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Current Infants News and Events

Current Infants News and Events, Infants News Articles.
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Mode of delivery alters infants' gut microbiota and this may impact respiratory health in first year of life
New research being presented at this year's European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (April 13-16), suggests that mode of delivery influences the development of the microbial composition of the gut (i.e. the gut microbiota) in infants, independently of a mother's use of antibiotics. (2019-04-12)
Microbiome of baby's first stool is associated with overweight at age 3 years
New research presented at this year's European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam, Netherlands (April 13-16) shows that the early microbiome (population of gut bacteria) in newborn babies is able to predict the risk of the child subsequently becoming overweight. (2019-04-12)
To lower childhood obesity, don't sugarcoat the facts about sweet drinks
A new study at Columbia University suggests that giving pregnant women and new mothers the facts about the health risks of drinking sugary beverages may help reduce childhood obesity. (2019-04-09)
An EEG to assess a baby's developmental risk?
Does exposure to stress early in life affect a baby's brain development, and is there a way to single out babies who might benefit from early intervention? (2019-04-08)
Neurodevelopment of 2-month-old infants shows effect of maternal stress
A study of 70 mothers and their infants suggests that the impact of maternal stress on neurodevelopment is detectable by electroencephalography (EEG) at 2 months of age. (2019-04-08)
Identifying a key player in gut defense development
Scientists have identified a protein critical to the immune system development and antibody production in mice, which could contribute to understanding the gut defense mechanism in infants. (2019-04-07)
Integrating infant mental health into the neonatal intensive care unit
Psychotherapists attend to mental health needs of NICU families, specifically focusing on the developing relationship between babies and parents. (2019-04-03)
Smoking during pregnancy increases the risk that your baby will become obese
Using discarded foreskins from circumcisions, researchers were able to identify a potential cellular mechanism that connects a mother's smoking while pregnant with an increased risk of offspring obesity later in life (2019-03-29)
Most precise measurements of sickle cell disease building blocks could lead to new treatments
In a breakthrough study of sickle cell disease, biomedical engineers in the University of Minnesota College of Science and Engineering have revealed that the building blocks of the disease are much less efficient at organizing than previously thought. (2019-03-28)
Artificial womb technology breaks its 4 minute mile
A major advancement in pioneering technology based around the use of an artificial womb to save extremely premature babies is being hailed as a medical and biotechnological breakthrough. (2019-03-26)
Pediatric health researchers offer insights for RSV vaccine
In healthy adults, RSV, or respiratory syncytial virus, feels like the common cold with a runny nose, chest congestion and cough. (2019-03-26)
Study focuses on link between child feeding and health among Marshallese immigrants
A recent study of child-feeding habits among Marshallese in Arkansas is a step toward lowering rates of obesity, diabetes and heart disease, which affect this population at higher rates than the US population in general. (2019-03-26)
Compared to sustained inflations for extremely premature infants, standard treatment prevails
Preterm infants must establish regular breathing patterns at delivery. For extremely preterm infants requiring resuscitation at birth, a ventilation strategy involving two sustained inflations, compared with standard intermittent positive pressure ventilation, did not reduce the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death at 36 weeks postmenstrual age. (2019-03-26)
Mothers of fussy babies at higher risk of depressive symptoms
As FDA approval of the first postpartum depression drug hits the news, study looks at how infant fussiness and a baby's level of prematurity may influence the severity of maternal depressive symptoms. (2019-03-25)
Study examines racial segregation, inequality of care in NICUs
This observational study looked at the extent of racial segregation and inequality of care for very low-birth-weight and very preterm infants at neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) across the United States. (2019-03-25)
Outcomes for smallest infants born weighing less than 400 grams
This observational study adds to information about outcomes for the smallest infants born weighing less than 400 grams, which is less than a pound. (2019-03-25)
It's spring already? Physics explains why time flies as we age
Duke University researchers have a new explanation for why those endless days of childhood seemed to last so much longer than they do now -- physics. (2019-03-20)
Discovery of a crucial immune reaction when solid food is introduced that prevents inflammatory disorders
In newborn infants, gut microbiota is first conditioned by breast milk components. (2019-03-19)
Breastfeeding can erase effects of prenatal violence for newborns
Notre Dame researchers found that breastfeeding through the first six weeks of life acts as a protective factor, effectively negating the risk of IPV the mother experienced during pregnancy on early infant difficult temperament. (2019-03-18)
Infants' advances in speech processing play role in language-cognition link
A new Northwestern University study provides the first evidence that infants' increasingly precise perceptual tuning to the sounds of their native language sets constraints on the range of human languages they will link to cognition. (2019-03-13)
Lower costs associated with late-preterm steroid therapy, NIH-funded analysis finds
An analysis of a previous study has found more evidence to support giving the steroid betamethasone to pregnant women at risk of late-preterm delivery (between 34 and 36 weeks of gestation), according to a network funded by the National Institutes of Health. (2019-03-12)
For infants, distinguishing between friends and strangers is a laughing matter
Infants as young as five months can differentiate laughter between friends and that between strangers, finds a new study. (2019-03-11)
Kids with cochlear implants since infancy more likely to speak, not sign
Researchers from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago present further evidence that deaf children who received cochlear implants (implanted electronic hearing device) before 12 months of age learn to more rapidly understand spoken language and are more likely to develop spoken language as their exclusive form of communication. (2019-03-05)
Updated dietary reference intakes for sodium and potassium
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine reviews current evidence and updates intake recommendations known as the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for sodium and potassium that were established in 2005. (2019-03-05)
Breast milk microbiome contains yeast and fungi: Do these benefit the infant?
