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Current Diversity News and Events

Current Diversity News and Events, Diversity News Articles.
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Women hold prominent roles, publish more in 'open science' vs. 'reproducibility' model
An international group of researchers examined the two paths that scientists are following to improve science: the movement for reproducibility and the movement for open science. (2020-09-16)
Multi-institutional collaborative effort to create a cell map of the human heart
Researchers from the? Masonic Medical Research Institute (MMRI), the Precision Cardiology Lab (PCL) of the Broad Institute at MIT and Harvard, Bayer USA, Massachusetts General Hospital, and University of Pennsylvania collaborated to uncover some pressing questions about the biology of the heart. (2020-09-16)
Princeton scientists explaining how diverse species coexist in microbial communities
In their paper appearing September 11, 2020 in the journal eLife, Princeton researchers Amir Erez, Jaime Lopez, Ned Wingreen and colleagues use mathematical modeling to explore how species diversity in a bacterial community is affected when the nutrients the microbes depend upon are only seasonally available. (2020-09-16)
Chimpanzees show greater behavioural and cultural diversity in more variable environments
An international team led by the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology and the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) has investigated the influence of environmental variability on the behavioural repertoires of 144 social groups. (2020-09-15)
How do giraffes and elephants alter the African Savanna landscape?
Through their foraging behavior across the diverse topography of the African savanna, megaherbivores may be unknowingly influencing the growth and survival of vegetation on valleys and plateaus, while preserving steep slopes as habitat refugia. (2020-09-14)
Massive-scale genomic study reveals wheat diversity for crop improvement
Researchers have genetically characterized almost 80,000 samples of wheat from public germplasm banks, ''a massive-scale genotyping and diversity analysis'' of the two types of wheat grown globally -- bread and pasta wheat -- and of 27 known wild species. (2020-09-11)
For diverse corporate board members, upward mobility stops with a seat at the table
A new study from the University of Delaware found that even when corporate boards include directors who are women and/or racial minorities, these diverse directors are significantly less likely to serve in positions of leadership. (2020-09-11)
Older and richer: Old grasslands show high biodiversity and conservation value
Researchers from the University of Tsukuba and Kobe University have found that the long-term, sustained existence of grasslands can increase plant diversity, and can act as an indicator for grasslands of high conservation importance. (2020-09-10)
As collegiate esports become more professional, women are being left out
A new study finds the rapidly growing field of collegiate esports is effectively becoming a two-tiered system, with club-level programs that are often supportive of gender diversity being clearly distinct from well-funded varsity programs that are dominated by men. (2020-09-09)
National parks preserve more than species
National parks are safe havens for endangered and threatened species, but an analysis by Rice University data scientists finds parks and protected areas can preserve more than species. (2020-09-09)
Targeting 'cost-effective zones' to protect global biodiversity could help balance conservation goals and political priorities
Scientists have identified regions of land around the world with both high conservation value and low levels of human impact. (2020-09-09)
Massively parallel sequencing unlocks cryptic diversity of eye parasites in fish
Scientists developed a methodology that uses next-generation sequencing technology for fast and efficient screening of genetic diversity of fish eye parasites. (2020-09-07)
Why rats would win Australian survivor
Australian rodents skulls all correspond to one simple, size-dependent shape that is more than ten million years old but it turns out this lack of change is the secret behind their survivor reputation. (2020-09-07)
Megafire does not deter Yosemite's spotted owls
A new study by researchers from The Institute for Bird Populations and Yosemite National Park found that California Spotted Owl numbers and nesting rates remained stable in areas of the park that were burned by the 2013 Rim Fire. (2020-09-03)
In butterfly battle of sexes, males deploy 'chastity belts' but females fight back
Some male butterflies seal their mate's genitalia with a waxy 'chastity belt' to prevent future liaisons. (2020-09-03)
In a mite-y bit of trouble
Mite extinctions are occurring at least 1,000 times the 'natural' rate - a finding a University of Queensland researcher says is another warning that global biodiversity is in deep trouble. (2020-09-02)
UBCO researcher uses computer modelling to predict reef health
A UBC Okanagan researcher has developed a way to predict the future health of the planet's coral reefs. (2020-08-25)
New tool for identifying endangered corals could aid conservation efforts
A newly developed genotyping ''chip''--the first of its kind for corals--allows researchers to genetically identify corals and the symbiotic algae that live within the coral's cells, a vital step for establishing and maintaining genetic diversity in reef restoration efforts. (2020-08-25)
A case for botanical gardens to lead in global plant crisis
