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Current Birth defects News and Events

Current Birth defects News and Events, Birth defects News Articles.
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Preconceptional and prenatal exposure to paternal smoking affects semen quality of adult sons
The adverse effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy is well established and associated with several negative neonatal outcomes (such as low birth weight and preterm birth). (2019-06-25)
Researchers study healthy ALS neurons as way to understand resistance to the disease
Scientists have developed a stem-cell-based modeling system that identifies how some neurons are resistant to ALS -- a breakthrough that offers potential for battling neurodegeneration. (2019-06-25)
Study reveals elevated cancer risk in children with birth defects
A collaborative team of scientists led by Baylor College of Medicine has assembled the largest study to date to evaluate cancer risk in children with birth defects. (2019-06-25)
Large cohort study confirms small added obstetric risk from transfer of longer developed embryos
The transfer of embryos cultured for five or six days (instead of two or three) after fertilisation in IVF and ICSI has become routine in many fertility clinics. (2019-06-24)
Long duration of sperm freezing makes no difference to live birth rates in large sperm bank study
Despite a time limit imposed in many countries on the freeze-storage of sperm, a new study from China has found that the long-term cryopreservation of semen in a sperm bank does not affect future clinical outcomes. (2019-06-24)
Major study finds no conclusive links to health effects from waste incinerators
Researchers have found no link between exposure to emissions from municipal waste incinerators (MWIs) and infant deaths or reduced fetal growth. (2019-06-20)
State initiative to address disparities in mother's milk for very low birth weight infants
A new study, published in Pediatrics, indicates that the initiative yielded positive results on improving rates of prenatal human milk education, early milk expression and skin to skin care among mothers of very low birth weight infants during initial hospitalization, but did not lead to sustained improvement in mother's milk provision at hospital discharge. (2019-06-19)
A new 2D magnet draws future devices closer
EPFL scientists have discovered a new type of 2D magnetic material that can be integrated into spintronic devices. (2019-06-17)
Identifying the risk of recurrence of developmental disorder in future pregnancies
A new study aims to provide healthy couples who have a child affected by a developmental disorder with a personalised pre-conception risk evaluation, in order to determine the likelihood of a future child being affected by the same condition. (2019-06-15)
Study develops updated national birth weight reference
A new paper provides an updated national birth weight reference for the United States using the most recent, nationally representative birth data. (2019-06-14)
Study shows 'safety bubble' expands during third trimester
New research, published in the journal Scientific Reports, shows that women undergo a significant mental as well as physical change during the late stages of pregnancy. (2019-06-13)
Common conditions keep many patients out of knee cartilage research studies
Issues like age or existing arthritis may preclude patients from participating in clinical studies for new therapies that could benefit them (2019-06-13)
Married US moms aim to have first baby in the spring, new research shows
Educated and married American moms are more likely to try to time their pregnancy so that they have their first baby in the spring, according to new research from the University of Exeter Business School in the UK. (2019-06-13)
Baby pterodactyls could fly from birth
A breakthrough discovery has found that pterodactyls, extinct flying reptiles also known as pterosaurs, had a remarkable ability -- they could fly from birth. (2019-06-12)
Overdose, suicide among leading reasons for deaths of new moms
Overdoses and suicides were among the most common reasons for mothers dying within a year of giving birth in California, according to a new study from Michigan State University and the University of California, Merced. (2019-06-12)
EWG: Nitrate pollution of US tap water could cause 12,500 cancer cases each year
Nitrate pollution of US drinking water may cause up to 12,594 cases of cancer a year, according to a new peer-reviewed study by the Environmental Working Group. (2019-06-11)
BU finds iron may not improve fertility
A new study led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers finds that there is no consistent association between consuming iron and becoming pregnant. (2019-06-10)
Replicating fetal bone growth process could help heal large bone defects
To treat large gaps in long bones, like the femur, which often can result in amputation, researched developed a process in a rodent model that partially recreates the bone growth process that occurs before birth. (2019-06-05)
Recreating embryonic conditions at break sites can help bones heal faster
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago and the University of Pennsylvania have developed a unique technique that uses stem cells and flexible implantable bone-stabilizing plates to help speed the healing of large breaks or defects. (2019-06-05)
Extra finger 'birth defect' could provide blueprint for robotic extra limbs
New research on two people born with extra functional fingers has shown how the brain adapts to the workload imposed by more digits. (2019-06-04)
UV light may illuminate improvements for next generation electronic devices
