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Current Lignin News and Events

Current Lignin News and Events, Lignin News Articles.
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Passive radiative cooling in delignified wood material
A newly engineered, wood-based material successfully reflects heat, or infrared radiation, and could cut the energy costs associated with cooling buildings by up to 50%, according to a modeling analysis of its application in 16 US cities. (2019-05-23)
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, May 2019
ORNL story tips: Using ORNL's Summit supercomputer, scientists created some of the largest virtual universes; plant-based, super-sticky material proves stickier than mussels; method to 3D print big components with metal could promise low-cost, high-quality builds with less waste; simulated small modular reactors on Summit ran more efficiently than expected. (2019-05-01)
Scientists identify a novel target for corn straw utilization
A team of scientists led by Prof. FU Chunxiang from the Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology completed the identification of bm5 mutant. (2019-04-19)
'Electron shuttle' protein plays key role in plant cell-wall construction
Scientists studying plant cell walls have discovered details of a protein involved in the assembly of lignin, a key cell-wall component. (2019-04-08)
Transparent wood can store and release heat (video)
Wood may seem more at home in log cabins than modern architecture, but a specially treated type of timber could be tomorrow's trendy building material. (2019-04-03)
Bright skies for plant-based jet fuels
With an estimated daily fuel demand of more than 5 million barrels per day, the global aviation sector is incredibly energy-intensive and almost entirely reliant on petroleum-based fuels. (2019-03-19)
Nature's own biorefinery
New research from Berkeley Lab shows how an insect common to the Eastern U.S., the long-horned passalid beetle, has a hardy digestive tract with microbes to thank for turning its woody diet into energy, food for its young, and nutrients for forest growth. (2019-03-11)
Transcription factor network gets to heart of wood formation
Research on high-level switches that control wood formation has applications in timber, paper and biofuels, as well as making forests healthier. (2019-03-06)
Engineered microbe may be key to producing plastic from plants
With a few genetic tweaks, a type of soil bacteria with an appetite for hydrocarbons shows promise as a biological factory for converting a renewable -- but frustratingly untapped -- bounty into a replacement for ubiquitous plastics. (2019-03-06)
Researchers investigate a billion years of coexistence between plants and fungi
What can a billion years of coexistence tell us about the evolution of plants and fungi? (2019-02-06)
Fiber composition in rice coproducts revealed in Illinois study
Rice coproducts in pig diets add fat and fiber, but too much fiber can decrease energy absorption and digestibility. (2019-02-01)
Scientists discover new 'architecture' in corn
New research on the US's most economically important agricultural plant -- corn -- has revealed a different internal structure of the plant than previously thought, which can help optimize how corn is converted into ethanol. (2019-01-21)
New composite advances lignin as a renewable 3D printing material
Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have created a recipe for a renewable 3D printing feedstock that could spur a profitable new use for an intractable biorefinery byproduct: lignin. (2018-12-19)
Why a curious crustacean could hold secret to making renewable energy from wood
Scientists studying gribble -- a curious wood-eating crustacean -- have discovered how they are able to digest wood despite being the only known animal to have a sterile digestive system. (2018-12-03)
Plant polymers do not always act together to make beautiful shapes
Researchers at the Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST) show in mutant plant cells that three polymers, cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, are deposited at the secondary cell wall independent of each other. (2018-10-25)
Wood sponge soaks up oil from water (video)
Oil spills and industrial discharge can contaminate water with greasy substances. (2018-10-24)
A biofuel for automated heat generation
Biomass is an obvious resource for energy generation with a lower environmental impact. (2018-10-01)
Researchers find value in unusual type of plant material
UW-Madison scientists have shown that a recently-discovered variety of lignin called catechyl lignin (C-lignin) has attributes that could make it well-suited as the starting point for a range of bioproducts. (2018-09-28)
Researchers discover new enzyme paradigm for critical reaction researchers discover new enzyme paradigm for critical reaction in converting lignin to useful produce useful products
An international research team, including scientists from the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), has discovered and characterized a new family of cytochrome P450 enzymes that is critical to improving the conversion of lignin--one of the main components of plants--into valuable products such as nylon, plastics, and chemicals. (2018-07-03)
