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Current Cell division News and Events

Current Cell division News and Events, Cell division News Articles.
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Scientists construct energy production unit for a synthetic cell
Scientists at the University of Groningen have constructed synthetic vesicles in which ATP, the main energy carrier in living cells, is produced. (2019-09-18)
How IL-6 allows the immune response to develop for a key cell, the T follicular helper
A preclinical study published in Science Immunology shows how the interplay of two interleukin signaling proteins, IL-6 and IL-2, affects the development of T follicular helper cells and germinal centers. (2019-09-13)
How microtubules branch in new directions, a first look in animals
Cell biologist Thomas Maresca and senior research fellow Vikash Verma at the University of Massachusetts Amherst say they have, for the first time, directly observed and recorded in animal cells a pathway called branching microtubule nucleation, a mechanism in cell division that had been imaged in cellular extracts and plant cells but not directly observed in animal cells. (2019-09-13)
Scientists discover new breakthrough in cancer hair loss treatment
Researchers based at The University of Manchester have discovered a new strategy for how to protect hair follicles from chemotherapy, which could lead to new treatments that prevent chemotherapy-induced hair loss -- arguably one of the most psychologically distressing side effects of modern cancer therapy. (2019-09-12)
Role of cancer protein ARID1A at intersection of genome stability and tumor suppression
The ARID1A tumor suppressor protein is required to maintain telomere cohesion and correct chromosome segregation after DNA replication. (2019-09-06)
Biomarker identified for early beta cell death in Type 1 diabetes
Beta cells in the pancreas produce insulin. Their death is a key feature of Type 1 diabetes, and that loss starts long before diagnosis. (2019-09-06)
Size matters: How cells pack in epithelial tissues
Small-cell clones in proliferating epithelia -- tissues that line all body surfaces -- organize very differently than their normal-sized counterparts, according to a recent study from the Stowers Institute for Medical Research. (2019-09-05)
A molecular 'atlas' of animal development
Scientists have studied the nematode worm Caenorhabditis elegans for decades, making essential contributions to basic science. (2019-09-05)
New members found in a transcription factor complex that maintains beta cells
A protein complex in the nucleus of beta cells contains different proteins that work together to regulate genes important for the development and maintenance of functional beta cells. (2019-09-04)
Enzyme known for promoting cancer found to also protect healthy cells
New research from the University of Maryland and the NIH reveals a new role for the enzyme telomerase, which scientists thought was turned off in most normal adult cells, except in cancerous tumors where it promotes unlimited cell division. (2019-09-02)
Scientists uncover key new molecules that could help to tackle tooth loss and regeneration
New research published in the Journal of Dental Research has shed light on the science behind the formation of the periodontal ligament, which helps keep the tooth stable in the jawbone. (2019-08-30)
DGIST Successfully defined the identity and dynamics of adult gastric isthmus stem cells
Successfully identified the existence of two types of 'gastric isthmus stem cells' with different roles and characteristics using a multi-color identification technology. (2019-08-29)
Signal blocks stem cell division in the geriatric brain
Scientists from Basel have investigated the activity of stem cells in the brain of mice and discovered a key mechanism that controls cell proliferation. (2019-08-28)
Identification of all types of germ cells tumors
Germ cell tumors were considered very heterogeneous and diverse, until recently. (2019-08-26)
Memory T cells shelter in bone marrow, boosting immunity in mice with restricted diets
Even when taking in fewer calories and nutrients, humans and other mammals usually remain protected against infectious diseases they have already encountered. (2019-08-22)
Computer model could help test new sickle cell drugs
A new computer model that captures the dynamics of the red blood cell sickling process could help in evaluating drugs for treating sickle cell disease. (2019-08-22)
Scientists find precise control of terminal division during plant stomatal development
A research group led by Prof. LE Jie at the Institute of Botany of the Chinese Academy of Sciences found a genetic suppressor of flp stomatal defects. (2019-08-20)
Bacteria made to mimic cells, form communities
Rice University scientists have found a way to make single-celled bacteria behave like stem cells, differentiating into genetically unique individuals as they divide. (2019-08-12)
Studies of fungi provide new knowledge of harmful mutations in cells
Long-lived mushrooms that grow in 'fairy rings' accumulate surprisingly few mutations over time. (2019-08-08)
