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Current Lung function News and Events

Current Lung function News and Events, Lung function News Articles.
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Predicting enhancers from multiple cell lines and tissues based on SVM method
Enhancers are short DNA regions that improve transcription efficiency by recruiting transcription factors. (2019-01-14)
Complication rates and costs of invasive lung cancer diagnostic tests may be higher than anticipated
Complication rates following invasive diagnostic procedures for lung abnormalities were twice as high in the community setting compared to those reported in lung cancer screening trials, and associated downstream costs ranged from $6,320 to $56,845 on average, according to a new study from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. (2019-01-14)
Childhood body composition may help determine future lung health
Boys and girls with more muscle mass in childhood and adolescence have higher lung function. (2019-01-11)
Activated PMN exosomes are pathogenic entities that cause destruction in the COPD lung
Researchers have found a novel, pathogenic entity that is a fundamental link between chronic inflammation and tissue destruction in lungs of patients with COPD. (2019-01-11)
Racial disparities in asthma related to health care access, environmental factors
In the United States, racial disparities in asthma prevalence, morbidity and mortality can largely be explained by looking at socioeconomic and environmental factors, such as access to healthcare. (2019-01-11)
Reading the signs: Semaphorin linked to lung cancer treatment resistance
Osaka University researchers showed that high levels of the protein Semaphorin 7a are associated with resistance to treatment with EGFR-TKIs in lung adenocarcinoma cells with EGFR mutation. (2019-01-10)
Lung neuropeptide exacerbates lethal influenza virus infection
Researchers found that lung immune cells (phagocytes) produce increased levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY) when mice are infected with severe influenza virus. (2019-01-10)
Cancer mortality milestone: 25 years of continuous decline
A steady, 25-year decline has resulted in a 27 percent drop in the overall cancer death rate in the United States, translating to approximately 2.6 million fewer cancer deaths between 1991 and 2016. (2019-01-08)
Senescent cell research moves into human trials
Mayo Clinic researchers, along with collaborators from Wake Forest School of Medicine and the The University of Texas Health Sciences Center at San Antonio, have published findings from a safety and feasibility clinical trial on the removal of senescent cells from a small group of patients with pulmonary fibrosis. (2019-01-07)
Engineers create an inhalable form of messenger RNA
In an advance that could lead to new treatments for lung disease, MIT researchers have now designed an inhalable form of mRNA. (2019-01-04)
Painful intercourse in women improved with fibromyalgia drug
Women with chronic pain or discomfort around the vulva showed improved sexual function with an oral nerve pain medication used to treat pain caused by a previous herpes infection as well as fibromyalgia, according to a Rutgers study. (2019-01-02)
Patients now living a median 6.8 years after stage IV ALK+ lung cancer diagnosis
Stage IV ALK+ lung cancer patients treated at UCHealth University of Colorado Hospital between 2009 and 2017 had median overall survival of 6.8 years. (2018-12-31)
Endothelial regenerative capacity and aging: Influence of diet, exercise and obesity
This review will discuss the effects of advancing age on endothelial health and vascular regenerative capacity, as well as the influence of diet, exercise, and obesity on these cells, the mechanistic links and the subsequent impact on cardiovascular health. (2018-12-27)
Vitamin D intake and obesity in occupational asthma patients and need for supplementation
The research was conducted to assess the vitamin D intake in occupational asthma patients and the relation with body mass index, comorbidities related to vitamin D deficit, lung function and quality of life. (2018-12-27)
Breast cancer drugs could help treat resistant lung cancers
A class of drugs used to treat certain breast cancers could help to tackle lung cancers that have become resistant to targeted therapies, a new study suggests. (2018-12-26)
Chemists discover new signatures to identify cystic fibrosis in infants sooner
Scientists at McMaster University have discovered several new biomarkers from a single drop of blood that could allow earlier and more definitive detection of cystic fibrosis (CF), a genetic disease which strikes both children and adults, causing chronic problems with the digestive system and the lungs. (2018-12-20)
Lung transplant patients face elevated lung cancer risk
In an American Journal of Transplantation study, lung cancer risk was increased after lung transplantation, especially in the native (non-transplanted) lung of single lung transplant recipients. (2018-12-19)
Potential therapeutic target for lung fibrosis identified
No current treatments reverse or stop lung fibrosis -- scarring of the lung that makes it difficult to breathe. (2018-12-19)
CU Anschutz researchers discover important breakthrough in pulmonary fibrosis
A team of investigators led by members of the University of Colorado School of Medicine faculty at CU Anschutz Medical Campus has identified a connection between mucus in the small airways and pulmonary fibrosis. (2018-12-18)
Thinking outside the box and outside the tumor to detect lung cancer
