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Current Lung function News and Events

Current Lung function News and Events, Lung function News Articles.
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Study identifies potential markers of lung cancer
Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) researchers identify markers that can distinguish between major subtypes of lung cancer and can accurately identify lung cancer stage. (2019-07-16)
Hurricane disasters associated with poorer outcomes for radiotherapy patients
Lung cancer patients who had a hurricane disaster declared during radiotherapy had worse overall survival than those who completed treatment in normal circumstances. (2019-07-16)
Blood samples from the zoo help predict diseases in humans
Penguins, Asian elephants and many other animal species live in the zoos of Saarbrücken and Neunkirchen. (2019-07-15)
New alternate cell growth pathway could lead to better treatments for metastatic cancers
A UCLA Dentistry led research study has found that the gene, mEAK-7, which they discovered last year, may play a key role in cancer metastasis. (2019-07-11)
How to equip the brake of immunity
Japanese scientists at Toho University in Tokyo discovered a new mechanism to generate regulatory T cells (Treg cells), lymphocytes preventing autoimmunity and excess immune responses. (2019-07-09)
Metabolic reprogramming of branched-chain amino acid facilitates drug resistance in lung cancer
Research teams led by Dr. Ji Hongbin at the Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dr. (2019-07-09)
Gut microbes protect against flu virus infection in mice
Commensal gut microbes stimulate antiviral signals in non-immune lung cells to protect against the flu virus during early stages of infection, researchers report July 2 in the journal Cell Reports. (2019-07-02)
Antibiotics weaken flu defenses in the lung
Antibiotics can leave the lung vulnerable to flu viruses, leading to significantly worse infections and symptoms, finds a new study in mice led by the Francis Crick Institute. (2019-07-02)
NLST follow up reaffirms that low dose CT reduces lung cancer mortality
The authors of the National Lung Cancer Screening Trial report on an extended analysis of the patient cohort that was followed up on after the 2011 study was published. (2019-07-01)
Gene activity database could spare thousands of mice
A comprehensive database of gene activity in mice across ten disease models, which could significantly reduce animal use worldwide, has been developed by scientists at the Francis Crick Institute, which gives a full picture of the immune response to different pathogens. (2019-06-28)
Risk prediction model may help determine if a lung nodule will progress to cancer
A risk prediction model developed using clinical and radiological features could stratify individuals presenting with a lung nodule as having high or low risk for lung cancer. (2019-06-27)
New basic understanding of how lung cancer spreads
Lung cancer cells use antioxidants, endogenous or dietary, to spread in the body by activating a protein called BACH1 and increasing the uptake and use of sugar, Swedish and American researchers report in two independent studies. (2019-06-27)
Too many antioxidants may cause lung cancer spread
A new study explains why lung cancer spreads faster in patients with certain genetic changes, and suggests that taking vitamin E, long thought of as preventive, may cause the same spread. (2019-06-27)
Evaluation of USPSTF lung cancer screening guidelines for African-American smokers
An observational study suggests the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) lung cancer screening guidelines may be too conservative for African-American smokers and that some eligibility criteria changes could result in more screenings of African-American smokers at high risk for lung cancer. (2019-06-27)
Health disparity for blacks exists within lung screening guidelines
Guidelines that determine which smokers qualify for CT scans are excluding a significant number of African Americans who develop lung cancer, according to a study released today in JAMA Oncology. (2019-06-27)
A Trojan horse? Immune cells ferry deadly fungus from mouse lung into the blood
A report today (June 27) in PLOS Pathogens shows how inhaled fungal spores exit the lung and trigger a fatal infection in mice. (2019-06-27)
Uridine diphosphate glucose found to dampen lung cancer metastasis
In a study published online in Nature on June 26, research teams led by Dr. (2019-06-26)
Mechanism of tumor metastasis and tumor-suppressive role of UDP-glucose revealed
Scientists from Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) and Shanghai Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology (SIBCB) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences revealed that UDP-glucose accelerates SNAI1 mRNA decay and impairs lung cancer metastasis. (2019-06-26)
Immune damage may explain ineffectiveness of high-dose radiation against lung cancer
study finds 14.3 month vs. 28.2 month median survival for high- vs. low-dose radiation in patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer. (2019-06-26)
Scientists developing way to help premature babies breathe easier
Researchers suggest a possible cell-based therapy to stimulate lung development in fragile premature infants who suffer from a rare condition called Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia (BPD), which in the most severe cases can lead to lifelong breathing problems and even death. (2019-06-26)
Adding clinical variables improves accuracy of lung allocation score
