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Current Brain structure News and Events

Current Brain structure News and Events, Brain structure News Articles.
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Scientists identified the metabolic features specific to the autistic brain
Skoltech scientists looked into the differences in the concentrations of multiple metabolites in healthy humans and individuals suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), gaining a deeper insight into the molecular processes that take place in the brain of autistic individuals. (2019-07-16)
Risk and progression of Alzheimer's disease differ by sex
The abnormal accumulation of proteins in the brain is a biological marker for Alzheimer's disease, but the ways in which these proteins spread may help explain why the prevalence of Alzheimer's is higher in women than in men. (2019-07-16)
How bacteria translate proteins from structurally blocked mRNAs -- using standby
Bacterial ribosomes need a single-stranded ribosome binding site (RBS) to initiate protein synthesis, whereas stable RNA structure blocks initiation. (2019-07-15)
Enzyme responsible for dangerous properties of brain tumor stem cells
The relapse of brain tumors after therapy is driven by cancer stem cells that were not affected by the treatment. (2019-07-11)
REM sleep silences the siren of the brain
Something frightening or unpleasant does not go unnoticed. In our brain, the so-called limbic circuit of cells and connections immediately becomes active. (2019-07-11)
Area of brain linked to spatial awareness and planning also plays role in decision making
New research by neuroscientists at the University of Chicago shows that the posterior parietal cortex (PPC), an area of the brain often associated with planning movements and spatial awareness, also plays a crucial role in making decisions about images in the field of view. (2019-07-11)
Unravelling the 3-dimensional genomic structure of male germ cells
A study led by the UAB and the CNAG-CRG reveals the three-dimensional genomic structure of male germ cells and how this structure determines their function. (2019-07-10)
Insulin nasal spray may boost cognitive function in obese adolescents by improving connectivity
Researchers at the Modern Diet and Physiology Research Center and Department of Pediatrics at Yale School of Medicine are investigating whether insulin delivered directly to the brain by nasal inhalation can enhance communication between brain regions and improve cognition in adolescents with obesity and prediabetes. (2019-07-09)
Exercise improves brain function in overweight and obese individuals
New findings out of the University of Tübingen show that, on top of its benefits for metabolism, mood, and general health, exercise also improves brain function. (2019-07-09)
How the brain remembers where you're heading to
The brain appears to implement a GPS system for spatial navigation; however, it is not yet fully understood how it works. (2019-07-08)
Structure of brain networks is not fixed, study finds
The shape and connectivity of brain networks -- discrete areas of the brain that work together to perform complex cognitive tasks -- can change in fundamental and recurring ways over time, according to a study led by Georgia State University. (2019-07-08)
Brain imaging may help identify teens at risk of increasing alcohol use
Teenagers with large amounts of grey matter in the brain at age 14 are more likely to increase their alcohol use over the next five years, according to a whole brain imaging study reported today in eLife. (2019-07-02)
The neuroscience of autism: New clues for how condition begins
UNC School of Medicine scientists found that a gene mutation linked to autism normally works to organize the scaffolding of brain cells called radial progenitors necessary for the orderly formation of the brain. (2019-07-02)
CCNY experts in lateralization of speech publish discovery
City College of New York-led researchers have published a breakthrough in understanding previously unknown inner workings related to the lateralization of speech processing in the brain. (2019-07-01)
New study reveals biological toll on brain function of Holocaust survivors
The novel research, due to be presented at the 5th European Academy of Neurology (EAN) Congress, found that surviving the Holocaust had a life-long psychological and biological effect with grey matter reduction affecting the parts of their brain responsible for stress response, memory, motivation, emotion, learning, and behavior. (2019-06-30)
Rich defects boosting the oxygen evolution reaction
The morphology and electronic structure of LDHs were simultaneously tuned to improve the OER catalytic activity by mild solvothermal reduction using ethylene glycol. (2019-06-27)
Brain structure determines individual differences regarding music sensitivity
The white matter structure in the brain reflects music sensitivity, according to a study by the research group on Cognition and Brain Plasticity of the Institute of Neurosciences of the University of Barcelona (UB) and the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (UB-IDIBELL). (2019-06-27)
Technology allows researchers to see patients' real-time pain while in the clinic
Many patients, especially those who are anesthetized or emotionally challenged, cannot communicate precisely about their pain. (2019-06-27)
Boosting amino acid derivative may be a treatment for schizophrenia
Many psychiatric drugs act on the receptors or transporters of certain neurotransmitters in the brain. (2019-06-26)
Age itself appears to increase the spread of Alzheimer's-associated tau in the brain
A study by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital finds evidence that spread through the brain of the Alzheimer's-disease-associated protein tau is facilitated by factors within the aging brain itself and not by how long the protein has been expressed by neurons. (2019-06-26)
Is multiple sclerosis linked to childhood viral infections?
