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Current Enzyme News and Events

Current Enzyme News and Events, Enzyme News Articles.
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Subtle changes, big effects
According to the chaos theory in mathematics, a minute change such as the 'flap of a butterfly's wing' could cause huge changes elsewhere. (2019-11-18)
Quantum light improves sensitivity of biological measurements
In a new study, researchers showed that quantum light can be used to track enzyme reactions in real time. (2019-11-18)
Uncovering the pathway to wine's acidity
University of Adelaide wine researchers say their latest discovery may one day lead to winemakers being able to manipulate the acidity of wines without the costly addition of tartaric acid. (2019-11-18)
Architecture of a bacterial power plant decrypted
Scientists from the Universities of Würzburg and Freiburg determined the structure of the bacterial enzyme cytochrome bd oxidase. (2019-11-14)
Antibiotics: New substances break bacterial resistance
Researchers at the Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) have developed a new, promising class of active ingredients against resistant bacteria. (2019-11-11)
Adverse reactions increase in children with use of common reflux aids: study
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) -- such as Prilosec, Protonix and Nexium, have long been one of the most prescribed medications in the country to aid in the reduction of stomach acid. (2019-11-07)
CO biosynthesis required for the assembly of the active site in NiFe-hydrogenase
The research group including researchers of National Institutes of Natural Sciences (ExCELLS/IMS), and Osaka University have revealed the detail mechanism of the biosynthesis of carbon monoxide essential for the maturation of the active site of NiFe-hydrogenase. (2019-11-07)
Learning to stop cancer at its roots
Leukemia stem cells initiate and sustain leukemia, but researchers have found a way to steer them toward a path of self-destruction. (2019-11-07)
For first time, potential treatment path becomes clear for subtype of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
An unexpected finding from the Scripps Research laboratory of Xiang-Lei Yang, PhD, has illuminated a potential strategy for treating the inherited neurological disease Charcot-Marie-Tooth, for which there is no approved medicine today. (2019-11-07)
Scientists crack structure of a novel enzyme linked to cell growth and cancer
A research team at the University of California, Riverside, has discovered the structure of a novel RNA-modifying enzyme, ZCCHC4, and identified the mechanism that controls how this enzyme recognizes its substrate. (2019-11-06)
Researchers discover new toxin that impedes bacterial growth
The researchers determined that the rapid production of (p)ppApp by this enzyme toxin depletes cells of a molecule called ATP. (2019-11-06)
To monitor cancer therapy, Penn researchers tag CAR T cells with imaging markers
The researchers genetically engineered CAR T cells with molecular tags, which they were able to monitor in an animal model using position emission tomography (PET) imaging. (2019-11-05)
How oxygen destroys the core of important enzymes
Certain enzymes, such as hydrogen-producing hydrogenases, are unstable in the presence of oxygen. (2019-11-04)
Eelgrass acid and resveratrol produced by cell factories for the first time
Scientists are now able to produce a wide range of sulfated aromatic compounds such as antifouling eelgrass acid, resveratrol and vanillic acid derivatives using microbial production hosts. (2019-11-04)
Scientists discover how potent bacterial toxin kills MRSA bacteria
Scientists from the University of Sheffield have discovered how a potent bacterial toxin is able to target and kill MRSA, paving the way for potential new treatments for superbugs. (2019-11-04)
Discovery may help derail Parkinson's 'runaway train'
Researchers at the University of Dundee have discovered a new enzyme that inhibits the LRRK2 pathway. (2019-10-31)
Immune system targets vitamin B12 pathway to neutralize bacteria
How a recently identified defensive compound called itaconate tricks the bacteria behind tuberculosis. (2019-10-31)
Electrifying science: New study describes conduction through proteins
In new research, Stuart Lindsay and his colleagues investigate a recently discovered feat carried out by enzymes, and most likely, all proteins. (2019-10-31)
Biomarker for schizophrenia can be detected in human hair
Working with model mice, post-mortem human brains, and people with schizophrenia, researchers at the RIKEN Center for Brain Science in Japan have discovered that a subtype of schizophrenia is related to abnormally high levels hydrogen sulfide in the brain. (2019-10-28)
Stressing cancer with spice
Curcumin is an anti-cancer agent found in turmeric, but at doses too high for health benefit. (2019-10-23)
Building blocks of all life gain new understanding
New research on an enzyme that is essential for photosynthesis and all life on earth has uncovered a key finding in its structure which reveals how light can interact with matter to make an essential pigment for life. (2019-10-23)
