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Current Hippocampus News and Events

Current Hippocampus News and Events, Hippocampus News Articles.
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Polycomb protein EED plays a starring role in hippocampal development
A team led by Professor Liu Changmei from the State Key Laboratory of Stem Cell and Reproductive Biology, Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, has shown that the PcG protein EED is essential for the proper formation of the DG. (2019-06-13)
Early life stress plus overexpressed FKBP5 protein increases anxiety behavior
A new preclinical study by University of South Florida neuroscientists finds that anxiety-like behavior increases when early life adversity combines with high levels of FKBP5 -- a protein capable of modifying hormonal stress response. (2019-06-11)
Broken brain cells repaired in dementia mouse model
Dysfunctional neurons in the hippocampus of adult female mice modeling dementia can be repaired and reconnected to distant parts of the brain, reports a new study published in JNeurosci. (2019-05-27)
Discovery of hippocampal mossy cell involvement to maximize antidepressant effects
Professor Yong-Seok Oh's team at the DGIST Department of Brain-Cognitive Science clarified the expression of antidepressant efficacy by modulating hippocampal mossy cells. (2019-05-24)
New neurons form in the brain into tenth decade of life, even in people with Alzheimer's
Researchers examining post-mortem brain tissue from people ages 79 to 99 found that new neurons continue to form well into old age. (2019-05-24)
Proof it's possible to enhance or suppress memories
Boston University neuroscientist Steve Ramirez and collaborators have published a new paper showing memories are pliable if you know which regions of the brain's hippocampus to stimulate, which could someday enable personalized treatment for people with PTSD, depression and anxiety. (2019-05-23)
Study reveals breakthrough in understanding long-term memory retrieval
UNLV researchers have discovered a novel method for how two parts of the brain -- the hippocampus and the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) -- work together to retrieve long-term memories. (2019-05-21)
To boldly go or anxiously hang back?
UC San Francisco research has identified a particular group of nerve cells in the brain that play an important role in anxiety's influence over behavior. (2019-04-30)
Researchers define Alzheimer's-like brain disorder
Researchers at Rush University Medical Center and scientists from several National Institutes of Health-funded institutions, in collaboration with international peers, described the newly-named pathway to dementia, Limbic-predominant Age-related TDP-43 Encephalopathy, or LATE, in a report published today in the journal Brain. (2019-04-30)
How the olfactory brain affects memory
How sensory perception in the brain affects learning and memory processes is far from fully understood. (2019-04-29)
Memory could be better protected in kids with brain tumors if treated with proton therapy
A comparison of three types of radiotherapy for children's brain tumors suggests that a type of proton therapy called pencil beam scanning offers the best hope of preserving cognitive functions. (2019-04-29)
Early lipids boost brain growth for vulnerable micro-preemies
Dietary lipids, already an important source of energy for tiny preemies, also provide a much-needed brain boost by significantly increasing global brain volume as well as increasing volume in regions involved in motor activities and memory, according to research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting. (2019-04-27)
Exercise activates memory neural networks in older adults
A new University of Maryland School of Public Health study of healthy older adults shows that just one session of exercise increased activation in the brain circuits associated with memory -- including the hippocampus -- which shrinks with age and is the brain region attacked first in Alzheimer's disease. (2019-04-25)
New insight into how obesity, insulin resistance can impair cognition
Obesity can break down our protective blood brain barrier resulting in problems with learning and memory, scientists report. (2019-04-22)
Sugar entering the brain during septic shock causes memory loss
The loss of memory and cognitive function known to afflict survivors of septic shock is the result of a sugar that is released into the blood stream and enters the brain during the life-threatening condition. (2019-04-22)
Brain stimulation reverses age-related memory loss
Stimulating a precise location of the brain's memory center with electromagnetic pulses improves the memory of older adults with age-related memory loss to the level of young adults, reports a new study. (2019-04-17)
Marijuana for morning sickness? It's not great for baby's brain
With a growing number of states legalizing recreational or medical marijuana, more women are using the drug during pregnancy, in part due to its reported ability to relieve morning sickness. (2019-04-09)
Researchers discover neural patterns key to understanding disorders such as PTSD
Researchers have identified for the first time an imbalance in a key neural pathway between the amygdala and hippocampus that explains how some people reactivate negative emotional memories. (2019-04-09)
The brain's auto-complete function