The exact causes of multiple sclerosis still remain unknown. In a mouse model of the disease, researchers (UNIGE) studied the potential link between transient cerebral viral infections in childhood and the development of this cerebral autoimmune disease later in life. (2019-06-26)
How to help patients recover after a stroke
The existing approach to brain stimulation for rehabilitation after a stroke does not take into account the diversity of lesions and the individual characteristics of patients' brains. (2019-06-26)
How the brain helps us make good decisions -- and bad ones
A prevailing theory in neuroscience holds that people make decisions based on integrated global calculations that occur within the frontal cortex of the brain. (2019-06-25)
These neurons affect how much you do, or don't, want to eat
University of Arizona researchers have identified a network of neurons that coordinate with other brain regions to influence eating behaviors. (2019-06-25)
Molecular scissors stabilize the cell's cytoskeleton
Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI in Villigen, Switzerland, have for the first time elucidated the structure of important enzymes in human cells that alter essential building blocks of the cellular cytoskeleton. (2019-06-24)
Certain cells secrete a substance in the brain that protects neurons, USC study finds
USC researchers have discovered a secret sauce in the brain's vascular system that preserves the neurons needed to keep dementia and other diseases at bay. (2019-06-24)
Chemists discover structure of glucagon fibrils
Study may be a step toward shelf-stable versions of the hormone, which is used to control diabetes. (2019-06-24)
Understanding brain activity when you name what you see
Using complex statistical methods and fast measurement techniques, researchers found how the brain network comes up with the right word and enables us to say it. (2019-06-24)
Structural development of the brain
In a recent study published in The Journal of Neuroscience, researchers reveal how the basic structure of the brain is formed. (2019-06-21)
Discovery of the cell fate switch from neurons to astrocytes in the developing brain
During mammalian brain development, neural precursor cells first generate neurons and later astrocytes. (2019-06-21)
Your brain activity can be used to measure how well you understand a concept
As students learn a new concept, measuring how well they grasp it has often depended on traditional paper and pencil tests. (2019-06-21)
Sexual hormone oestradiol protects female brain in mid-life
How do sex hormones and body weight affect emotional and cognitive well-being? (2019-06-21)
Pigs help scientists understand human brain
For the first time, researchers in the University of Georgia's Regenerative Bioscience Center have used an imaging method normally reserved for humans to analyze brain activity in live agricultural swine models, and they have discovered that pig brains are even better platforms than previously thought for the study of human neurological conditions such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. (2019-06-20)
Squeezing of blood vessels may contribute to cognitive decline in Alzheimer's
Reduced blood flow to the brain associated with early Alzheimer's may be caused by the contraction of cells wrapped around blood vessels, according to a UCL-led study that opens up a new way to potentially treat the disease. (2019-06-20)
Real-time analysis of MOF adsorption behavior
Researchers have developed a technology to analyze the adsorption behavior of molecules in each individual pore of a metal organic framework (MOF). (2019-06-19)
Brain anatomy links cognitive and perceptual symptoms in autism
Neuroscientists at the RIKEN Center for Brain Science (CBS) and University College London have found an anatomical link between cognitive and perceptual symptoms in autism. (2019-06-18)
Schizophrenia: Adolescence is the game-changer
Schizophrenia may be related to the deletion syndrome. However, not everyone who has the syndrome necessarily develops psychotic symptoms. (2019-06-17)
Introduced a new paradigm of cell transplantation with scaffold microrobots
Professor Hongsoo Choi's team developed a microrobot that can precisely transplant stem cells in various in vivo and vitro environments. (2019-06-17)
Healthy blood vessels may delay cognitive decline
High blood pressure may affect conditions such as Alzheimer's disease by interfering with the brain's waste management system, according to new research in rats published in JNeurosci. (2019-06-17)
The brain consumes half of a child's energy -- and that could matter for weight gain
In a new paper published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 'A hypothesis linking the energy demand of the brain to obesity risk,' co-authors Christopher Kuzawa of Northwestern University and Clancy Blair of New York University School of Medicine, propose that variation in the energy needs of brain development across kids -- in terms of the timing, intensity and duration of energy use -- could influence patterns of energy expenditure and weight gain. (2019-06-17)
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