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Current Ecosystems News and Events

Current Ecosystems News and Events, Ecosystems News Articles.
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Airborne science discovers complex geomorphic controls on Bornean forests
Using tree chemistry maps created by ASU's Global Airborne Observatory, high-resolution topography data, and computer models, researchers at Stanford University and Arizona State University's Center for Global Discovery and Conservation Science uncovered new insights into the processes behind how life coevolved with our planet. (2020-05-26)
First fossil nursery of the great white shark discovered
An international research team led by Jaime A. Villafaña from the Institute of Palaeontology at the University of Vienna discovered the first fossil nursery area of the great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias in Chile. (2020-05-22)
How does an increase in nitrogen application affect grasslands?
The 'PaNDiv' experiment, established by researchers of the University of Bern on a 3000 m2 field site, is the largest biodiversity-ecosystem functioning experiment in Switzerland and aims to better understand how increases in nitrogen affect grasslands. (2020-05-19)
Even biodiverse coral reefs still vulnerable to climate change and invasive species
A new study reveals clear evidence highlighting the importance of fish biodiversity to the health of spectacular tropical coral reef ecosystems. (2020-05-18)
Study examines impact of Chicago River reversal on region's aquatic environments, fauna
In a paper published in the journal Urban Ecosystems, University of Illinois at Chicago students from the departments of earth and environmental sciences and biological sciences have measured both the extent of wetland loss in Cook County since the time of the river reversal and the alterations in the animal populations. (2020-05-18)
The butterfly effect: Climate change could cause decline of some alpine butterfly species
The long-term effects of climate change suggests that the butterfly effect is at work on butterflies in the alpine regions of North America, according to a new study by University of Alberta scientists -- and the predictions don't bode well. (2020-05-12)
Water loss in northern peatlands threatens to intensify fires, global warming
A group of 59 international scientists, led by researchers at Canada's McMaster University, has uncovered new information about the distinct effects of climate change on boreal forests and peatlands, which threaten to worsen wildfires and accelerate global warming. (2020-05-11)
Towards a new generation of vegetation models
Plants and vegetation play a critical role in supporting life on Earth, but there is still a lot of uncertainty in our understanding of how exactly they affect the global carbon cycle and ecosystem services. (2020-05-11)
Winter warm spells see an increase in duration and frequency in UK temperature records
Warm winter spells have increased in frequency and duration two- to three times over since 1878, according to scientists led by the University of Warwick. (2020-05-06)
Predators help prey adapt to an uncertain future
What effect does extinction of species have on the evolution of surviving species? (2020-05-04)
Chilean scientists warn environmental costs of water roads
The interdisciplinary analysis presented this in Nature Sustaintability by researchers from four Chilean universities, recommends a global analysis in the design of these projects, reconciling the growing demand for water supply with the health of freshwater and marine ecosystems. (2020-05-02)
Risky business: Courtship movements put katydids in danger
Males signalling their attractiveness to females are at risk from predators that exploit mating signals to detect and locate prey. (2020-04-30)
Conservation goals may be stymied by a lack of land for biodiversity offsetting
Developers may struggle to find enough land to offset the biodiversity impacts of future development, according to a University of Queensland study. (2020-04-29)
How the blob came back
Weakened wind patterns likely spurred the wave of extreme ocean heat that swept the North Pacific last summer, according to new research led by the University of Colorado Boulder and the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego. (2020-04-21)
Extinction of threatened marine megafauna would lead to huge loss in functional diversity
The extinction of threatened marine megafauna species could result in larger than expected losses in functional diversity, according to research led by Swansea University. (2020-04-17)
Returning land to nature with high-yield farming
The expansion of farmlands to meet the growing food demand of the world's ever expanding population places a heavy burden on natural ecosystems. (2020-04-16)
Meeting multiple management goals to maximize coral reef health
While management strategies can be effective at achieving reef fisheries' conservation goals, a new study reveals how increased human pressure makes conservation of coral reef biodiversity truly difficult to achieve. (2020-04-16)
Plant diversity in European forests is declining
In Europe's temperate forests, less common plant species are being replaced by more widespread species. (2020-04-13)
Changes to drylands with future climate change
While drylands around the world will expand at an accelerated rate because of future climate change, their average productivity will likely be reduced, according to a new study. (2020-04-03)
Lacustrine ecosystems needed 10 million years to recover after end-permian mass extinction
A research team led by Prof. WANG Bo from the Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NIGPAS) found that both lake and peat-forming forest ecosystems probably took as long as 10 million years to recover after the end-Permian mass extinction. (2020-04-03)
Landmark study concludes marine life can be rebuilt by 2050
An international study recently published in the journal Nature that was led by KAUST professors Carlos Duarte and Susana Agustí lays out the essential roadmap of actions required for the planet's marine life to recover to full abundance by 2050. (2020-04-01)
Our oceans are suffering, but we can rebuild marine life
It's not too late to rescue global marine life, according to a study outlining the steps needed for marine ecosystems to recover from damage by 2050. (2020-04-01)
Changing forests
As the climate is changing, so too are the world's forests. (2020-03-30)
Scientists predict the size of plastics animals can eat
A team of scientists at Cardiff University has, for the first time, developed a way of predicting the size of plastics different animals are likely to ingest. (2020-03-27)
Peak district grasslands hold key to global plant diversity
Scientists at the University of Sheffield have found that plants are able to co-exist because they share key nutrients, using grasslands from the Peak District. (2020-03-23)
Epigenetic inheritance: A silver bullet against climate change?
