Current Tobacco Control News and Events | Page 24

Current Tobacco Control News and Events, Tobacco Control News Articles.
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The Lancet Oncology: Commission shows good progress in cancer care in Latin America
Following the success of the 2013 Lancet Oncology Commission on cancer care in Latin America, The Lancet Oncology today launches a second Commission on cancer in this region, highlighting the promising progress that has been made in just two years, but also the substantial barriers that remain to ensure all those that need cancer treatment and care receive optimal clinical management. (2015-10-28)

Adults with schizophrenia more likely to die; high cardiovascular death rates
Adults with schizophrenia were more than 3.5 times as likely to die as adults in the general US population, particularly from cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, and that implicates tobacco as a modifiable risk factor, according to an article published online by JAMA Psychiatry. (2015-10-28)

Three-quarters of stroke patients in China have hypertension
Three-quarters of stroke patients in China have hypertension, reveals research presented at the 26th Great Wall International Congress of Cardiology by Dr. Meilian Tang, a research fellow in the Department of Epidemiology, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, China. (2015-10-28)

American Academy of Pediatrics issues sweeping recommendations on tobacco and e-cigarettes
While adolescent use of tobacco has declined since the 1970s, it remains a persistent public health problem -- and e-cigarettes are threatening to addict a new generation to nicotine. In a comprehensive set of policies issued during its National Conference & Exhibition, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) presents extensive recommendations to protect our nation's youth from the pernicious effects of tobacco and nicotine. (2015-10-26)

Advocating for raising the smoking age to 21
Henry Ford Hospital pulmonologist Daniel Ouellette, M.D., who during his 31-year career in medicine has seen the harmful effects of smoking on his patients, advocates for raising the smoking age to 21. He says the move would help curb access to tobacco products at an early age and lead to reductions in smoking prevalence. (2015-10-22)

Reducing the sweetness to survive
Plants produce toxic compounds in order fend off herbivores. To make sure that the toxicity of these toxins will not harm the plants themselves, many plants add a sugar molecule to these substances. Digestive enzymes called glycosidases in the insect gut usually cleave off this sugar to release the toxin ? with harmful effects on the insects. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, now found the opposite mechanism. (2015-10-22)

Exposure to secondhand smoke linked to increased risk of tooth decay in young children
Exposure to secondhand smoke at four months of age is associated with an increased risk of tooth decay at age 3 years, concludes a study from Japan in The BMJ today. (2015-10-21)

Side stream emissions from 'heated tobacco' products similar to secondhand cigarette smoke
A new study in the Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry has found that next generation 'heated' tobacco devices produce side-stream emissions similar to secondhand cigarette smoke. (2015-10-19)

WSU researcher receives $2.6 million to study tobacco carcinogens, metabolism pathways
A Washington State University researcher has received a $2.6 million federal grant to study the body's ability to keep tobacco smoke components from causing cancer. Philip Lazarus, a distinguished professor and chair of pharmaceutical sciences, will look for genetic markers in enzymes that indicate an increased risk of developing lung, head and neck cancers from exposure to the carcinogens commonly found in tobacco smoke. (2015-10-15)

Use of e-cigarettes and alternative tobacco products may lead to increased tobacco use
The increasing use of alternative tobacco products, such as water pipes and e-cigarettes, by children under the age of 18 is a burgeoning public health crisis, researchers from NYU Langone Medical Center write in a commentary in the current issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association. (2015-10-13)

Acrylamide exposure from smokeless tobacco dwarfed by dietary exposure or smoking
The first comprehensive assessment of the acrylamide content of smokeless tobacco products (STPs) has shown that exposure to acrylamide through STP use is much smaller than -- approximately 1 percent of -- exposure from the diet or from cigarette smoking. 'Our study suggests that although acrylamide is present in STPs, the level is relatively low and may decrease over time,' said Kevin McAdam, Senior Principal Scientist at British American Tobacco. (2015-10-12)

University of Hawai'i Cancer Center awarded $5.5 million grant
The University of Hawai'i Cancer Center has been awarded a five-year $5.5 million to support its ongoing partnership with the University of Guam, addressing cancer health disparities among Pacific Islanders in Hawai'i, Guam and neighboring US Associated Pacific Islands. (2015-10-12)

