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Current Brain activity News and Events

Current Brain activity News and Events, Brain activity News Articles.
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Map of neuronal pathways of the mammalian cerebral cortex and their evolution
Using our in utero electroporation technique for ferrets, we investigated the axonal fibers in the developing cerebral cortex, where ferrets have two fiber layers; the inner axonal fiber layer projects contralaterally and subcortically, whereas the outer fiber layer sends axons to neighboring cortical areas. (2018-12-19)
Computer hardware designed for 3D games could hold the key to replicating human brain
Researchers at the University of Sussex have created the fastest and most energy efficient simulation of part of a rat brain using off-the-shelf computer hardware. (2018-12-19)
How the brain reacts to loss of vision
If mice lose their vision immediately after birth due to a genetic defect, this has a considerable impact, both on the organisation of the cerebral cortex and on memory ability. (2018-12-19)
Alterations detected in brain connectivity in patients with type 1 diabetes
Patients with Type 1 Diabetes have a brain connectivity network different from the healthy people, according to a new study led by researchers of the University of Barcelona. (2018-12-19)
Peering into Little Foot's 3.67 million-year-old brain
MicroCT scans of the Australopithecus fossil known as Little Foot shows that the brain of this ancient human relative was small and shows features that are similar to our own brain and others that are closer to our ancestor shared with living chimpanzees. (2018-12-18)
Growing a brain
Scientists identified two distinct control mechanisms in the developmental transition of undifferentiated stem cells into healthy brain cells. (2018-12-17)
Gently stroking babies before medical procedures may reduce pain processing
Researchers found that gently stroking a baby seems to reduce activity in the infant brain associated with painful experiences. (2018-12-17)
Tuning arousal to boost information transmission in the brain
Columbia neural engineers discover a mechanism by which the locus coeruleus modulates information processing in the thalamus; their findings of how sensory information is encoded in the healthy brain may lead to new treatments of neurological disorders such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's, epilepsy, and depression. (2018-12-17)
Discovery of novel mechanisms that cause migraines
Researchers at CNRS, Université Côte d'Azur and Inserm have demonstrated a new mechanism related to the onset of migraine. (2018-12-17)
Communication between neural networks
Researchers at the Bernstein Center Freiburg and colleagues are proposing a new model to explain how neural networks in different brain areas communicate with each other. (2018-12-17)
One type of brain cell may invite Alzheimer's
Researchers found that excitatory neurons -- those that are more likely to trigger an action (as opposed to inhibitory neurons, which are less likely to prompt neural activity) -- are more vulnerable to accumulations of abnormal tau protein, which is increasingly being implicated in Alzheimer's disease. (2018-12-17)
The role of lipid nanoparticles and its surface modification in reaching the brain
Nanomedicine is a field of science that employs materials in the nanometer scale.Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are the most common disorders worldwide, becoming a serious economic burden and public health problem.In this review, we have highlighted the potential of lipid nanoparticles in reaching the brain, a challenging task in modern medicine. (2018-12-14)
Mapping technique to reassess Alzheimer's studies finds improved reproducibility
A neural mapping approach that pegs results from more than two dozen previous Alzheimer's studies found that reproducibility improves when trying to isolate symptoms to a brain network rather than a single area of the brain. (2018-12-14)
New research suggests how parents protect children from the long-term effects of stress
When young children experience violence or poverty, the effect can last well into adulthood. (2018-12-13)
How the brain tells you to scratch that itch
It's a maddening cycle that has affected us all: it starts with an itch that triggers scratching, but scratching only makes the itchiness worse. (2018-12-13)
Neandertal genes shed light on unique aspects of the modern human brain
A characteristic feature of modern humans is the unusually round skull and brain, in contrast to the elongated shape seen in other human species. (2018-12-13)
Illuminating the brain architecture of neuropsychiatric risk: The latest from PsychENCODE
Neuropsychiatric disorders have highly complex causes that involve hundreds of genes -- a feature that hindered development of related treatments. (2018-12-13)
In the developing brain, scientists find roots of neuropsychiatric diseases
The most comprehensive genomic analysis of the human brain ever undertaken has revealed new insights into the changes it undergoes through development, how it varies among individuals, and the roots of neuropsychiatric illnesses such as autism spectrum disorders and schizophrenia. (2018-12-13)
USC researchers discover abundant source for neuronal cells
USC researchers seeking a way to study genetic activity associated with psychiatric disorders have discovered an abundant source of human cells -- the nose. (2018-12-13)
Scientists create genomic resource to explore biological underpinnings of brain disorders