Implemented in 2005, the lung allocation score is used to prioritize patients awaiting lung transplants in the US. (2019-06-25)
Study funded by NIH supports optimal threshold for diagnosing COPD
A new study provides evidence to support a simple measurement for diagnosing clinically significant airflow obstruction, the key characteristic of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. (2019-06-25)
New research hopes to identify individuals at risk of clinically significant COPD
New research from UAB provides evidence, for the first time, to continue using the criteria set by major respiratory societies for the diagnosis of airflow obstruction and COPD. (2019-06-25)
Researchers find cause of rare, fatal disease that turns babies' lips and skin blue
Scientists used a gene editing method called CRISPR/Cas9 to generate mice that faithfully mimic a fatal respiratory disorder in newborn infants that turns their lips and skin blue. (2019-06-19)
First lung map uncovers new insights into asthma
For the first time, researchers have mapped the building blocks of the human lungs and airways, in both asthma patients and normal people. (2019-06-17)
Cancer-sniffing dogs 97% accurate in identifying lung cancer, according to study in JAOA
The next step will be to further fractionate the samples based on chemical and physical properties, presenting them back to the dogs until the specific biomarkers for each cancer are identified. (2019-06-17)
Tiny probe that senses deep in the lung set to shed light on disease
A hair-sized probe that can measure key indicators of tissue damage deep in the lung has been developed by scientists. (2019-06-16)
Researchers reveal key role of pressure-sensing protein in lung edema
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago describe for the first time the role of a unique, pressure-sensing protein in the development of lung edema -- a condition in which chronic high vascular pressure in the lungs causes fluid from the bloodstream to enter the air spaces of the lungs. (2019-06-11)
Radiation treatment increases cardiac risk for lung cancer patients
As advances in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) extend patients' lives, more of these patients are facing a different threat: adverse cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks and heart failure. (2019-06-10)
New evidence questions use of saline fluids to resuscitate children with sepsis
Doctors have urged hospitals around the world to reconsider the type of fluids used to treat children gravely ill with sepsis. (2019-06-10)
Combating undetected lung inflammation in patients with an autoimmune disorder
An observational study involving 50 patients with APECED -- a genetic autoimmune disorder -- has demonstrated that targeting T and B cell activity combats a serious lung-related complication often overlooked or misdiagnosed in patients with the condition. (2019-06-05)
Bid to beat superbugs boosted by immune defence discovery
The fight against superbugs could be helped by the discovery of a potential therapy based on the body's natural immune defences. (2019-06-03)
Combination checkpoint blockade effective in pre-surgical setting for early-stage lung cancers
Neoadjuvant, or pre-surgical, treatment with nivolumab plus ipilimumab resulted in an overall major pathologic response (MPR) rate of 33 percent of treated patients with early-stage, resectable non-small cell lung cancers, meaning these patients had less than or equal to 10 percent viable tumor remaining at surgery. (2019-06-03)
Chest cavity fire during emergency cardiac surgery
At this year's Euroanaesthesia Congress (the annual meeting of the European Society of Anaesthesiology) in Vienna, Austria (1-3 June), doctors present the unique case of a man who suffered a flash fire in his chest cavity during emergency heart surgery caused by supplemental oxygen leaking from a ruptured lung. (2019-06-02)
Pre-surgical immunotherapy shows promise in trial for patients with early stage lung cancer
Pre-surgical immunotherapy shows promise in trial for patients with early stage lung cancer according to interim results of a large, multicenter trial. (2019-05-31)
Occupational hazards account for more than one in ten people with range of lung diseases
More than 1 in 10 people with a range of non-cancerous lung diseases may be sick as a result of inhaling vapors, gas, dust or fumes at work, according to a joint American Thoracic Society and the European Respiratory Society statement published in the ATS's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2019-05-31)
International travelers experience the harmful effects of air pollution
Even a short stay for travelers in cities with high levels of air pollution leads to breathing problems that can take at least a week from which to recover, a new study shows. (2019-05-30)
ASCO: Entrectinib gets edge over crizotinib against ROS1+ lung cancer
Median time to treatment discontinuation (TTD) on crizotinib was 8.8 months; TTD of patients using entrectinib was 14.6 months. (2019-05-30)
ASCO 2019: 40-50 percent response rate for brigatinib after other next-gen ALK inhibitors
University of Colorado Cancer Center study presented at ASCO 2019 shows that brigatinib remains effective even after treatment with another next-generation ALK inhibitor (2019-05-30)
Early genome catastrophes can cause non-smoking lung cancer
Catastrophic rearrangements in the genome occurring as early as childhood and adolescence can lead to the development of lung cancer in later years in non-smokers. (2019-05-30)
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