Investigators have now shown that the breast milk microbiome contains fungi. (2019-03-01)
New wireless system 'cuts the cord' from newborn patient monitoring approaches
A new, less invasive system for monitoring the vital signs of some of the world's most fragile patients -- infants born pre-term or with debilitating disease -- would allow parents skin-to-skin contact with these children when they otherwise couldn't have it. (2019-02-28)
Researchers use health data tools to rapidly detect sepsis in newborns
Automated programs can identify which sick infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have sepsis hours before clinicians recognize the life-threatening condition. (2019-02-28)
Infant sleep duration associated with mother's level of education and prenatal depression
A new study analyzing data from Canadian parents has found that babies sleep less at three months of age if their mothers do not have a university degree, experienced depression during pregnancy or had an emergency cesarean-section delivery. (2019-02-27)
Mother's behavioral corrections tune infant's brain to angry tone
The same brain network that adults use when they hear angry vocalizations is at work in infants as young as six months old, an effect that is strongest in infants whose mothers spend the most time controlling their behavior, according to a new study in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Chen Zhao of the University of Manchester, UK, and colleagues. (2019-02-27)
New study indicates early-term infants can succeed at breastfeeding
Researchers have determined that healthy premature babies can have as much success breastfeeding as full-term babies. (2019-02-27)
Infants exposed to corticosteroids in utero are smaller at birth, study finds
Infants exposed to antenatal corticosteroid therapy (ACT) to accelerate lung maturation have a clinically significant reduction in birth size, according to a new of study of 278,508 births published this week in PLOS Medicine by Alina Rodriguez of the University of Lincoln and Imperial College London, UK, and colleagues. (2019-02-26)
Steroid treatment for premature babies linked to low birth weight
Steroid injections given to mothers at risk of giving birth prematurely are linked to babies being born with lower body weights. (2019-02-26)
Scientists find routine allomaternal nursing in an Old World monkey
A team of scientists led by Professor Li Ming at the Institute of Zoology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences found widespread allomaternal nursing behavior in an Old World monkey, the golden snub-nosed monkey. (2019-02-22)
Mandarin Chinese could help us understand how infants learn English
Infants may be more sensitive to non-native speech sounds than previously thought, according to a study published in the Journal of Memory and Language. (2019-02-20)
Seen for the first time: Golden snub-nosed monkeys nurse other females' infants
More than 87 percent of golden snub-nosed monkey infants evaluated in a five-year field study were nursed by females other than their mothers -- a phenomenon called allomaternal nursing. (2019-02-20)
Small benefit of inducing labor over 'wait and see' approach for late-term pregnancies
Inducing labor at 41 weeks of pregnancy leads to a small reduction in birth complications compared with expectant management (a 'wait and see' approach) until 42 weeks in low risk women, finds a clinical trial published by The BMJ today. (2019-02-20)
New model mimics persistent interneuron loss seen in prematurity
Children's research-clinicians created a novel preclinical model that mimics the persistent interneuron loss seen in preterm human infants, identifying interneuron subtypes that could become future therapeutic targets to prevent or lessen neurodevelopmental risks. (2019-02-19)
New protocol could ease diagnosis of bacterial infections in infants
A new protocol could help emergency room physicians to rule out life-threatening bacterial infections among infants up to 2 months of age who have fevers, potentially eliminating the need for spinal taps, unnecessary antibiotic treatments or expensive hospital stays. (2019-02-18)
Researchers find febrile infants may not need painful tests, antibiotics, hospitalizations
A national research team led by UC Davis Health clinicians and researchers from the University of Michigan, Nationwide Children's Hospital and Columbia University, has derived and validated a new protocol for emergency departments that can determine which infant patients with fevers, age 60 days or younger, are at low risk of significant bacterial infections. (2019-02-18)
Intervention can boost rates of exclusive breastfeeding
Providing additional support to women in Burkina Faso can boost rates of exclusive breastfeeding. (2019-02-15)
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