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Current Enzyme News and Events

Current Enzyme News and Events, Enzyme News Articles.
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Researchers identify enzyme that suppresses immune system in breast cancer
Duke Cancer Institute researchers outlined a potential way to uncloak breast cancer tumors to the body's immune system. (2019-06-17)
Modified enzyme can increase second-generation ethanol production
Using a protein produced by a fungus that lives in the Amazon, Brazilian researchers developed a molecule capable of increasing glucose release from biomass for fermentation. (2019-06-14)
Gut microbes eat our medication
Researchers have discovered one of the first concrete examples of how the microbiome can interfere with a drug's intended path through the body. (2019-06-13)
New family on the block: A novel group of glycosidic enzymes
A group of researchers from Japan has recently discovered a novel enzyme from a soil fungus. (2019-06-11)
The surprising role fibrinogen plays in regulating the body's response to disease
A finding from University of Alberta researchers is shining new light on the role fibrinogen has in regulating a natural defence mechanism in the body. (2019-06-11)
NTU Singapore scientists uncover binding secret behind protein 'superglue'
Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore have pinpointed how a special class of plant-derived enzymes, known as peptide ligases, work to join proteins together -- an important process in the development of drugs, for example in specifically attaching a chemotherapy drug to an antibody that recognizes tumor markers to target cancer cells. (2019-06-05)
Salmon get a major athletic boost via a single enzyme
A single enzyme anchored to the walls of salmons' blood vessels helps reduce how hard their hearts have to work during exercise by up to 27%. (2019-06-04)
Circadian clock and fat metabolism linked through newly discovered mechanism
Princeton University researchers found that the enzyme Nocturnin, known for its role in fat metabolism and circadian rhythm, acts on two well-established molecules in metabolism. (2019-05-30)
To curb infection, bacteria direct their defenses against themselves
To fight off invading viruses, bacteria have evolved a slew of creative defense tactics. (2019-05-30)
New compounds could be used to treat autoimmune disorders
In autoimmune disorders, the body's defense system erroneously attacks normal cells, leading to serious health problems. (2019-05-28)
NMR structure of a key anticoagulant protein may help prevent thrombosis
A group of researchers from Brazil and the United States describes for the first time the structure of Ixolaris, an important anticoagulant protein found in tick saliva, and its interaction with Factor Xa, a key enzyme in the process of blood clotting. (2019-05-27)
Tip sheet: Recent research on how DNA is read and copied
Two scientists at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have unraveled aspects of how DNA organizes and preserves genetic information. (2019-05-22)
Enzyme may represent new target for treating asthma
An enzyme called diacylglycerol kinase zeta (DGKζ) appears to play an important role in suppressing runaway inflammation in asthma and may represent a novel therapeutic target. (2019-05-20)
Enzyme PHLPP2 could be a viable drug target for treating prostate cancer
Researchers propose a new druggable target that can put a damper on the spread of prostate cancer. (2019-05-15)
New method enables 'photographing' of enzymes
Scientists at the University of Bonn have developed a method with which an enzyme at work can be 'photographed'. (2019-05-14)
Catch a virus by its tail
At a glance: Research uncovers key mechanism that allows some of the deadliest human RNA viruses to orchestrate the precise copying of the individual pieces of their viral genome and replicate. (2019-05-13)
Scientists discover a new class of single-atom nanozymes
A research team led by Prof. DONG Shaojun from the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry of the Chinese Academy of Sciences discovered a new class of single-atom nanozymes, which integrates state-of-the-art single-atom technology with intrinsic enzyme-like active sites. (2019-05-09)
Smart drug design to prevent malaria treatment resistance
Malaria treatment resistance could be avoided by studying how resistance evolves during drug development. (2019-05-09)
Researchers discover new pathway for improving metabolic health
Blocking the action of an enzyme involved in protein digestion may improve metabolic health, according to a new study published ahead of print in the American Journal of Physiology--Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology. (2019-05-08)
Cell architects: 'Smart cells' improve production of pharmaceutical raw materials
Researchers in Japan have developed an integrated synthetic biology system to construct new metabolic pathways and enzymes within microbes. (2019-05-07)
