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Current Brain News and Events

Current Brain News and Events, Brain News Articles.
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Which role does the brain play in prosocial behavior?
This study suggests that our tactile cortices, primarily evolved to perceive touch and pain on our body, have an important social function. (2018-05-25)
A stimulating approach to the treatment of diabetes
Scientists have discovered that electric stimulation of the brain regulated the metabolism of blood sugar (or glucose) and increased insulin sensitivity in a small patient group. (2018-05-23)
In brain stimulation therapy less might be more
Theoretical and experimental results demonstrate a new insight for optimizing rTMS, one of the common non-invasive magnetic brain stimulation therapies used to treat brain disorders such as depression and neuropathic pain. (2018-05-22)
Mice regrow brain tissue after stroke with bioengineered gel
In a first-of-its-kind finding, a new stroke-healing gel helped regrow neurons and blood vessels in mice with stroke-damaged brains, UCLA researchers report in the May 21 issue of Nature Materials. (2018-05-21)
Personalizing therapeutic brain stimulation
A study of epilepsy patients with implanted electrodes provides an unprecedented view of the changes in brain activity created by electrical stimulation. (2018-05-21)
Brain simulation reveals benefits of emergency cooling treatment
Fresh insight into how the brain responds to medically induced cooling -- routinely used to limit head injury -- could inform treatments for related conditions and help babies at risk of birthing complications. (2018-05-18)
Learning music or speaking another language leads to more efficient brains
Whether you learn to play a musical instrument or speak another language, you're training your brain to be more efficient, suggests a Baycrest study. (2018-05-17)
Stroke: Researchers shed light on the brain recovery process and new treatment strategies
Dr. Brian MacVicar at the University of British Columbia has recently discovered how two types of cells, called astrocytes and pericytes, work together to regenerate blood flow in the brain areas affected by stroke. (2018-05-16)
An energy dense diet changes the brain and increases urge to eat
Giving unrestricted access to a high-fat, high-sugar 'cafeteria-diet' to rats leads to obesity and to changes in a brain region called the orbitofrontal cortex, which integrates information about food and determines eating behavior. (2018-05-15)
Canadian researchers find key players for building and repairing the brain
During brain development, neural stem cells generate the neurons and glial cells that form the complex network of connections required for proper brain functioning and cognition. (2018-05-15)
Brain activity alternates while stepping
Human steps are associated with neural activity that alternates between the left and right sides of the brain, finds a study of Parkinson's disease patients published in JNeurosci. (2018-05-14)
Discovery of differences in the brains of rats classified as workers vs. slackers
Dr. Catharine Winstanley at the University of British Columbia have uncovered a network of regions in the brain that are involved in determining the choice of being a 'hard-worker' or a 'slacker.' Understanding how the brain makes such decisions is one of the most fundamental questions in neuroscience and psychology, and sophisticated animal behavioral testing, coupled with advance brain imaging and stimulation techniques are shedding light on this important process. (2018-05-14)
CAMH study shows details of brain networks in autism
A CAMH study analyzing more than 1,000 brain scans reveals surprising new insights into brain networks in people with autism, after applying a new personalized approach to brain mapping. (2018-05-14)
Where hominid brains are concerned, size doesn't matter
Researchers pieced together traces of Homo naledi's brain shape from an extraordinary collection of skull fragments and partial crania, from at least five adult individuals. (2018-05-14)
Brain size mediates the association between height and cognitive ability
Several studies have found that height and general cognitive ability, or intelligence, are positively associated. (2018-05-13)
Gadolinium deposition in the brain not dose dependent
Investigators at Children's Hospital Los Angeles have determined that in children receiving gadolinium as a contrast agent to enhance MRI examinations, signal changes attributed solely to deposition of this material in the brain are not dependent on the amount of gadolinium administered but rather these changes are seen in association with other factors such as the presence of brain tumors and treatment using brain irradiation. (2018-05-10)
Brain cholesterol associated with increased risk of Alzheimer's disease
Researchers have shown how cholesterol -- a molecule normally linked with cardiovascular diseases -- may also play an important role in the onset and progression of Alzheimer's disease. (2018-05-07)
Study finds possibility of new ways to treat, manage epilepsy seizures
New findings from the University of Kentucky published in the Journal of Neuroscience demonstrate that there may be ways to address blood-brain barrier dysfunction in epilepsy. (2018-05-07)
UCalgary scientists discover a new way to battle multiple sclerosis
University of Calgary scientists Andrew Caprariello, Ph.D., and Dr. Peter Stys, professor at the Cumming School of Medicine, are challenging conventional thinking about the root cause of multiple sclerosis. (2018-05-07)
Which targeted nutritional approaches can bolster micro-preemies' brain development?
