Current Heart disease News and Events

Current Heart disease News and Events, Heart disease News Articles.
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A bypass route for the coronary vessels in the heart?
When the heart develops, some of its coronary blood vessels develop from cells lining the inner surface of the heart's ventricular chambers (endocardium). Novel findings suggest that new blood vessel growth in the heart can be stimulated with the VEGF-B growth factor from the same source after myocardial infarction to increase blood delivery to the damaged area. (2020-11-19)

A case of pediatric heart failure caused by anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery
In a new publication from Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications; DOI https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2019.0585, Lei Zhang, Tiewei Lv, Xiaoyan Liu, Chuan Feng, Min Zheng, Jie Tian and Huichao Sun from the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China and the Chongqing Key Laboratory of Pediatrics, Chongqing, China consider a case of pediatric heart failure caused by anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. (2020-11-19)

Children with familial hypercholesterolemia are diagnosed late and under-treated
Children born with a common genetic condition, familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), are at increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) early in life. Despite long-standing national guidelines, cholesterol screening -- for children at age 2 for those with a family history of heart disease and between the ages of nine to 11 for all children -- is not being implemented . (2020-11-18)

Cellular pathway of genetic heart disease similar to neurodegenerative disease
Research on a genetic heart disease has uncovered a new and unexpected mechanism for heart failure. This landmark discovery found a correlation between the clumping of RNA-binding proteins long linked to neurodegenerative disease and the aggregates of protein found in the heart tissue of patients with RBM20 dilated cardiomyopathy. (2020-11-18)

New diabetes medication reduced heart event risk in those with diabetes and kidney disease
Sotagliflozin - a type of medication known as an SGLT2 inhibitor primarily prescribed for Type 2 diabetes - reduces the risk of adverse cardiovascular events for patients with diabetes and kidney disease. Researchers say the results of this randomized clinical trial provide evidence that SGLT2 inhibitors should be part of the standard of care for people with Type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease. (2020-11-17)

New medication helps heart health in people with chronic kidney disease, Type 2 diabetes
Results of a large, international clinical trial on the novel medication finerenone indicate it reduced the rate of death, heart attack, stroke and hospitalization for heart failure among patients with chronic kidney disease and Type 2 diabetes. Finerenone helped patients with chronic conditions improve their heart health, regardless of if they had a history of cardiovascular disease. (2020-11-17)

COVID-19 patient outcomes affected by cardiovascular risk
DALLAS - Nov. 17, 2020 - Research presented today by UT Southwestern cardiologists at the annual American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2020 showed that Black and Hispanic people were more likely to be hospitalized with COVID-19 than white patients, and that nonwhite men with cardiovascular disease or risk factors were more likely to die. (2020-11-17)

High-dose equal to standard flu vaccine for risk of death or heart, lung hospitalization
A high-dose, trivalent influenza vaccine was no more effective than the standard-dose quadrivalent vaccine at reducing the risk of death or hospitalization for heart or lung-related causes among patients with heart disease. While overall there were few serious side effects in both vaccine groups, those who received the high-dose vaccine had more injection-related side effects such as pain, swelling and muscle aches. (2020-11-17)

Blacks, Hispanics comprised more than half of all inpatient deaths from COVID-19
More than half of all in-hospital deaths due to COVID-19 during the first six months of 2020 were among Black and Hispanic patients, according to a new study led by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Duke University. (2020-11-17)

Healthy sleep habits help lower risk of heart failure
Healthy sleep habits are associated with a lower risk of heart failure. Adults with the healthiest sleep patterns (morning risers, sleeping 7-8 hours a day and no frequent insomnia, snoring or excessive daytime sleepiness) experienced a 42% reduction in the risk of heart failure compared to those with unhealthy sleep patterns. (2020-11-16)

Preventing heart disease should be a priority for people with Type 2 diabetes
Even when risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease are optimally controlled, adults with Type 2 diabetes still have a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease compared to the general population, according to new research published today in the American Heart Association's flagship journal Circulation. (2020-11-16)

A change of heart -- new drug for HCM reduces heart mass
For the first time, a medication has impacted heart muscle thickness and function for patients with the most common inherited heart condition, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, rather than simply addressing their symptoms. (2020-11-16)

Patients taking statins experience similar side effects from dummy pills
People taking dummy pills and statins experienced similar side effects in a new study. (2020-11-15)

