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Current Genome News and Events

Current Genome News and Events, Genome News Articles.
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Evolutionary paths: Scientists have found new patterns in protein evolution
Russian scientists studied the trends in the evolution of amino acid sequences of proteins in vertebrates and insects. (2020-09-18)
Scientists updated genome editing technology
International scientific group compared their developed carriers for delivery of genome editing (GE) tools with other available analogues. (2020-09-16)
Replicating a genome starts with a twist, a pinch, and a bit of a dance
DNA replication begins with a set of proteins--the Origin of Replication Complex (ORC). (2020-09-16)
Mount Sinai study shows widespread epigenetic defects in the human genome
This study shows, for the first time, that epigenetic defects in the human genome are widespread, and occur at hundreds of genes known to cause genetic diseases. (2020-09-15)
New tool outsmarts COVID-19 virus to help vaccine development
Melbourne researchers have developed a tool to monitor mutations that make it difficult to develop coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccines and drugs. (2020-09-09)
Fighting cardiovascular disease with acne drug
Researchers from the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) in Heidelberg and Stanford University have found the cause of dilated cardiomyopathy - a leading cause of heart failure - and identified a potential treatment for it: a drug already used to treat acne. (2020-09-08)
International team of scientists discover link between genes and penicillin allergy using
Penicillin, a life-saving medicine, is the most common cause of drug allergy, with clinical manifestations ranging from temporary skin reactions to life-threatening systemic syndromes. (2020-09-03)
Study finds insect shows promise as a good, sustainable food source
With global food on the rise, a study led by IUPUI scientists has found new evidence that the yellow mealworm shows promise as alternative source of nutritional protein. (2020-08-31)
A Politecnico di Milano study reveals DNA "grammar"
DNA three-dimensional structure is determined by a series of spatial rules based on particular protein sequences and their order. (2020-08-27)
Genomes published for major agricultural weeds
Representing some of the most troublesome agricultural weeds, waterhemp, smooth pigweed, and Palmer amaranth impact crop production systems across the US and elsewhere with ripple effects felt by economies worldwide. (2020-08-27)
Unique HIV reservoirs in elite controllers
Unlike ART-treated individuals, elite controllers' viral reservoirs appear to be incapable of being reactivated. (2020-08-26)
The secret life of melons revealed: "Jumping sequences" may alter gene expression
Researchers from the University of Tsukuba have found in a comparison of melon genomes that retrotransposons (a.k.a. (2020-08-25)
Researchers discover novel molecular mechanism that enables conifers to adapt to winter
Unlike broadleaf trees, conifers are evergreen and retain their photosynthesis structure throughout the year. (2020-08-18)
The flax wilt agent has been sequenced
Researchers teamed up to sequence and assemble genome of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lini, a highly destructive fungal parasite infecting flax. (2020-08-14)
Remains of 17th century bishop support neolithic emergence of tuberculosis
In a recent study published in Genome Biology, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, Lund University and the Swedish Natural Historical Museum present analysis of the highest quality ancient Mycobacterium tuberculosis genome to date, suggesting the pathogen is much younger than previously believed. (2020-08-14)
Montana State researcher featured in Nature for work on rare reptile genome
Chris Organ worked with an international group of scientists to sequence the genome of the tuatara, a reptile found only in New Zealand with an evolutionary history stretching back 250 million years. (2020-08-14)
Searching the ancient depths of a reptilian genome yields insight into all vertebrates
An Iowa State University scientists contributed to a global effort to assemble the genome of the tuatara, a rare reptile species native to New Zealand. (2020-08-12)
New USask-led research reveals previously hidden features of plant genomes
An international team led by the Plant Phenotyping and Imaging Research Centre (P2IRC) at the University of Saskatchewan (USask) and researchers at Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada (AAFC) has decoded the full genome for the black mustard plant--research that will advance breeding of oilseed mustard crops and provides a foundation for improved breeding of wheat, canola and lentils. (2020-08-10)
HPV strains may impact cervical cancer prognosis
An analysis of cervical cancers in Ugandan women has uncovered significant genomic differences between tumours caused by different strains of human papillomavirus (HPV), signifying HPV type may impact cervical cancer characteristics and prognosis. (2020-08-10)
Faster rates of evolution are linked to tiny genomes, study finds
Inside every cell lies a genome - a full set of DNA that contains the instructions for building an organism. (2020-08-06)
Dinosaur relative's genome linked to mammals
Scientists from the University of Adelaide and South Australian Museum have collaborated with Otago University, New Zealand and a global team to sequence the genome of the tuatara - a rare reptile whose ancestors once roamed the earth with dinosaurs. (2020-08-05)