NITech scientists have developed the method to make sure the mechanisms to connect between the two-dimensional layer of atoms and the semiconductors as perfect as possible, which will lead to develop novel optoelectronic devices. (2019-06-04)
No increased risk of birth defects in children of fathers treated for testicular cancer
New research has found no increased risk of congenital malformations associated with treatment with radiotherapy or chemotherapy in children of fathers with testicular cancer. (2019-06-04)
NIH-funded study links microbiome composition to African American preterm birth risk
A research project funded by the National Institutes of Health has identified differences in the vaginal bacteria that may raise the risk of preterm birth among pregnant African-American women. (2019-05-29)
WVU biostatistician studies link between microbiome and preterm birth
Pregnant African American women are more likely than white women to give birth prematurely, but they're underrepresented in studies of preterm birth rates. (2019-05-29)
People born very preterm or with very low birthweight have high risk of lung disease
A global study shows people born very preterm or with very low birthweight have a high risk of lung disease and are not reaching their full airway capacity by early adulthood. (2019-05-28)
Severe air pollution can cause birth defects, deaths
In a comprehensive study, researchers from Texas A&M University have determined that harmful particulate matter in the atmosphere can produce birth defects and even fatalities during pregnancy using the animal model. (2019-05-28)
Imperfection is OK for better MOFs
Imaging defects in MOF crystals, and monitoring how they develop, will allow control of defect formation to design better MOFs for many applications. (2019-05-27)
Support needed for multiple-birth families to improve outcomes
Having multiple-birth babies can be a time of wonder and excitement, however, according to the first-ever international collaborative report released today, these babies and their families can face serious disadvantages compared to parents of single-birth babies. (2019-05-26)
AI and high-performance computing extend evolution to superconductors
In a new study from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, researchers used the power of artificial intelligence and high-performance supercomputers to introduce and assess the impact of different configurations of defects on the performance of a superconductor. (2019-05-24)
Defects in cellular antennae can cause a common heart condition
Katelynn Toomer and colleagues have discovered that defects in tiny, hair-like cellular structures can lead to mitral valve prolapse (MVP), a common heart disorder that affects up to one in 40 people worldwide. (2019-05-22)
Researchers gain key insight into solar material's soaring efficiency
In collaboration with partners at Loughborough University in the United Kingdom, researchers at CSU's National Science Foundation-supported Next Generation Photovoltaics Center have reported a key breakthrough in how the performance of cadmium telluride thin-film solar cells is improved even further by the addition of another material, selenium. (2019-05-22)
Growth in life expectancy in Australia slows, research finds
After 20 years of rapid increases in life expectancy at birth, the rate of growth in Australia is now falling behind most other high-income nations, meaning better control of health risk factors such as obesity will be needed if further life expectancy increases are to be achieved, research shows. (2019-05-19)
3D-printed 'hyperelastic bone' may help generate new bone for skull reconstruction
Defects of the skull and facial bones can pose difficult challenges for plastic and reconstructive surgeons. (2019-05-16)
Molecular basis of brain dysfunction and embryo malformation associated with thalidomide
Scientists at the Tokyo Medical University and the Tokyo Institute of Technology identified the molecule involved in thalidomide-related dysfunctions associated with in utero brain and organ development. (2019-05-15)
Transfer of EU powers leads to silent erosion of UK pesticide regulation
New analysis by the UK Trade Policy Observatory is warning of a significant weakening of enforcement arrangements covering the approval of pesticides as part of legislative changes carried out under the EU Withdrawal Act. (2019-05-15)
3D images reveal how infants' heads change shape during birth
Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), scientists have captured 3D images that show how infants' brains and skulls change shape as they move through the birth canal just before delivery. (2019-05-15)
Accelerating quantum technologies with materials processing at the atomic scale
An emerging suite of information technologies based on fundamental quantum physics has been given a boost by researchers at the University of Oxford, who have invented a method to engineer single atomic defects in diamond using laser processing. (2019-05-14)
Early term infants less likely to breastfeed
A new, prospective study provides evidence that 'early term' infants (those born at 37-38 weeks) are less likely than full-term infants to be breastfeed within the first hour and at one month after birth. (2019-05-14)
Study shows increased risk of breast cancer in transgender women
Transgender women (male sex assigned at birth, female gender identity) using hormone treatment show an increased risk of breast cancer compared with the general male population, finds a large Dutch study published by The BMJ today. (2019-05-14)
Just like toothpaste: fluoride radically improves the stability of perovskite solar cells
Solar cells made of perovskite hold much promise for the future of solar energy. (2019-05-13)
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