STRENGTH trial finds new fish oil medication did not reduce the risk of cardiac events
A medication derived from fish oil, containing the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA, was evaluated in a large, international study of more than 13,000 people who had existing heart disease or who were at high risk of heart disease due to other medical conditions. The medication did not reduce the risk of cardiac events compared to a corn oil-based placebo in the STRENGTH trial. (2020-11-15)

Additional heart imaging valuable for women with unexplained heart attacks
Combining diagnostic imaging methods can detect the underlying cause of heart attack in women who did not have blocked arteries. This international, diagnostic, prospective, observational study suggested that additional heart imaging is feasible and has the potential to guide medical therapy to prevent subsequent heart attacks. (2020-11-14)

New medicine reduced risk for heart failure emergencies, hospital visits
Results from a large, Phase 3, global, cardiovascular outcomes study indicate a new medication may reduce the risk for heart failure-related events or cardiovascular deaths in people with chronic heart failure. (2020-11-13)

New screening questionnaire can identify people at high risk of developing heart disease
A new study in a Swedish population of middle-aged adults found that four out of 10 people have atherosclerosis, a buildup of fatty deposits that reduce blood flow to the heart. Early detection of coronary artery disease is needed in order to provide preventive treatment and decrease the risk of heart attack. Researchers developed a personalized screening strategy to identify individuals with a higher probability of developing cardiovascular disease. (2020-11-13)

New study confirms combo pill alone and with aspirin lowers heart disease risk
A ''polypill'' is a single pill that includes multiple medications to control more than one health risk factor (such as heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, Type 2 diabetes, kidney disease, stroke). In this large, international trial, the polypill included blood pressure and cholesterol lowering medications for people at risk for heart disease. Results from the randomized, placebo-controlled trial show that the combination of a polypill plus aspirin reduced cardiovascular disease by 31%, and the polypill without aspirin reduced CVD by 21%. (2020-11-13)

Intravenous iron reduced rehospitalization risk in people with heart failure
Iron deficiency is present in about 50% of people with chronic heart failure. Patients with heart failure who also have iron-deficiency are more likely to have poor outcomes. Intravenous iron replacement with ferric carboxymaltose reduced the risk of heart failure hospitalizations in patients with iron deficiency after an episode of acute heart failure. (2020-11-13)

Study: Vitamin D, fish oil don't lower atrial fibrillation risk
New research presented today at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions suggests neither vitamin D nor the omega-3 fatty acids found in fish oil prevent the development of atrial fibrillation, a potentially serious heart rhythm disturbance. (2020-11-13)

Not all patients with certain type of heart attack receive the same care
An analysis of medical records reveals variability in the tests and treatments that patients with type 2 myocardial infarction receive during and after their hospital stay. Clinical trials are needed to provide guidance to physicians on how to best care for these patients. (2020-11-11)

Racial/ethnic minorities comprise small portion of patients referred with AL amyloidosis
Despite being theoretically at an increased risk for AL amyloidosis, underrepresented minorities make up only a small percentage of patients seen at specialized treatment centers for this disease. (2020-11-10)

Women veterans with PTSD have higher rate of heart disease
Women veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were 44% more likely to develop ischemic heart disease including heart attacks, compared to those without PTSD. The increased risk was most prominent in younger women (below the age of 40). (2020-11-09)

U.S.-born Black women at higher risk of preeclampsia than Black immigrants
Black women born in the United States have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure during pregnancy, a condition known as preeclampsia, compared to Black women who immigrated to the country. In this study of Black women in Boston, those who were not born in the U.S. had a 27% lower risk of preeclampsia, compared to Black women born in America. The risk increased for Black immigrants after they lived in the U.S. for more than 10 years. (2020-11-09)

Flu vaccine rate less than 25% in young adults with heart disease, despite increased risk
In 2018, only about 25% of adults between the ages of 18 and 34 with any cardiovascular disease received a flu shot, and in those with a history of a heart attack, only about 20% were vaccinated. Study authors hope their results will increase awareness among cardiologists, primary care physicians and the public about the protective benefits of flu vaccination. (2020-11-09)

More green spaces can help boost air quality, reduce heart disease deaths
The number of trees, shrubs and grasses in an area - known as green space or greenness - can improve air quality, counteract air pollution and may reduce heart disease deaths. Policies that improve environmental factors also can improve cardiovascular health among a diverse population. (2020-11-09)

Many transgender people who receive hormone therapy have unaddressed heart disease risks
Many transgender people who receive gender-affirming hormone therapy have heart disease and stroke risk factors such as high blood pressure and cholesterol, even during young adulthood. Of those known to have CVD risk factors, many were not previously treated to lower their heart disease risk. (2020-11-09)

