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Current Genome News and Events

Current Genome News and Events, Genome News Articles.
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B chromosome first -- mechanisms behind the drive of B chromosomes uncovered
B chromosomes are supernumerary chromosomes, which often are preferentially inherited and showcase an increased transmission rate. (2019-06-20)
Unearthing the sweet potato proteome
The sweet, starchy orange sweet potatoes are tasty and nutritious ingredients for fries, casseroles and pies. (2019-06-19)
Studying diverse populations can boost genetic discovery, curb health disparities
Studying diverse, multi-ethnic populations can increase genetic discoveries and reduce health disparities, according to one of the largest genetic studies of Hispanics and Latinos, African-Americans, Asians and other minorities. (2019-06-19)
Dark centers of chromosomes reveal ancient DNA
Geneticists exploring the dark heart of the human genome have discovered big chunks of Neanderthal and other ancient DNA. (2019-06-18)
CNIO researchers describe new functions of protein that plays key role in some tumors and rare diseases
Cohesin is a protein complex that plays a key role in cell division; its role in 3D genome structure was described in recent years. (2019-06-18)
Size matters: New data reveals cell size sparks genome awakening in embryos
Transitions are a hallmark of life, and so there is a transition during early development when an embryo undergoes biochemical changes, switching from being controlled by maternal molecules to being governed by its own genome. (2019-06-18)
Tracking life's first step: Two molecules 'awaken' brand new genome
Within hours after fertilization, a unique genome forms from chromosomes contributed by the egg and sperm. (2019-06-17)
Study reveals new genomic roots of ecological adaptation in polar bear evolution
Scientists from the University of Massachusetts Amherst, Vanderbilt University and Clark University have shed new light on the genomic foundation of the polar bear's ecological adaption by pinpointing rapid changes in the bear's gene copy numbers in response to a diet shifting from vegetation to meat. (2019-06-17)
Virus genes help determine if pea aphids get their wings
Researchers from the University of Rochester shed light on the important role that microbial genes, like those from viruses, can play in insect and animal evolution. (2019-06-14)
Genetic inequity towards endocrine disruptors
Phthalates are used by industry in plastic products. Their toxic effect on the endocrine system is worrying. (2019-06-13)
Genetic marker linked to increased risk of diabetic peripheral neuropathy
This is the first real effort to have a genome wide search for genes predisposing to diabetic peripheral neuropathy. (2019-06-11)
Scientists crack origin of the Persian walnut
Prized worldwide for its high-quality wood and rich flavor of delicious nuts, the Persian walnut (Juglans regia) is an important economic crop. (2019-06-04)
A treasure map to understanding the epigenetic causes of disease
Researchers have identified special regions of the genome where a blood sample can be used to infer epigenetic regulation throughout the body, allowing scientists to test for epigenetic causes of disease. (2019-06-02)
DNA tests for patients move closer with genome analysis advance
Diseases caused by genetic changes could be detected more readily thanks to an advance in DNA analysis software developed by experts at the University of Edinburgh and the European Bioinformatics Institute at the European Molecular Biology Laboratory. (2019-05-30)
Intelligent algorithms for genome research
In order to find out which genes are responsible for diseases such as cancer or diabetes, scientists nowadays frequently resort to using machine-learning models. (2019-05-29)
Unveiling how the genome has condensed itself inside the virus
Scientists at the University of Helsinki working in collaboration with the University of Oxford have deciphered for the first time how a virus genome is condensed inside the capsid of a virus. (2019-05-29)
Surprisingly, inbred isle royale wolves dwindle because of fewer harmful genes
The tiny, isolated gray wolf population on Isle Royale has withered to near-extinction, but not because each animal carries a large number of harmful genes, according to a new genetic analysis. (2019-05-29)
Researchers discover how three-dimensional organization of the genome regulates cell differentiation
A new study from the University of Minnesota Medical School clarifies how the three-dimensional organization of the genome is regulated at the onset of skeletal muscle formation. (2019-05-24)
Women are less likely than men to be diagnosed with minor stroke
New study by University of Toronto and University of Calgary researchers find women experiencing a minor stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are less likely to be diagnosed with a stroke compared to men -- even though they describe similar symptoms in emergency departments. (2019-05-23)
Scientists teach old worms new tricks
