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Current Epidemiology News and Events

Current Epidemiology News and Events, Epidemiology News Articles.
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Research on antibiotic use desperately needed as resistance crisis looms
Overuse of antibiotics in healthcare contributes to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, resulting in 2 million infections and 100,000 deaths in the US each year, but research is lacking to inform antibiotic stewardship programs aimed at reining in unnecessary use of these powerful drugs, according to a Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA) white paper published today in its journal Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology. (2019-10-30)
Cannabis use disorder is declining among young adolescents and young adults
The prevalence of cannabis use disorder decreased in 2002 to 2016 among frequent users. (2019-10-30)
Lowest-paid workers have longest retirements
The study examined the length of time between stopping work and dying among people in England and Wales born before 1951. (2019-10-23)
Severe allergic reactions identified with peripherally inserted central catheters
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) that use a magnetized tip to guide insertion were associated with serious allergic reactions in patients, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal for the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2019-10-08)
Study finds onion and garlic consumption may reduce breast cancer risk
In the first population-based study to examine the association between onion and garlic consumption and breast cancer in Puerto Rico, UB and University of Puerto Rico researchers found that women who ate sofrito more than once per day had a 67% decreased breast cancer risk. (2019-09-23)
Hospital-wide use of high-risk antibiotics associated with more C. difficile infections
Higher hospital-wide use of four classes of antibiotics thought to increase the risk of the dangerous intestinal illness Clostridioides difficile were associated with increased prevalence of hospital-associated C. difficile, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2019-09-16)
Study finds women at greater risk of depression, anxiety after hysterectomy
Hysterectomy is associated with an increased risk of long-term mental health issues, especially depression and anxiety, according to a cohort study by Mayo Clinic researchers involving nearly 2,100 women. (2019-09-04)
Estimate of the national burden of HPV-positive oropharyngeal head and neck cancers
Investigators from the Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center (DFBWCC) have conducted the largest study to date on the incidence of HPV-positive oropharyngeal head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) in the U.S., finding that 75 percent of oropharynx cancers are related to HPV and the U.S. incidence of HPV-related throat cancer is 4.6 per 100,000 people, peaking in those aged 60-64. (2019-08-28)
Despite treatment, elderly cancer patients have worse outcomes if HIV-positive
Elderly cancer patients who are HIV-positive have worse outcomes compared to cancer patients in the same age range who do not have HIV. (2019-08-01)
Girls who are more physically active in childhood may have better lung function in adolescence
A study of more than 2,300 adolescents underscores the pulmonary health benefits of physical activity. (2019-07-30)
Hospital-acquired C. diff associated with substantial costs
A study by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America determines the cost and length of stay attributed to hospital-acquired Clostridioides difficile infections. (2019-07-24)
Multiple concurrent central lines increases risk for bloodstream infection
A study by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America demonstrates the relationship between multiple concurrent central lines and the increased risk for bloodstream infections. (2019-07-24)
Multiple injection safety violations found in New Jersey septic arthritis outbreak
Multiple violations of injection safety and infection prevention practices--from lack of handwashing to inappropriate re-use of medication vials--were identified after an outbreak of septic arthritis at a New Jersey outpatient facility in 2017, according to an investigation published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal for the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2019-07-17)
Survey shows surveillance for antibiotic-resistant bacteria continues as core focus
A survey by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America demonstrates that surveillance for antibiotic-resistant bacteria continues to be a core focus for healthcare facilities. (2019-07-17)
Maternal obesity linked to childhood cancer
New study analyzed 2 million birth records and 3,000 cancer registry records and found that children born to obese mothers were 57% more likely to develop cancer, independent of other factors. (2019-07-10)
Epidemiological review on emerging & re-emerging parasitic infectious diseases in Malaysia
Re-emerging infectious diseases are those that were once a health problem in a particular region or a country and are now emerging again. (2019-06-28)
Migraine increases the risk of complications during pregnancy and childbirth
Pregnant women with migraine have an increased risk of miscarriage, caesarean sections and giving birth to a child with low birth weight. (2019-06-26)
Lifelong obesity linked to physical difficulties aged 50
People who are obese from childhood through to middle age are more than twice as likely to have difficulty with daily tasks such as lifting, climbing stairs and carrying shopping by the time they are 50, a new UCL study has found. (2019-06-19)
Study shows healthcare workers often care for patients while ill
Large numbers of healthcare workers risk transmitting respiratory viruses to patients and co-workers by attending work even when they have symptoms, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal for the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2019-06-18)
Molecular analysis could improve the early detection and prevention of endometrial cancer
