanol and syngas. (2020-02-27)

Motley crew: Rust and light a possible answer to the conundrum of hydrogen fuel production
Production of hydrogen fuel is a key goal towards the development of sustainable energy practices, but this process does not have feasible techniques yet. A team of Japanese scientists from Tokyo University of Science, led by Professor Ken-ichi Katsumata, have identified a novel technique of using rust and light to speed up hydrogen production from organic waste solution, a finding that can revolutionize the clean energy industry. (2020-02-26)

Using light to put a twist on electrons
Method with polarized light can create and measure nonsymmetrical states in a layered material. (2020-02-26)

New process for preserving lumber could offer advantages over pressure treating
Researchers have developed a new method that could one day replace conventional pressure treating as a way to make lumber not only fungal-resistant but also nearly impervious to water -- and more thermally insulating. (2020-02-13)

Oblique electrostatic inject-deposited TiO2 film leads efficient perovskite solar cells
Kanazawa University researchers used a novel technique to deposit TiO2 layers for efficient perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The inkjet-deposited layers applied at an angle of 45°, without the need for a vacuum, were uniform and their thickness could be controlled by manipulating coating times. The resulting PSCs had an efficiency of 13.19%, making the technique promising as a simple, low-cost method that could be easily scaled-up for commercial production of efficient PSCs. (2020-02-10)

Nanoparticles produced from burning coal result in damage to mice lungs
Titanium oxide found in coal smog and ash can cause lung damage in mice after a single exposure, with long-term damage occurring in just six weeks. (2020-02-05)

First view of hydrogen at the metal-to-metal hydride interface
University of Groningen physicists have visualized hydrogen at the titanium/titanium hydride interface using a transmission electron microscope. Using a new technique, they succeeded in visualizing both the metal and the hydrogen atoms in a single image, allowing them to test different theoretical models that describe the interface structure. The results were published on Jan. 31 in the journal Science Advances. (2020-01-31)

To make amino acids, just add electricity
By finding the right combination of abundantly available starting materials and catalyst, Kyushu University researchers were able to synthesize amino acids with high efficiency through a reaction driven by electricity. Simpler and less resource intensive than current production methods, processes like this may one day be used in resource-restricted conditions to produce the amino acids necessary for living -- even in space or on other planets. (2020-01-29)

Physicist obtain atomically thin molybdenum disulfide films on large-area substrates
Researchers have managed to grow atomically thin films of molybdenum disulfide spanning up to several tens of square centimeters. Thus, the noticeable remnant polarization value and a good switching endurance were obtained directly in contact with MoS2 film, allowing to conclude the possibility of the memory MoS2-based FeFET concept realization. (2020-01-22)

The properties of thin titanium oxide films have been studied
Some titanium oxides are known for their unique properties, such as increased photocatalytic activity (i.e. they effectively use light to speed up chemical reactions). Titanium oxide-based coatings are able to clean themselves under the influence of light. Moreover, they can potentially be used to purify air and water from harmful substances and to desalinate seawater. (2020-01-21)

Explosion or collapse?
A group of scientists, among them several from GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung and from Technical University of Darmstadt, succeeded to experimentally determine characteristics of nuclear processes in matter ten million times denser and 25 times hotter than the center of our sun. A result of the measurement is that intermediate-mass stars are very likely to explode, and not, as assumed until now, collapse. The findings are now published in the scientific magazine Physical Review Letters. (2020-01-10)

Ultrasound can make stronger 3D-printed alloys
A study just published in Nature Communications shows high frequency sound waves can have a significant impact on the inner micro-structure of 3D printed alloys, making them more consistent and stronger than those printed conventionally. (2020-01-09)

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