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Current Biomass News and Events

Current Biomass News and Events, Biomass News Articles.
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Scientists identify a novel target for corn straw utilization
A team of scientists led by Prof. FU Chunxiang from the Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology completed the identification of bm5 mutant. (2019-04-19)
Green plastic production made easy
A one-step method enables scalable and more environmentally friendly production of plant-derived plastic monomers, paving the way towards the mass production of a sustainable alternative to petroleum-based materials. (2019-04-16)
Number of nonsmokers with COPD on the rise
The global burden of COPD is high, and prevalence of nonsmokers with COPD has been increasing. (2019-04-09)
Excellent catering: How a bacterium feeds an entire flatworm
In the sandy bottom of warm coastal waters lives Paracatenula -- a small worm that has neither mouth, nor gut. (2019-04-08)
Carbon-negative power generation for China
Researchers from the Harvard and China have analyzed technical and economic viability for China to move towards carbon-negative electric power generation. (2019-04-08)
Manure application changes with winter crop can cut nitrogen loss, boost profits
Dairy farmers in the Northeast can improve water quality and boost the profitability of their operations by changing the timing and method of applying manure to their fields in the fall, along with planting rye as a cover crop between corn crops -- or by double-cropping rye and corn, according to Penn State researchers. (2019-04-02)
Speedier stomata in optogenetically enhanced plants improve growth and conserve water
By introducing an extra ion channel into the stomata of mustard plants, researchers have developed a new a way to speed up the stomatal response in their leaves. (2019-03-28)
Old for new, using ancient genetic variation to supercharge wheat
A global, collaborative effort led by the Earlham Institute, UK and CIMMYT, Mexico sheds light on the genetic basis of biomass accumulation and efficiency in use of light, both of which are bottlenecks in yield improvement in wheat. (2019-03-27)
Microorganisms are the main emitters of carbon in Amazonian waters
A study performed with microorganisms inhabiting floodplains, which comprises 20 percent of the whole Amazon, showed that the microbial food chain produces 10 times more CO2 than the classical food chain, mostly by decomposing organic matter. (2019-03-26)
The struggle for life in the Dead Sea sediments: Necrophagy as a survival mechanism
The Dead Sea is not completely dead. The most saline lake on Earth (more than 10 times saltier than sea water) is a harsh environment where only salt-loving microbes from the Archaea domain, known as extreme halophiles, are able to survive. (2019-03-25)
Bright skies for plant-based jet fuels
With an estimated daily fuel demand of more than 5 million barrels per day, the global aviation sector is incredibly energy-intensive and almost entirely reliant on petroleum-based fuels. (2019-03-19)
Converting biomass by applying mechanical force
German nanoscientists have succeeded in demonstrating a new reaction mechanism to cleave cellulose efficiently. (2019-03-14)
Protected areas could help large herbivores bounce back after war
Large herbivore populations can substantially recover after war-induced declines, given that protected area management is provided, according to a study published March 13 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Marc Stalmans of Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique, and colleagues. (2019-03-13)
Coral reef parks protecting only 40 percent of fish biomass potential
Marine scientists from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society) and other groups examining the ecological status of coral reefs across the Indian and Pacific oceans have uncovered an unsettling fact: even the best coral reef marine parks contain less than half of the fish biomass found in the most remote reefs that lie far from human settlements. (2019-03-07)
Rain is important for how carbon dioxide affects grasslands
Vegetation biomass on grasslands increases in response to elevated carbon dioxide levels, but less than expected. (2019-03-06)
A 'Post-Antibiotic World?'
