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Current Enzymes News and Events

Current Enzymes News and Events, Enzymes News Articles.
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Sweet success of parasite survival could also be its downfall
University of York scientists are part of an international team which has discovered how a parasite responsible for spreading a serious tropical disease protects itself from starvation once inside its human host. (2019-09-16)
Yale Cancer Center researchers find key to help treat different cancers
Yale Cancer Center (YCC) scientists have uncovered the workings of a metabolic pathway or 'gauge' that lets cancer cells detect when they have enough nutrients around them to grow. (2019-09-10)
Scientists establish new way to test for drug resistant infections
Scientists from the University of York have modified an antibiotic from the beta-lactam family so that it can be attached to a sensor, enabling them to detect the presence of bacteria resistant to treatment. (2019-09-09)
Fe metabolic engineering method succeeds in producing 1,2,4-butanetriol sustainably from biomass
A more environmentally-friendly and sustainable method of producing the useful chemical 1,2,4-butanetriol has been discovered. (2019-09-06)
DNA repair: Opening the hatch to heal the break
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers have determined the structure of a key enzyme complex that is involved in DNA repair, and traced the cycle of conformational changes that it undergoes while performing its biochemical function. (2019-09-04)
New members found in a transcription factor complex that maintains beta cells
A protein complex in the nucleus of beta cells contains different proteins that work together to regulate genes important for the development and maintenance of functional beta cells. (2019-09-04)
Genome mining reveals novel production pathway for promising malaria treatment
Researchers at the Carl R. Woese Institute for Genomic Biology at the University of Illinois are exploring the relationship between microbial natural products and the gene clusters that enable their production. (2019-09-04)
New information on regulation of sense of smell with the help of nematodes
PIM kinases are enzymes that are evolutionarily well conserved in both humans and nematodes. (2019-08-27)
Breath! Respiring microbes generate more energy
Now, researchers have shown that it is possible to evoke a shift in the metabolism from fermentation to respiration of E. coli and baker's yeast by optimizing fermentation conditions. (2019-08-23)
Structure of protein nano turbine revealed
IST Austria scientists determine the first structure of a cell's rotary engine using state-of-art microscopy. (2019-08-22)
Tracing the evolution of vision
The function of the visual photopigment rhodopsin and its action in the retina to facilitate vision is well understood. (2019-08-22)
E-cigs can trigger same lung changes seen in smokers, emphysema
In a study published in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the UNC scientists found that the lungs of vapers -- like the lungs of smokers -- have elevated levels of protease enzymes, a condition known to cause emphysema in smokers. (2019-08-22)
A new way to 'hoard' resources in nano-sized factories targeted for biotech
The lab of Cheryl Kerfeld at Michigan State University has created a synthetic nano-sized factory, based on natural ones found in bacteria. (2019-08-20)
Antacid helps tuberculosis bacteria to survive
One reason why infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis is so difficult to treat is that the bacteria can hide inside immune cells. (2019-08-19)
Targeting cell division in pancreatic cancer
Study provides new evidence of synergistic effects of drugs that inhibit cell division and support for further clinical trials. (2019-08-19)
Scientists uncover mystery of DNA methylation
To a large extent, DNA methylation, which regulates vital cell functions, is still a big mystery to the scientific world. (2019-08-19)
Single enzyme helps drive inflammation in mice, provides target for new sepsis drugs
UC San Diego researchers discovered that removing a single enzyme in mice dramatically boosts survival from sepsis, an often fatal over-reaction of the immune system to infection. (2019-08-13)
Analysis and detoxification in one step
Many industrial and agriculture processes use chemicals that can be harmful for workers and the ecosystems where they accumulate. (2019-08-08)
Stanford scientists create artificial catalysts inspired by living enzymes
Stanford researchers have made a significant advance in the development of artificial catalysts for making cleaner chemicals and fuels at an industrial scale. (2019-08-05)
Research reveals bittersweet truth of how bee-friendly limonoids are made
Research by the John Innes Centre and Stanford University opens the door to azadirachtin production. (2019-08-02)
A scientific approach to recreate metabolic evolution in plants