The rapid pace of climate change threatens all living species. (2020-03-20)
Shedding light on how much carbon tropical forests can absorb
Tropical forest ecosystems are an important part of the global carbon cycle as they take up and store large amounts of CO2. (2020-03-19)
Salmon provide nutrients to Alaskan streambanks
Nutrient cycling of stream ecosystems dependent on portion of salmons' lifecycle. (2020-03-18)
SUTD develops missing link to circular economy while tackling global waste
Urban waste and bio-inspired engineering provide key ingredients to 3D printed bioplastic, allowing for global adoption of sustainable manufacturing processes. (2020-03-13)
For migratory alewife, urbanization of coastal areas means smaller size, poorer health
A Marine Biological Laboratory study of migratory herring (alewife) in Massachusetts and Maine finds that fish leaving urbanized coastal environments are smaller and less healthy than fish leaving less developed watersheds. (2020-03-13)
Coral reefs 'weathering' the pressure of globalization
More information about the effects human activities have on Southeast Asian coral reefs has been revealed, with researchers looking at how large-scale global pressures, combined with the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) climate pattern, can detrimentally impact these delicate marine ecosystems. (2020-03-11)
Microplastics affect the survival of amphibians and invertebrates in river ecosystems
In collaboration with the National Museum of Natural Sciences (CSIC) in Madrid, the UPV/EHU's Stream Ecology research group has conducted two parallel studies to look at how the larvae of one freshwater amphibian and one invertebrate evolved during 15 days' exposure to microplastics at different concentrations. (2020-03-10)
Planet's largest ecosystems collapse faster than previously forecast
New research has shown that large ecosystems such as rainforests and coral reefs can collapse at a significantly faster rate than previously understood. (2020-03-10)
Amazon rainforest could be gone within a lifetime
Writing in Nature Communications, researchers from Bangor University, Southampton University and The School of Oriental & African Studies, University of London, reveal the speed at which ecosystems of different sizes will disappear, once they have reached a point beyond which they collapse -- transforming into an alternative ecosystem. (2020-03-10)
Fresh groundwater flow important for coastal ecosystems
Groundwater is the largest source of freshwater, one of the world's most precious natural resources and vital for crops and drinking water. (2020-03-09)
How new data can make ecological forecasts as good as weather forecasts
Soon, University of Wisconsin-Madison ecologist Ben Zuckerberg thinks we'll be able to pull off the same forecasting feat for bird migrations and wildlife populations as for climate forecasts. (2020-03-09)
Climate variations may impact the base of the food web along the California coast
A recent study conducted by researchers at Cal Poly revealed that in addition to seasonal changes in oceanographic conditions, natural climate cycles greatly influenced the base of the food web at the Cal Poly Pier in Central California. (2020-03-09)
Research shows microplastics are damaging to coral ecosystems
Coral endosymbionts exposed to microplastics experience significant reduction in population size as well as cell size. (2020-03-05)
Birds of a feather better not together
A new study of North American birds from Washington University in St. (2020-03-04)
Widely used weed killer harming biodiversity
One of the world's most widely used glyphosate-based herbicides, Roundup, can trigger loss of biodiversity, making ecosystems more vulnerable to pollution and climate change, say researchers from McGill University. (2020-03-02)
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