Current Traumatic Brain Injury News and Events | Page 25

Current Traumatic Brain Injury News and Events, Traumatic Brain Injury News Articles.
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Risk factors of MA in patients treated with therapeutic hyperthermia after cardiac arrest
Researchers showed that 20-50% of patients developed an irregular heartbeat that required defibrillation during the active cooling phase of therapeutic hypothermia following an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. (2019-11-05)

AI blood test can spot signs of brain tumor to speed up diagnosis
Chemical analysis of blood samples, combined with an artificial intelligence program, could speed up the diagnosis of brain tumors, according to research presented at the 2019 NCRI Cancer Conference. (2019-11-05)

Cannabis could help alleviate depression and suicidality among people with PTSD
Cannabis may be helping Canadians cope with the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), new research suggests. (2019-11-05)

Teens who visit the emergency department for self-harm at increased risk of suicide, repeated self harm
Teens who visit the emergency department for self-harm injuries are at significant risk of repeat self-harm and suicide, and of incurring increased health costs over the following five years, according to a new study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2019-11-04)

Increased risk of suicide for teens who visit emergency for self-harm
Teens who visit the emergency department for self-harm injuries are at significant risk of repeat self-harm and suicide, and of incurring increased health costs over the following five years, according to a new study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2019-11-04)

Shark skin microbiome resists infection
No evidence of infection found in the bacterial community around shark wounds. (2019-11-04)

Regeneration mechanism discovered in mice could provide target for drugs to combat chronic liver disease
Researchers at the University of Cambridge have uncovered a novel molecular mechanism that allows damaged adult liver cells to regenerate, paving the way for design of drugs to boost regeneration in conditions such as cirrhosis or other chronic liver diseases where regeneration is impaired. (2019-11-04)

Study reveals how brain injury can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder in U.S. military members frequently follows a concussion-like brain injury. Until now, it has been unclear why. A UCLA team of psychologists and neurologists reports that a traumatic brain injury causes changes in a brain region called the amygdala; and the brain processes fear differently after such an injury. (2019-11-04)

The fetal brain possesses adult-like networks
The fundamental organization of brain networks is established in utero during the second and third trimesters of fetal development, according to research published in JNeurosci. The finding lays the groundwork for understanding how the prenatal period shapes future brain function. (2019-11-04)

Scientists identify protein that promotes brain metastasis
A protein that breast, lung and other cancers use to promote their spread -- or metastasis -- to the brain, has been identified by a team led by Weill Cornell Medicine and New York-Presbyterian investigators. The protein, CEMIP, will now be a focus of efforts to predict, prevent and treat brain metastases, which are a frequent cause of cancer deaths. (2019-11-04)

New research explains why people with Down syndrome have spatial memory problems
Professor Juan Lerma's group, from the UMH-CSIC Institute of Neurosciences, in Alicante (Spain), has identified the gene called GRIK1, fundamental in the balance between excitation and inhibition in the brain, as one of the causes for people with Down syndrome having spatial orientation problems. (2019-11-01)

People with autism have a more symmetrical brain
Do people with autism have differently organized brains? A large-scale MRI study, published in Nature Communications, reports fewer differences between the right and left hemispheres in people with autism spectrum disorder. An international team -- led by scientists from the Max Planck and Donders institutes in Nijmegen, the Netherlands and the University of Southern California -- found differences in brain asymmetry between people with and without autism, mainly affecting gray matter thickness, in several brain regions. (2019-10-31)

Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging publishes special report on vaping
Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging has published a special report on lung injury resulting from the use of electronic cigarettes, or 'vaping.' Researchers aim to raise awareness among radiologists and other medical professionals on how to identify e-cigarette or vaping product use-associated lung injury. (2019-10-31)

Dynamic transition of the blood-brain barrier in the development of non-small cell lung cancer brain
Effective drug delivery through the BTB is one of the greatest therapeutic obstacles in treating brain metastases. Using an experimental model, the researchers defined key changes within the BTB and the BBB in the brain around the tumor region over time. These data provide a comprehensive analysis of the BTB in NSCLC brain metastasis. (2019-10-31)

Slow-wave sleep critical to brain's automatic 'self-rinse' cycle
Slow oscillating neural activity during non-REM sleep triggers waves of cerebrospinal fluid that flow in and out of the sleeping brain, washing it of harmful metabolic waste products, researchers find. (2019-10-31)

Are we 'brainwashed' during sleep?
A new study from Boston University, published in Science, is the first to illustrate that the brain's cerebrospinal fluid pulses during sleep, and that these motions are closely tied with brain wave activity and blood flow. It may confirm the hypothesis that CSF flow and slow-wave activity both help flush toxic, memory-impairing proteins from the brain. (2019-10-31)

Immune 'control switch' could prevent brain injury in premature babies
About 15 million babies are born prematurely around the world each year and many suffer brain injuries when their immune response goes into overdrive. Researchers have now discovered an immune control switch that could protect their brains from this damaging hyperactive response. Promising results from pre-clinical trials of a potential treatment show the brain's immune cells could be successfully targeted with drugs to control their harmful overactive behavior. (2019-10-30)

How are psychiatric disorders linked to infections during pregnancy?
Severe infections during pregnancy have been connected to a range of psychiatric disorders by different studies in humans and animals. Now, researchers from the University of Copenhagen have shown in mice how the infections affect neuronal development as well as how the timing of the infection is important. (2019-10-30)