NAU biologist part of international team to sequence genome of rare 'living fossil'
Northern Arizona University assistant professor Marc Tollis is one of a dozen collaborators sequencing the genome of the tuatara, a lizard-like creature that lives on the islands of New Zealand. (2020-08-05)
The curious genome of the tuatara, an ancient reptile in peril
International scientists and Ngātiwai, a Māori tribe, teamed up to sequence the genome of a rare reptile, the tuatara, uncovering some unique aspects of the tuatara's evolution. (2020-08-05)
A normal DNA repair process can become a major source of mutations in cancer
The mechanism unveiled triggers a mutation fog, causing hundreds of mutations in each tumor, which spread through the genome of lung, head-and-neck and breast cancers. (2020-08-04)
HudsonAlpha scientists help identify important parts of the human genome
During the third phase, ENCODE consortium researchers drew closer to their goal of developing a comprehensive map of the functional elements of human and mouse genomes by adding to the ENCODE database millions of candidate DNA switches that regulate when and where genes are turned on. (2020-07-31)
In defence mode: this is how Zika virus protects key parts of its genome
To fight viruses, cells can deploy defence enzymes that progressively destroy viral genome. (2020-07-30)
NIH-funded project details the inner workings of the human and mouse genome
The ENCODE project is an NHGRI-led international effort to learn how all of the genome functions, not just genes. (2020-07-29)
ENCODE3: Interpreting the human and mouse genomes
An international consortium of approximately 500 scientists, led in part by researchers at Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, reports on the completion of Phase 3 of the ENCODE project, providing a resource for scientists to understand how genetic variation shapes human health and disease. (2020-07-29)
UMMS scientists lead effort to annotate human genome
UMass Medical School scientists Jill Moore, PhD, Zhiping Weng, PhD, and MD/PhD students Michael Purcaro and Henry Pratt are lead authors on the latest publication of data from the ambitious ENCODE project to annotate the human genome. (2020-07-29)
FSU biologist uses genome database to investigate cancer cells
Florida State University Professor of Biological Science David Gilbert is using the latest information about the human genome as a guide to better understand cancer. (2020-07-29)
New genome mapper is like "upgrading from dial-up to fibre-optic"
Researchers describe the first technology able to visualize hundreds to potentially thousands of genomes at the same time under the microscope. (2020-07-27)
European maize highlights the hidden differences within a species
Maize is one of our major staple foods and is cultivated around the world, showcasing a broad range of genetic adaptations to different environmental conditions. (2020-07-27)
Researchers develop new cytosine base editors with high specificity and precision
Recently, GAO Caixia's group from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences created two new CBEs based on a truncated human APOBEC3 cytidine deaminase (A3Bctd) and developed a high-throughput assay for assessing sgRNA-independent deamination changes in plant CBEs. (2020-07-27)
European and American maize: Same same, but different
German researchers decoded the European maize genome. In comparison to North American maize lines, they discovered variations that underlie phenotypic differences and may also contribute to the heterosis effect. (2020-07-27)
Identified a new regulatory mechanism of response to metabolic stress
The Chromatin Biology group, led by Dr. Alex Vaquero has identified a new enzymatic activity in SIRT7, involved in stress response, aging and hematopoiesis, which plays a key role in metabolic stress and aging. (2020-07-27)
Antiviral method against herpes paves the way for combatting incurable viral infections
Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have discovered a new method to treat human herpes viruses. (2020-07-24)
Meet Cosmo, a bull calf designed to produce 75% male offspring
Scientists at the University of California, Davis, have successfully produced a bull calf, named Cosmo, who was genome-edited as an embryo so that he'll produce more male offspring. (2020-07-23)
Genomic basis of bat superpowers revealed: Like how they survive deadly viruses
The genetic material that codes for bat adaptations and superpowers - such as the ability to fly, to use sound to move effortlessly in complete darkness, to tolerate and survive potentially deadly viruses, and to resist aging and cancer - has been revealed and published in Nature. (2020-07-22)
Can high-quality coral genomes be used to predict bleaching events?
In a new approach to conservation genetics, researchers used a high-quality genome of the coral Acropora millepora, along with environmental data, to study this coral's variable responses to climate change, a trait of key conservation importance. (2020-07-16)
Recently discovered CRISPR enzyme from huge bacteriophages expands genome editing toolbox
A recently discovered hypercompact CRISPR enzyme found only in huge bacteriophages, and known as CRISPR-CasΦ, is functional, a new study by Patrick Pausch, Jennifer Doudna and colleagues reports, and it provides a powerful new tool in the CRISPR genome editing toolbox, including because it can target a wider range of genetic sequences compared to Cas9 and Cas12. (2020-07-16)
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