The products of wastewater treatment have been found to contain trace amounts of antibiotic resistant DNA. (2019-03-06)
Turning algae into fuel
A team of University of Utah chemical engineers have developed a new kind of jet mixer for creating biomass from algae that extracts the lipids from the watery plants with much less energy than the older extraction method. (2019-03-04)
New research opens door to more efficient chemical processes across spectrum of industries
Chemical processes that are more efficient and less expensive may be coming to industries ranging from battery manufacturing to detergent production thanks to work that advances the use of metal oxides as catalysts. (2019-03-01)
Endangered eel located using DNA from one liter of water
Researchers have shed light on the distribution of Japanese eel by analyzing environmental DNA (eDNA) from small samples of river water. (2019-02-28)
Crop residue burning is a major contributor to air pollution in South Asia
Urban emissions of black carbon from fossil fuel combustion are not always the main contributor to severe air pollution in south Asian megacities like New Delhi, shows a new study by researchers from Stockholm University and the Indian Institute for Tropical Meteorology, published in the journal Nature Sustainability. (2019-02-27)
Achieving Paris climate target could net additional billions in fisheries revenue
Achieving the Paris Agreement global warming target could protect millions of tonnes in annual worldwide fisheries catch, as well as billions of dollars of annual revenues for fishers, workers' income and household seafood expenditures, according to new research from the University of British Columbia. (2019-02-27)
When temperatures drop, Siberian Miscanthus plants surpass main bioenergy variety
Miscanthus is a popular, sustainable, perennial feedstock for bioenergy production that thrives on marginal land in temperate regions. (2019-02-26)
Surprising findings on forest fires
Several years ago, an international team of scientists led by the University of Bonn raised sediments from the bottom of Lake Van in eastern Turkey reflecting the past 600,000 years. (2019-02-21)
Fossil fuel combustion is the main contributor to black carbon around Arctic
Fossil fuel combustion is the main contributor to black carbon collected at five sites around the Arctic, which has implications for global warming, according to a study by an international group of scientists that included a US team from Baylor University. (2019-02-20)
Technologies for removing CO2 will need to be integrated into climate policy in 2019
EASAC released publications in 2018 that urged policy-makers to take immediate action on CO2 mitigation including using Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) to offset large CO2 emitters. (2019-02-19)
Microalgae as natural detector of environmental safety
An international group of toxicologists, which includes experts from the Far Eastern Federal University (FEFU), pointed out that unicellular microalgae, the most common microorganisms on Earth and an important part of the food chain for more developed organisms, serve as an effective biomarker of environmental pollution. (2019-02-18)
Scientists discovered where black carbon comes from in the Arctic in winter and summer
Scientists from seven countries published an article on the study of the sources of black carbon (BC) emissions in the Arctic. (2019-02-15)
New insights into radial expansion of plants can boost biomass production
Besides the obvious longitudinal growth, plants also enlarge in the radial sense. (2019-02-08)
Keeping things moving
Lubricants keep the world moving, but they leave a heavy environmental footprint. (2019-02-07)
Everything in moderation
In efforts to curb our use of greenhouse gas-generating fossil fuels, plant-based biofuels are among the top contenders as alternative liquid energy sources for transportation. (2019-02-01)
Miscanthus with improved winter-hardiness could benefit northern growers
The cold-sensitivity of Miscanthus, a perennial biomass crop, has limited its adoption in northern climes, but new research from the University of Illinois shows a way forward for would-be Miscanthus growers in cold regions. (2019-01-30)
Key sea star predator wiped out by disease and abnormally warm waters
From California to British Columbia, the abundance of sunflower starfish -- an important predator in the Northeast Pacific -- declined dramatically in both nearshore and deep waters from 2013 to 2015, according to a new study that leveraged citizen science diving surveys. (2019-01-30)
Bifacial stem cells produce wood and bast
So-called bifacial stem cells are responsible for one of the most critical growth processes on Earth -- the formation of wood. (2019-01-22)
Climate change: How could artificial photosynthesis contribute to limiting global warming?
If CO2 emissions do not fall fast enough, then CO2 will have to be removed from the atmosphere to limit global warming. (2019-01-16)
A comprehensive metabolic map for production of bio-based chemicals
A KAIST research team completed a metabolic map that charts all available strategies and pathways of chemical reactions that lead to the production of various industrial bio-based chemicals. (2019-01-14)
Experts warn against mega-dams in lowland tropical forests
Mega-dams should not be built in lowland tropical forest regions due to the threat they pose to biodiversity and ecosystems, according to experts at the University of Stirling. (2019-01-08)
The transgenic key to more productive crops
Transgenic tobacco plants engineered with synthetic metabolic pathways designed to bypass the inefficient and costly side effects of natural photorespiration show large increases in productivity -- as much as 40 percent over unmodified tobacco plants, a new study says. (2019-01-03)
Pine needles from Christmas trees could be turned into paint and food sweeteners
Abandoned Christmas trees could be saved from landfill and turned into paint and food sweeteners according to new research by the University of Sheffield. (2018-12-27)
New insights on animal movement in fire-prone landscapes
A new Biological Reviews article considers how fire histories affect animals' movement and shape the distribution of species. (2018-12-19)
New composite advances lignin as a renewable 3D printing material
Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a recipe for a renewable 3D printing feedstock that could spur a profitable new use for an intractable biorefinery byproduct: lignin. (2018-12-19)
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