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Current Metabolism News and Events

Current Metabolism News and Events, Metabolism News Articles.
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Oat and rye bran fibres alter gut microbiota, reducing weight gain and hepatic inflammation
In a newly published experimental study, the consumption of dietary fibre from oat and rye brans supported the growth of beneficial gut microbiota, which in turn ameliorated cholesterol metabolism, enhanced gut barrier function and reduced hepatic inflammation. (2020-07-02)
A vaccine targeting aged cells mitigates metabolic disorders in obese mice
Researchers from Osaka University developed a novel vaccine that removes senescent T cells from adipose tissues. (2020-06-30)
Ohio State study finds exercise increases benefits of breast milk for babies
A new study led by researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and College of Medicine finds even moderate exercise during pregnancy increases a compound in breast milk that reduces a baby's lifelong risks of serious health issues such as diabetes, obesity and heart disease. (2020-06-29)
Life-emulating molecules show basic metabolism
In a system with self-replicating molecules -previously shown to have the capability to grow, divide and evolve - chemists from the University of Groningen have now discovered catalytic capabilities that result in a basic metabolism. (2020-06-26)
Statin use is linked to lower death rate in hospitalized COVID-19 patients
The use of cholesterol-lowering drugs called statins is associated with a lower death rate and a lower incidence of mechanical ventilation in patients hospitalized with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), researchers report June 24 in Cell Metabolism. (2020-06-24)
Signs of being prone to adult diabetes are already visible at age 8 years old
Early signs of being more susceptible to type 2 diabetes as an adult can be seen in children as young as 8 years old, decades before it is likely to be diagnosed, according to a new study published in Diabetes Care today [19 June 2020]. (2020-06-19)
High cortisol levels associated with greater risk of death from COVID-19
COVID-19 patients with extremely high levels of the stress hormone cortisol in their blood are more likely to deteriorate quickly and die, according to new research published today. (2020-06-18)
A sugar hit to help destroy cancer cells
Like any cells in the body, cancer cells need sugar ­-- namely glucose -- to fuel cell proliferation and growth. (2020-06-16)
Improved gut microbiota with cholesterol-lowering medication
There is a clear link between improved gut microbiota and one of our most common cholesterol-lowering drug groups: statins. (2020-06-15)
Statistical analyses of plant metabolites allow solid testing of plant defense theories
High-throughput analyses of small substances in Nicotiana attenuata reveal that plants re-organize their metabolism to produce highly-specific defense metabolites after insect attack. (2020-06-12)
Hibernation in mice: Are humans next?
University of Tsukuba and RIKEN researchers identified cells in the brain that can induce a hibernation-like state in mice or rats, species that do not naturally hibernate. (2020-06-12)
COVID-19 may trigger new diabetes, experts warn
Emerging evidence suggests that COVID-19 may actually trigger the onset of diabetes in healthy people and also cause severe complications of pre-existing diabetes. (2020-06-12)
Camelina sativa oil and fatty fish have positive effects on lipid metabolism
Camelina sativa oil and fatty fish are rich in polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids, but their health benefits seem to differ. (2020-06-11)
Cellular stress causes cancer cell chemoresistance
Resistance of cancer cells against therapeutic agents is a major cause of treatment failure, especially in recurrent diseases. (2020-06-10)
Study investigates potential for gut microbiome to alter drug safety and efficacy
Princeton University researchers have developed an approach for studying how the gut microbiome chemically alters oral medications, unlocking possibilities for improving efficacy, reducing side effects, and creating drugs personalized to an individual's microbiome. (2020-06-10)
Physical activity in all of its forms may help maintain muscle mass in midlife
Loss of estrogen has an effect on muscles and leads to a decline in muscle mass. (2020-06-08)
When cancer cells can't make their own fat, they eat more of it
Cancer cells rewire their metabolism to compensate for a halt in fat production by importing more fat molecules from their environment. (2020-06-08)
T cell immunity in the elderly
A study by Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute (BDI) expands the understanding of the molecular pathways that control T cell function and survival and how it relates to declining T cell immunity in the elderly. (2020-06-05)
Biochemical alterations revealed in patients with Lesch-Nyhan disease