Model organisms have advanced the study of genomics, eukaryotic biology, and evolution. (2019-05-23)
Scientists create new standard genome for heavily studied worm
A new Cornell University-led study finds that the genome for a widely researched worm, on which countless studies are based, was flawed. (2019-05-23)
New role in spatial chromosome organization identified for often mutated cancer protein
New research from The Wistar Institute sheds light on the function of the ARID1A protein, encoded by a gene that is among the most frequently mutated across human cancers. (2019-05-22)
BTI scientists create new genomic resource for improving tomatoes
Tomato breeders have traditionally emphasized production traits, like larger and more fruits per plant. (2019-05-13)
Tomato pan-genome makes bringing flavor back easier
Store-bought tomatoes don't have much flavor. Now, scientists from the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) may have spotlighted the solution by developing the tomato pan-genome, mapping almost 5,000 previously undocumented genes, including genes for flavor. (2019-05-13)
Seed abortion and the role of RNA Pol IV in seed development
In this newly released article in The Plant Cell, researchers find that in Arabidopsis plants, the abortion of seeds with extra genomes is caused by the enzyme RNA Pol IV and the RNA-directed DNA methylation pathway, a major gene-silencing pathway in plants. (2019-05-07)
Why you love coffee and beer
Why do you swig bitter, dark roast coffee while your coworker guzzles sweet cola? (2019-05-02)
Researchers crack the peanut genome
Working to understand the genetics of peanut disease resistance and yield, researchers led by scientists at the University of Georgia have uncovered the peanut's unlikely and complicated evolution. (2019-05-02)
A model to decipher the complexity of gene regulation
SysGenetiX project (UNIGE/UNIL) aimed to investigate the regulatory elements, as well as the manifold interactions between them and with genes, with the ultimate goal of understanding the mechanisms that render some people more predisposed to manifesting particular diseases than others. (2019-05-02)
Mutational intensity influences a tumor's response to PD-1 immunotherapy
Following FDA approval last year of PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitors for tumors with mismatch repair deficiency, a new study reveals more about why responses of these tumors to this immunotherapy vary, specifically implicating mutation intensity. (2019-05-02)
New giant virus may help scientists better understand the emergence of complex life
A team of scientists led by virologist Masaharu Takemura at Tokyo University of Science and Hiroyuki Ogata at Kyoto University in Japan have discovered a giant virus that, much like the mythical monster Medusa, can turn almost amoeba to a stone-like cyst. (2019-04-30)
Amid genomic data explosion, scientists find proliferating errors
Washington State University researchers found a troubling number of errors in publicly available genomic data as they conducted a large-scale analysis of protein sequences. (2019-04-30)
First genome-wide association study (GWAS) for Type 2 diabetes in youth findings
First Genome-Wide Association Study (GWAS) for Type 2 diabetes discovers seven genetic variants associated with the disease in young people. (2019-04-29)
How the bumble bee got its stripes
Researchers have discovered a gene that drives color differences within a species of bumble bees, helping to explain the highly diverse color patterns among bumble bees. (2019-04-29)
Chinese-UK project reveals ancient secrets of medicinal mint
The precious chemistry of a plant used for 2000 years in traditional Chinese medicine has been unlocked in a project that raises the prospect of rapid access to a wide array of therapeutic drugs. (2019-04-24)
Veritable powerhouses -- even without DNA
The cells of most life forms contain mitochondria for energy production. (2019-04-24)
Research sheds light on genomic features that make plants good candidates for domestication
New research details how the process of domestication affected the genomes of corn and soybeans. (2019-04-24)
How lifestyle affects our genes
In the past decade, knowledge of how lifestyle affects our genes, a research field called epigenetics, has grown exponentially. (2019-04-23)
A universal framework combining genome annotation and undergraduate education
On April 3, 2019, researchers from the Boyce Thompson Institute published a framework for using new genome sequences as a training resource for undergraduates interested in learning genome annotation. (2019-04-19)
Taming the genome's 'jumping' sequences
EPFL scientists have discovered how a family of proteins that regulates the activity of transposable elements in the genome allows them to make inheritable changes to the growing fetus. (2019-04-18)
New method to detect off-target effects of CRISPR
Since the CRISPR genome editing technology was invented in 2012, it has shown great promise to treat a number of intractable diseases. (2019-04-18)
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