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Current Brain development News and Events

Current Brain development News and Events, Brain development News Articles.
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Gut communicates with the entire brain through cross-talking neurons
You know that feeling in your gut? We think of it as an innate intuition that sparks deep in the belly and helps guide our actions, if we let it. (2020-04-02)
Non-invasive method to predict brain pressure
The only way to accurately measure pressure inside the skull is to insert a catheter or sensor inside. (2020-04-01)
How dopamine drives brain activity
Using a specialized magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sensor that can track dopamine levels, MIT neuroscientists have discovered how dopamine released deep within the brain influences distant brain regions. (2020-04-01)
Mayo Clinic research finds spina bifida surgery before birth restores brain structure
Surgery performed on a fetus in the womb to repair defects from spina bifida triggers the body's ability to restore normal brain structure, Mayo Clinic research discovered. (2020-04-01)
Ancient hominins had small brains like apes, but longer childhoods like humans
Using precise imaging technology to scan fossil skulls, researchers found that as early as 3 million years ago, children had a long dependence on caregivers. (2020-04-01)
Researchers gain new insights into pain signaling in the brain
In a new study, researchers from the University of Copenhagen have mapped how a potent neuropeptide binds to a brain receptor involved in causing human pain. (2020-03-31)
APS tip sheet: Untangling neurons with scattered light
New analysis examines light scattering properties in brain tissue to better understand the three-dimensional structure of nerve fibers. (2020-03-30)
Unearthing gut secret paves way for targeted treatments
Scientists have identified a specific type of sensory nerve ending in the gut and how these communicate pain or discomfort to the brain, paving the way for targeted treatments for common conditions like ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome or chronic constipation. (2020-03-29)
I won't have what he's having: The brain and socially motivated behavior
Monkeys devalue rewards when they anticipate that another monkey will get them instead. (2020-03-27)
Jumping genes help make neurons in a dish
The conversion of skin cells into brain cells relies on proper insertion of L1 elements. (2020-03-26)
Artificial intelligence for very young brains
Montreal's CHU Sainte-Justine children's hospital and the ÉTS engineering school pool their expertise to develop an innovative new technology for the segmentation of neonatal brain images. (2020-03-26)
NUI Galway study establishes how cognitive intelligence is a whole brain phenomenon
An international collaborative study led by researchers from the NUI Galway provides findings on the neural basis of intelligence, otherwise known as general cognitive ability (IQ). (2020-03-26)
Worldwide scientific collaboration unveils genetic architecture of gray matter
For the first time, more 360 scientists from 184 different institutions -- including UNC-Chapel Hill -- have contributed to a global effort to find more than 200 regions of the genome and more than 300 specific genetic variations that affect the structure of the cerebral cortex and likely play important roles in psychiatric and neurological conditions. (2020-03-26)
New imaging method sheds light on Alzheimer's disease
To understand what happens in the brain when Alzheimer's disease develops, researchers need to be able to study the molecular structures in the neurons affected by Alzheimer's disease. (2020-03-25)
Lung cancer therapy may improve outcomes of metastatic brain cancer
A medication commonly used to treat non-small cell lung cancer that has spread, or metastasized, may have benefits for patients with metastatic brain cancers, suggests a new review and analysis led by researchers at St. (2020-03-25)
A molecule that directs neurons
A research team coordinated by the University of Trento studied a mass of brain cells, the habenula, linked to disorders like autism, schizophrenia and depression. (2020-03-24)
Stroke: When the system fails for the second time
After a stroke, there is an increased risk of suffering a second one. (2020-03-23)
How the brain controls the voice
A particular neuronal circuit in the brains of bats controls their vocalisations. (2020-03-20)
New brain reading technology could help the development of brainwave-controlled devices
A new method to accurately record brain activity at scale has been developed by researchers at the Crick, Stanford University and UCL. (2020-03-20)
Researchers find brain cell that triggers tremor and how to control it
Researchers have improved our understanding of how tremor -- the most common movement disorder -- happens, opening the possibility of novel therapies for this condition. (2020-03-19)
Alzheimer's disease: Inflammation triggers fatal cycle
An immune reaction in the brain seems to play a major role in the development of Alzheimer's disease. (2020-03-18)
Scientists find sexual dimorphism in cannabinoid 1 receptor expression in mice
A research team led by Dr. WANG Feng from the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology (SIAT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences demonstrated that CB1R mRNA expression displays a sexually dimorphic pattern in several regions in the adult mouse brain. (2020-03-17)
