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Current Aerosols News and Events

Current Aerosols News and Events, Aerosols News Articles.
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New study investigates the role of Tambora eruption in the 1816 'year without a summer'
A new study has estimated for the first time how the eruption of Mount Tambora changed the probability of the cold and wet European 'year without a summer' of 1816. (2019-09-17)
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP tracks fire and smoke from two continents
Wherever fires are burning around the world NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite's Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS) can track the smoke and aerosols. (2019-09-13)
Air pollution under clear skies reduces sunlight reaching the Earth's surface
Scientists have found that the air pollution absorbs and disperses sunlight and thereby reduces the amount that reaches the Earth's surface. (2019-08-30)
Bacteria feeding on Arctic algae blooms can seed clouds
New research finds Arctic Ocean currents and storms are moving bacteria from ocean algae blooms into the atmosphere where the particles help clouds form. (2019-08-29)
Exposure to second-hand e-cigarettes increasing among young people
A growing number of middle- and high-school students are being exposed to second-hand aerosols from e-cigarettes by living with or being around individuals who are vaping, according to data from a national survey. (2019-08-28)
Microbiology: Atacama Desert microbes may hold clues to life on Mars
Microbial life on Mars may potentially be transported across the planet on dust particles carried by wind, according to a study conducted in the Atacama Desert in North Chile, a well-known Mars analogue. (2019-08-22)
The reasons behind aerosol pollution over the eastern slope of the Tibetan Plateau
The aerosol optical depth over the eastern slope of the Tibetan Plateau (ESTP) is extremely large -- and even more so than some important industrialized regions and deserts, which is the result of a combination of human activities and natural conditions. (2019-08-08)
African smoke is fertilizing Amazon rainforest and oceans, new study finds
A new study led by researchers at the University of Miami's (UM) Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science found that smoke from fires in Africa may be the most important source of a key nutrient -- phosphorus -- that acts as a fertilizer in the Amazon rainforest, Tropical Atlantic and Southern oceans. (2019-07-29)
Analysis result of the proxy-method based retrievals from GOSAT2
Greenhouse gasses Observing SATellite-2 (GOSAT-2) developed jointly by the Ministry of the Environment, the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), and the National Institute for Environmental Studies was successfully launched on October 29, 2018 from JAXA Tanegashima Space Center. (2019-07-19)
Ammonia from agriculture influences cloud formation over Asia
The Asian tropopause aerosol layer (ATAL) is located at twelve to 18 kilometers height above the Middle East and Asia. (2019-07-11)
Studies show vapor and THPs cause minimal teeth, skin and wallpaper staining
Studies by scientists at British American Tobacco have shown that aerosol from potentially reduced-risk products (PRRPs), such as vapor and tobacco heating products (THPs), cause significantly less staining to tooth enamel, skin, cloth and wallpaper than does the smoke from conventional cigarettes. (2019-06-13)
Remote sensing of toxic algal blooms
Algal blooms in the Red Sea can be detected with a new method that accounts for dust storms and aerosols. (2019-06-03)
Urban pollution enhances up to 400% formation of aerosols over the Amazon rainforest
This phenomenon affects cloud production and rainfall, with consequences for the local and global climate, which researchers have warned about in the study published in Nature Communications. (2019-06-03)
New lidar instruments peer skyward for clues on weather and climate
Researchers have developed a set of diode-based lidar instruments that could help fill important gaps in meteorological observations and fuel a leap in understanding, modeling and predicting weather and climate. (2019-05-21)
Particulate matter from aircraft engines affects airways
In a unique, innovative experiment, researchers under the leadership of the University of Bern have investigated the effect of exhaust particles from aircraft turbine engines on human lung cells. (2019-05-16)
Reducing carbon emissions while improving health is economically attractive, study shows
A study debuting a new climate policy model developed by Princeton University researchers and others reports it is economically sound to quickly and dramatically cut greenhouse gas emissions given the immediate and significant human health benefits. (2019-05-07)
Global health benefits of climate action offset costs
New research in Nature Communications finds that immediate, dramatic cuts in global emissions -- aggressive enough to meet the Paris Climate Agreement -- are economically sound if human health benefits are factored in. (2019-05-07)
OU study on explosive volcanism during ice age provides lessons for today's rising CO2
A University of Oklahoma-led study recently found that explosive volcanic eruptions were at least 3-8 times more frequent during the peak of the Late Paleozoic Ice Age (~360 to 260 million years ago). (2019-05-02)
Scientists see fingerprint of warming climate on droughts going back to 1900
In an unusual new study, scientists say they have detected the fingerprint of human-driven global warming on patterns of drought and moisture across the world as far back as 1900. (2019-05-01)
