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Current Enzymes News and Events

Current Enzymes News and Events, Enzymes News Articles.
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Directional control of self-propelled protocells
Synthetic protocells can be made to move toward and away from chemical signals, an important step for the development of new drug-delivery systems that could target specific locations in the body. (2019-11-18)
Quantum light improves sensitivity of biological measurements
In a new study, researchers showed that quantum light can be used to track enzyme reactions in real time. (2019-11-18)
Potential vitamin and Alzheimer's drug produced in yeast
Scientists prove that ergothioneine, an important compound that may be used to delay the onset of diseases such as Alzheimer's and dementia, can be produced in baker's yeast. (2019-11-11)
New understanding of antibiotic synthesis
Researchers at McGill University's Faculty of Medicine have made important strides in understanding the functioning of enzymes that play an integral role in the production of antibiotics and other therapeutics. (2019-11-11)
Why beta-blockers cause skin inflammation
Beta-blockers are often used to treat high blood pressure and other cardiovascular diseases. (2019-11-07)
For first time, potential treatment path becomes clear for subtype of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
An unexpected finding from the Scripps Research laboratory of Xiang-Lei Yang, PhD, has illuminated a potential strategy for treating the inherited neurological disease Charcot-Marie-Tooth, for which there is no approved medicine today. (2019-11-07)
Nanoparticle orientation offers a way to enhance drug delivery
MIT engineers have shown that they can enhance the performance of drug-delivery nanoparticles by controlling an inherent trait of chemical structures, known as chirality -- the 'handedness' of the structure. (2019-11-05)
How oxygen destroys the core of important enzymes
Certain enzymes, such as hydrogen-producing hydrogenases, are unstable in the presence of oxygen. (2019-11-04)
A new material for regenerative medicine capable to control cell immune response
Scientists of Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with the University of Montana (USA) proposed a new promising material for regenerative medicine for recovery of damaged tissues and blood vessels. (2019-11-01)
Study tracks evolutionary history of metabolic networks
By analyzing how metabolic enzymes are built and organized, researchers have reconstructed the evolutionary history of metabolism. (2019-10-28)
Immune system upgrade
Theoretically, our immune system could detect and kill cancer cells. (2019-10-25)
Controlling the immune system's brakes to treat cancer, autoimmune disorders
Researchers at St. Jude have revealed the mechanism underlying the activation of regulatory T cells, which could spark new drug development. (2019-10-24)
Stressing cancer with spice
Curcumin is an anti-cancer agent found in turmeric, but at doses too high for health benefit. (2019-10-23)
Building blocks of all life gain new understanding
New research on an enzyme that is essential for photosynthesis and all life on earth has uncovered a key finding in its structure which reveals how light can interact with matter to make an essential pigment for life. (2019-10-23)
Scientists discovered mechanisms that protect tapeworms from being digested by their host
A team of scientists from Tyumen together with colleagues found and described previously unknown tapeworm proteins that suppress the activity of trypsin and efficiently protect the parasites from being digested inside a host's intestinal tract. (2019-10-22)
Bacteria must be 'stressed out' to divide
Bacterial cell division is controlled by both enzymatic activity and mechanical forces, which work together to control its timing and location, a new study from EPFL finds. (2019-10-21)
New strategy to treat Parkinson's disease
Scientists have used patient-derived neurons to develop and test a new strategy to treat Parkinson's disease by mitigating the effects of harmful genetic mutations. (2019-10-16)
New class of drugs could stop cancers developing treatment resistance
Scientists at Massey University in New Zealand have taken the first step towards a new class of drug that could stop cancer from becoming resistant to treatment. (2019-10-15)
A Lego-like approach to improve nature's own ability to kill dangerous bacteria
In a paper recently published in Biomacromolecules, a Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute research team demonstrated how it could improve upon the ability of nature's exquisitely selective collection of antimicrobial enzymes to attack bacteria in a way that's much less likely to cause bacterial resistance. (2019-10-10)
Babies burdened by environmental estrogens in mothers' wombs
Early childhood life in the womb is particularly sensitive to the effects of environmental pollutants. (2019-10-10)
'Relaxed' enzymes may be at the root of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease
