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Current Genetic diversity News and Events

Current Genetic diversity News and Events, Genetic diversity News Articles.
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The next agricultural revolution is here
By using modern gene-editing technologies to learn key insights about past agricultural revolutions, two plant scientists are suggesting that the next agricultural revolution could be at hand. (2019-09-19)
A promising HIV vaccine shows signs of cross-protective benefits
One of the most successful candidate HIV vaccines to date -- initially tested in Thailand, where it had modest effects -- showed surprisingly strong efficacy when evaluated in a South African cohort, where a different strain of HIV is known to circulate. (2019-09-18)
Coral reefs and squat lobsters flourished 150 million years ago
An amazing trove of 150 million-year-old coral reef fossils from eastern Austria -- at the time a shallow sea -- provides a snapshot of a diverse and thriving community of creatures, including 53 species of squat lobsters. (2019-09-18)
Harnessing tomato jumping genes could help speed-breed drought-resistant crops
Once dismissed as 'junk DNA' that served no purpose, a family of 'jumping genes' found in tomatoes has the potential to accelerate crop breeding for traits such as improved drought resistance. (2019-09-16)
Obesity linked to a nearly 6-fold increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, with genetics and lifestyle also raising risk
Obesity is linked to a nearly 6-fold increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D), with high genetic risk and unfavorable lifestyle also increasing risk but to a much lesser extent. (2019-09-15)
How new loops in DNA packaging help us make diverse antibodies
It's long been known that our immune cells mix and match bits of genetic code to make new kinds of antibodies to fight newly encountered threats. (2019-09-13)
New way to target cancer's diversity and evolution
Scientists have revealed close-up details of a vital molecule involved in the mix and match of genetic information within cells -- opening up the potential to target proteins of this family to combat cancer's diversity and evolution. (2019-09-13)
Heterogeneity in the workplace: 'Diversity is very important to us -- but not in my team'
Diversity in the workplace is highly sought in theory, but often still lacking in practice. (2019-09-12)
Smithsonian scientists triple number of known electric eel species
South American rivers are home to at least three different species of electric eels, including a newly identified species capable of generating a greater electrical discharge than any other known animal, according to a new analysis of 107 fish collected in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname in recent years. (2019-09-10)
Every time the small cabbage white butterfly flaps its wings it has us to thank
Through close examination of genetic variation and similarities between existing populations, and comparisons of historical data regarding infestations of Pieris rapae in Brassicaceae crops, a consortium of researchers document how humans helped the small cabbage white butterfly spread from Europe across the world. (2019-09-10)
Swapping pollinators reduces species diversity, study finds
In a new paper published in Evolution Letters, Carolyn Wessinger and Lena Hileman demonstrate that abandoning one pollinator for another to realize immediate benefits could compromise a flower's long-term survival. (2019-09-10)
The birth of vision, from the retina to the brain
How do neurons differentiate to become individual components of the visual system? (2019-09-09)
Salk scientists develop technique to reveal epigenetic features of cells in the brain
Salk researchers combined two different analysis techniques into one method, to simultaneously analyze how chromosomes, along with their epigenetic features, are compacted inside of single human brain cells. (2019-09-09)
Diversity increases ecosystem stability
Freiburg's forestry scientists prove that forests that are more diverse are also more productive and more resilient (2019-09-05)
Diversity of Plasmodium falciparum across Sub-Saharan Africa
Scientists from the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research joined a network of scientists to publish a study in Science to identify a regional character to Plasmodium falciparum across Africa. (2019-09-05)
Palaeontology: New hadrosaur from Japan sheds light on dinosaur diversity
The discovery of a previously unknown species of hadrosaur dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous Period is reported in Scientific Reports this week. (2019-09-05)
Genetic factors influencing adult obesity take effect in early childhood
Body mass index (BMI) in infants, children and adults is influenced by different genetic factors that change as we age, according to a major new study. (2019-09-04)
Why fruit flies eat practically anything
Kyoto University researchers uncover why some organisms can eat anything -- 'generalists -- and others have strict diets -- 'specialists'. (2019-09-03)
Student body diversity goals & giving parents a say in where their child goes to school
All parents want their children to get the best education possible, so how do school districts allow parents/guardians to have a say in where their child goes to school while still meeting diversity goals for the student body? (2019-09-03)
