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Current Heat transfer News and Events, Heat transfer News Articles.
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Machine learning methods provide new insights into organic-inorganic interfaces
Simulations at Graz University of Technology refute earlier theories on long-range charge transfer between organic and inorganic materials. (2020-08-04)
Nanostructures modeled on moth eyes effective for anti-icing
Researchers have been working for decades on improving the anti-icing performance of functional surfaces and work published in AIP Advances investigates a unique nanostructure, modeled on moth eyes, that has anti-icing properties. (2020-08-04)
Analyzing pros and cons of two composite manufacturing methods
Airplane wings and wind turbine blades are typically created using bulk polymerization in composite manufacturing facilities. (2020-08-03)
Low-cost moist heat treatment of N95 masks eliminates SARS-CoV-2, bacteria
A new study shows that moist heat treatment of N95 masks eliminates severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and bacteria, which would allow reuse of these scarce resources. (2020-07-31)
Origami microbots: Centuries-old artform guides cutting-edge advances in tiny machines
Origami principles can unlock the potential of the smallest robots, enhancing speed, agility and control in machines no more than a centimeter in size. (2020-07-30)
Biphilic surfaces reduce defrosting times in heat exchangers
Miljkovic, along with researchers in his group, have discovered a way to significantly improve the defrosting of ice and frost on heat exchangers. (2020-07-29)
Is the Earth's transition zone deforming like the upper mantle?
In a recently published paper in Earth and Planetary Science Letters, researchers from the Geodynamics Research Center, Ehime University and the University of Lille combine numerical modeling of dislocation glide and results from diffusion experiments to revisit the rheology of wadsleyite, ringwoodite and majorite garnet under geological strain rates across the transition zone of the Earth's mantle based on theoretical plasticity modeling. (2020-07-29)
US should consider 'stay-at-home' cooling options during pandemic
A new study from Australian scientists at the forefront of climate and health modelling suggests electric fans and water dousing could be a viable stay-at-home cooling strategy as the United States (US) anticipates extreme heat. (2020-07-29)
New fabric could help keep you cool in the summer, even without A/C (video)
Air conditioning and other space cooling methods account for about 10% of all electricity consumption in the U.S., according to the U.S. (2020-07-29)
Hot urban temperatures and tree transpiration
The BioScience Talks podcast (http://bioscienceaibs.libsyn.com) features discussions of topical issues related to the biological sciences. (2020-07-29)
Report provides new framework for understanding climate risks, impacts to US agriculture
A new USDA report focuses on how agricultural systems are impacted by climate change and offers a list of 20 indicators that provide a broad look at what's happening across the country. (2020-07-29)
Glacial stream insect may tolerate warmer waters
An endangered aquatic insect that lives in icy streams fed by glaciers might not mind if the water grows warmer due to climate change. (2020-07-27)
How to stack graphene up to four layers
IBS research team reports a novel method to grow multi-layered, single-crystalline graphene with a selected stacking order in a wafer scale. (2020-07-27)
Alaska is getting wetter. That's bad news for permafrost and the climate.
Alaska is getting wetter. A new study spells out what that means for the permafrost that underlies about 85% of the state, and the consequences for Earth's global climate. (2020-07-24)
Solar-driven membrane distillation technology that can double drinking water production
A joint research team from the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST), led by Dr. (2020-07-22)
Climate predictions several years into the future?