NASA study: Human influence on global droughts goes back 100 years
Human-generated greenhouse gases and atmospheric particles were affecting global drought risk as far back as the early 20th century, according to a study from NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) in New York City. (2019-05-01)
Parents using both e-cigarettes and traditional cigarettes may be more motivated to quit
A study by MassGeneral Hospital for Children researchers finds that parents who use both traditional cigarettes and e-cigarettes may be more receptive to smoking cessation interventions than parents who only smoke traditional cigarettes. (2019-04-22)
Human influence on climate change is traced back to the 19th century
A new study shows that human influence on climate change can be traced back to the late 19th century based on summer-winter temperature difference. (2019-04-22)
Synergy of anthropogenic emissions and atmospheric processes may cause severe haze in northern China
A study led by AN Zhisheng from the Institute of Earth Environment (IEE), Chinese Academy of Sciences, reviews and synthesizes recent advances in the causes and formation mechanisms of severe haze pollution in northern China. (2019-04-17)
Researchers tap rare pristine air to reveal pollution's impact
Human-caused pollution spurs the production of climate-changing particles known as secondary organic aerosols much more than previously thought. (2019-04-02)
Air pollution may impact fetal cardiovascular system, Rutgers study says
Microscopic particles in air pollution inhaled by pregnant women may damage fetal cardiovascular development, according to a study by Rutgers researchers. (2019-03-11)
Considerably reduced toxicant levels in heated tobacco prototype compared to cigarettes
New research conducted by Imperial Brands suggests that toxicants of notable public health interest are substantially reduced in the aerosol from our heated tobacco product (HTP) prototype, compared to smoke from a standard reference cigarette. (2019-03-01)
2018's biggest volcanic eruption of sulfur dioxide
The Manaro Voui volcano on the island of Ambae in the nation of Vanuatu in the South Pacific Ocean made the 2018 record books. (2019-02-28)
Scientists discovered where black carbon comes from in the Arctic in winter and summer
Scientists from seven countries published an article on the study of the sources of black carbon (BC) emissions in the Arctic. (2019-02-15)
Researchers pinpoint promising approach for analyzing atmospheric particles from space
A new analysis has revealed that advanced satellite-based instrument capabilities are needed for global monitoring of microscopic particles, or aerosols, in the stratospheric layer of the atmosphere. (2019-02-07)
A warming world increases air pollution
The UC Riverside-led study shows that the contrast in warming between the continents and sea, called the land-sea warming contrast, drives an increased concentration of aerosols in the atmosphere that cause air pollution. (2019-02-04)
Extratropical volcanoes influence climate more than assumed
The eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1991 had a significant impact on climate, decreasing global mean temperature by about 0.5°C. (2019-01-28)
Future of planet-cooling tech: Study creates roadmap for geoengineering research
A new study, ''Mission-Driven Research for Stratospheric Aerosol Geoengineering,'' published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, sets out to establish a roadmap for responsible exploration of geoengineering. (2019-01-08)
Dust threatens Utah's 'greatest snow on earth'
New University of Utah research found that dust deposition speeds up snowmelt in Utah's Wasatch Mountains. (2018-12-21)
Fire air pollution weakens forest productivity
Fire impacts on global carbon cycle. The damage to ecosystem productivity not only occurs in fire regimes, but also over the downwind areas through long-range transport of air pollution. (2018-12-21)
The full story on climate change requires the long view
Researchers offer a new calculation that provides the long view of what nine different world regions have contributed to climate change since 1900. (2018-12-17)
New insight into ocean-atmosphere interaction and subsequent cloud formation
Organic compounds undergo drastic variations in their chemical composition as they transfer from the ocean's surface to atmospheric aerosols which act as nuclei to form clouds. (2018-11-25)
Middle Eastern desert dust on the Tibetan plateau could affect the Indian summer monsoon
Large quantities dust from the deserts of the Middle East can settle on the Tibetan Plateau, darkening the region's snowpack and accelerating snow melt. (2018-11-14)
Chinese satellites provide advanced solutions to modeling small particles
The assimilation of aerosol optical depth (AOD) observational data from the Chinese satellite Fengyun-3A (FY-3A) can significantly improve the ability to model aerosol mass. (2018-11-13)
Global warming has never stopped in the past hundred years
The global warming has never stopped in the past hundred years, with maximum rate of change after Second World War II and almost constant rate during the latest three decades. (2018-11-12)
What's in the air? There's more to it than we thought
Using high-powered equipment to analyze air samples, Yale researchers were able to get a detailed look at the molecular makeup of organic aerosols, which have a significant presence in the atmosphere. (2018-11-02)
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