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Current Metabolism News and Events

Current Metabolism News and Events, Metabolism News Articles.
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New study finds novel functions of the pyruvate-sensing protein PdhR in E. Coli
Scientists at Meiji University, Hosei University, and Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) aimed to better understand the homeostasis of pyruvate, a key connection point of many metabolic pathways in Escherichia coli bacteria. (2020-09-28)
Fructose made in the brain could be a mechanism driving Alzheimer's disease
New research released from the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus proposes that Alzheimer's disease may be driven by the overactivation of fructose made in the brain. (2020-09-23)
Center for BrainHealth advances technique to distinguish brain energy molecules
Researchers examined how cells in the brains of people at risk for developing Alzheimer's disease make and use energy. (2020-09-23)
Not so similar: Depression, but not anxiety, linked with inflammation and metabolic change
Anxiety and depression are often linked and assumed to be closely related, but now research has shown for the first time that depression and anxiety have different biochemical associations with inflammation and lipid (fat) metabolism. (2020-09-14)
Feeding off fusion or the immortalization of tumor cells
Despite all recent progress, cancer remains one of the deadliest human diseases. (2020-09-11)
Mutant tomato helps to crack the secrets of fruiting
Researchers from the University of Tsukuba have found that fruit development in tomatoes rewires their central metabolism. (2020-09-10)
Different response of mitochondrial respiration in skeletal muscle and adipose tissue to endurance e
In obese individuals, endurance exercise improves fitness and increases the number of mitochondria * and cellular respiration in skeletal muscles. (2020-09-09)
New role of arginine metabolism in plant morphogenesis identified
A research team led by ExCELLS/NIBB found that arginine metabolism has a vital role in regulating gametophore shoot formation in the moss Physcomitrium patens. (2020-09-08)
Diabetes-in-a-dish model uncovers new insights into the cause of type 2 diabetes
Researchers have developed a novel 'disease-in-a-dish' model to study the basic molecular factors that lead to the development of type 2 diabetes, uncovering the potential existence of major signaling defects both inside and outside of the classical insulin signaling cascade, and providing new perspectives on the mechanisms behind insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes and possibly opportunities for the development of novel therapeutics for the disease. (2020-09-03)
Researchers find molecular link between liver disease, insulin resistance
Yale researchers have zeroed in on a molecular link between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and liver insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes. (2020-09-02)
Scientists discover key regulator of neuron function and survival
Scientists studying neuronal energy metabolism found evidence the loss of an important energy regulator called AMPK in neural stem cells or glial cells called astrocytes causes neuronal death in laboratory rodents. (2020-09-01)
Nerve cells with energy saving program
Thanks to a metabolic adjustment, the cells can remain functional despite damage to the mitochondria. (2020-08-31)
University of Louisville immunologist summarizes functions of protein family for scientific community
Fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) serve as a type of chaperone, coordinating the transport of fatty acids and other molecules between cells. (2020-08-20)
Lactobacillus hilgardii LMG 7934 genome deciphered at Kazan Federal University
The team is led by Associate Professor Ayrat Kayumov (Department of Genetics, Kazan Federal University). (2020-08-19)
High fructose diet in pregnancy impacts metabolism of offspring, study finds
An increased level of fructose intake during pregnancy can cause significant changes in maternal metabolic function and milk composition and alter the metabolism of their offspring, researchers from the University of Otago, Wellington, have found. (2020-08-18)
Experts elucidate latest knowledge on phosphate metabolism and related disorders
Special issue of Calcified Tissue International features expert reviews that give state-of-the-art insights into the underlying mechanisms of phosphate metabolism and discuss advances in knowledge and management of hypo- and hyperphosphatemia, as well as oncogenic osteomalacia. (2020-08-17)
Watching changes in plant metabolism -- live
Almost all life on Earth, e.g. our food and health, depend on metabolism in plants. (2020-08-14)
Strict diet explains metabolic effect of gastric bypass surgery
In many studies, bariatric surgery has been highlighted as an almost magical method for weight loss and reversing type 2 diabetes. (2020-08-13)
Exercise Enhancement
Blocking the activity of a fat-regulating enzyme in the muscles of mice leads to an increased capacity for endurance exercise, according to the results of a new study. (2020-08-13)
Flipping a metabolic switch to slow tumor growth
The enzyme serine palmitoyl-transferase can be used as a metabolically responsive ''switch'' that decreases tumor growth, according to a new study by a team of San Diego scientists, who published their findings Aug. (2020-08-12)
Researchers discover sex-specific differences in neural mechanisms for glucose regulation
Researchers from Tufts have discovered neural mechanisms in mice specific to females that switch estrogen from playing a protective role in glucose metabolism to a disruptive role. (2020-08-06)
Scientists discover the switch that makes human brown fat burn energy
The receptor responsible for activating the energy-burning property of brown fat in humans has been identified. (2020-08-05)
Energy demands limit our brains' information processing capacity
Our brains have an upper limit on how much they can process at once due to a constant but limited energy supply, according to a new UCL study using a brain imaging method that measures cellular metabolism. (2020-08-03)
Chlamydia: Greedy for glutamine
If chlamydiae want to multiply in a human cell, the first thing they need is a lot of glutamine. (2020-08-03)
Cholesterol-lowering drug improved function of heart's arteries
In a pilot study of people living with HIV or high levels of cholesterol, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers found that a six-week course of a cholesterol-lowering medication improved the function of the coronary arteries that provide oxygen to the heart. (2020-07-29)
CNIC scientists discover the mechanism of competition between mitochondrial genomes coexisting
The study, published in Science Advances, reveals that cells can detect the presence of different mitochondrial genomes and select among them according to their effect on metabolic status (2020-07-29)
Why is obesity so common in COVID-19 patients?
