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Current Lung function News and Events

Current Lung function News and Events, Lung function News Articles.
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AI system more accurately identifies collapsed lungs using chest X-rays
New assistive technology can diagnose collapsed lungs from chest X-rays with a higher degree of accuracy than radiologists. (2019-10-16)
CF patients experience improved lung health with lumacaftor-ivacaftor but with caveats
In adolescent and adult patients with cystic fibrosis taking lumacaftor-ivacaftor (ORKAMBI®), the combination drug appears to improve lung function and body weight and reduce the need for intravenous antibiotic treatment, according to a French study published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2019-10-11)
Lung cancer screening guidelines do not detect disease among first responders
National lung cancer screening guidelines are inadequate to diagnose patients who contract lung cancer from occupational exposure, including first responders, according to a study reported today at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer's North America Conference on Lung Cancer in Chicago. (2019-10-11)
Researchers identify new therapeutic target for pulmonary fibrosis
Researchers in Japan have identified a genetic mutation that causes a severe lung disease called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) by killing the cells lining the lung's airways. (2019-10-10)
Light-based strategy effectively treats carbon monoxide poisoning in rats
Investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital recently developed a phototherapy strategy that was highly effective for removing carbon monoxide in rats. (2019-10-10)
American Journal of Roentgenology reviews vaping-associated lung injury findings
A Clinical Perspective article in the American Journal of Roentgenology reviews various imaging manifestations of electronic nicotine delivery systems such as e-cigarettes, vape pens, and hookah tanks. (2019-10-09)
Ex-smokers, light smokers not exempt from lung damage
A new study shows that smoking even a few cigarettes a day is harmful to lungs and that former smokers continue to lose lung function at a faster rate than never-smokers for decades after quitting. (2019-10-09)
Secrets of lung cancer spread found in patients' blood and biopsies
Early signs that a patient's lung cancer may spread and become untreatable can be picked up in samples of their blood and tumor, according to a trio of papers published in Nature Medicine. (2019-10-07)
Common denominator that triggers asthma in favorable environments
Some so-called pro-allergic environments strongly promote the development of asthma and are responsible for the dramatic increase in the prevalence of asthma, especially in industrialized countries. (2019-10-07)
E-cigarette smoke caused lung cancer in mice
Exposure to electronic-cigarette (E-cig) smoke caused mice to develop lung cancer, a new study finds. (2019-10-07)
Large-scale mapping of protein networks behind tumor growth in the lungs
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have used highly sophisticated molecular analyses to identify key proteins in the signaling pathways that cancers use to spread in the body. (2019-10-03)
Aspirin may prevent air pollution harms
A new study is the first to report evidence that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin may lessen the adverse effects of air pollution exposure on lung function. (2019-10-02)
Cancer data provide insights into occurrence, overdiagnosis, and treatment advances
Investigators analyzed 40 years of cancer burden data and examined patterns of incidence and mortality for various cancers, finding examples for which incidence and mortality moved in concert and examples where discordance in incidence and mortality indicate that overdiagnosis may be at play. (2019-10-02)
Vaping-associated lung injury may be caused by toxic chemical fumes, study finds
Research into the pathology of vaping-associated lung injury is in its early stages, but a Mayo Clinic study published in The New England Journal of Medicine finds that lung injuries from vaping most likely are caused by direct toxicity or tissue damage from noxious chemical fumes. (2019-10-02)
Exposure to BPA in the womb linked to wheezing and poorer lung function in children
Pregnant women exposed to higher levels of the commonly used chemical bisphenol A (BPA) are more likely to have children who suffer with wheezing and poorer lung function, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. (2019-10-01)
NIH researchers develop MRI with lower magnetic field for cardiac and lung imaging condition
National Institutes of Health researchers, along with researchers at Siemens, have developed a high-performance, low magnetic-field MRI system that vastly improves image quality of the lungs and other internal structures of the human body. (2019-10-01)
Treatment with long term, low dose antibiotic could help people born with chronic lung condition
Taking a low dose of the antibiotic azithromycin for 6 months reduces symptoms for patients with the chronic lung condition primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD), according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. (2019-10-01)
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome face higher risk of breathing difficulties
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are more likely to develop poor respiratory health based on lung function tests, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. (2019-10-01)
Nanoparticles wiggling through mucus may predict severe COPD
In a proof-of-concept experiment, researchers from Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have successfully used microscopic man-made particles to predict the severity of patients' chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by measuring how quickly the particles move through mucus samples. (2019-09-30)
Researchers publish comprehensive review on respiratory effects of vaping
