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Current Irritable bowel syndrome News and Events

Current Irritable bowel syndrome News and Events, Irritable bowel syndrome News Articles.
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Researchers map mechanism to explain role of gene mutations in kidney disease
Researchers from the Center for Precision Disease Modeling at the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM) have uncovered a mechanism that appears to explain how certain genetic mutations give rise to a rare genetic kidney disorder called nephrotic syndrome. (2020-04-03)
Gut communicates with the entire brain through cross-talking neurons
You know that feeling in your gut? We think of it as an innate intuition that sparks deep in the belly and helps guide our actions, if we let it. (2020-04-02)
Health warning labels on alcohol and snacks may reduce consumption
Image-and-text health warning labels, similar to those on cigarette boxes, show potential for reducing the consumption of alcoholic drinks and energy-dense snacks, such as chocolate bars, according to a study published in the open-access journal BMC Public Health. (2020-04-01)
Coconut oil reduces features of metabolic syndrome in obese females, animal study finds
Obese females that ate a small amount of coconut oil daily, even as part of a high-fat diet, had decreased features of metabolic syndrome, a cluster of risk factors that raise the chances of developing diabetes, heart disease and stroke, an animal study finds. (2020-03-31)
Surgical considerations for tracheostomy during COVID-19 pandemic
Lessons learned from the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic may help reduce the spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV-2), the cause of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), to health care workers performing open tracheostomies, a surgical procedure to open an airway that may be required for many patients with COVID-19. (2020-03-31)
Unearthing gut secret paves way for targeted treatments
Scientists have identified a specific type of sensory nerve ending in the gut and how these communicate pain or discomfort to the brain, paving the way for targeted treatments for common conditions like ulcerative colitis, irritable bowel syndrome or chronic constipation. (2020-03-29)
COVID-19 linked to cardiac injury, worse outcomes for patients with heart conditions
COVID-19 can have fatal consequences for people with underlying cardiovascular disease and cause cardiac injury even in patients without underlying heart conditions, according to a review published today in JAMA Cardiology by experts at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth). (2020-03-27)
Researchers develop language test for people with Fragile X syndrome
Researchers have developed a test to measure the expressive language skills of people with Fragile X syndrome, a genetic disorder that may result in intellectual disability, cognitive impairment and symptoms of autism spectrum disorder. (2020-03-24)
Cumulative doses of oral steroids linked to increased blood pressure
Cumulative doses of oral steroids in patients with chronic inflammatory diseases are associated with increased hypertension (blood pressure) for those who take them regularly, found new research in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2020-03-23)
Identifying fatty acid-binding protein 4 as a responsible gene for renal stone formation
The present study revealed impairment of lipid metabolism in papillae with calcified plaque tissue and down-regulation of fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) associated with plaque formation. (2020-03-23)
Five language outcome measures evaluated for intellectual disabilities studies
Expressive language sampling yielded five language-related outcome measures that may be useful for treatment studies in intellectual disabilities, especially fragile X syndrome. (2020-03-23)
Predicting the impacts of white-nose syndrome in bats
Researchers have found that the pathogen levels in the environment play a major role in whether bat populations are stable or experience severe declines from white-nose syndrome. (2020-03-16)
Resolving inflammation: Could it prevent memory loss in Down syndrome and Alzheimer's?
Resolvins are lipids that 'resolve' the inflammation that normally follows injury or disease, returning the body back to normal. (2020-03-13)
New strategies for managing bowel and bladder dysfunction after spinal cord injury
Two complications have emerged as top priorities for spinal cord injury researchers -- neurogenic bowel and neurogenic bladder. (2020-03-12)
AMA Manual of Style updates coronavirus nomenclature
The AMA Manual of Style addresses coronavirus (CoV) in section 14.14.3, Virus Nomenclature, which includes information on Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV). (2020-03-12)
Two-pronged attack on DNA repair could kill drug-resistant cancers
Launching a two-pronged attack on cancer's ability to safeguard its DNA could offer an effective new way of treating the disease, a new study reports. (2020-03-11)
Aging and nutrients competition determine changes in microbiota
Two studies with surprising discoveries: in the elderly, the bacterium E. coli evolves in a way that can become potentially pathogenic and increase the risk of disease and, according to data obtained in another study, the metabolism of the same bacterium present in the microbiota evolves differently if it is alone or accompanied by other bacteria. (2020-03-11)
Dramatic increase in bowel cancer in young adults in England
There has been a dramatic increase in the incidence of bowel cancer in adults under the age of 50, according to new research from the University of Bristol, UWE Bristol and University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust (UH Bristol). (2020-03-10)
Gene therapy reverses heart failure in mouse model of Barth syndrome
Barth syndrome is a rare genetic disease in boys that can cause life-threatening heart failure and also weakens the skeletal muscles and the immune system. (2020-03-09)
UArizona study identifies hormone that causes women to experience more pain than men
A University of Arizona Health Sciences research team led by Dr. (2020-03-04)
Presence of staph bacteria in skin microbiome promotes netherton syndrome inflammation
Netherton syndrome is exacerbated by the presence of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis living on human skin report University of California San Diego School of Medicine researchers. (2020-03-03)
Radiation therapy for colon cancer works better when specific protein blocked
Researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a way to make radiation therapy for colorectal cancer more effective by inhibiting a protein found in cancer cells in the gut. (2020-03-03)
Could targeting an Alzheimer's-associated protein prevent Autism?
