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Current Hiv News and Events

Current Hiv News and Events, Hiv News Articles.
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Newly discovered immune cells at the frontline of HIV infection
Researchers at The Westmead Institute for Medical Research have discovered brand new immune cells that are at the frontline of HIV infection. (2019-06-21)
Study reveals global disparities in cervical cancer rates among women with HIV
A new International Journal of Cancer study indicates that rates of invasive cervical cancer (ICC) are particularly high in women living with HIV in South Africa or Latin America. (2019-06-19)
Nurses more likely to test for HIV when practice setting supports routine screening
Nurse practitioners are more likely to conduct HIV screenings if they feel that their colleagues support routine screenings, according to new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York. (2019-06-17)
The Lancet: First randomised trial finds no substantial difference in risk of acquiring HIV for three different forms of contraception
A randomised trial of more than 7,800 African women found that a type of contraceptive injection (intramuscular depot medroxyprogesterone acetate -- DMPA-IM) posed no substantially increased risk of HIV acquisition when compared with a copper intrauterine device (IUD) and a levonorgestrel (LNG) implant. (2019-06-13)
New insight could improve maternal vaccines that also protect newborns
Duke researchers describe a previously unidentified route for antibodies to be transferred from the mother to the fetus, illuminating a potential way to capitalize on this process to control when and how certain antibodies are shared. (2019-06-13)
Cancer survival rates in the young show inconsistent progress
A new study in JNCI Cancer Spectrum finds that dramatic increases in cancer survival in adolescents and young adults are undermined by continuing disparities by race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. (2019-06-12)
USPSTF recommends PrEP to prevent HIV infection in people at high risk
In a new recommendation, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends clinicians offer preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with effective antiretroviral therapy to people at high risk of acquiring HIV to decrease their risk of infection with the virus that causes AIDS. (2019-06-11)
USPSTF recommendation on screening for HIV infection
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for HIV infection in adolescents and adults ages 15 to 65; in those younger or older at increased risk of infection; and in all pregnant people. (2019-06-11)
Xpert Ultra test for diagnosing TB now included in Cochrane Review
Tuberculosis causes more deaths globally than any other infectious disease and is a top 10 cause of death worldwide. (2019-06-10)
Who's 'Treat All' HIV recommendation led to increases in art initiation in Africa
A new study by CUNY SPH researchers found that the adoption of the WHO's 2015 'Treat All' recommendation was followed by large increases in rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in six sub-Saharan African countries. (2019-06-10)
Dynamics of key viral attack strategy visible for first time
For the first time, Colorado State University scientists Tim Stasevich and Brian Munsky have developed detailed imaging technology and computational analyses to visualize, quantify and understand frameshifting mechanisms at the level of single molecules in living cells. (2019-06-06)
NIH HIV experts prioritize research to achieve sustained ART-free HIV remission
Achieving sustained remission of HIV without life-long antiretroviral therapy (ART) is a top HIV research priority, according to a new commentary in JAMA by experts at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health. (2019-06-06)
People living with HIV face premature heart disease and barriers to care
People living with HIV face a higher risk of developing diseases of the heart and blood vessels compared to people without the disease. (2019-06-03)
CRISPR baby mutation significantly increases mortality
Six months ago, a Chinese scientist announced that he had edited the genomes of two babies born last year. (2019-06-03)
Immunotherapy drug found safe in treating cancer patients with HIV
The results of a study led by physicians at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center showed that patients living with HIV and one of a variety of potentially deadly cancers could be safely treated with the immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab, also known by its brand name, KEYTRUDA. (2019-06-03)
Greater emphasis is needed on joint role of condoms and vaccines to prevent HPV
Public health efforts must emphasize condom use and vaccination together to reduce human papillomavirus (HPV) cases among young sexually active gay men, according to researchers at Drexel University's Dornsife School of Public Health published today in the journal Vaccine. (2019-05-30)
Monkey-infecting virus may provide part of future HIV vaccine
A protein from Simian Immunodeficiency Virus (SIV), which can infect monkeys and apes, has shown promise as a potential component of a vaccine against Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), in a new study from scientists at Scripps Research. (2019-05-22)
Early antiretroviral treatment may preserve key immune responses to HIV
Investigators from the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard have found that instituting combination antiretroviral treatment at the earliest stages of HIV infection may allow the generation of functional CD8 'killer' T cells and preservation of the CD4 helper T cells that are the virus's primary target. (2019-05-22)
A considerable percentage of deaths in HIV patients are due to cryptococcal infections
Cryptococcal meningitis causes about one in ten HIV-related deaths, according to a study of autopsies performed in Mozambique and Brazil and coordinated by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), an institution supported by 'la Caixa'. (2019-05-21)
Successful HIV effort prompts call for clinics to expand mental health services on site
Increasing access to mental health services improves HIV outcomes among vulnerable patients, a new study suggests. (2019-05-21)
Where best to provide patient-centered HIV care: In the community or the clinic?