Seed abortion and the role of RNA Pol IV in seed development
In this newly released article in The Plant Cell, researchers find that in Arabidopsis plants, the abortion of seeds with extra genomes is caused by the enzyme RNA Pol IV and the RNA-directed DNA methylation pathway, a major gene-silencing pathway in plants. (2019-05-07)
Nanomaterials mimicking natural enzymes with superior catalytic activity and selectivity
A KAIST research team doped nitrogen and boron into graphene to selectively increase peroxidase-like activity and succeeded in synthesizing a peroxidase-mimicking nanozyme with a low cost and superior catalytic activity. (2019-04-30)
Wristbands do a health check while you work out
Nanotech-powered electrodes help solve the challenges of using sweat to assess biological conditions in real time. (2019-04-25)
Tomato, tomat-oh! -- understanding evolution to reduce pesticide use
Although pesticides are a standard part of crop production, Michigan State University researchers believe pesticide use could be reduced by taking cues from wild plants. (2019-04-24)
Researchers reveal how bacteria can adapt to resist treatment by antibiotics
In a joint collaboration, researchers from Denmark and Switzerland have shown that bacteria produce a specific stress molecule, divide more slowly, and thus save energy when they are exposed to antibiotics. (2019-04-23)
Heterogeneous catalyst goes enzymatic
IBS Researchers demonstrated enzyme-like heterogeneous catalysis for the first time. (2019-04-22)
How bacteria build an enzyme that destroys climate-changing laughing gas
New research reveals how soil bacteria build the only known enzyme for the destruction of the potent global warming and ozone-depleting gas nitrous oxide. (2019-04-17)
US and Japanese researchers identify how liver cells protect against viral attacks
Researchers in Chapel Hill, N.C., and Tokyo have discovered a mechanism by which liver cells intrinsic resistance to diverse RNA viruses is regulated. (2019-04-15)
'Molecular scissors' for plastic waste
A research team from the University of Greifswald and Helmholtz-Zentrum-Berlin (HZB) has solved the molecular structure of the enzyme MHETase at BESSY II. (2019-04-12)
Knowing how cells grow and divide can lead to more robust and productive plants
In contrast to mammals, where the body plan is final at birth, the formation of new root branches ensures that the root system keeps growing throughout a plant's life. (2019-04-12)
Vitamin B12 is identified as the inhibitor of a key enzyme in hereditary Parkinson's disease
Iban Ubarretxena, an Ikerbasque Researcher and Director of the Biofisika Institute (CSIC-UPV/EHU), participates in a piece of research that has enabled new inhibitors to be identified and which could be used to develop drugs to combat Parkinson's. (2019-04-04)
Tipping the scales
Human cells have a sophisticated regulatory system at their disposal: labeling proteins with the small molecule ubiquitin. (2019-04-03)
Structure of the molecular machine that links carbohydrate and lipid metabolism
A research team led by dr. Kenneth Verstraete in the Unit for Structural Biology at the VIB-UGent Center for Inflammation Research has unraveled the three-dimensional structure and molecular mechanism of ATP citrate lyase (ACLY). (2019-04-03)
Scientists decipher 3D structure of a promising molecular target for cancer treatment
Columbia researchers have revealed the full structure of human ACLY, a building block of metabolism over-expressed in several types of cancers. (2019-04-03)
Computational model of a human kinase may provide insights for cancer treatment
Researchers have developed a computational model for human MEK1, a protein with potential as a drug target for a variety of human cancers. (2019-04-03)
Parasitology: Exotic signaling mechanism in pathogens
The unicellular parasite that causes sleeping sickness differs from other eukaryotes in the mode of regulation of an essential cellular signaling pathway. (2019-04-02)
Crop yield in maize influenced by unexpected gene 'moonlighting'
Researchers identified a relationship between crop yield in the maize plant and activity of the RAMOSA3 gene. (2019-04-01)
BridgIT, a new tool for orphan and novel enzyme reactions
Chemical engineers at EPFL have developed an online tool that can accurately assign genes and proteins to unknown 'orphan' reactions, which are a major headache for biotechnology, drug development, and even medicine. (2019-03-26)
Restoring this enzyme's function protects against heart disease in lupus and beyond
Patients with lupus are at increased risk of heart disease. (2019-03-25)
Discovery of life-extension pathway in worms demonstrates new way to study aging
An enzyme-blocking molecule can extend the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans roundworms by as much as 45 percent, largely by modulating a cannabinoid biological pathway, according to a study from scientists at Scripps Research. (2019-03-25)
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