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Current Infection News and Events

Current Infection News and Events, Infection News Articles.
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Suffering from skin damage from face masks?
DOCTORS and nurses on the COVID-19 frontline are spending many hours a day wearing face masks, and many members of the general public are doing the same. (2020-04-03)
A new mechanism triggering cell death and inflammation: A left turn that kills
Writing in 'Nature', researchers from Cologne, Texas and London describe their discovery of a new mechanism that could contribute to the pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. (2020-03-31)
COVID-19 infection prevention and control in long-term care facilities
Dr. John W. Rowe is a member of a WHO Expert Panel on Care of the Elderly which just released guidance for prevention and management of COVID-19 among elderly in long term care facilities. (2020-03-26)
Infections still responsible for 1 in 5 childhood deaths in England and Wales
Infections are still responsible for one in five childhood deaths in England and Wales, with respiratory infections topping the league table of known causes, reveals an analysis of the most up to date figures, published online in Archives of Disease in Childhood. (2020-03-24)
Fecal microbiota transplants successfully treat patients with C. diff
A new study from the University of Birmingham has shown that fecal microbiota rransplants (FMT) are highly successful in treating patients with Clostridioides difficile (C. diff) infection. (2020-03-15)
Sensing infection, suppressing regeneration
UIC researchers describe an enzyme that blocks the ability of blood vessel cells to self-heal. (2020-03-11)
Babies born prematurely can catch up their immune systems, study finds
Researchers from King's College London & Homerton University Hospital have found babies born before 32 weeks' gestation can rapidly acquire some adult immune functions after birth, equivalent to that achieved by infants born at term. (2020-03-09)
Princeton researchers identify factors essential for chronic hepatitis B infection
A study published in the journal Nature Microbiology identified factors that the hepatitis B virus uses when establishing long-term infection in the liver. (2020-03-09)
Specialized helper cells contribute to immunological memory
Helper T cells play an important role in the immune response against pathogens. (2020-03-06)
Public health leaders call for coordinated communication response to COVID-19
On Thursday in the National Academy of Medicine's Perspectives, public health leaders including CUNY Graduate School of Public Health and Health Policy Distinguished Lecturer Scott Ratzan, MD called for informed and active public policy leadership to employ strategically coordinated health communication and outreach on COVID-19 and other emerging global health threats. (2020-03-05)
Preventing spread of SARS coronavirus-2 in humans
Viruses must enter cells of the human body to cause disease. (2020-03-05)
Wuhan CT scans reliable for coronavirus (COVID-19) diagnosis, limited for differentiation
An American Journal of Roentgenology open-access article by radiologists from Wuhan, China concluded that chest CT had a low rate of misdiagnosis of COVID-19 (3.9%, 2/51) and could help standardize imaging features and rules of transformation for rapid diagnosis; however, CT remains limited for the identification of specific viruses and distinguishing between viruses. (2020-03-05)
Mayo Clinic researchers clarify how cells defend themselves from viruses
A protein known to help cells defend against infection also regulates the form and function of mitochondria, according to a new paper in Nature Communications. (2020-03-03)
Clinical factors during pregnancy related to congenital cytomegalovirus infection
A group led by researchers from Kobe University has illuminated clinical factors that are related to the occurrence of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in newborns. (2020-02-28)
Scientists discover new 'Jekyll and Hyde' immune cell
Scientists at Trinity College Dublin have identified a rare, new cell in the immune system with 'Jekyll and Hyde properties.' These cells play a key protective role in immunity to infection but -- if unregulated -- also mediate tissue damage in autoimmune disorders. (2020-02-27)
Study unravels how our immune system deals with fungal and viral infections
The body's immune response to fungal infections changes when a patient is also infected by a virus, according to new research which investigated the two types of infection together for the first time. (2020-02-27)
Lab-free infection test could eliminate guesswork for doctors
A new infection test, made up of sheets of paper patterned by lasers, has been developed by University of Southampton researchers to allow diagnosis at the point of care -- helping doctors give patients the right treatment, faster. (2020-02-25)
Study shows UV technology raises the standard in disinfecting ORs and medical equipment
Ultraviolet (UV) technology developed by the New York-based firm PurpleSun Inc. eliminates more than 96 percent of pathogens in operating rooms (ORs) and on medical equipment, compared to 38 percent using manual cleaning methods that rely on chemicals to disinfect surfaces, according to a study published this month in the American Journal of Infection Control (AJIC). (2020-02-20)
Complications of measles can include hepatitis, appendicitis, and viral meningitis, doctors warn
The complications of measles can be many and varied, and more serious than people might realise, doctors have warned in the journal BMJ Case Reports after treating a series of adults with the infection. (2020-02-17)
Potato plants at highest risk of potato virus Y infection during first three weeks
Potato virus Y is the most economically important and devastating aphid-transmitted virus, affecting both tuber yield and quality. (2020-02-17)