In a paper published in Plants, People, Planet, The Morton Arboretum scientists Murphy Westwood, Ph.D., and Nicole Cavender, Ph.D., in collaboration with Abby Meyer, and Paul Smith, Ph.D., from Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI), detail how botanical gardens have the skills and knowledge, facilities, plant collections, and access to the public required to advance plant conservation, but lack the funding and public recognition necessary to achieve significant impact on global conservation. (2020-08-25)
Frequent use of antimicrobial drugs in early life shifts bacterial profiles in saliva
The strongest associations were presented with azithromycin that is used for example to middle ear infections, strep throat and pneumonia. (2020-08-24)
Each human gut has a viral 'fingerprint'
Each person's gut virus composition is as unique as a fingerprint, according to the first study to assemble a comprehensive database of viral populations in the human digestive system. (2020-08-24)
Fewer fungi types in lungs linked to worse disease in acute respiratory distress syndrome
Many COVID-19 patients develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a life-threatening condition where the lungs cannot provide the body's vital organs with enough oxygen. (2020-08-23)
Insect diversity boosted by combination of crop diversity and semi-natural habitats
To enhance the number of beneficial insect species in agricultural land, preserving semi-natural habitats and promoting crop diversity are both needed, according to new research published in the British Ecological Society's Journal of Applied of Ecology. (2020-08-13)
Research gets to the heart of organ shape in nature
Researchers have shed fresh light on the evolution and function of the shapes we see in nature - using as a model the heart shaped fruits of the Capsella genus. (2020-08-13)
Review: Consequences of systemic racism in urban environments
Even as studies have shown that the uneven distribution of urban heat islands, urban tree canopy cover, and urban environmental hazards, for example, are strongly dictated by structural racism and classism in cities, relatively few studies have addressed the varied contributions of social factors like race to ecological heterogeneity in cities. (2020-08-13)
Quality suffers for audit offices with clients from different industries, study shows
If an audit office has a diversified client portfolio, it is more difficult to audit a particular type of client, according to new research from the University of Notre Dame. (2020-08-05)
Studies shed new light on how biodiversity influences plant decay
Scientists have provided new insights on the relationship between plant diversity in forests and the diversity of organisms involved in their decay, such as bacteria and fungi. (2020-08-04)
Scientists discover secret behind Earth's biodiversity hotspots
Researchers have discovered why the tropics and a handful of other areas across the globe have become the most biodiverse places on the planet. (2020-08-03)
Reduced coral reef fish biodiversity under temperatures that mirror climate predictions
A team of researchers, led by Simon Brandl and Jacob Johansen, recently studied cryptobenthic reef fishes in the Arabian Gulf and the Sea of Oman and found that the more thermally extreme coral reef habitat in the Arabian Gulf adversely impacted the diversity and productivity of these important fishes. (2020-07-31)
DNA metabarcoding detects ecological stress within freshwater species
Metabarcoding allows scientists to extract DNA from the environment, in order to rapidly detect species inhabiting a particular habitat. (2020-07-31)
Physician practices with more female doctors have smallest gender pay gaps
A study shows female physicians have more equitable income when they work in practices with more doctors who are women. (2020-07-30)
Microbiologists clarify relationship between microbial diversity and soil carbon storage
In what they believe is the first study of its kind, researchers led by postdoctoral researcher Luiz A. (2020-07-28)
Gorilla relationships limited in large groups
Mountain gorillas that live in oversized groups may have to limit the number of strong social relationships they form, new research suggests. (2020-07-28)
Study identifies spread of bee disease via flowers
One in 11 flowers carries disease-causing parasites known to contribute to bee declines, according to a Cornell University study that identifies how flowers act as hubs for transmitting diseases to bees and other pollinators. (2020-07-23)
More flowers and pollinator diversity could help protect bees from parasites
Having more flowers and maintaining diverse bee communities could help reduce the spread of bee parasites, according to a new study. (2020-07-22)
Native bushland's fertility secret
In hotter, dryer conditions with climate change, a secret agent for more sustainable agricultural production could lie in harvesting the diverse beneficial soil microbiome in native bushland settings, scientists say. (2020-07-20)
The Azores: Exotic insect species increase on islands through human impact
A new study reveals that the diversity of exotic species of insects, spiders and other arthropods in the Azores is increasing. (2020-07-20)
If it's big enough and leafy enough the birds will come
A new study from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology highlights specific features of urban green spaces that support the greatest diversity of bird species. (2020-07-20)
Timing key in understanding plant microbiomes
Oregon State University researchers have made a key advance in understanding how timing impacts the way microorganisms colonize plants, a step that could provide farmers an important tool to boost agricultural production. (2020-07-16)
Can high-quality coral genomes be used to predict bleaching events?
In a new approach to conservation genetics, researchers used a high-quality genome of the coral Acropora millepora, along with environmental data, to study this coral's variable responses to climate change, a trait of key conservation importance. (2020-07-16)
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