Resistance to last resort drug arose in patient over 3 weeks
French investigators have described development of resistance to one of the last resort therapies used to treat extremely drug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. (2019-10-21)
Discovery raises hopes of preventing streptococci infections
Researchers at the University of Dundee have discovered an enzyme they believe could be key to preventing Group A Streptococcus infections that cause more than 500,000 deaths worldwide each year. (2019-10-18)
New insights into the structure and function of Cdc34, a target for cancer therapeutics
Medical University of South Carolina researchers report in Nature Communications they have obtained 3D structural snapshots of Cdc34 in action. (2019-10-17)
New class of drugs could stop cancers developing treatment resistance
Scientists at Massey University in New Zealand have taken the first step towards a new class of drug that could stop cancer from becoming resistant to treatment. (2019-10-15)
Identifying a cyanobacterial gene family that helps control photosynthesis
A new Michigan State University study has identified a family of genes in cyanobacteria that help control carbon dioxide fixation. (2019-10-08)
New study discovers the three-dimensional structure of the genome replication machine
Mount Sinai researchers have discovered how the enzyme DNA polymerase delta works to duplicate the genome that cells hand down from one generation to the next. (2019-10-03)
New CRISPR-Cas9 variant may boost precision in gene editing
Researchers have developed a new variant of the gene editing technique CRISPR-Cas9 that has the potential to increase precision during gene therapy in humans. (2019-09-30)
Breakthrough in understanding enzymes that make antibiotic for drug-resistant pathogen
One of the WHO's 3 critical priority pathogens, Acinetobacter baumannii, for which new antibiotics are urgently needed is one step closer to being tackled, as researchers from the Department of Chemistry -- University of Warwick have made a breakthrough in understanding the enzymes that assemble the antibiotic enacyloxin. (2019-09-24)
Strip steak: Bacterial enzyme removes inflammation-causing meat carbohydrates
When we eat red meat, the animal carbohydrate Neu5Gc is incorporated in our tissues, where it generates inflammation. (2019-09-23)
Researchers resolve how fungi produce compounds with potential pharmaceutical applications
Research led by the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute has solved a nearly 50-year-old mystery of how nature produces a large class of bioactive chemical compounds. (2019-09-23)
Study shows both natural variation in ACE concentrations and lowering blood pressure with ACE inhibitors are associated with lower risk of type 2 diabetes
New research presented at this year's Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) in Barcelona, Spain (Sept. (2019-09-19)
Sweet success of parasite survival could also be its downfall
University of York scientists are part of an international team which has discovered how a parasite responsible for spreading a serious tropical disease protects itself from starvation once inside its human host. (2019-09-16)
Tiny bubbles in our body could fight cancer better than chemo
Healthy cells in our body release nano-sized bubbles that transfer genetic material such as DNA and RNA to other cells. (2019-09-13)
Some cancer drugs in clinical trials don't work by hitting their targets
Multiple cancer drug candidates in clinical trials kill tumor cells through off-target effects instead of by interacting with their intended molecular targets, according to a new study. (2019-09-11)
University of Minnesota research discovers inhibitor to reverse toxic DUX4 effects
New University of Minnesota Medical School research identifies an inhibitor that protects cells from toxic effects associated with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy in cells and mice. (2019-09-11)
Compound offers prospects for preventing acute kidney failure
Russian researchers from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, the Institute of Cell Biophysics, and elsewhere have shown an antioxidant compound known as peroxiredoxin to be effective in treating kidney injury in mice. (2019-09-09)
Key enzyme found in plants could guide development of medicines and other products
Researchers from the Salk Institute studying how plants evolved the abilities to make natural chemicals, which they use to adapt to stress, have uncovered how an enzyme called chalcone isomerase evolved to enable plants to make products vital to their own survival. (2019-09-06)
High-end microscopy reveals structure and function of crucial metabolic enzyme
The enzyme transhydrogenase plays a central role in regulating metabolic processes in animals and humans alike. (2019-08-28)
Possible treatment on the horizon for severe dengue disease
New study reveals enzyme plays key role in potentially fatal dengue haemorrhagic fever and shock; suggests clinically approved tryptase inhibitor could be key in future targeted treatment. (2019-08-27)
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