Researchers from IDIBELL and ICO lead the proposal to evaluate genomic analyzes in cervical cytologies to improve the detection of cancer of the uterine cavity. (2019-06-17)
Owning a dog is influenced by our genetic make-up
A team of Swedish and British scientists have studied the heritability of dog ownership using information from 35,035 twin pairs from the Swedish Twin Registry. (2019-05-17)
Electronic health records decision support reduces inappropriate use of GI test
Programming a hospital's electronic health record system (EHR) to provide information on appropriate use of a costly gastrointestinal panel and to block unnecessary orders reduced inappropriate testing by 46% and saved up to $168,000 over 15 months, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2019-04-23)
Information technology can support antimicrobial stewardship programs
The incorporation of information technology (IT) into an antimicrobial stewardship program can help improve efficiency of the interventions and facilitate tracking and reporting of key metrics. (2019-04-23)
Mass drug administrations can grant population protection against malaria
Researchers have provided the first evidence that mass drug administration (MDA) can grant community-level protection against Plasmodium falciparum (P. falciparum) malaria. (2019-04-16)
New study finds higher C-section infection risk for mothers on Medicaid
The risk of surgical site infection following cesarean delivery is higher among Medicaid-insured women when compared to women who were privately insured, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal for the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2019-04-10)
Poor oral health may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer among African American women
African American women with poor oral health may be more likely to get pancreatic cancer (PC). (2019-03-28)
Child and adolescent anxiety could be linked to later alcohol problems
New research led by the University of Bristol has found some evidence that children and adolescents with higher levels of anxiety may be at greater risk of developing alcohol problems. (2019-03-21)
Improper removal of personal protective equipment contaminates health care workers
More than one-third of healthcare workers were contaminated with multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO) after caring for patients colonized or infected with the bacteria, according to a study published today in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2019-03-20)
Hepatitis B vaccination in preadolescents lowered the disease incidence rate in Catalonia
Introducing hepatitis B vaccine in preadolescents meant a decline in the disease incidence rate by 52 percent according to a study in which the University of Barcelona took part. (2019-03-13)
Persons with Alzheimer's disease have a higher risk of head injuries
Persons with Alzheimer's disease have approximately 30 percent higher risk of head injuries, and 50 percent higher risk of traumatic brain injuries than persons without Alzheimer's disease, a recent study from University of Eastern Finland shows. (2019-03-11)
Antibiotics and PPIs linked to increased risk of infectious diarrhea in children
Prior antibiotic exposure and use of acid suppressing medications known as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may increase the risk for hospitalized children to contract dangerous Clostridioides difficile infections, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2019-03-07)
Working long hours linked to depression in women
Women who work more than 55 hours a week are at a higher risk of depression but this is not the case for men, according to a new UCL-led study with Queen Mary University of London. (2019-02-25)
Prenatal exposure to plastics linked to motor skill deficiencies at age 11
Scientists with the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health report motor skills problems in children exposed during pregnancy to plasticizer chemicals known as phthalates that are widely used in personal care products like moisturizers and lipstick, as well as plastic containers and children's toys. (2019-02-21)
ICHE Roundup: Unnecessary urine tests, surgical infections, nurses' role in stewardship
Brief summaries of embargoed studies that to publish in Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, including preventing unnecessary urine tests and treatment, surgical site infections come from patients' microbiome, and nurses role in antibiotic stewardship. (2019-02-21)
Do economic conditions affect pregnancy outcomes?
Economic downturn during early pregnancy was linked with modest increases in preterm birth in a Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology analysis. (2019-01-24)
Mayo researchers find 'unacceptable low' cervical cancer screening rates
The percentage of women who are screened for cervical cancer may be far lower than national data suggests, according to a Mayo Clinic study recently published in the Journal of Women's Health. (2019-01-07)
Statins are more effective for those who follow the Mediterranean diet
For those who have already had a heart attack or a stroke, the combination of statins and Mediterranean Diet appears to be the most effective choice to reduce the risk of mortality, especially from cardiovascular causes. (2018-12-21)
DNA study shows stethoscopes loaded with bacteria, including staphylococcus
Stethoscopes carried by health care practitioners are loaded with diverse bacteria, including some that can cause healthcare-associated infections, according to a study published today in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America. (2018-12-12)
New guidance outlines recommendations for infection control in anesthesiology
The Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America has issued a new expert guidance on how hospitals and healthcare providers may reduce infections associated with anesthesiology procedures and equipment in the operating room. (2018-12-11)
How to survive on 'Game of Thrones': Switch allegiances
Characters in the 'Game of Thrones' TV series are more likely to die if they do not switch allegiance, and are male, according to an article published in the open-access journal Injury Epidemiology. (2018-12-09)
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