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Current Ecosystems News and Events

Current Ecosystems News and Events, Ecosystems News Articles.
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Estimates of ecosystem carbon mitigation improved towards the goal of the Paris agreement
The recent reports from the IPCC concluded that new land-use options to enhance the terrestrial carbon sink are needed to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement on Climate. (2019-12-12)
Canadian tundra formerly covered in rich forest: Ancient plant fossil record shows
Canada's northernmost islands, Ellesmere and Axel Heiberg islands in Nunavut, were home to a vibrant, temperate forest 56 million years ago, according to fossil research just published by University of Saskatchewan (USask) scientists. (2019-12-12)
Studies show integrated strategies work best for buffelgrass control
Buffelgrass is a drought-tolerant, invasive weed that threatens the biodiversity of native ecosystems in the drylands of the Americas and Australia. (2019-12-11)
Natural ecosystems protect against climate change
The identification of natural carbon sinks and understanding how they work is critical if humans are to mitigate global climate change. (2019-12-10)
Researchers find some forests crucial for climate change mitigation, biodiversity
Researchers have identified forests in the western United States that should be preserved for their potential to mitigate climate change through carbon sequestration, as well as to enhance biodiversity. (2019-12-09)
Sounds of the past give new hope for coral reef restoration
Young fish can be drawn to degraded coral reefs by loudspeakers playing the sounds of healthy reefs, according to new research published in Nature Communications. (2019-11-29)
First operational mapping system for high-resolution tropical forest carbon emissions created using
For the first time, scientists have developed a method to monitor carbon emissions from tropical forests at an unprecedented level of detail. (2019-11-28)
COP25 special collection: Keep climate change impacts under control by making biodiversity a focus
Under a 2°Celsius warming scenario, 80 to 83% of language areas in New Guinea -- home to the greatest biological and linguistic diversity of any tropical island on Earth -- will experience decreases in the diversity of useful plant species by 2070, according to a new study. (2019-11-27)
Multiple change factors across the globe push soil ecosystems to their limit
A new experimental approach that accounts for a larger number of environmental variables can better capture how soil ecosystems around the world may respond to anthropogenic pressures. (2019-11-14)
A study warns about the ecological impact caused by sediment accumulation in river courses
Insects, crustaceans and other water macroinvertebrates are more affected by the effect of sediment accumulation in river courses than the excess of nitrate in water environments, according to a study published in the journal PLOS ONE. (2019-11-13)
Bacteria may contribute more to climate change as planet heats up
As bacteria adapt to hotter temperatures, they speed up their respiration rate and release more carbon, potentially accelerating climate change. (2019-11-12)
Mosquito nets: Are they catching more fishes than insects?
Mosquito nets designed to prevent malaria transmission are used for fishing which may devastate tropical coastal ecosystems, according to a new scientific study. (2019-11-11)
New study first to reveal growth rates of deep-sea coral communities
Researchers from the University of Hawai'i, Hawai'i Pacific University and NOAA revealed for the first time growth rates of deep-sea coral communities and the pattern of colonization by various species over time scales of centuries to millennia. (2019-11-08)
Plants and fungi together could slow climate change
A new global assessment shows that human impacts have greatly reduced plant-fungus symbioses, which play a key role in sequestering carbon in soils. (2019-11-07)
Pesticide management is failing Australian and Great Barrier Reef waterways
Scientists say a failure of Australian management means excessive amounts of harmful chemicals -- many now banned in countries such as the EU, USA and Canada -- are damaging the country's waterways and the Great Barrier Reef. (2019-11-07)
Scientists studied the reasons for plant extinction in different world regions
A team of Russian researchers from Tyumen State University together with foreign colleagues studied the cases of plant extinction in world biodiversity hotspots and coldspots. (2019-11-05)
NRRI scientist sheds light on complexity of biodiversity loss
University of Minnesota Duluth Natural Resources Research Institute limnologist Chris Filstrup is the lead author on a paper published in the journal Ecology Letters this month, that suggests that species richness -- the number of different species in a given ecological community -- is not the only, nor necessarily the best, way to measure biodiversity impacts on ecosystems. (2019-11-05)
To save biodiversity, scientists suggest 'mega-conservation'
While the conservation of charismatic creatures like pandas, elephants and snow leopards are important in their own right, there may be no better ecological bang-for-our-buck than a sound, science-based effort to save widespread keystone systems. (2019-11-05)
Clear goals but murky path to ecosystem sustainability: Key knowledge gaps identified
International sustainability policies set out clear goals for protecting ecosystems and biodiversity, but how to actually achieve these goals remains elusive in practice, as biodiversity loss continues at an alarming rate. (2019-10-28)
An evapotranspiration deficit drought index to detect drought impacts on ecosystems