When looking at a picture of a sunny day at the beach, we can almost smell the scent of sun screen. (2019-04-03)
How the brain fights off fears that return to haunt us
Neuroscientists have discovered a group of neurons that are responsible when a frightening memory re-emerges unexpectedly, like Michael Myers in every 'Halloween' movie. (2019-04-01)
Key brain region for navigating familiar places identified
UCL scientists have discovered the key brain region for navigating well-known places, helping explain why brain damage seen in early stages of Alzheimer's disease can cause such severe disorientation. (2019-04-01)
New tool uses RNA sequencing to chart rich maps of cellular and tissue function
A new technique developed by scientists at the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard gives an unprecedented view of the cellular organization of tissues. (2019-03-28)
In mice, single population of stem cells contributes to lifelong hippocampal neurogenesis
In the latest update in the field of adult neurogenesis, a team of researchers has shown in mice that a single lineage of neural progenitors contributes to embryonic, early postnatal, and adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus, and that these cells are continuously generated throughout a lifetime. (2019-03-28)
Penn researchers discover the source of new neurons in brain hippocampus
Researchers have shown, in mice, that one type of stem cell that makes adult neurons is the source of this lifetime stock of new cells in the hippocampus. (2019-03-28)
Grid cells create 'treasure map' in rat brain
Grid cells and place cells are specialized neurons that allow the brain to create a map of the outside world in which one navigates (Nobel Prize 2014). (2019-03-28)
Measurement of thoughts during knowledge acquisition
How does the brain represent our knowledge of the world? (2019-03-25)
Brain wave stimulation may improve Alzheimer's symptoms
By exposing mice to a unique combination of light and sound, MIT neuroscientists have shown they can improve cognitive and memory impairments similar to those seen in Alzheimer's patients. (2019-03-14)
Like rats, you brain may contain 'time cells' that help form long-term memories
A new U of T study represents an important step in understanding the mystery behind how the brain encodes time when long-term memories are formed. (2019-03-13)
Scientists find first evidence for necessary role of the human hippocampus in planning
A team of scientists reports finding the first evidence that the human hippocampus is necessary for future planning. (2019-03-12)
Alzheimer's: How does the brain change over the course of the disease?
What changes in the brain are caused by Alzheimer's disease? (2019-03-08)
Three ways studying organic chemistry changes the brain
A new study from Carnegie Mellon University researchers using multiple imaging modalities shows that learning scientific information results in changes in the actual structure of memory-related areas of the brain, changes due to the encoding of the new information in these memory-related brain areas, and changes in the coordination among the network nodes that jointly contain the new information. (2019-03-07)
More than just memories: a new role for the hippocampus during learning
Without an intact hippocampus, forming new memories is impossible. Researchers from Arizona State University and Stanford University found an equally important role for the hippocampus: feeding information to brain areas responsible for learning. (2019-03-06)
Estrogen made by neurons important to making memories
Estrogen in the brain is important to keep neurons communicating and memories being made, scientists report. (2019-02-25)
Memories of movement are replayed randomly during sleep
After a rat has repeatedly moved from one spot to another, the same neurons that fired while the rat moved 'replay' this firing while the rat is asleep. (2019-02-25)
Young bone marrow rejuvenates aging mouse brains, study finds
A new study has found that transplanting the bone marrow of young laboratory mice into old mice prevented cognitive decline in the old mice, preserving their memory and learning abilities. (2019-02-20)
Potential link between vitamin D deficiency and loss of brain plasticity
University of Queensland research may explain why vitamin D is vital for brain health, and how deficiency leads to disorders including depression and schizophrenia. (2019-02-19)
So close, rats can almost taste it
A subset of neurons in the hippocampus respond to both place and taste, according to research in male rats published in JNeurosci. (2019-02-18)
Rats in augmented reality help show how the brain determines location
Before the age of GPS, humans had to orient themselves without on-screen arrows pointing down an exact street, but rather, by memorizing landmarks and using learned relationships among time, speed and distance. (2019-02-11)
Massachusetts General study identifies brain cells that modulate behavioral response to threats
A team of investigators from the Massachusetts General Hospital Center for Regenerative Medicine has identified a population of brain cells that appears to play a role in calibrating behavioral responses to potentially threatening situations. (2019-02-11)
How exercise may protect against Alzheimer's
A hormone called irisin -- produced during exercise -- may protect neurons against Alzheimer's disease. (2019-02-08)
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