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Current Birth defects News and Events

Current Birth defects News and Events, Birth defects News Articles.
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Study: Water births are as safe as land births for mom, baby
A new study found that water births are no more risky than land births, and that women in the water group sustain fewer first and second-degree tears. (2019-12-10)
Pregnant smokers at higher risk for gestational diabetes, Hebrew University study finds
Pregnant smokers at higher risk for gestational diabetes, Hebrew University study finds. (2019-12-09)
Detours may make batteries better
Adding atom-scale defects to battery materials may help them charge faster, theoretical models by Rice University scientists show. (2019-12-09)
Infant morbidity decreases with incentive-based prenatal tobacco interventions
A new study in Colorado reveals a significant reduction in NICU (up to 55%) and preterm births due to incentive-based programs implemented to help low-income pregnant women stop smoking cigarettes. (2019-12-06)
Scientists see defects in potential new semiconductor
A research team has reported seeing, for the first time, atomic scale defects that dictate the properties of a new and powerful semiconductor. (2019-12-05)
Preterm births more likely when dads live in lower income areas
Lifelong lower socioeconomic status of fathers, as defined by early life and adulthood neighborhood income, is a newly identified risk factor for early preterm birth (at less than 34 weeks), according to a study published in Maternal and Child Health Journal. (2019-12-05)
Preterm birth linked to increased rates of diabetes in children and young adults, with certain effects stronger in females
New research shows that preterm birth is linked to increased rates of type 1 and type 2 diabetes in children and young adults, with certain effects stronger in females. (2019-12-05)
Are women getting adequate nutrition during preconception and pregnancy?
In a Maternal & Child Nutrition analysis of published studies on the dietary habits of women who were trying to conceive or were pregnant, most studies indicated that women do not meet nutritional recommendations for vegetable, cereal grain, or folate intake. (2019-12-04)
Lung images of twins with asthma add to understanding of the disease
In a case study published today, researchers used a specialized MRI technique in a set of twins with asthma. (2019-12-04)
Police killings of unarmed black Americans may have health impacts for nearby unborn black infants
Pregnant black women give birth to infants with smaller birth weights and shorter gestational ages if they live near the site of incidents in which unarmed blacks are killed by police during their first or second trimester, according to a new study. (2019-12-04)
Once-a-month oral contraceptive could improve patient adherence
Researchers have created a new ingestible drug delivery platform that expands in the stomach and could safely deliver a contraceptive over one month when tested in pigs. (2019-12-04)
Drug decreases gut leakiness associated with ulcerative colitis
A research team led by biomedical scientists at the University of California, Riverside, has found that a drug approved by the FDA to treat rheumatoid arthritis and ulcerative colitis can repair permeability defects in the gut's epithelium. (2019-12-04)
Pot while pregnant: UNLV medicine doctors urge caution
Daily marijuana use during pregnancy may lead to an increased risk of low birth weight, low resistance to infection, decreased oxygen levels and other negative fetal health outcomes, according to a new study from a team of UNLV Medicine doctors. (2019-12-02)
Atomic-scale imaging of defect dynamics under heating by in situ Cs-corrected TEM
Formation and atomic process of the defects of ceria nanowires was studied under heating by using in situ Cs-TEM. (2019-11-28)
Immediate treatment with antiretroviral therapy helps infants with HIV
As part of an international collaborative effort, investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital conducted immunological and virological testing on newborns in Botswana, finding that initiating antiretroviral therapy immediately, rather than waiting a few weeks, provided measurable benefits for infants born with HIV. (2019-11-27)
Early antiretroviral treatment shrinks the HIV reservoir in infected infants
Starting antiretroviral therapy within hours of birth drastically shrinks the reservoir of HIV virus -- an important step in efforts to cure infections -- and improves antiviral immune responses in newborns with HIV, shows a two-year study of a unique cohort of ten infants in Botswana. (2019-11-27)
Splicing factor to blame in triple negative breast cancer
If your DNA is a cookbook, a single gene is a recipe. (2019-11-26)
Psychological well-being at 52 years could impact on cognitive functioning at 69 years
Miharu Nakanishi, Chief Researcher of Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Medical Science, and her colleagues finds that psychological well-being at 52 years were prospectively associated with cognitive function at 69 years. (2019-11-26)
Environmental enrichment corrects errors in brain development
Environmental enrichment can partially correct miswired neurons in the visual pathway, according to research in mice recently published in eNeuro. (2019-11-25)
Scratching the surface of perovskites
Professor Yabing Qi and his team in the Energy Materials and Surface Sciences Unit at OIST, in collaboration with researchers at the University of Pittsburgh, USA, have, for the first time, characterized the structural defects that prompt the movement of ions, destabilizing the perovskite materials. (2019-11-24)
Study shows lower mortality from induction of labor at 41 weeks
Inducing labor after 41 instead of 42 full weeks' pregnancy appears to be safer in terms of perinatal survival, new Swedish research shows. (2019-11-21)
UK Study: Lack of economic support hinders cognitive abilities of children of single mothers
A new study examined how the impact of single motherhood on children's verbal cognitive abilities has changed and how the age of children when their parents separate affects those abilities. (2019-11-20)
Slowing down -- Is aging caused by decreased cellular metabolism?