Nurses could help cut smoking rates in China, according to UCLA-led study
China has a big smoking problem. Three-hundred fifty million smoke and one million a year die from smoking related causes. In a two-part study, published online in the Journal of Advanced Nursing, an international team of investigators found that nurses can play a pivotal role in helping smokers to quit. But in order to do so, they need knowledge and skills. (2015-10-09)

The Lancet: Smoking set to kill 1 in 3 young men in China
One in three of all the young men in China will eventually be killed by tobacco, unless a substantial proportion stop smoking, according to new research published in The Lancet. (2015-10-08)

Older tobacco users pay more for health insurance under Affordable Care Act
A new study finds tobacco users would pay more for a health insurance plan from the Affordable Care Act exchanges than non-tobacco users in nearly every county of the 37 states that used healthcare.gov to sell their plans in 2015. (2015-10-08)

Smoking and heavy alcohol use are associated with epigenetic signs of aging
Cigarette smoking and heavy alcohol use cause epigenetic changes to DNA that reflect accelerated biological aging in distinct, measurable ways, according to research presented at the American Society of Human Genetics 2015 Annual Meeting in Baltimore. The researchers estimated biological age using a previously validated epigenetic (2015-10-08)

Smoking cessation drug proves initially more effective for women
The most effective prescription drug used to quit smoking initially helps women more than men, according to a Yale School of Medicine study. The study, published Oct. 7 by the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research, found that varenicline, marketed as Chantix, was more effective earlier in women, and equally effective in women and men after one year. (2015-10-07)

Stress in adolescence prepares rats for future challenges
Rats exposed to frequent physical, social, and predatory stress during adolescence solved problems and foraged more efficiently under high-threat conditions in adulthood compared with rats that developed without stress, according to Penn State researchers. The results may provide insights into how humans respond to adolescent stress. (2015-10-05)

EU funding to support chronic lung disease research
Researchers from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry are part of an international consortium which has received funding of almost €3 million from the EU Horizon 2020 programme, to investigate methods to prevent, diagnose and treat non-communicable lung disease (such as asthma and chronic pulmonary obstructive disorder - COPD) in low and middle income countries. (2015-10-05)

Online e-cigarette vendors engage customers using popular internet tools
First introduced in the United States in 2007, electronic cigarettes have risen dramatically in part because they are popularly considered safer and more socially acceptable than combustible cigarettes and because there are fewer restrictions on their purchase and use. A study by University of California, San Diego School of Medicine researchers, published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, points to aggressive online marketing tactics that make purchasing e-cigarettes easy for all ages. (2015-10-02)

Can reducing nicotine curtail smoking?
The question has been kicking around for 20 years: can cutting the amount of nicotine in cigarettes reduce cigarette use and dependence? The answer appears to be 'yes.' (2015-09-30)

Patients should be encouraged to use free e-cigarettes in hospitals, argues academic
Health boards in Scotland have banned the use of e-cigarettes, but this presents a missed public health opportunity. (2015-09-30)

Reduced-nicotine cigarettes decreased dependence and frequency of smoking: NEJM study
Reduced-nicotine cigarettes were beneficial in reducing nicotine exposure and dependence, and also the number of cigarettes smoked per day, when compared with standard-nicotine cigarettes in a six-week study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. (2015-09-30)

Cutting nicotine key to helping smokers quit
Two decades after a UCSF researcher proposed that reducing nicotine in cigarettes as a national regulatory policy might facilitate quitting, a new study he co-authored has added to a body of evidence that indicates that doing just that may accomplish this goal. (2015-09-30)

Deaths from heart disease and stroke could rise unless countries address risk factors
Over the next decade, early deaths from cardiovascular disease are expected to climb from 5.9 million in 2013 to 7.8 million in 2025 -- according to the first-ever forecasting analysis for heart disease from the Global Burden of Disease project. (2015-09-29)

Milestone single-biomolecule imaging technique may advance drug design
The researchers from the University of Zurich, Switzerland have made a breakthrough by obtaining the first nanometer (one billionth of a meter) resolved image of individual tobacco mosaic virions, a rod-shaped RNA virus that infects a wide range of plants, especially tobacco. The work demonstrates the potential of low-energy electron holography as a non-destructive, single-particle imaging technique for structural biology. (2015-09-28)