New study reveals early evolution of cortex
Their researches on the lamprey brain has enabled researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden to push the birth of the cortex back in time by some 300 million years to over 500 million years ago, providing new insights into brain evolution. (2020-03-16)
Scientists can see the bias in your brain
The strength of alpha brain waves reveals if you are about to make a biased decision, according to research recently published in JNeurosci. (2020-03-16)
Inflammation in the brain linked to several forms of dementia
Inflammation in the brain may be more widely implicated in dementias than was previously thought, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge. (2020-03-16)
Treatment disparities drive worse outcomes for pediatric Black, Hispanic brain cancer pts
Of 1,881 patients under age 19 diagnosed with cancers of the brain and central nervous system between 2000 and 2015, 52 percent of White patients lived five years from diagnosis, whereas only 44 percent of African American patients and 45 percent of Hispanic patients reached a similar milestone. (2020-03-12)
Study reveals a delicate dance of dynamic changes in the conscious brain
Michigan Medicine researchers studying consciousness have provided proof of alternating awareness using fMRI and illustrate, using a unique method, the ever-changing nature of the brain, even when under anesthesia or otherwise unresponsive. (2020-03-11)
Probing the genes that organize early brain development
A new study finds how a specific gene can impact neurodevelopment and lead to macrocephaly and autism spectrum disorder in animal and lab models. (2020-03-11)
Stanford scientists discover the mathematical rules underpinning brain growth
'How do cells with complementary functions arrange themselves to construct a functioning tissue?' said study co-author Bo Wang, an assistant professor of Bioengineering. (2020-03-11)
More than a nice coating
Researchers at the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience (NIN) have shown that specialized aggregates of molecules enwrapping nerve cells in the brain, the perineuronal nets, are crucial for regulating the connections between nerve cells that control motor memories. (2020-03-10)
Scientists create tool to detect genes associated with psychiatric, brain diseases
Scientists at the UNC School of Medicine and colleagues created a new computational tool called H-MAGMA to study the genetic underpinnings of nine brain disorders, including the identification of new genes associated with each disorder. (2020-03-09)
Sensory information underpins abstract knowledge
What we learn through our senses drives how knowledge is sorted in our brains, according to research recently published in JNeurosci. (2020-03-09)
Rejuvenating the immune system supports brain repair after injury
Researchers have identified a major shift in how to treat brain injuries, after rejuvenating immune cells to support the repair process. (2020-03-08)
Seismic imaging technology could deliver finely detailed images of the human brain
Scientists have developed a new computational technique that could lead to fast, finely detailed brain imaging with a compact device that uses only sound waves. (2020-03-06)
Thinking in acids and bases
Researchers from the National Institute for Physiological Sciences in Okazaki designed and tested a probe to track brain pH in mice during a visual task. (2020-03-06)
The brain has two systems for thinking about others' thoughts
The brain seems to have two different systems through which we can put ourselves into the shoes of someone else. (2020-03-06)
Neither nature nor nurture: Behavioral individuality in fruit flies' neurodevelopmental origin
While some fruit flies wander, others prefer to walk the straight and narrow; the origin of these behavioral quirks in individual flies may be a product of random variation in how neural circuits are wired during brain development, a new study of fruit flies given 'lines to walk' finds. (2020-03-05)
Bilingualism acts as a cognitive reserve factor against dementia
The conclusions of a study carried out by Víctor Costumero, as the first author, Marco Calabria and Albert Costa (died in 2018), members of the Speech Production and Bilingualism (SPB) group at the Cognition and Brain Center (CBC) of the Department of Information Technology and the Communications (DTIC) of the UPF, together with researchers from the Universities of Jaume I, Valencia, Barcelona and Jaén; IDIBELL, Hospital La Fe (Valencia) and Grupo Médico ERESA (Valencia). (2020-03-04)
Researchers catalog dozens of mutations in crucial brain development gene
An international team of researchers that pooled genetic samples from developmentally disabled patients from around the world has identified dozens of new mutations in a single gene that appears to be critical for brain development. (2020-03-04)
Optimizing use of the 'hug hormone' to help those with social difficulties
New research has provided important insight into how oxytocin could be administered in a more targeted and effective way to help treat social problems that occur in a range of psychiatric disorders. (2020-03-03)
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