Key gene in familial Alzheimer's disease regulates neuronal development
An international team of researchers led by the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona describes a new route that promotes differentiation of neurons. The discovery demonstrates that there is a common mechanism between the neurodegeneration occurring in Alzheimer's and the proliferation of cancer cells. (2019-10-30)

Mass General team publishes on highest resolution brain MRI scan
A new paper describes a breakthrough 100 micron resolution scan of the human brain that was created by a multidisciplinary team of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) researchers. (2019-10-30)

Patients with mood, anxiety disorders share abnormalities in brain's control circuit
New research published today in JAMA Psychiatry shows for the first time that patients with mood and anxiety disorders share the same abnormalities in regions of the brain involved in emotional and cognitive control. (2019-10-30)

Seizures in babies: UVA sheds light on why they have lifelong effects
A doctor at University of Virginia Children's is using an elegant new approach to mapping brain activity to shed light on what happens during seizures in newborns that can lead to behavioral issues and learning disabilities much later. (2019-10-30)

Ground-breaking work improves understanding of brain function
Dr. Corrado Calì, a Research Scientist specializing in brain imaging at KAUST, and Swiss scientists from the Blue Brain Project (BBP), have shown how lactate is necessary for memory formation and learning, which could lead to improved learning and memory function. (2019-10-29)

Cycling is safer with more cyclists on the road, but injuries are on the rise, Rutgers study finds
Cycling is safer with more cyclists on the road, but injuries among older riders are on the rise. (2019-10-29)

Scientists find possible treatment for muscle contractures in childhood paralysis
In mice, the drug bortezomib preserved muscle growth and prevented loss of elbow and shoulder motion in conditions resembling cerebral palsy and newborn brachial plexus injury, the most common causes of childhood paralysis. (2019-10-29)

Study underscores changes in brain structure, function in long-duration space missions
New study demonstrates for the first time that changes in cognitive performance correlate with changes in brain structure in NASA astronauts following spaceflight. (2019-10-28)

Study finds inflammatory protein can protect against spread of herpes virus
UA College of Medicine - Phoenix researchers discover protein function that can improve current therapeutics. (2019-10-28)

Skiing, snowboarding injuries more serious -- skull and face fractures -- in younger children
Winter sports like skiing and snowboarding are a great way to keep kids active in the winter, but they are also linked to injuries and for younger children those injuries are more likely to involve fractures to the head or face, according to new research being presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2019 National Conference & Exhibition. (2019-10-25)

Starvation halts brain development, but hungry cells jump-start growth when food becomes available
In tadpole research that holds potential for prenatal health and brain injury, Scripps Research scientists identify cellular workings that stop and restart early brain development. (2019-10-24)

Study identifies brain injury as a cause of dementia in some older adults
A UCLA-led study finds that, with the use of MRI scans, it is possible to distinguish between memory loss caused by Alzheimer's disease and traumatic brain injury. (2019-10-23)

Special cells contribute to regenerate the heart in Zebrafish
It is already known that zebrafish can flexibly regenerate their hearts after injury. An international research group led by Prof. Nadia Mercader of the University of Bern now shows that certain heart muscle cells play a central role in this process. The insights gained could be used to initiate a similar repair process in the human heart. (2019-10-23)

Young adult women abused as adolescents report higher levels of pain
Young adult women with a documented history of being maltreated as children report higher levels of pain than women not maltreated in childhood, according to a new study published in the journal Pain. (2019-10-23)

UA Health Sciences study calls for forensic nursing exams to include concussion evaluation
TBIs often missed on routine forensic examination for domestic violence victims. (2019-10-23)

Gut instincts: Researchers discover first clues on how gut health influences brain health
New cellular and molecular processes underlying communication between gut microbes and brain cells have been described for the first time by scientists at Weill Cornell Medicine and Cornell's Ithaca campus. (2019-10-23)

Researchers find risk factors for unemployment with multiple sclerosis vary by age
'Our findings suggest that physical symptoms and how the individual manages them are greater issues for the youngest and oldest decades, while psychological issues predominate among the middle-aged,' said Dr. Strober, senior research scientist in the Center for Neuropsychology and Neuroscience Research. 'Professionals who counsel individuals with MS about important decisions such as leaving the workforce, need to be aware of the influence of age on employment decisions,' stressed Dr. Strober, 'within the context of biological and psychosocial factors.' (2019-10-23)

Simple test predicts dangerous pregnancy disorder
Researchers have developed a simple, low-cost way to predict preeclampsia, a potentially deadly condition that kills 76,000 mothers and 500,000 babies every year. (2019-10-22)

Exposure to environmental PCBs impairs brain function in mice
Human-made toxic chemicals that linger indefinitely in the environment disrupt the performance of critical helper cells in the mouse brain, leading to impaired function over long-term exposures. (2019-10-22)

Identified a neural mechanism involved in the creation and consolidation of memories
The memory of specific episodes is the base of autobiographical memory, but we do not know how the brain structures the experience to remember it in the long run. A team of the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Barcelona (UB) and the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (BELLVITGE) has identified a neural mechanism that could help explain how the brain creates memories of episodes. (2019-10-22)

Dementia patients' adult kids diagnosed earlier than their parents
A new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis indicates that people with dementia -- whose parents also had dementia -- develop symptoms an average of six years earlier than their parents. (2019-10-22)

Episiotomy may be beneficial in reducing severe perineal tears among forceps and vacuum deliveries
The use of episiotomy during childbirth has declined in Canada, although its benefit in births assisted by forceps or vacuum merits reconsideration of this practice, according to a large study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2019-10-21)

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