Early exposure to tobacco as a cause of behavioral problems in children
Researchers from Inserm and Pierre and Marie Curie University, in collaboration with the university hospitals of six French cities, have analyzed data on pre- and postnatal exposure to tobacco in the homes of 5,200 primary school children. (2015-09-28)

Cancer, sinusitis, tinnitus, and exposure to tobacco smoke
Research to be presented tomorrow at the 2015 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPOSM of the American Academy of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNSF) spans across the otolaryngology specialty. (2015-09-27)

Kids with asthma that are exposed to secondhand smoke have twice as many hospitalizations
The risk for hospitalization doubles for kids with asthma who are exposed to secondhand smoke, according to a study led by Mayo Clinic Children's Research Center. (2015-09-24)

Kids, asthma and secondhand smoke at home = twice as many hospitalizations
Parents who allow their children with asthma to be exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) at home need to know the risk is high their child will be hospitalized. In fact, the risk is nearly double that for kids with asthma who are not exposed to SHS. (2015-09-24)

Around the world, those treated for addiction far more likely to smoke
A review of studies from 20 countries indicates that tobacco use is not addressed in substance abuse treatment programs, says UCSF professor. (2015-09-22)

Public health must be top priority if cannabis is legalized in Canada
If Canada's new government decides to legalize cannabis, public health must be the top priority to prevent commercialization and promotion by 'Big Cannabis' and subsequent possible harms, argues an analysis published in CMAJ. (2015-09-21)

Smoking linked with higher risk of type 2 diabetes
Current smokers and people regularly exposed to second-hand smoke have a significantly increased risk for type 2 diabetes compared with people who have never smoked, according to a new study by researchers from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China, and National University of Singapore. The authors estimated 11.7 percent of cases of type 2 diabetes in men and 2.4 percent in women may be attributable to active smoking. (2015-09-17)

If mom or dad is a smoker, their teenager is more likely to be a smoker too
The more a parent smokes, the more their teenage son or daughter will also smoke. Teenagers are much more likely to smoke and be dependent on nicotine if a parent is dependent on nicotine, especially daughters if their mother is dependent on nicotine. Results of the study by researchers at Columbia University Medical Center and the New York State Psychiatric Institute appear online in the American Journal of Public Health. (2015-09-17)

E-cigarettes: Special issue from Nicotine & Tobacco Research
Today, Nicotine & Tobacco Research publishes a special issue on e-cigarettes which includes twelve original investigations, one brief report, and three letters. Topics covered include e-cigarette market trends in US retail, use of e-cigarettes among young people, chemical composition of e-cigarettes, and more. (2015-09-16)

Teen marijuana use down despite greater availability
Marijuana use among American high school students is significantly lower today than it was 15 years ago, despite the legalization in many states of marijuana for medical purposes, a move toward decriminalization of the drug and the approval of its recreational use in a handful of places, new research suggests. (2015-09-15)

Experts question the evidence underpinning e-cigarette recommendations
Public Health England recently endorsed the use of electronic cigarettes as an aid to quitting smoking. But in The BMJ this week, experts question the evidence on safety and effectiveness underpinning the recommendations. (2015-09-15)

Hookah tobacco smoking seems to be increasing in both prevalence and frequency
Nearly one in five recently surveyed high school seniors report having smoked tobacco from a hookah in the past year, and more than a third of them reported smoking hookahs often enough to be considered regular users, an analysis led by the University of Pittsburgh Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health revealed. The findings add to evidence that hookah use among adolescents is increasing in both prevalence and frequency. (2015-09-15)

Study finds growing public support in the USA and Canada for smokefree outdoor laws
A new study has found increasing support in the United States and Canada for smokefree laws for outdoor areas, especially in playgrounds and school grounds. The collaborative study between the University of Otago, New Zealand and University of Alberta, Canada, provides new and some unexpected insights for health promotion in North America. A key finding is that most residents welcome smokefree laws. Support was strongest for smokefree playgrounds and school grounds, but there was also majority support for a range of other smokefree areas. (2015-09-15)

Larger and private colleges and universities more likely to attract hookah establishments
Larger and private colleges and universities seem to attract hookah cafes and lounges, but smoke-free policies decrease these odds, according to findings published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine this month. (2015-09-14)

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