Researchers show how Ebola virus hijacks host lipids
Robert Stahelin studies some of the world's deadliest viruses. Filoviruses, including Ebola virus and Marburg virus, cause viral hemorrhagic fever with high fatality rates. (2020-02-15)
Second antibiotic no advantage for treating super-bug Golden Staph
A world-first clinical trial has called into question the effectiveness of using more than one antibiotic to treat the deadly 'super-bug', Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Bacteremia, commonly known as Golden Staph. (2020-02-13)
Study: Diet makes a difference in fight against hospital-acquired infection
Popular diets low in carbs and high in fat and protein might be good for the waistline, but a new UNLV study shows that just the opposite may help to alleviate the hospital-acquired infection Clostridioides difficile. (2020-02-12)
New method predicts individual response to Ebola infection
A team at the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health has used a specially bred population of laboratory mice that mimics human patterns of tolerance and susceptibility to the Ebola virus to identify human immune factors that predict outcomes among people infected with the disease. (2020-02-11)
Clostridioides difficile infection flourishes with a high-protein, high-fat diet
Mice fed a high-fat, high-protein diet were more likely to develop and die from antibiotic-driven Clostridioides difficile infections than mice fed a standard diet. (2020-02-11)
Study finds innate protein that restricts HIV replication by targeting lipid rafts
A recent study from the George Washington University suggests that the innate protein AIBP restricts HIV-1 replications by targeting the lipid rafts the virus relies on. (2020-02-10)
Brain links to embryonic immunity, guiding response of the 'troops' that battle infection
Researchers have discovered that the brains of developing embryos provide signals to a nascent immune system that help it ward off infections and significantly improve the embryo's ability to survive a bacterial challenge. (2020-02-04)
Highly active HIV antibody restricts development of viral resistance
A research team led by Univ.-Prof. Dr. Florian Klein of the Institute of Virology of the University Hospital Cologne and the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) has identified a new highly active antibody targeting HIV. (2020-01-31)
New treatment kills off infection that can be deadly to cystic fibrosis patients
The findings, which are published in the journal Scientific Reports, show that scientists from Aston University, Mycobacterial Research Group, combined doses of three antibiotics -- amoxicillin and imipenem-relebactam and found it was 100% effective in killing off the infection which is usually extremely difficult to treat in patients with cystic fibrosis. (2020-01-27)
Wild tomatoes resist devastating bacterial canker
Many tomato growers are familiar with the scourge of bacterial canker - the wilted leaves and blistered fruit that can spoil an entire season's planting. (2020-01-27)
Adult exposure to chickenpox linked to lower risk of shingles, but does not provide full protection
Adults who are exposed to a child with chickenpox (varicella) in the home are around 30% less likely to develop shingles (herpes zoster) over 20 years, finds a study in The BMJ today. (2020-01-22)
Immune cell health discovery could optimise cancer therapies
Scientists at UCL have discovered how immune cells, essential for tackling life-threatening infections and cancers, are able to 'recycle' material within themselves in order to stay healthy and function, a breakthrough finding which could lead to more effective immunotherapies. (2020-01-21)
Why we differ in our ability to fight off gut infections
Scientists at EPFL have published two papers showing how genetics affects the ability of different individuals to fight off gut infections. (2020-01-16)
New discovery on the activity and function of MAIT cells during acute HIV infection
In a new study published in Nature Communications, researchers at Karolinska Institutet show that MAIT cells (mucosa-associated invariant T cells), part of the human immune system, respond with dynamic activity and reprogramming of gene expression during the initial phase of HIV infection. (2020-01-14)
Boost to lung immunity following infection
The strength of the immune system in response to respiratory infections is constantly changing, depending on the history of previous, unrelated infections, according to new research from the Crick. (2020-01-13)
Malnutrition linked with increased risk of Zika birth defects
Environmental factors, such as the diets of pregnant women, have been shown to have an effect on the extent and severity of developmental malformations in babies associated with Zika virus (ZIKV) congenital infection. (2020-01-10)
Scientists examine how a gut infection may produce chronic symptoms
For some unlucky people, a bout of intestinal distress like traveler's diarrhea leads to irritable bowel syndrome. (2020-01-10)
In fighting gut infections, nervous system is key, Yale-Harvard team finds
The peaceful and delicate co-existence of friendly gut bacteria and the immune system relies on highly coordinated information exchange between immune system cells and certain cells lining the intestine. (2020-01-09)
Scientists discover how TB puts the brakes on our immune engines
The scientists pinpointed a small mRNA molecule used by TB bacteria to shut down key engines that drive our immune response. (2020-01-08)
Radical treatment of chronic oral infection before stem cell transplantation not necessary
A recently published study indicates that oral infections seem to have no association with the risk of stem cell transplantation patients dying of or getting a serious infection within six months of the procedure. (2020-01-03)
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