International scientists shed new light on demise of two extinct New Zealand songbirds
They may not have been seen for the past 50 and 110 years, but an international study into their extinction has provided answers to how the world lost New Zealand's South Island kokako and huia. (2019-09-03)
Toxic frogs with weak defenses persist in the gene pool alongside stronger competitors
A multi-national team of evolutionary biologists investigated how two types of poison frog co-exist when we expect only one. (2019-09-02)
A comprehensive catalogue of human digestive tract bacteria
The human digestive tract is home to thousands of different strains of bacteria. (2019-09-02)
Scotland's genetic landscape echoes Dark Age populations
The DNA of Scottish people still contains signs of the country's ancient kingdoms, with many apparently living in the same areas as their ancestors did more than a millennium ago, a study shows. (2019-09-02)
Researchers determine pollen abundance and diversity in pollinator-dependent crops
A new study provides valuable insights into pollen abundance and diversity available to honeybee colonies employed in five major pollinator-dependent crops in Oregon and California. (2019-08-30)
No genome signature predicts same-sex sexual behavior, GWAS study finds
According to a genome-wide association study involving more than 470,000 people, a person's genetic variants do not meaningfully predict whether they will engage in same-sex sexual behavior. (2019-08-29)
Maleness-on-the-Y: A novel male sex determiner in major fruit fly pests
Becoming a male Mediterranean fruit fly relies on the newly identified Y-chromosome linked gene -- Maleness-on-the-Y (MoY) -- which encodes the small protein required to signal male sex determination during development, a new study shows. (2019-08-29)
Diversity of inter-species interactions affects functioning of ecological communities
Mathematical modeling suggests that the diversity of interactions between species in an ecological community plays a greater role in maintaining community functioning than previously thought. (2019-08-29)
Global warming may diminish plant genetic variety in Central Europe
Only a few individuals of a plant species may be prepared for increasing droughts. (2019-08-29)
Plant diversity and endemism in China: Unreachable locations and diverse microclimates
The latest special issue of the scholarly, open-access and peer-reviewed journal PhytoKeys embarks on a treasure hunt into China's biodiversity hotspots, including the descriptions of 23 species previously unknown to science and new insights into the ecological diversity of ferns based on their DNA sequences. (2019-08-29)
Microbiota in home indoor air may protect children from asthma
Large amounts of a certain type of bacteria, most likely from outdoors, may reduce the child's risk of developing asthma. (2019-08-28)
Grassland biodiversity is blowing in the wind
Temperate grasslands are the most endangered but least protected ecosystems on Earth. (2019-08-28)
Red wine benefits linked to better gut health, study finds
A study from King's College London has found that people who drank red wine had an increased gut microbiota diversity (a sign of gut health) compared to non-red wine drinkers as well as an association with lower levels of obesity and 'bad' cholesterol. (2019-08-27)
Malaria control success in Africa at risk from spread of multi-drug resistance
In the first continent-wide genomic study of malaria parasites in Africa, scientists have uncovered the genetic features of Plasmodium falciparum parasites that inhabit different regions of the continent, including the genetic factors that confer resistance to anti-malarial drugs. (2019-08-22)
Adaptation to life in cattle may be driving E. coli to develop harmful features
Research led by Kyushu University finds that E. coli from cattle share widespread genetic similarities with those that cause food poisoning in humans, indicating that the traits that are harmful to humans may emerge to improve survival in the bovine intestine. (2019-08-22)
Genetic diversity couldn't save Darwin's finches
Researchers at the University of Cincinnati found that Charles Darwin's famous finches defy what has long been considered a key to evolutionary success: genetic diversity. (2019-08-22)
How our genes and environment influence BMI and height
Environmental conditions influence our body mass index (BMI) by increasing or decreasing the effect of inherited genetic variations, University of Queensland researchers have discovered. (2019-08-22)
Earliest evidence of artificial cranial deformation in Croatia during 5th-6th century
People in Croatia during the 5th to 6th centuries may have used cranial modifications to indicate their cultural affiliations, according to a study published Aug. (2019-08-21)
Spaceflight consistently affects the gut
A new Northwestern University study discovered that spaceflight -- both aboard a space shuttle or the International Space Station (ISS) -- has a consistent effect on the gut microbiome. (2019-08-21)
Study identifies possible genetic link between children's language and mental health
University of York-led study has examined genetic variants in six genes that are thought to contribute to language development in children. (2019-08-19)
From the tiny testes of flies, new insight into how genes arise
A common birthplace of new genes, the male testes are a hotspot for biological innovation. (2019-08-16)
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