Researchers at the Gladstone Institutes report in Neuron that reducing levels of a protein called tau prevents the core symptoms from arising in mouse models simulating different forms of autism spectrum disorders. (2020-03-02)
AJR: Novel coronavirus (COVID-19) imaging features overlap with SARS and MERS
Although COVID-19's imaging features are variable and nonspecific, the findings thus far do show ''significant overlap'' with those of severe acute respiratory syndrome and Middle East respiratory syndrome. (2020-02-28)
CHOP researchers develop novel approach to capture hard-to-view portion of colon in 3D
In a groundbreaking discovery, researchers at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) developed a new imaging method that allows scientists to view the enteric nervous system (ENS) -- a key part of the human colon -- in three dimensions by making other colon cells that normally block it invisible. (2020-02-27)
Genetic 'fingerprints' implicate gut bacterium in bowel cancer
A common type of bacteria found in our guts could contribute to bowel cancer, according to research funded by a £20 million Cancer Research UK Grand Challenge award and published in Nature today (Thursday). (2020-02-27)
Study reveals how drug meant for Ebola may also work against coronaviruses
A group of University of Alberta researchers who have discovered why the drug remdesivir is effective in treating the coronaviruses that cause Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) expect it might also be effective for treating patients infected with the new COVID-19 strain. (2020-02-27)
Skin and non-adhesive cells found to play pivotal role in the formation of fin
Human fingers are sculpted from a primitive pad-like structure during embryonic development. (2020-02-27)
Study finds artisanal CBD not as effective as pharmaceutical CBD for reducing seizures
Children and teens with epilepsy who were treated with pharmaceutical cannabidiol (CBD) had much better seizure control than those who were treated with artisanal CBD, according to a preliminary study to be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 72nd Annual Meeting in Toronto, Canada, April 25 to May 1, 2020. (2020-02-27)
KAT6A syndrome: Advances on the genetic bases and clinical picture of a rare disease
A research team has described five new cases of a rare disease -- known as KAT6A syndrome -- of which there are only eighty dominant cases worldwide. (2020-02-26)
Major discovery in the genetics of Down syndrome
New research highlights the RCAN1 gene's effect on memory and learning. (2020-02-21)
First genetic evidence of resistance in some bats to white-nose syndrome, a devastating fungal disease
A new study from University of Michigan biologists presents the first genetic evidence of resistance in some bats to white-nose syndrome, a deadly fungal disease that has decimated some North American bat populations. (2020-02-20)
Receiving the news of Down syndrome in the era of prenatal testing
Most of the mothers of a child with Down Syndrome born in the Netherlands between 2010-16 have consciously chosen not to have prenatal testing. (2020-02-19)
New technique allows scientists to 'listen in' on cancer cells
Scientists have a developed a new technique to decipher how millions of individual cells are communicating with each other in miniature tumours grown in the lab, known as organoids, according to new research published in Nature Methods today (Monday). (2020-02-17)
Study: Disease-causing repeats help human neurons function
Researchers found that repeats in the gene that causes Fragile X Syndrome normally regulate how and when proteins are made in neurons. (2020-02-17)
Unraveling mechanisms of ventricular enlargement linked to schizophrenia
Scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have implicated two microRNAs in the biological processes that underlie the ventricle enlargement observed in models of schizophrenia. (2020-02-14)
Multi-center neuroimaging study offers new insights on schizophrenia
thanks to the pooled data and insights from researchers around the world, USC researchers have the clearest picture yet of brain abnormalities associated with schizophrenia, a serious mental illness that impacts 20 million people worldwide (2020-02-12)
More than just a carnival trick: Researchers can guess your age based on your microbes
UC San Diego and IBM researchers reveal a new understanding of how our microbiomes change as we age, setting the stage for future research on the role microbes play in accelerating or decelerating the aging process and influencing age-related diseases. (2020-02-11)
Human gut-in-a-dish model helps define 'leaky gut,' and outline a pathway to treatment
UC San Diego researchers use 3D human gut organoids to reveal the molecular system that keeps intestinal linings sealed, demonstrate how the system breaks down and how it can be strengthened with the diabetes drug metformin. (2020-02-10)
Bleeding may be a sign of bowel cancer not just a side-effect of blood-thinning drugs
Patients who are being treated with blood-thinning drugs for irregular heart beat should always be investigated for bowel cancer if they experience gastrointestinal bleeding, say the authors of a study published in the European Heart Journal. (2020-02-06)
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