A team of researchers at Case Western Reserve University is using 'deep-learning' diagnostic computers to examine the shape of blood vessels feeding a nodule found on a lung CAT scan and in regions surrounding the tumor. (2018-12-18)
Protein police keep the immune system in check
Researchers learn how a key transcription factor helps regulate the immune system and could be critical to understanding autoimmune disease and cancer immunosuppression. (2018-12-17)
Study affirms geographic discrimination in allocating lungs for transplant
Results of a medical records study of more than 7,000 patients awaiting a lung transplant in the United States affirm the basis of a court filing in 2017 that called the organ allocation system geographically 'rigged' in some regions of the nation. (2018-12-17)
Monitoring lung function at home in teens with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
Heart and lung complications are responsible for much of the morbidity and mortality associated with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). (2018-12-17)
The immune system's supercell -- how it matures
NK cells, or natural killer cells, play an important role in the body's defences against cancer and various infections. (2018-12-13)
Developing brains of premature babies benefit from caffeine therapy
New research by the University of Calgary's Dr. Abhay Lodha, MD, shows early caffeine treatment of premature babies born less than 29 weeks' gestation has no long-term negative effects on brain development. (2018-12-12)
Lung lavage as new test method improves tuberculosis diagnosis in rhinoceros
An international team of scientists led by institutes in Berlin and Jena, Germany, performed repeated lung lavage as a new approach for tuberculosis diagnosis in rhinoceros. (2018-12-12)
New link between atrial fibrillation and mutations in heart disease gene
A nationwide research team has found a strong relationship between early-onset Afib and mutations that break TTN, a gene that helps maintain the structure of heart muscle. (2018-12-11)
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) issues new guidelines for COPD
NICE makes a 'strong' recommendation that patients with severe COPD be referred for evaluation for bronchoscopic lung volume reduction, including the Zephyr® Endobronchial Valve System. (2018-12-11)
Death rates from cancer will fall in Australasian countries and Russia in 2018
Researchers predict that death rates from cancer will fall in 2018 in Australasian countries and in Russia. (2018-12-10)
Vitamin C may reduce harm to infants' lungs caused by smoking during pregnancy
Vitamin C may reduce the harm done to lungs in infants born to mothers who smoke during their pregnancy, according to a randomized, controlled trial published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2018-12-07)
Silicosis is on the rise, but is there a therapeutic target?
Researchers from the CNRS, the University of Orléans, and the company Artimmune, in collaboration with Turkish clinicians from Atatürk University, have identified a key mechanism of lung inflammation induced by silica exposure, which leads to silicosis, an incurable disease. (2018-12-06)
Uranium in mine dust could dissolve in human lungs
New Mexico contains hundreds of historic uranium mines. Although active uranium mining in the state has ceased, rates of cardiovascular and metabolic disease remain high in the population residing close to mines within the Navajo Nation. (2018-12-05)
Memory B cells in the lung may be important for more effective influenza vaccinations
Using a mouse model of influenza and experiments that included parabiosis, researchers definitively showed that lung-resident memory B cells establish themselves in the lung soon after influenza infection. (2018-12-05)
CNIO and Hospital 12 de Octubre extend effectiveness of immunotherapy to more lung cancer patients
Combining immunotherapy with chemotherapy in patients with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma 'significantly increases' the survival of patients. (2018-12-03)
Patients with cancer are more at risk of complications following heart procedure
Research led by Keele University suggests that patients with cancer who undergo a common heart procedure have worse short-term clinical outcomes compared to non-cancer patients, in the largest study undertaken to date. (2018-11-30)
Enzyme discovery points researchers toward starving lung cancer as a potential treatment
UT Southwestern researchers have found that an enzyme on the surface of some lung cancer cells helps feed the cancer, making it a tempting treatment target. (2018-11-27)
Lung disease in middle age may be a risk factor for dementia later in life
Middle-aged adults with lung disease may be at greater risk of developing dementia or cognitive impairment later in life, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2018-11-26)
Treating COPD patients for anxiety using CBT reduces hospital visits and is cost-effective
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) delivered by respiratory nurses is cost-effective and reduces anxiety symptoms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. (2018-11-22)
Proposed cancer treatment may boost lung cancer stem cells, study warns
Epigenetic therapies -- targeting enzymes that alter what genes are turned on or off in a cell -- are of growing interest in the cancer field as a way of making a cancer less aggressive or less malignant. (2018-11-19)
Insect antibiotic provides new way to eliminate bacteria
An antibiotic called thanatin attacks the way the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria is built. (2018-11-15)
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