In five years, will the winter be mild, and will the following summer be rainy? (2020-07-22)
Fine-tuning adoptive cell therapy for advanced cancers
Researchers identified a discordant phenomenon in which a subset of patients displayed profoundly decreased expression of the transgenic TCR over time, despite the transgenic TCR being present at the DNA level. (2020-07-22)
Study points to potential new approach to treating glaucoma and Alzheimer's disease
Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) have shown for the first time that when one optic nerve in the eye is damaged, as in glaucoma, the opposite optic nerve comes to the rescue by sharing its metabolic energy. (2020-07-21)
Oxygen breathes new life into solar cell research
Scientists in Australia and the United States have been able to 'upconvert' low energy light into high energy light, which can be captured by solar cells, in a new way, with oxygen the surprise secret ingredient. (2020-07-20)
Through the nanoscale looking glass -- determining boson peak frequency in ultra-thin alumina
'Mysterious' vibrational properties of nanoscale glasses studied by subjecting novel (and slightly explosive) particles of aluminium wrapped in a thin alumina skin to neutron spectroscopy measurement at ANSTO. (2020-07-20)
A new idea on how Earth's outer shell first broke into tectonic plates
Plate tectonics theory posits that Earth's outer shell is subdivided into plates that move relative to each other, concentrating most activity along the boundaries between plates, yet the scientific community has no firm concept on how plate tectonics got started. (2020-07-19)
Graphene-Adsorbate van der Waals bonding memory inspires 'smart' graphene sensors
Electric field modulation of the graphene-adsorbate interaction induces unique van der Waals (vdW) bonding which were previously assumed to be randomized by thermal energy after the electric field is turned off. (2020-07-16)
Heat stress in gestating dairy cows impairs performance of future generations
In a recent article appearing in the Journal of Dairy Science, scientists from the University of Florida and the University of California, Davis investigated the performance and profitability of two future generations of cows born to mothers exposed to heat stress during pregnancy. (2020-07-16)
Heat stress: The climate is putting European forests under sustained pressure
No year since weather records began was as hot and dry as 2018. (2020-07-16)
Researchers solve a long-standing problem in organic chemistry
Chemists have for a long time been interested in efficiently constructing polyenes - not least in order to be able to use them for future biomedical applications. (2020-07-16)
Data analytics can predict global warming trends, heat waves
New data analytics process evaluates how global energy consumption, as well as urban green infrastructure, can affect climate change. (2020-07-15)
Tulane scientists build high-performing hybrid solar energy converter
The project is the culmination of a U.S. Department of Energy ARPA-E project that began in 2014 with $3.3 million in funding and involved years of prototype development at Tulane and field testing in San Diego. (2020-07-15)
Why hydration is so important when hiking in the heat of summer
A recent study showed that compared to moderate weather conditions, hikers' performance during hot weather was impaired, resulting in slower hiking speeds and prolonged exposure to the elements, thus increasing their risk of heat-related illness. (2020-07-14)
Research: Crop plants are taking up microplastics
Scientists from the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) recently found that microplastics are indeed contaminating edible plants, including vegetables we eat. (2020-07-13)
Russian scientists have discovered a new physical paradox
Researchers from the Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) discovered and theoretically explained a new physical effect: amplitude of mechanical vibrations can grow without external influence. (2020-07-13)
Satellite data show severity of drought summers in 2018 and 2019
Measurements by the GRACE-FO satellite mission show a decline in water storage in Central Europe by up to 94 percent compared with seasonal fluctuations. (2020-07-10)
Fine-tuning excited state of Ru(II)-photosensitizers for boosting CO2-to-CO conversion
How to substantially improve sensitizing ability of photosensitisers (PSs) through balancing its excited state lifetime and redox driving force represents a key role in promoting electron transfer efficiency and further enhancing photoconversion efficiency, however remains a great challenge. (2020-07-09)
HKU study reveals the hidden fight within corals
Researchers from the School of Biological Sciences and Swire Institute of Marine Science at the University of Hong Kong are working to understand how the coral symbiosis may respond to global warming through changes in their microbiome, specifically their symbiotic algae. (2020-07-08)
UCLA-led team develops ways to keep buildings cool with improved super white paints
A research team led by UCLA materials scientists has demonstrated ways to make super white paint that reflects as much as 98% of incoming heat from the sun. (2020-07-08)
The risk of cerebral palsy linked to IVF has more than halved in the past two decades
Fifteen years ago a large population study from Denmark found a significantly increased risk of cerebral palsy in infants born as a result of assisted reproduction. (2020-07-07)
Cooling mechanism increases solar energy harvesting for self-powered outdoor sensors
Thermoelectric devices, which use the temperature difference between the top and bottom of the device to generate power, offer some promise for harnessing naturally occurring energy. (2020-07-07)
To quench or not to quench: Understanding the role of a cyanobacterial photosystem protein
Photosynthesis is one of the most fundamental processes that support life on earth. (2020-07-06)
How does Earth sustain its magnetic field?
Life as we know it could not exist without Earth's magnetic field and its ability to deflect dangerous ionizing particles. (2020-07-06)
New breakthrough in 'spintronics' could boost high speed data technology
Scientists have made a pivotal breakthrough in the important, emerging field of spintronics -- which could lead to a new high speed energy efficient data technology. (2020-07-03)
Heatwave trends accelerate worldwide
The first comprehensive worldwide assessment of heatwaves down to regional levels has revealed that in nearly every part of the world heatwaves have been increasing in frequency and duration since the 1950's. (2020-07-03)
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