Corresponding author Rob Tarran, PhD, professor of cell biology and physiology and member of the UNC Marsico Lung Institute, said, 'Studies show measurable adverse biologic effects on lung health and cells in humans, in animals, and in tissue samples studied in the lab. (2019-09-30)
The Lancet: 3-in-1 inhaler therapy can improve lung function and reduce asthma attacks
Patients with severe asthma which is not controlled with standard treatment -- leaving them at risk of severe asthma attacks -- could benefit from using a single inhaler combining three, instead of 2 therapies, according to two phase 3 randomized controlled trials with over 2,500 patients across 17 countries, published in The Lancet and simultaneously presented at the European Respiratory Society (ERS) Conference 2019. (2019-09-30)
The Lancet journals: Papers at ERS Congress 2019
The following papers will be presented at the ERS Congress 2019, organised by the European Respiratory Society, in Madrid and published simultaneously in either The Lancet or The Lancet Respiratory Medicine journals. (2019-09-30)
'Smart shirt' can accurately measure breathing and could be used to monitor lung disease
A smart shirt that measures lung function by sensing movements in the chest and abdomen has proved to be accurate when compared to traditional testing equipment, according to research presented at the European Respiratory Society International Congress. (2019-09-29)
Nintedanib slows progression for broad range of scarring lung diseases
Nintedanib, a medication approved for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, slows the decline in lung function among patients with a broad range of scarring lung diseases. (2019-09-29)
Harmful metals found in vapors from tank-style electronic cigarettes
A team of scientists at the University of California, Riverside, has found the concentration of metals in electronic cigarette aerosols -- or vapor -- has increased since tank-style electronic cigarettes were introduced in 2013. (2019-09-27)
African American children respond differently to asthma medications
African Americans suffer asthma more often and more severely than Caucasian patients. (2019-09-27)
Immunologists identify T cell homing beacons for lungs
Immunologists have identified a pair of molecules critical for T cells to travel to and populate the lungs. (2019-09-27)
Air pollution linked to increased risk of infant death & reduced lung function in children
Two studies to be presented at the European Respiratory Society congress show that air pollution is linked to increased risk of infant deaths and reduced lung function in children. (2019-09-26)
Promising steps towards a treatment for pulmonary fibrosis
Research published in the journal Science Translational Medicine on 25 September by members of the Cardiovascular Disease Mechanisms group at the MRC LMS in collaboration with Duke-NUS Medical School, National Heart Centre Singapore & National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, showed that blocking a protein called interleukin-11 (IL-11) using therapeutic antibodies can reverse the fibrosis in the lung. (2019-09-25)
Cheaper drug just as effective protecting heart in duchenne muscular dystrophy
A new clinical trial conducted by Ohio State University found a cost-effective generic drug works just as well as a more expensive drug in preserving heart function in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy. (2019-09-24)
Dartmouth study reveals how fungal biofilm structure impacts lung disease
Findings from an innovative new study led by researchers at Dartmouth's Geisel School of Medicine and published this week in Nature Microbiology reveal that the way in which human fungal pathogens form colonies can significantly impact their ability to cause disease. (2019-09-23)
Pathway found for treatment-resistant lung cancer
A big way chemotherapy works is by prompting cancer cells to commit suicide, and scientists have found a pathway the most common lung cancer walks to avoid death. (2019-09-20)
Study suggests flavored e-cigarettes may worsen asthma
A study into the impact of flavored e-cigarettes, on allergic airways disease, suggests that some flavors may worsen the severity of diseases such as asthma. (2019-09-20)
Early palliative care for advanced lung cancer increases survival
Early palliative care is associated with better survival in patients with advanced lung cancer, according researchers with the Veterans Affairs Portland Health Care System and Oregon Health and Science University. (2019-09-19)
Combination therapies could help treat fatal lung cancers
Combining a new class of drug with two other compounds can significantly shrink lung tumours in mice and human cancer cells, new research shows. (2019-09-18)
Same but different: unique cancer traits key to targeted therapies
Melbourne researchers have discovered that the key to personalised therapies for some types of lung cancers may be to focus on their differences, not their similarities. (2019-09-13)
Machine learning improves the diagnosis of patients with head and neck cancers
Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the German Cancer Consortium (DKTK) have successfully solved a longstanding problem in the diagnosis of head and neck cancers. (2019-09-12)
Markey researchers discover role of nuclear glycogen in non-small cell lung cancers
Researchers at the University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center have made a breakthrough discovery that solves a mystery long forgotten by science and have identified a potentially novel avenue in pre-clinical models to treat non-small cell lung cancers. (2019-09-12)
UK improves cancer survival, but is still behind other high-income countries
Cancer survival in the UK has improved since 1995, although it still lags behind other high-income countries, according to new analysis by the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership (ICBP), which is managed by Cancer Research UK. (2019-09-11)
IMpower131
Patients with Stage IV squamous non-small cell lung cancer enrolled in clinical trial to test the immunotherapy atezolizumab and chemotherapy against chemotherapy alone experienced a longer survival rate, among a subgroup of patients with high PD-LI. (2019-09-10)
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