Treatments have been hard to pinpoint for a rare neurological disease called Charcot-Marie-Tooth, in part because so many variations of the condition exist. (2019-09-30)
Converting CO2 to valuable resources with the help of nanoparticles
An international research team has used nanoparticles to convert carbon dioxide into valuable raw materials. (2019-09-27)
Bacteria make pearl chains
For the first time, scientists in Bremen were able to observe bacteria forming pearl chains that protrude from the cell surface. (2019-09-25)
Portable electronics: a stretchable and flexible biofuel cell that runs on sweat
A unique new flexible and stretchable device, worn against the skin and capable of producing electrical energy by transforming the compounds present in sweat, was recently developed and patented by French and Americans researchers. (2019-09-25)
Breakthrough in understanding enzymes that make antibiotic for drug-resistant pathogen
One of the WHO's 3 critical priority pathogens, Acinetobacter baumannii, for which new antibiotics are urgently needed is one step closer to being tackled, as researchers from the Department of Chemistry -- University of Warwick have made a breakthrough in understanding the enzymes that assemble the antibiotic enacyloxin. (2019-09-24)
Researchers resolve how fungi produce compounds with potential pharmaceutical applications
Research led by the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute has solved a nearly 50-year-old mystery of how nature produces a large class of bioactive chemical compounds. (2019-09-23)
Cell biology: Endocannabinoid system may be involved in human testis physiology
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) may be directly involved in the regulation of the physiology of the human testis, including the development of sperm cells, according to a study in tissue samples from 15 patients published in Scientific Reports. (2019-09-19)
Scientists construct energy production unit for a synthetic cell
Scientists at the University of Groningen have constructed synthetic vesicles in which ATP, the main energy carrier in living cells, is produced. (2019-09-18)
Sweet success of parasite survival could also be its downfall
University of York scientists are part of an international team which has discovered how a parasite responsible for spreading a serious tropical disease protects itself from starvation once inside its human host. (2019-09-16)
Yale Cancer Center researchers find key to help treat different cancers
Yale Cancer Center (YCC) scientists have uncovered the workings of a metabolic pathway or 'gauge' that lets cancer cells detect when they have enough nutrients around them to grow. (2019-09-10)
Scientists establish new way to test for drug resistant infections
Scientists from the University of York have modified an antibiotic from the beta-lactam family so that it can be attached to a sensor, enabling them to detect the presence of bacteria resistant to treatment. (2019-09-09)
Fe metabolic engineering method succeeds in producing 1,2,4-butanetriol sustainably from biomass
A more environmentally-friendly and sustainable method of producing the useful chemical 1,2,4-butanetriol has been discovered. (2019-09-06)
DNA repair: Opening the hatch to heal the break
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers have determined the structure of a key enzyme complex that is involved in DNA repair, and traced the cycle of conformational changes that it undergoes while performing its biochemical function. (2019-09-04)
New members found in a transcription factor complex that maintains beta cells
A protein complex in the nucleus of beta cells contains different proteins that work together to regulate genes important for the development and maintenance of functional beta cells. (2019-09-04)
Genome mining reveals novel production pathway for promising malaria treatment
Researchers at the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois are exploring the relationship between microbial natural products and the gene clusters that enable their production. (2019-09-04)
New information on regulation of sense of smell with the help of nematodes
PIM kinases are enzymes that are evolutionarily well conserved in both humans and nematodes. (2019-08-27)
Breath! Respiring microbes generate more energy
Now, researchers have shown that it is possible to evoke a shift in the metabolism from fermentation to respiration of E. coli and baker's yeast by optimizing fermentation conditions. (2019-08-23)
Structure of protein nano turbine revealed
IST Austria scientists determine the first structure of a cell's rotary engine using state-of-art microscopy. (2019-08-22)
Tracing the evolution of vision
The function of the visual photopigment rhodopsin and its action in the retina to facilitate vision is well understood. (2019-08-22)
E-cigs can trigger same lung changes seen in smokers, emphysema
In a study published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the UNC scientists found that the lungs of vapers -- like the lungs of smokers -- have elevated levels of protease enzymes, a condition known to cause emphysema in smokers. (2019-08-22)
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