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, July 2018
ORNL story tips: Oak Ridge National Laboratory assists FEMA with structural damage data from Hawaii lava flows; self-healing super-stretchy material could lead to longer-lasting consumer products; ORNL 3D prints plant-based plastic polymers; mini-grid safely tests components to the max; neutrons uncover pathway to new algae strains for sustainable biofuels. (2018-07-02)
New 'promiscuous' enzyme helps turn plant waste into sustainable products
A new family of enzymes has been discovered which paves the way to convert plant waste into sustainable and high-value products such as nylon, plastics, chemicals, and fuels. (2018-06-27)
Novel genetic method improves efficiency of enzyme
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the University of Georgia developed a new genetic engineering technique to dramatically improve an enzyme's ability to break down biomass. (2018-06-26)
Critical plant gene takes unexpected detour that could boost biofuel yields
For decades, biologists have believed a key enzyme in plants had one function -- produce amino acids, which are vital to plant survival and also essential to human diets. (2018-06-15)
Breakthrough in lignin research: Spherical particles multiply enzyme efficiency
Lignin, a pulp industry by-product, could replace fossil materials. (2018-06-12)
Sticky situation: New process turns wood scraps into tape
A team of chemical engineers at the University of Delaware has developed a more sustainable way of making high-performance adhesives. (2018-06-05)
Riding bacterium to the bank
Jet fuel, pantyhose and plastic soda bottles: all three could be made from bioengineered bacteria, as Sandia National Laboratories has now demonstrated. (2018-05-17)
Lignin -- A supergreen fuel for fuel cells
Researchers from the Laboratory of Organic Electronics at Linköping University have developed a fuel cell that uses lignin, a cheap by-product from paper manufacture and one of the most common biopolymers. (2018-05-14)
Plants get a brace to precisely shed flowers and leaves
A study on how petals fall, and plants cope with the lost. (2018-05-03)
New details of molecular machinery that builds plant cell wall components
In a new biochemical genetics study at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory, scientists reveal new details of the molecular machinery that helps channel carbon into a key cell-wall component. (2018-04-30)
Wood formation model to fuel progress in bioenergy, paper, new applications
Need stronger timber, better biofuels or new sources of green chemicals? (2018-04-20)
Elephant and cow manure for making paper sustainably
It's likely not the first thing you think of when you see elephant or cow dung, but this material turns out to be an excellent source of cellulose for paper manufacturing. (2018-03-21)
Durable wood carbon sponge could be the future of wearable sensors, pollutant treatment
Engineers have for the first time demonstrated that wood can be directly converted into a carbon sponge capable of enduring repeated compression and other extreme mechanical conditions. (2018-03-01)
Graphene on toast, anyone?
Rice University scientists who introduced laser-induced graphene have enhanced their technique to produce what may become a new class of edible electronics. (2018-02-13)
Super wood could replace steel
Engineers at the University of Maryland, College Park have found a way to make wood more than 10 times stronger and tougher than before, creating a natural substance that is stronger than many titanium alloys. (2018-02-07)
Dead trees are alive with fungi
So far, little research has been conducted on fungi that live on dead trees, although they are vital to the forest ecology by breaking down dead wood and completing the element cycle between plants and soil. (2018-01-09)
Mobile genetic elements that alter the function of nearby genes are detected
Raúl Castanera-Andrés, an engineer in the Agri-Food Engineering and Rural Environment Department of the NUP/UPNA-Public University of Navarre, has worked on detecting mobile genetic elements (transposons) in basidiomycete fungi, a type of well-known fungi because they produce edible mushrooms and are active degraders of lignocellulosic waste. (2017-12-20)
New routes to renewables: Sandia speeds transformation of biofuel waste into wealth
A Sandia National Laboratories-led team has demonstrated faster, more efficient ways to turn discarded plant matter into chemicals worth billions. (2017-11-09)
Giant bacteria make algae easy to stomach
Symbiotic giant bacteria enable Red Sea surgeonfish to specialize their diets. (2017-10-10)
Surrounded by potential: New science in converting biomass
To take full advantage of biomass, lignin needs to be processed into usable components along with the plant cellulose. (2017-10-03)
Enzyme's worth to biofuels shown in latest NREL research
An enzyme discovered at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) proves adept at breaking down cellulose fibers regardless of whether their crystalline structure is simple or highly complex. (2017-09-18)
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