Delivery of antiretroviral HIV treatment via community-based clubs can reduce retention of patients in care, according to a new research study published in the open-access journal PLOS Medicine by Colleen Hanrahan of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Md., and colleagues. (2019-05-21)
For many HIV+ women, daily survival takes precedence over viral suppression
Georgetown researchers say that while a majority of the 1,989 HIV+ women they have been studying since 1994 have been able to control their virus -- often on and off -- challenges such as mental health, unstable housing, and lack of social support constitute ongoing barriers to effective and sustained viral suppression. (2019-05-17)
Integrated stepped alcohol treatment for people in HIV care improves both HIV & alcohol outcomes
Increasing the intensity of treatment for alcohol use disorder (AUD) over time improves alcohol-related outcomes among people with HIV, according to new clinical research supported by the National Institutes of Health. (2019-05-17)
'Stepped' treatment reduces drinking in patients with HIV
People with HIV who drink too much were more likely to reduce drinking after undergoing an approach to care known as integrated stepped alcohol treatment, according to a Yale-led study. (2019-05-17)
'Striking' differences in rates of HIV/AIDS within African nations
Despite the rapid scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) since 2000, HIV/AIDS is still the most common cause of death in sub-Saharan Africa, according to data from the Global Burden of Disease. (2019-05-15)
HIV prevention drug can curb the epidemic for high-risk groups in India
A new study by an international research team suggests that making pre-exposure prophylaxis available to men who have sex with men and people who inject drugs in India may be a cost-effective way of curbing the HIV epidemic there. (2019-05-10)
New HIV vaccine strategy 'pumps' the immune system
A new HIV vaccine delivery strategy appears to enhance the protective immune response in a preclinical model. (2019-05-09)
HIV epidemic stubbornly persists despite proven tool to prevent spread
A new survey of more than 200 Internal Medicine residents indicates that more than half rated their knowledge of a proven medication to prevent the spread of HIV as only poor or fair. (2019-05-08)
Index that tracks impact of pharmaceuticals worldwide to relaunch, focus on more diseases
The Global Health Impact Index, developed by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York to rank pharmaceutical companies based on their drugs' impact on global health, is launching a new, more-robust model that addresses even more diseases worldwide. (2019-05-06)
Study presents drug candidate for reversing mucosal barrier damage by HIV
Investigators at Brigham and Women's Hospital led by Raina Fichorova, MD, PhD, in collaboration with an international team, tested a laboratory-made version of a naturally occurring protein (recombinant fragment of human Surfactant Protein D or rfhSP-D) on bioengineered vaginal tissues, immune cells and microbes to determine if the drug candidate could help prevent HIV transmission safely. (2019-05-06)
Immediate HIV treatment initiation: Increased but not yet universal in NYC
A new study published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases found that immediate treatment initiation for HIV infection has improved since local and federal guidelines began to recommend universal treatment for all persons diagnosed with HIV, regardless of their disease stage. (2019-05-06)
AIDS in America -- Back in the headlines at long last
President Trump's recent call to end the HIV epidemic in the US has turned attention to a domestic public health crisis that has been absent from the headlines. (2019-05-02)
Ragon Institute study identifies viral peptides critical to natural HIV control
Investigators at the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard have used a novel approach to identify specific amino acids in the protein structure of HIV that appear critical to the ability of the virus to function and replicate. (2019-05-02)
Study: Health care providers split on who should prescribe HIV prevention drug
UB researchers interviewed a small sample of PrEP-prescribing providers in New York State to conduct a qualitative analysis of their perspectives on the preventive medication. (2019-04-30)
First human germline gene editing was deeply flawed science, Chinese experts argue
The first reported instance of germline gene editing in humans was bad science as well as bad ethics, according to a commentary publishing April 30 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Haoyi Wang of the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and Hui Yang of the Institutes of Neuroscience, CAS, both well-known experts in gene editing. (2019-04-30)
Researchers verify new method of HIV transmission among injection drug users and effective prevention technique
New studies from Lawson Health Research Institute and Western University have found for the first time that HIV can be transmitted through the sharing of equipment used to prepare drugs before injection and that a simple intervention - heating the equipment with a cigarette lighter for 10 seconds - can destroy the HIV virus, preventing that transmission. (2019-04-25)
In rare cases, immune system fails despite HIV suppression
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is usually effective at suppressing HIV, allowing the immune system to recover by preventing the virus from destroying CD4+ T cells. (2019-04-18)
C-Path, CDISC develop therapeutic area standard to foster meaningful research for HIV
The Critical Path Institute (C-Path) and CDISC are pleased to announce the release of a global Therapeutic Area Standard that specifies how to structure commonly collected data and outcome measurements in clinical trials for HIV. (2019-04-16)
Longer neutrophil lifespan may contribute to HIV-associated intestinal inflammation
The increased survival of white blood cells called neutrophils is associated with alterations in the intestinal microbiome of HIV-infected individuals, according to a study published April 11 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Nichole Klatt of the University of Miami, and colleagues. (2019-04-11)
New imaging reveals previously unseen vulnerabilities of HIV
Imagine that HIV is a sealed tin can: if you opened it, what would you find inside? (2019-04-10)
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