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Current Carbon News and Events

Current Carbon News and Events, Carbon News Articles.
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Tensile strength of carbon nanotubes depends on their chiral structures
Single-walled carbon nanotubes should theoretically be extremely strong, but it remains unclear why their experimental tensile strengths are lower and vary among nanotubes. (2019-09-18)
Shifting the focus of climate-change strategies may benefit younger generations
Strategies to limit climate change that focus on warming in the next couple of decades would leave less of a burden for future generations. (2019-09-18)
Study of ancient climate suggests future warming could accelerate
The rate at which the planet warms in response to the ongoing buildup of heat-trapping carbon dioxide gas could increase in the future, according to new simulations of a comparable warm period more than 50 million years ago. (2019-09-18)
Peatlands trap CO2, even during droughts
French scientists studied the two species of moss that make up the peatland. (2019-09-17)
New route to carbon-neutral fuels from carbon dioxide discovered by Stanford-DTU team
A new way to convert carbon dioxide into the building block for sustainable liquid fuels was very efficient in tests and did not have the reaction that destroys the conventional device. (2019-09-16)
MIT engineers develop 'blackest black' material to date
MIT engineers have cooked up a material made of carbon nanotubes that is 10 times blacker than anything that has previously been reported. (2019-09-13)
Land restoration in Latin America shows big potential for climate change mitigation
Land restoration in Latin America and the Caribbean is picking up pace and scaling up projects will help the region meet its pledges under the Bonn Challenge, which aims to restore 350 million hectares of degraded and deforested land worldwide by 2030. (2019-09-13)
Sticks and stones may break your bones, but this reaction edits skeletons
Marcos G. Suero and his research group at the Institute of Chemical Research of Catalonia (ICIQ) present a new reaction that allows for the edition of organic molecule's skeletons, opening up new avenues of research. (2019-09-13)
Princeton researchers explore how a carbon-fixing organelle forms via phase separation
Algae remove vast amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere during photosynthesis thanks to an organelle called the pyrenoid, which boosts the efficiency of carbon-fixation. (2019-09-12)
Soil scientist researches nature versus nurture in microorganisms
Ember Morrissey, assistant professor of environmental microbiology at West Virginia University, uncovered that nature significantly affects how the tiny organisms under our feet respond to their current surroundings. (2019-09-11)
Climate change: A dirt-y business
Groundwater is essential for growing crops, but new research shows climate change is making it harder for soil to absorb water from rainfall. (2019-09-11)
Bones of Roman Britons provide new clues to dietary deprivation
Researchers at the University of Bradford have shown a link between the diet of Roman Britons and their mortality rates for the first time, overturning a previously-held belief about the quality of the Roman diet. (2019-09-10)
Researchers show satellite data can reveal fire susceptibility in peatlands
Fires in Southeast Asian peatlands release huge amounts of carbon, along with deadly smoke. (2019-09-09)
Warm on top, cold below: Unexpected greenhouse gas effect in lakes
A research team led by the University of Basel and the University of Montreal examined how the ongoing climate warming affects the 'behavior' of lakes. (2019-09-09)
Hard as a diamond? Scientists predict new forms of superhard carbon
Superhard materials can slice, drill and polish other objects. Now, science is opening the door to the development of new materials with these seductive qualities. (2019-09-09)
Nanoparticles in lithium-sulphur batteries detected with neutron experiment
An HZB team has for the first time precisely analysed how nanoparticles of lithium sulphide and sulphur precipitate onto battery electrodes during the course of the charging cycle. (2019-09-06)
Decrease in greenhouse gas emissions linked to Soviet Union's collapse
As the authors posit, the collapse of the Soviet Union led to decreasing meat product consumption, abandonment of cultivated land, and restructuring of food sales chains; which, in turn, elicited a decrease in greenhouse gas emissions. (2019-09-05)
Silicon as a semiconductor: Silicon carbide would be much more efficient
In power electronics, semiconductors are based on the element silicon -- but the energy efficiency of silicon carbide would be much higher. (2019-09-05)
New study tracks sulfur-based metabolism in the open ocean
Oceanographers found that marine microbes process sulfonate, a plentiful marine nutrient, in a way that is similar to soils. (2019-09-05)
Selenium anchors could improve durability of platinum fuel cell catalysts
Researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology have developed a new platinum-based catalytic system that is far more durable than traditional commercial systems and has a potentially longer lifespan. (2019-09-05)
Putting a price on carbon pollution alone unlikely to help reach climate goals