An international study by the Institute of Neuroscience of the UAB (INC-UAB), Emory University and Hospital Universitario La Paz, published in the PNAS journal, shows that patients suffering from Lesch-Nyhan, a rare neurological disease, present biochemical alterations in skin cells (fibroblasts), urine and cerebrospinal fluid. (2020-06-04)
redHUMAN: Deciphering links between genes and metabolism
Scientists at EPFL have developed a new method that simplifies the processing of genetic-metabolic data by picking up changes in metabolism, a hallmark of numerous diseases like cancer and Alzheimer's. (2020-06-04)
Gut research delves deeper into obesity problems
Serotonin in the gut is considered a regulator of normal gut function and is an important driver of metabolism and metabolic diseases including obesity and type 2 diabetes. (2020-06-04)
Charting metabolic maps in the pursuit of new vaccines and antimicrobials
Researchers have made maps of the metabolic pathways of M. (2020-06-02)
Understanding the role of cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition in brain health
Researchers at the Beckman Institute at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have demonstrated that brain chemistry is sensitive to fitness and body composition. (2020-06-02)
Researchers develop new method to map cholesterol metabolism in brain
A team of researchers led by Swansea University have developed new technology to monitor cholesterol in brain tissue which could uncover its relation to neurodegenerative disease and pave the way for the development of new treatments. (2020-05-29)
The analysis of copper levels in blood facilitates diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease
In biology it is well-known that every living organism is triggered by the hereditary material or DNA that encodes various protein molecules, which in turn perform all the necessary biological functions and it might seem that nothing else is needed to sustain the life of an organism. (2020-05-26)
The ins and outs of sex change in medaka fish
Scientists could gain insight into atypical sex development in vertebrates, including humans, by studying how nutrition affects sex changes in fish larvae. (2020-05-21)
Russian scientists improved the way of treatment of phenylketonuria
A person affected by this disease has to follow a low-protein diet all his life. (2020-05-21)
UBC scientist identifies a gene that controls thinness
Why can some people eat as much as they want, and still stay thin? (2020-05-21)
Subcellular chatter regulates longevity
As people get older, they often feel less energetic, mobile or active. (2020-05-19)
New study by Clemson scientists could pave way to cure of global parasite
Clemson University scientists have taken another step forward in their quest to find a cure for a notorious parasite that has infected more than 40 million Americans and many times that number around the world. (2020-05-18)
Vitamin B3 revitalizes energy metabolism in muscle disease
An international team of scientists, led by University of Helsinki reported that vitamin B3, niacin, has therapeutic effect in progressive muscle disease. (2020-05-14)
A disease trigger for pancreatitis has been identified
One factor contributing to the development of pancreatitis lies in mutations within a cell membrane ion channel that is characterized by its specific permeability for calcium ions. (2020-05-13)
Transcranial direct current stimulation is a safe treatment
Transcranial direct current stimulation, tDCS, is a promising treatment for conditions such as depression and addictive disorders. (2020-05-12)
Lipid metabolism controls brain development
A lipid metabolism enzyme controls brain stem cell activity and lifelong brain development. (2020-05-07)
IKBFU scientists have discovered a way to increase wheat immunity
A very original way to increase what can be conditionally called wheat immunity was suggested by the staff of the Laboratory of Natural Antioxidants at the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University. (2020-05-03)
For people with diabetes and COVID-19, blood sugar control is key
A study reported in the journal Cell Metabolism on April 30 adds to the evidence that people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are at greater risk of a poor outcome should they become infected with the virus that causes COVID-19. (2020-05-01)
Improving immunotherapy for cancer
One of the reasons why cancer develops is because regulatory cells inhibit the body's immune defense. (2020-04-29)
Shrinking instead of growing: how shrews survive the winter
Even at sub-zero temperatures, common shrews do not need to increase their metabolism. (2020-04-28)
Specialized nerve cells increase the appetite for high-fat foods
Fat activates nociceptin neurons in the hypothalamus of mice. (2020-04-22)
Researchers discover a key to the survival of dormant breast cancer cells
Trying to understand why dormant breast cancer cells survive despite being starved of estrogen to prevent growth, researchers from Dartmouth's and Dartmouth-Hitchcock's Norris Cotton Cancer Center found that breakdown of fat to produce energy supports cancer cell survival. (2020-04-22)
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