The difference between actual and potential evapotranspiration, technically termed a standardized evapotranspiration deficit drought index (SEDI), can more sensitively capture the biological changes of ecosystems in response to the dynamics of drought intensity, compared with indices based on precipitation and temperature. (2019-10-24)
Higher local earthworm diversity in temperate regions than in the tropics
In any single location, there are typically more earthworms and more earthworm species found in temperate regions than in the tropics. (2019-10-24)
Global earthworm biodiversity patterns influenced by climate
Earthworm communities in soils worldwide -- and the critical ecosystem functions they provide -- could be substantially impacted by continued climate change, according to a new report that evaluated data from nearly 7,000 sampled sites in 57 countries across the globe. (2019-10-24)
Assessing the benefits and risks of land-based greenhouse gas removal
IIASA researchers collaborated with colleagues at a number of international institutions to assess the benefits and risks associated with six different land-based greenhouse gas removal options in light of their potential impacts on ecosystems services and the UN Sustainable Development Goals. (2019-10-21)
Large-scale afforestation of African savannas will destroy valuable ecosystems
In a technical comment, published in Science, a group of 46 scientists from around the world argue that the suggested afforestation of large areas of Africa to mitigate climate change will destroy valuable ecological, agricultural, and tourist areas, while doing little to reduce global CO2 levels. (2019-10-21)
Global biodiversity crisis is a large-scale reorganization, with greatest loss in tropical oceans
Local biodiversity of species -- the scale on which humans feel contributions from biodiversity -- is being rapidly reorganized, according to a new global analysis of biodiversity data from more than 200 studies, together representing all major biomes. (2019-10-17)
Mapping global biodiversity change
A new study, published in Science, which focuses on mapping biodiversity change in marine and land ecosystems shows that loss of biodiversity is most prevalent in the tropic, with changes in marine ecosystems outpacing those on land. (2019-10-17)
Making conservation 'contagious'
New research reveals conservation initiatives often spread like disease, a fact which can help scientists and policymakers design programs more likely to be taken up. (2019-10-15)
Scientists 'must be allowed to cry' about destruction of nature
Scientists witnessing the destruction of the natural world must be supported and 'allowed to cry,' researchers say. (2019-10-10)
Researchers find multiple effects on soil from manure from cows administered antibiotics
A new study found multiple effects on soils from exposure to manure from cows administered antibiotics, including alteration of the soil microbiome and ecosystem functions, soil respiration and elemental cycling. (2019-10-09)
Early humans evolved in ecosystems unlike any found today
To understand the environmental pressures that shaped human evolution, scientists must reconstruct the ecosystems in which they lived. (2019-10-07)
Global danger
Freiburg hydrologist presents new results showing how sinking groundwater levels threaten the vitality of riverine ecosystems (2019-10-04)
UNH researchers find northern forests have lost crucial cold, snowy conditions
Winter conditions are changing more rapidly than any other season and researchers at the University of New Hampshire have found clear signs of a decline in frost days, snow covered days and other indicators of winter that could have lasting impacts on ecosystems, water supplies, the economy, tourism and human health. (2019-10-03)
Microscopic evidence sheds light on the disappearance of the world's largest mammals
Understanding the causes and consequences of Late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions is increasingly important in a world of growing human populations and climate change. (2019-10-02)
Seagrass meadows harbor wildlife for centuries, highlighting need for conservation
Seagrass meadows put down deep roots, persisting in the same spot for hundreds and possibly thousands of years, a new study shows. (2019-10-02)
New research puts Australia at forefront of blue carbon economy
For the first time, scientist have accurately measured the amount of carbon dioxide being absorbed by marine ecosystems in Australia. (2019-10-01)
Preparing for the future
Santa Barbara County residents love their coastline, from the small-town beaches of Carpinteria to Santa Barbara's waterfront to camping hotspots like Jalama Beach and dramatic Guadalupe Dunes. (2019-09-30)
Anthropologist contributes to major study of large animal extinction
University of Arkansas anthropology assistant professor Amelia Villaseñor contributed a large, multi-institutional study explaining how the human-influenced mass extinction of giant carnivores and herbivores of North America fundamentally changed the biodiversity and landscape of the continent. (2019-09-20)
Division by subtraction: Extinction of large mammal species likely drove survivors apart
A new study in Science suggests that the extinctions of mammoths, dire wolves and other large mammal species in North America drove surviving species to distance themselves from their neighbors, reducing interactions as predators and prey, territorial competitors or scavengers. (2019-09-19)
Preventing climate change cheaper than dealing with its damage
World leaders need to urgently accelerate efforts to prevent 'profound, if not catastrophic' climate change in future, a distinguished group of scientists has warned. (2019-09-19)
Hurricane Nicole sheds light on how storms impact deep ocean
2016's Hurricane Nicole had a significant effect on the ocean's carbon cycle and deep sea ecosystems, reports a team from the Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, and the Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences. (2019-09-19)
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