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Current Infection News and Events

Current Infection News and Events, Infection News Articles.
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Oral steroids put patients with inflammatory disease at high risk of infection
Oral steroid use in patients with the inflammatory diseases polymyalgia rheumatica and/or giant cell arteritis significantly increased the risk of infection, and the risk increased with higher doses, found a study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2019-06-24)
Hydrogel offers double punch against orthopedic bone infections
Surgery prompted by automobile accidents, combat wounds, cancer treatment and other conditions can lead to bone infections that are difficult to treat and can delay healing until they are resolved. (2019-06-24)
Skin bacteria could save frogs from virus
Bacteria living on the skin of frogs could save them from a deadly virus, new research suggests. (2019-06-21)
Newly discovered immune cells at the frontline of HIV infection
Researchers at The Westmead Institute for Medical Research have discovered brand new immune cells that are at the frontline of HIV infection. (2019-06-21)
One third of Cambodians infected with threadworm, study finds
Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil-transmitted threadworm that is endemic in many tropical and subtropical areas of the world. (2019-06-20)
How hepatitis B and delta viruses establish infection of liver cells
Princeton University researchers have developed a new, scalable cell culture system that allows for detailed investigation of how host cells respond to infection with hepatitis B (HBV) and delta virus (HDV). (2019-06-18)
Preventing hepatitis C transmission from mothers to babies
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) transmission from mothers to babies could largely be prevented if Canada recommended universal screening for HCV in pregnancy, argues a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2019-06-17)
USPSTF recommends PrEP to prevent HIV infection in people at high risk
In a new recommendation, the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends clinicians offer preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with effective antiretroviral therapy to people at high risk of acquiring HIV to decrease their risk of infection with the virus that causes AIDS. (2019-06-11)
USPSTF recommendation on screening for HIV infection
The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for HIV infection in adolescents and adults ages 15 to 65; in those younger or older at increased risk of infection; and in all pregnant people. (2019-06-11)
Scientists discover how hepatitis C 'ghosts' our immune system
Scientists from Trinity College Dublin have discovered how the highly infectious and sometimes deadly hepatitis C virus (HCV) 'ghosts' our immune system and remains undiagnosed in many people. (2019-06-05)
Scientists identify a novel strategy to fight viral infections and cancer in animal model
A potential therapeutic strategy to treat viral infection and boost immunity against cancer is reported in the May 30, 2019 online issue of the journal Cell. (2019-05-30)
Breastfeeding moms' milk can transfer lifelong protection against infection to their babies
Research in mice has found that the transfer of immunity from mum to baby can be long-term, beyond the period of breastfeeding. (2019-05-29)
Drug-resistant infections: If you can't beat 'em, starve 'em, scientists find
To treat Candida albicans, a common yeast that can cause illness in those with weakened immune systems, University at Buffalo researchers limited the fungus' access to iron, an element crucial to the organism's survival. (2019-05-24)
A considerable percentage of deaths in HIV patients are due to cryptococcal infections
Cryptococcal meningitis causes about one in ten HIV-related deaths, according to a study of autopsies performed in Mozambique and Brazil and coordinated by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), an institution supported by 'la Caixa'. (2019-05-21)
Withering away: How viral infection leads to cachexia
Many patients with chronic illnesses such as AIDS, cancer, autoimmune diseases, suffer from an additional disease called cachexia. (2019-05-20)
Early dengue virus infection could "defuse" zika virus
The Zika virus outbreak in Latin America has affected over 60 million people up to now. (2019-05-17)
Climate change, maternal care & parasitic infection all connected in SA fur seals
South American fur seal pups with high levels of hookworm infection spend more time in the water, but that's not necessarily a good thing, report Morris Animal Foundation-funded researchers at the University of Georgia. (2019-05-15)
Newly identified bacteria-killing protein needs vitamin A to work
UT Southwestern researchers identified a previously unknown bacteria-killing protein on the epidermis that requires vitamin A to work. (2019-05-14)
Rice blast fungus study sheds new light on virulence mechanisms of plant pathogenic fungi
A group of scientists at Nanjing Agricultural University and Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center examined the fungal cell biology of rice blast fungus pathogenesis and recently published the first systematic and comprehensive report on the molecular mechanism of the actin-binding protein (MoAbp1) that plays a crucial role in the pathogenicity of the fungus. (2019-05-14)
Serious adverse outcomes from respiratory tract infection are rare but predictable
In routine primary care practice, serious adverse outcomes occur in only 1% of adult patients with lower respiratory tract infection, but such outcomes may be predicted with moderate accuracy. (2019-05-14)
Online intervention reduces mothers' intentions to visit doctor for respiratory tract infection
Visits to the doctor for a respiratory tract infection can lead to unnecessary antibiotic prescribing, but an online intervention with real-time information on locally circulating viruses may reduce mothers' intentions to visit their primary care doctor. (2019-05-14)
New progress in developing an animal model of hepatitis C
Researchers studying hepatitis C virus have introduced small mutations into mouse liver cells to make the animals more susceptible to the virus, a step toward using mice in hepatitis C vaccine research. (2019-05-10)