Imperial researchers show that carbon taxes alone cannot reduce emissions enough to reach the Paris Agreement targets. (2019-09-04)
Methane-producing microorganism makes a meal of iron
A new understanding of how a microorganism produces methane and carbon dioxide could eventually allow researchers to manipulate how much of these important greenhouse gases escape into the atmosphere. (2019-09-04)
Genome mining reveals novel production pathway for promising malaria treatment
Researchers at the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois are exploring the relationship between microbial natural products and the gene clusters that enable their production. (2019-09-04)
Corals take control of nitrogen recycling
Corals use sugar from their symbiotic algal partners to control them by recycling nitrogen from their own ammonium waste. (2019-09-03)
How much carbon the land can stomach with more carbon dioxide in the air
Researchers from 28 institutions in nine countries succeeded in quantifying carbon dioxide fertilization for the past five decades, using simulations from 12 terrestrial ecosystem models and observations from seven field carbon dioxide enrichment experiments. (2019-09-02)
'Charismatic carbon'
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), addressing carbon emissions from our food sector is absolutely essential to combatting climate change. (2019-08-29)
Synthesis of UV absorbers from cashew nut shell liquid
Researchers succeeded in using cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) as a substitute for petroleum in organic synthesis. (2019-08-29)
Southern Ocean circulation patterns that keep the lid on stored carbon are more complex than previously thought
Scientists have found evidence that the horizontal circulation of carbon-rich ocean water in the subpolar Southern Ocean works in tandem with vertical circulation, together controlling how much carbon the region stores in the deep ocean or releases to the atmosphere. (2019-08-28)
Research sheds new light on Antarctic control of global climate
Scientists have made a new discovery that challenges previous understanding of the relationship between the polar Southern Ocean, next to Antarctica, and carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. (2019-08-28)
Glacier-fed rivers may consume atmospheric carbon dioxide
Glacier-fed rivers in northern Canada may be consuming significant amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, according to new research by University of Alberta biologists. (2019-08-27)
Pitt researchers create breathalyzer that can detect marijuana
A team from the Department of Chemistry and the Swanson School of Engineering has developed a breathalyzer device that can measure the amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the psychoactive compound in marijuana, in the user's breath. (2019-08-27)
Would a carbon tax help to innovate more-efficient energy use?
Taxing carbon emissions would drive innovation and lead to improved energy efficiency, according to a new paper published in Joule from Carnegie's Rong Wang (now at Fudan University), Harry Saunders, and Ken Caldeira, along with Juan Moreno-Cruz of the University of Waterloo. (2019-08-27)
A new way to make valuable chemicals
A new discovery has advanced the field of carbon capture and utilization. (2019-08-26)
New threat from ocean acidification emerges in the Southern Ocean
Scientists investigating the effect of ocean acidification on diatoms, a key group of microscopic marine organisms, phytoplankton, say they have identified a new threat from climate change -- ocean acidification is negatively impacting the extent to which diatoms in Southern Ocean waters incorporate silica into their cell walls. (2019-08-26)
Study finds big increase in ocean carbon dioxide absorption along West Antarctic Peninsula
Climate change is altering the ability of the Southern Ocean off the West Antarctic Peninsula to absorb carbon dioxide, according to a Rutgers-led study, and that could magnify climate change in the long run. (2019-08-26)
Dangerous wild grass will be used in batteries
Hogweed, which has grown over vast territories of Russia, can be useful as a material for batteries. (2019-08-26)
Salt marshes' capacity to sink carbon may be threatened by nitrogen pollution
Salt marshes sequester carbon at rates an order of magnitude higher than land ecosystems. (2019-08-23)
Can't get thinner than this: synthesis of atomically flat boron sheets
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) find a simple method for producing atomically thin layers of oxidized borophene, a promising 2D boron-based nanomaterial that could serve in a variety of fields. (2019-08-23)
New study reveals carbon nanotubes measurement possible for the first time
Swansea University scientists report an entirely new approach to manipulation of carbon nanotubes that allows physical measurements to be made on carbon nanotubes that have previously only been possible by theoretical computation. (2019-08-22)
Water availability determines carbon uptake under climate warming: study
A research group led by Dr. NIU Shuli from the Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research (IGSNRR) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences found that water availability in soil determines the direction of carbon-climate feedback. (2019-08-22)
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