Liver scarring relatively common among middle-aged adults
A substantial minority of participants from the Framingham Heart Study, (nearly nine percent), had potentially clinically significant liver fibrosis (scarring). This the first study of this size and scale done in the United States. (2020-11-09)

All weight loss isn't equal for reducing heart failure risk
DALLAS - Nov. 9, 2020 - Reducing the level of body fat and waist size are linked to a lower risk of heart failure in patients with type 2 diabetes, a study led by UT Southwestern researchers indicates. The findings, reported today in Circulation, suggest that all weight loss isn't equal when it comes to mitigating the risk of heart disease. (2020-11-09)

Black patients with lupus have three times higher risk of stroke
New research reveals that, in the U.S., Black patients with lupus have a threefold higher risk of stroke and a 24-fold higher risk of ischemic heart disease. The study also found several lupus-specific symptoms that predict stroke and IHD in these patients. Details of the study was presented at ACR Convergence, the American College Rheumatology's annual meeting. (2020-11-06)

Mothers' lifestyle predicts when offspring will have first heart attack or stroke
Offspring of mothers with heart healthy lifestyles live nearly a decade longer without cardiovascular disease than those whose mothers have unhealthy lifestyles. That's the finding of a study published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).''Our study suggests that mothers are the primary gatekeepers of their children's health,'' said study author Dr. James Muchira of Vanderbilt University, Nashville and the University of Massachusetts, Boston. (2020-11-04)

Implantable device can monitor and treat heart disease
Cunjiang Yu, Bill D. Cook Associate Professor of Mechanical Engineering at UH, led a group of researchers that has reported developing a cardiac patch made from fully rubbery electronics that can be placed directly on the heart to collect electrophysiological activity, temperature, heartbeat and other indicators, all at the same time. (2020-11-03)

UConn researcher identifies genetic elements involved in heart development
Justin Cotney, assistant professor of genetics and genome sciences in the UConn School of Medicine, has identified a suite of genes and regulatory elements critical to normal heart development. (2020-11-03)

Abnormal blood pressure levels while sleeping increase risk of heart disease, stroke
Nighttime blood pressure levels that are higher than daytime levels, as well as a pattern of blood pressure rising at night (rather than decreasing slightly), were associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease and heart failure. Even when blood pressure is well controlled during the day, patients who experienced extreme dips in their blood pressure while asleep had a significantly greater risk of stroke compared to those who had normal blood pressure while sleeping. (2020-11-02)

Avoiding inflammatory foods can lower heart disease, stroke risk
Diets high in red and processed meat, refined grains and sugary beverages, which have been associated with increased inflammation in the body, can increase subsequent risk of heart disease and stroke compared to diets filled with anti-inflammatory foods according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. A separate JACC study assessed the positive effects eating walnuts, an anti-inflammatory food, had on decreasing inflammation and heart disease risk. (2020-11-02)

Removing this hidden nasty from our food could save thousands of lives
Banning a harmful ingredient from the Australian food supply could prevent thousands of deaths from heart disease according to new research from The George Institute for Global Health. (2020-11-02)

Smokers, especially those who begin young, are three times more likely to die prematurely
A large, national study found that smokers faced nearly three times the risk of dying prematurely from heart disease or stroke. Risk was higher among smokers who began before age 15 compared to those who began at older ages, and the risk was highest of all for those who began smoking before age 10. Those who quit smoking by or well before age 40 can reduce their risk of premature death from cardiovascular disease by 90%. (2020-10-28)

A study has demonstrated that omega-3 rich foods improve post-heart attack prognosis
A team of researchers from the Germans Trias i Pujol Hospital and Research Institute (IGTP) and the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM) has shown that regularly consuming foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids, from both animal and vegetable origins, strengthens the heart's membranes and helps improve the prognosis in the event of a myocardial infarction. To arrive at these conclusions, they used data from 950 patients. (2020-10-27)

Study reinforces drug's potential to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
WSU research sheds new light on a molecule that may be used to treat heart conditions that can lead to stroke, heart attack and other forms of heart disease. (2020-10-27)

Weight-reduction surgery for severely obese adults may prevent second heart attack, death
Adults with severe obesity (BMI >35) and a prior heart attack who undergo weight-reduction surgery may lower their risk of a second heart attack, major cardiovascular event, heart failure and death. The effect weight-reduction surgery had on the patients' weight, blood pressure, cholesterol and A1C (a Type 2 diabetes marker) seems to play a role in decreasing the risk of heart attack and death. (2020-10-26)

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