Uncovering secrets of bone marrow cells and how they differentiate
Researchers mapped distinct bone marrow niche populations and their differentiation paths for the bone marrow factory that starts from mesenchymal stromal cells and ends with three types of cells -- fat cells, bone-making cells and cartilage-making cells. (2019-07-31)
Protective protein guards against DNA damage & could help target fast growing cancer cells
The discovery that an essential protein plays a protective role during cell division, could open the door to better targeted treatment of fast-growing cancer cells. (2019-07-31)
Skin in balance: Joint forces of polarity and cell mechanics
Molecular mechanics in the skin of mice are driven by polarity genes, a team led by Sandra Iden of the Cluster of Excellence for Aging Research CECAD reports in 'Nature Communications'. (2019-07-30)
Stem cell research sheds new light on the skin
For the first time, researchers from the University of Copenhagen have studied and outlined the development of sebaceous glands in the skin. (2019-07-30)
UMN Medical School researchers explain muscle loss with menopause
New University of Minnesota Medical School research is the first to show that estrogen is essential to maintaining muscle stem cell health. (2019-07-18)
New insight into microRNA function can give gene therapy a boost
Scientists at the University of Eastern Finland and the University of Oxford have shown that small RNA molecules occurring naturally in cells, i.e. microRNAs, are also abundant in cell nuclei. (2019-07-17)
CNIO researchers find a method to select for mammalian cells with half the number of chromosomes
Since the emergence of molecular genetics, scientists have tried to isolate haploid mammalian cells. (2019-07-16)
DNA replication machinery captured at atom-level detail
Life depends on double-stranded DNA unwinding and separating into single strands that can be copied for cell division. (2019-07-15)
Finding of STEMIN (STEM CELL INDUCING FACTOR) for feasible reprogramming in plants
Researchers in Japan found that induction of the transcription factor STEM CELL INDUCING FACTOR 1 (STEMIN1) in leaves directly changes leaf cells into stem cells in the moss Physcomitrella patens. (2019-07-11)
Scientists gain new insights into the mechanisms of cell division
Mitosis is the process by which the genetic information encoded on chromosomes is equally distributed to two daughter cells, a fundamental feature of all life on earth. (2019-07-11)
Discovery of the cell fate switch from neurons to astrocytes in the developing brain
During mammalian brain development, neural precursor cells first generate neurons and later astrocytes. (2019-06-21)
Landmark study signals shift in thinking about stem cell differentiation
Researchers found that embryonic stem cells commit to a cell fate far more rapidly than anticipated. (2019-06-20)
Cell division at high speed
When two proteins work together, this worsens the prognosis for lung cancer patients: their chances of survival are particularly poor in this case. (2019-06-18)
Saturn's moon Mimas, a snowplough in the planet's rings
The Solar System's second largest planet both in mass and size, Saturn is best known for its rings. (2019-06-11)
SIRT1 plays key role in chronic myeloid leukemia to aid persistence of leukemic stem cells
Patients with chronic myeloid leukemia are treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. (2019-06-10)
The deep learning dive: how cells regulate division
Combining tissue imaging and pioneering artificial intelligence, researchers at the Hollings Cancer Center at the Medical University of South Carolina probed deeper into how cell division cycles are regulated, in this study released online in the May 2019 issue of Cell Reports. (2019-06-06)
Viral study suggests an approach that may decrease kidney damage in transplant patients
Sunnie Thompson's study of BK polyomavirus replication may lead to less failure of kidneys following organ transplant. (2019-05-29)
Study reveals structure of a 'master switch' controlling cell division
Unregulated cell division is a hallmark of cancer, and one of the key proteins involved in controlling cell division is called FoxM1. (2019-05-28)
Cell division requires a balanced level of non-coding RNA for chromosome stability
Assistant Professor Dr Karen Wing Yee Yuen and Postdoctoral Fellow Dr Yick Hin Ling from the School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong (HKU), discovered that centromeric DNA is used as a template to produce a non-protein coding, centromeric RNA (ribonucleic acid), that is essential for chromosome stability. (2019-05-22)
Cancer drugs promote stem cell properties of colorectal cancer
Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ) and the Mannheim University Medical Center have now discovered that a certain group of cancer drugs (MEK Inhibitors) activates the cancer-promoting Wnt signalling pathway in colorectal cancer cells. (2019-05-16)
Researchers unravel mechanisms that control cell size
A multidisciplinary team has provided new insight into underlying mechanisms controlling the precise size of cells. (2019-05-16)
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