University of Tsukuba researchers have uncovered new information regarding the effects of impaired expression of the gene SHMT2 in genetically modified mice. (2019-11-20)
Pregnant women with eating disorders and their children run higher risk of complications
Pregnant women with eating disorders should undergo extended pregnancy screenings considering their increased risk of complications. (2019-11-20)
Academics call for targeted healthcare for pregnant women and new mums with depression
Pregnant women and new mothers who experience depression need improved healthcare say academics. (2019-11-20)
Trial compares maternal blood loss with immediate vs. delayed umbilical cord clamping
This randomized clinical trial compared maternal blood loss with immediate umbilical cord clamping (within 15 seconds after birth) versus delayed clamping (60 seconds after birth) in 113 women who had a scheduled cesarean delivery at term of 37 weeks or more. (2019-11-19)
Job losses during the Great Recession may be responsible for decline in US birth rates
New research published this month in the Southern Economic Journal reveals job losses during the Great Recession (2007-2009) may be partly responsible for the recent drop in U.S. birth rates. (2019-11-18)
Stress, plastic additives in late pregnancy raise risk of premature birth
Women exposed simultaneously to stress and plastic additives late in pregnancy are at increased risk for premature birth, according to a study by Rutgers and other institutions. (2019-11-14)
Rollercoaster weight changes can repeat with second pregnancy, especially among normal-weight women
Everyone knows that gaining excess weight during one pregnancy is bad, but clinicians rarely consider weight gains and losses from one pregnancy to the next -- especially in normal-weight women. (2019-11-14)
How maternal Zika virus infection results in newborn microcephaly
Researchers have discovered that the Zika virus protein NS4A disrupts brain growth by hijacking a pathway that regulates the generation of new neurons. (2019-11-14)
Zika virus can cause immune and brain abnormalities in asymptomatic pig offspring
Zika virus infection in the womb produces altered immune responses and sex-specific brain abnormalities in apparently healthy pig offspring, according to a study published Nov. (2019-11-14)
Cholesterol, fat profiles at birth linked to psychological health at age 5
Babies born with high levels of bad cholesterol and a certain type of fat may face a heightened risk for social and psychological problems in childhood, according to new scientific findings. (2019-11-13)
How self-reactive immune cells are allowed to develop
A research team at Lund University in Sweden has found the mechanism that controls the growth of B1-cells in mice. (2019-11-13)
Study teases out factors associated with postpartum overdose
A new study in the journal Addiction that uncovers several risk factors associated with postpartum opioid overdose. (2019-11-13)
Protective microparticles shield and deliver micronutrients to people
A team of scientists has created a new microparticle-based platform that can preserve, protect and deliver micronutrients such as iron to rodents and human volunteers. (2019-11-13)
Mothers' pregnancy-related anxiety may alter how infants' brains respond to sad speech
Study shows correlation between mothers' self-reported pregnancy-related anxiety, and babies' blood flow to brain areas responsible for emotional responses when listening to sad speech (2019-11-12)
Preterm children have similar temperament to children who were institutionally deprived
A child's temperament is affected by the early stages of their life. (2019-11-12)
WSU study shows insulin can increase mosquitoes' immunity to West Nile virus
A discovery by a Washington State University-led research team has the potential to inhibit the spread of West Nile virus as well as Zika and dengue viruses. (2019-11-12)
Medication use during pregnancy is common in women with preeclampsia
Use of medications during pregnancy is more common in women with preeclampsia than in those without, according to a British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology analysis of women who gave birth at a hospital in Finland in 2002-2016. (2019-11-06)
Are oral medications for vaginal yeast infections safe during pregnancy?
Vaginal yeast infections may occur more commonly during pregnancy, and most are treated with topical medications, or creams. (2019-11-06)
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