Challenging metabolism may help fight disease
New research by Swansea University academics has shown that harnessing metabolism at a cellular level may help to relieve or heal a range of disorders. (2019-05-07)
Immediate HIV treatment initiation: Increased but not yet universal in NYC
A new study published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases found that immediate treatment initiation for HIV infection has improved since local and federal guidelines began to recommend universal treatment for all persons diagnosed with HIV, regardless of their disease stage. (2019-05-06)
Designer drugs to inhibit hepatitis A virus
Structure-based drug design revealed that a compound previously investigated for the treatment of head-and-neck cancer could function as a lead compound for the development of drugs to treat hepatitis A virus infection, according to a study publishing April 30, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Dan Su of Sichuan University, Zihe Rao of Tsinghua University, Xiangxi Wang of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and colleagues. (2019-04-30)
Humanization of antibodies targeting human herpesvirus 6B
A Japanese research group have succeeded in humanization of mouse antibodies that can neutralize the infection caused by human herpesvirus 6B. (2019-04-26)
Parents reassured febrile seizures following vaccination not dangerous
New University of Sydney research finds that febrile seizures after vaccination are rare, not serious and are no different to febrile seizures due to other causes such as from a virus. (2019-04-24)
Timing of steroid shots before rotator cuff surgery affects infection risk
For patients undergoing arthroscopic surgery to repair a torn rotator cuff, previous steroid injections into the shoulder don't increase the risk of surgical-site infection - unless the injection is administered within one month before surgery, reports a study in the April 17, 2019, issue of the Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. (2019-04-18)
How the hepatitis B virus establishes persistent infection
New research sheds light on how a hepatitis B viral protein stimulates the expansion of immune cells that impair antiviral responses, according to a study published April 18 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Haitao Guo of the Indiana University School of Medicine, Bin Wang and Jiming Zhang of Fudan University, and colleagues. (2019-04-18)
New immune pathway involved in resistance to parasite worms found in undercooked pork
Scientists from Lancaster University have discovered that immune responses originally found to prevent fungal infections are also important in eliminating Trichinella spiralis, a round worm and the causative agent of Trichinosis. (2019-04-18)
Risk factors identified for patients undergoing knee replacements
In the largest study of its kind, researchers from the Musculoskeletal Research Unit at the University of Bristol have identified the most important risk factors for developing severe infection after knee replacement. (2019-04-17)
US and Japanese researchers identify how liver cells protect against viral attacks
Researchers in Chapel Hill, N.C., and Tokyo have discovered a mechanism by which liver cells intrinsic resistance to diverse RNA viruses is regulated. (2019-04-15)
Surgical site infection rates differ by gender for certain procedures
Men and women are at differing risks of developing surgical site infections depending on the type of operation they undergo, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam, Netherlands (April 13-16, 2019). (2019-04-15)
Hospital study finds substantial proportion of patients and healthcare workers shed flu virus before symptoms appear
New research examining influenza transmission in a tertiary hospital finds that a substantial proportion of patients and healthcare works shed the flu virus before the appearance of clinical symptoms. (2019-04-15)
National handwashing campaign reduces incidence of Staphylococcus aureus infection in Australia's hospitals
Since its implementation in 2009, the National Australian Hand Hygiene Initiative (NHHI) has seen significant, sustained improvements in hand hygiene compliance among Australian healthcare workers, and reduced risks of potentially fatal healthcare-associated Staphylococcus aureus infection, according to new research being presented at this year's European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam. (2019-04-14)
Study underlines large variation in patient mortality associated with different bloodstream infections
New research presented at this year's European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam, Netherlands (April 13-16) shows the danger posed by bloodstream infections (BSIs), and the large variation in mortality rates associated with different infectious microorganisms. (2019-04-12)
UK study shows most patients with suspected urinary tract infection and treated with antibiotics actually lack evidence of this infection
New research presented at this week's European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) in Amsterdam, Netherlands (April 13-16, 2019) shows that only one third of patients that enter the emergency department with suspected urinary tract infection (UTI) actually have evidence of this infection, yet almost all are treated with antibiotics, unnecessarily driving the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. (2019-04-11)
Sexual behavior may influence gut microbiome
A person's sexual behavior could affect their microbiome and immune system, potentially elevating their risk of HIV infection, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. (2019-04-10)
Bacteria flip an electric switch to worsen food poisoning
Salmonella bacteria flip an electric switch as they hitch a ride inside immune cells, causing the cells to migrate out of the gut toward other parts of the body, according to a new study publishing on April 9 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Yaohui Sun and Alex Mogilner of New York University and colleagues. (2019-04-09)
University of Manchester technology set to lead fight against anti-microbial resistance
Professor Douglas Kell and colleagues have developed novel technology that identifies the most effective antibiotic to kill organisms in urinary tract infections. (2019-04-04)
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