The volume of carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and calories consumed by very vulnerable preemies significantly contributes to increased brain volume and white matter development, however additional research is needed to determine specific nutritional approaches that best support these infants' developing brains, according to research to be presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2018 annual meeting. (2018-05-05)
Researchers clarify the identity of brain stem cells
The human nervous system is a complex structure that sends electrical signals from the brain to the rest of the body, enabling us to move and think. (2018-05-04)
Even brief maternal deprivation early in life alters adult brain function and cognition
When a baby is taken from its mother for even a brief period early in life, this traumatic event significantly alters the future, adult function of the brain, according to a new animal model study from the School of Science at IUPUI. (2018-05-03)
Researchers discover connection between circadian rhythm and aggression
A research team including a researcher from the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences has discovered a circuit in the brains of mice connecting circadian rhythm to aggressive behaviour. (2018-05-02)
Brain structure linked to symptoms of restless legs syndrome
People with restless legs syndrome may have changes in a portion of the brain that processes sensory information, according to a study published in the April 25, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2018-04-25)
When there's an audience, people's performance improves
Often people think performing in front of others will make them mess up, but a new study found the opposite: being watched makes people do better. (2018-04-20)
Tai Chi improves brain metabolism and muscle energetics in older adults
A new Journal of Neuroimaging study provides insights into the biochemical mechanisms by which Tai Chi -- a mind-body exercise -- may provide both physical and psychological benefits. (2018-04-19)
How does the brain learn categorization for sounds? The same way it does for images
Categorization, or the recognition that individual objects share similarities and can be grouped together, is fundamental to how we make sense of the world. (2018-04-19)
Research reveals stronger people have healthier brains
A study of nearly half a million people has revealed that muscular strength, measured by handgrip, is an indication of how healthy our brains are. (2018-04-19)
Brain scans may help diagnose neurological, psychiatric disorders
A new study shows that individual brain networks are remarkably stable from day to day and while undertaking different tasks, suggesting that they could potentially form the basis of diagnostic tests for brain disorders or diseases. (2018-04-18)
Difference in gene switching discovered in different parts of brain
Researchers found significant difference in the molecular machinery that turns on and off gene expression between cerebellum and prefrontal cortex of a mouse brain. (2018-04-18)
A single concussion may increase risk of Parkinson's disease
People who have been diagnosed with a mild concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, may have a 56 percent increased risk of developing Parkinson's disease, according to a study published in the April 18, 2018, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2018-04-18)
Study reports possible novel method for stopping untreatable pediatric brain cancers
Researchers used an experimental molecular therapy in preclinical laboratory tests to effectively treat several types of deadly pediatric brain cancer and now propose advancing the treatment to clinical testing in children. (2018-04-17)
For aggressive breast cancer in the brain, researchers clarify immune response
In a preliminary study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2018 in Chicago, researchers from the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center revealed findings for what kind of immune response the body is staging against triple negative breast cancer that has spread to the brain. (2018-04-17)
Hope for new treatment of severe epilepsy
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden believe they have found a method that in the future could help people suffering from epilepsy so severe that all current treatment is ineffective. (2018-04-16)
Is whole-brain radiation still best for brain metastases from small-cell lung cancer?
University of Colorado Cancer Center study compares outcomes of 5,752 small-cell lung cancer patients who received whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) with those of 200 patients who received stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), finding that the median overall survival was actually longer with SRS (10.8 months with SRS versus 7.1 months with WBRT). (2018-04-16)
Reversing brain injury in newborns and adults
Researchers at OHSU in Portland, Ore., have identified a new molecule within the brain's white matter that blocks the organ's ability to repair itself following injury. (2018-04-16)
Sitting is bad for your brain -- not just your metabolism or heart
Studies show that too much sitting, like smoking, increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes and premature death. (2018-04-12)
Optimized perception in the twilight zone
As neuroscientists at Goethe University Frankfurt have now discovered, the human brain processes weak visual stimuli better in the morning and evening than at noon. (2018-04-10)
Scientists records brain activity of free-flying bats
Johns Hopkins University researchers have developed a way to study the brain of a bat as it flies, recording for the first time what happens as a roving animal focuses and refocuses its attention. (2018-04-10)
Repairing a leaky blood-brain barrier in epilepsy
Blocking the activity of an enzyme that has a key role in the generation of recurring seizures may provide a new way to treat epilepsy that is resistant to anti-seizure drugs, according to a study of rats and mice published in JNeurosci. (2018-04-09)
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