A hormone that connects the body's metabolism and immune response system may explain why COVID-19 is so dangerous for people with obesity. (2020-07-24)
Children with type 1 diabetes may have a less desirable gut bacteria composition
Children with type 1 diabetes have a less desirable gut microbiome composition which may play a role in the development of the disease, according to new research published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2020-07-21)
Starve the cancer
Fighting cancer often means employing a suite of techniques to target the tumor and prevent it from growing and spreading to other parts of the body. (2020-07-21)
City of Hope: Mechanism that may lead to metabolic memory/sustained diabetes complications
For people with diabetes, vascular complications like kidney disease and atherosclerosis, which can lead to poor health and even death, are seen at increased rates. (2020-07-20)
Scientists find new link between delirium and brain energy disruption
Scientists have discovered a new link between impaired brain energy metabolism and delirium -- a disorienting and distressing disorder particularly common in the elderly and one that is currently occurring in a large proportion of patients hospitalized with COVID-19. (2020-07-14)
Hypoglycemic mechanism of Cyclocarya paliurus polysaccharide in type 2 diabetic rats
This research aimed at investigating the hypoglycemic mechanism for CP. (2020-07-13)
Basel study: Why lopinavir and hydroxychloroquine do not work on COVID-19
Lopinavir is a drug against HIV, hydroxychloroquine is used to treat malaria and rheumatism. (2020-07-10)
Star-shaped brain cells shed light on the link between cannabis use and sociability
Cannabis use can lead to behavioral changes, including reduced social interactions in some individuals. (2020-07-08)
Oat and rye bran fibres alter gut microbiota, reducing weight gain and hepatic inflammation
In a newly published experimental study, the consumption of dietary fibre from oat and rye brans supported the growth of beneficial gut microbiota, which in turn ameliorated cholesterol metabolism, enhanced gut barrier function and reduced hepatic inflammation. (2020-07-02)
A vaccine targeting aged cells mitigates metabolic disorders in obese mice
Researchers from Osaka University developed a novel vaccine that removes senescent T cells from adipose tissues. (2020-06-30)
Ohio State study finds exercise increases benefits of breast milk for babies
A new study led by researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and College of Medicine finds even moderate exercise during pregnancy increases a compound in breast milk that reduces a baby's lifelong risks of serious health issues such as diabetes, obesity and heart disease. (2020-06-29)
Life-emulating molecules show basic metabolism
In a system with self-replicating molecules -previously shown to have the capability to grow, divide and evolve - chemists from the University of Groningen have now discovered catalytic capabilities that result in a basic metabolism. (2020-06-26)
Statin use is linked to lower death rate in hospitalized COVID-19 patients
The use of cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins is associated with a lower death rate and a lower incidence of mechanical ventilation in patients hospitalized with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), researchers report June 24 in Cell Metabolism. (2020-06-24)
Signs of being prone to adult diabetes are already visible at age 8 years old
Early signs of being more susceptible to type 2 diabetes as an adult can be seen in children as young as 8 years old, decades before it is likely to be diagnosed, according to a new study published in Diabetes Care today [19 June 2020]. (2020-06-19)
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