The research teams at Chiba University, RIKEN, and Kazusa DNA Research Institute confirmed in a paper published in the Plant Journal on July 31, 2019 that the alkaloids were generated by inserting the lysine/ornithine decarboxylating enzyme gene from Lupinus angustifolius producing lysine-derived alkaloid into Arabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana). (2019-08-01)
Researchers build artificial cells that sense and respond to their environment
Imperial College London scientists have created artificial cells that mimic biological cells by responding to a chemical change in their surroundings. (2019-07-29)
Surprising insight into Legionnaires' disease
In order to control cellular processes and thwart the immune system, the bacterium Legionella pneumophilia, the cause of the notorious Legionnaires' disease, releases hundreds of enzymes. (2019-07-24)
How nature builds hydrogen-producing enzymes
A team from Ruhr-Universit├Ąt Bochum and the University of Oxford has discovered how hydrogen-producing enzymes, called hydrogenases, are activated during their biosynthesis. (2019-07-24)
Plants defend against insects by inducing 'leaky gut syndrome'
Plants may induce 'leaky gut syndrome' -- permeability of the gut lining -- in insects as part of a multipronged strategy for protecting themselves from being eaten, according to researchers at Penn State. (2019-07-22)
Newly discovered biosynthetic pathway in bacteria recipe for drug discovery and production
Researchers at the University of Illinois and University of California, Los Angeles described a novel biochemical strategy used by bacteria to synthesize natural products. (2019-07-19)
Cleaning our water with groundbreaking 'bioinspired' chemistry
Synthetic chemicals, including pesticides, medications and household cleaners, often end up in our waterways. (2019-07-18)
Shaky scaffold changes lung infrastructure
Researchers identify changes in enzymes that may contribute to lung damage in rare genetic disorder. (2019-07-17)
Algae as a resource: Chemical tricks from the sea
The chemical process by which bacteria break down algae into an energy source for the marine food chain, has been unknown - until now. (2019-07-15)
How DNA outside cells can be targeted to prevent the spread of cancer
Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is DNA found in trace amounts in blood, which has escaped degradation by enzymes. (2019-07-11)
How plague pathogens trick the immune system
Yersinia have spread fear and terror, especially in the past, but today they have still not been completely eradicated. (2019-07-11)
Origin of life insight: peptides can form without amino acids
Peptides, one of the fundamental building blocks of life, can be formed from the primitive precursors of amino acids under conditions similar to those expected on the primordial Earth, finds a new UCL study published in Nature. (2019-07-10)
Exploiting green tides thanks to a marine bacterium
Ulvan is the principal component of Ulva or 'sea lettuce' which causes algal blooms (green tides). (2019-07-08)
Treatment target pinpointed for liver cancer in teens and young adults
New findings show how a genetically aberrant, fused protein molecule, created by a liver cell mutation, promotes a rare, difficult to treat, cancer in young people. (2019-07-08)
Molecular oxygen sensing systems conserved across kingdoms
Researchers have discovered a biochemical oxygen sensing system conserved across biological kingdoms, which allows both plant and animal cells to sense and respond appropriately to changes in oxygen levels -- an ability central to the survival of most forms of life. (2019-07-04)
Molecular scissors stabilize the cell's cytoskeleton
Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI in Villigen, Switzerland, have for the first time elucidated the structure of important enzymes in human cells that alter essential building blocks of the cellular cytoskeleton. (2019-06-24)
Engineering enzymes to turn plant waste into sustainable products
A new family of enzymes has been engineered to perform one of the most important steps in the conversion of plant waste into sustainable and high-value products such as nylon, plastics and chemicals. (2019-06-24)
Mystery of immunosuppressive drug's biosynthesis finally unlocked
The biogenesis of mycophenolic acid (MPA), an old and important molecule, has remained an unsolved mystery for more than a century. (2019-06-21)
Blue pigment from engineered fungi could help turn the textile industry green
A new biosynthetic production pathway developed by scientists at the Joint BioEnergy Institute could provide a sustainable alternative to conventional synthetic blue dye. (2019-06-21)
A study from IRB Barcelona describes the reaction mechanism of DNAzymes
Modesto Orozco's lab (IRB Barcelona) has published a study on the reaction mechanism of DNAzymes in Nature Catalysis. (2019-06-20)
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