A team of researchers, including scientists from UNC School of Medicine, has developed a model of unprecedented sophistication that relates variations in DNA and gene activity to the risk of brain disorders. (2018-12-13)
Parents' brain activity 'echoes' their infant's brain activity when they play together
Research shows for the first time that when adults are engaged in joint play together with their infant, the parents' brains show bursts of high-frequency activity, which are linked to their baby's attention patterns and not their own. (2018-12-13)
Study shows in older people, type 2 diabetes is associated with a decline in brain function over 5 years
New research published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]) shows that in older people living in the community, type 2 diabetes (T2D) is associated with a decline in verbal memory and fluency over five years. (2018-12-13)
Attention, please! Anticipation of touch takes focus, executive skills
A study by the University of Washington and Temple University examines what happens in children's brains when they anticipate a touch to the hand, and relates this brain activity to the executive functions the child demonstrates on other mental tasks. (2018-12-12)
How bullying affects the brain
The effects of constantly being bullied are more than just psychological. (2018-12-12)
An intellectually active lifestyle protects against neurodegeneration in Huntington's
Researchers from IDIBELL and the University of Barcelona (UB), in collaboration with several hospitals, have discovered that an intellectually active lifestyle confers protection against neurodegeneration in people with Huntington's disease, delaying the onset of symptoms and loss of grey matter in the brain. (2018-12-12)
Pain: Perception and motor impulses arise in brain independently of one another
Pain is a negative feeling that we want to get rid of. (2018-12-12)
Gut hormone increases response to food
The holiday season is a hard one for anyone watching their weight. (2018-12-12)
Resting easy: Oxygen promotes deep, restorative sleep, study shows
Exposure to high levels of oxygen encourages the brain to remain in deep, restorative sleep, according to a new study by University of Alberta neuroscientists. (2018-12-12)
News release: Increased motor activity linked to improved mood
Increasing one's level of physical activity may be an effective way to boost one's mood, according to a new study from a team including scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in collaboration with the National Institute of Mental Health Intramural Research Program. (2018-12-12)
Ritalin drives greater connection between brain areas key to memory, attention
Louis Populin and collaborators at the University of Wisconsin-Madison collaborators published a study this week in the Journal of Neuroscience describing increased connections between key parts of the brains of monkeys who have taken methylphenidate (Ritalin). (2018-12-12)
Using water molecules to unlock neurons' secrets
EPFL researchers have developed a method to observe the electrical activity of neurons by analyzing the behavior of surrounding water molecules. (2018-12-11)
Attention training improves intelligence and functioning of children's brain
the study shows that the beneficial effects of training in the brain and intelligence are greater when an educator implement a coaching strategy design in order to help the child to understand their training process (2018-12-11)
Future doctors learn how to prescribe physical activity for their patients
An initiative adopted by Lancaster University to embed physical activity into the training for medical students has been showcased at a national and international level. (2018-12-11)
Study: Neurons in the brain work as a team to guide movement of arms, hands
The apparent simplicity of picking up a cup of coffee or turning a doorknob belies the complex sequence of calculations and processes that the brain must undergo to identify the location of an item in space, move the arm and hand toward it, and shape the fingers to hold or manipulate the object. (2018-12-11)
Brain activity shows development of visual sensitivity in autism
Research investigating how the brain responds to visual patterns in people with autism has shown that sensory responses change between childhood and adulthood. (2018-12-11)
Activating parts of the brain could help alleviate opioid-related social isolation
One of the many painful and challenging aspects of the US opioid crisis is that people abusing opioids often isolate themselves from family and friends, making it difficult for loved ones to help people on a path towards recovery. (2018-12-10)
Genetic changes associated with physical activity reported
Machine learning used to improve understanding of sleep, physical (in)activity and their health consequences (2018-12-10)
Two compounds in coffee may team up to fight Parkinson's
Rutgers scientists have found a compound in coffee that may team up with caffeine to fight Parkinson's disease and Lewy body dementia -- two progressive and currently incurable diseases associated with brain degeneration. (2018-12-10)
Dopamine's yin-yang personality: It's an upper and a downer
Dopamine has a reputation as the key player in the brain's reward circuits, making us seek out pleasurable experiences, but growing evidence points to a multipronged role for the neurotransmitter. (2018-12-10)
Buridan's donkey: Neuroscience resolves medieveal decision-making conundrum
The brain updates its preferences in real-time in order to choose between two equally attractive options, reveals a human neuroimaging and eye-tracking study published in JNeurosci. (2018-12-10)
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